In this module, you will learn to:
Explain what is a Brand
Explain the importance of Brands
Describe the attributes of a strong brand
Explain what is Brand Management
Describe the Purpose of Brand Management
Explain the Brand Equity Concept
Describe the Strategic Brand Management Process
List the Strategic Brand Management Guidelines
The world of the mobile phone
market is crowded. The diverse
products available range from
the simple to the complex and
every manufacturer offers the
The market is crowded
with Nokia, Motorola, and
Ericsson fighting it out at
Also, several less
successful brands like
Samsung, Philips, Siemens
and Panasonic are trying
hard to make it into the
top competitors' market
So what made Nokia
special from others? Why
did customers choose
Nokia? The answer lies in
what the ‘brand Nokia’
means to customers.
However, Nokia replaced all its
competitors and it is now the number
one brand in many markets around the
world, effectively dislodging Motorola
from that position.
Nokia Group, a Finland-
based manufacturer of
mobile phones, has been
steadily and consistently
working on its corporate
brand name over the
These efforts of creating a
‘brand’ image in the
customer’s minds paid off
Nokia has successfully built
a corporate brand that
associates ‘trust’ and
‘strong technology’ with
the word ‘Nokia’.
Thus, you can see that a
strong brand leaves an
imprint on the customer’s
minds. Let us understand
more about brands and
It has made a conscious
effort to manage
consumer perceptions of
It escalated its position to
become the number one
brand in several markets
around the world.
Nokia has succeeded by
putting across the human
face technology-taking and
dominating the emotional
What is a Brand?
Nokia brand promises ‘trust’ and ‘strong technology’
The popular Starbucks has earned its brand image from the
opinions of its customers.
The brand Starbucks stands for bolder, more flavorful
Thus, you can see that Brands are “what the consumers
buy”, while products are “what concern/companies make”.
Brand is a promise that the product will perform as per
It is a name, term, sign, symbol or a combination
of all these which differentiate the goods/services of one
seller or group of sellers from those of competitors.
Some examples of well known brands are Wrangler, Audi,
Samsung, Coca Cola, etc.
Gillette as a Strong Brand
To keep this strong brand presence,
Gillette is very protective of the name
carried by its razors, blades and
associated toiletries. Hence, Braun is
used for the company's electric razors
and its oral care products are
marketed under the name, Oral B.
Gillette has created a strong brand
image in totality - that is, all the
different perceptions, beliefs,
attitudes and behaviors customers
associate with their brand.
Gillette’s tagline, 'The Best A Man Can
Get’, showcased in its ads through the
years has created a consistent,
intangible sense of product superiority.
What is Brand Management?
Now, that you have learnt
about ‘brands’, let us see
what is brand management.
Brand management is the process
of building, managing and
improving a brand.
It begins by having a thorough
knowledge of the term “brand”.
Hence, brand management includes
developing a promise, making that
promise and maintaining it.
It means defining the brand, positioning the
brand, and delivering the brand. It is an art of
creating and sustaining the brand.
Brand Equity Concept
Brand Equity is the value, both tangible and
intangible, that a brand adds to a product/service;
the added value a brand name identity brings to a
product or service beyond the functional benefits
The customer – based brand
equity focuses exclusively on the
relationship customers have with
The market – based brand
equity aims at producing
measures in dollars, euros
The concept of brand equity is measured in
Strategic Brand Management Process
The Strategic Brand Management Process consists of the following four steps:
Four Steps of
Step 1: Identifying & Establishing Brand Position
Customer Based Brand Equity
The Brand position can be identified and established
by determining the customer-based brand equity
using the pyramid.
• Brand Salience: This relates to aspects of
awareness of the brand.
• Brand Performance: This relates to ways in which
product/ service meets customers’ needs.
• Brand Imagery: It’s how customers visualize a
brand abstractly, with no relevance to what the
brand actually does.
• Brand Judgments: The customers’ personal
opinions and evaluations with regard to the
• Brand Feelings: The customers’ emotional
responses and reactions with respect to the
• Brand Resonance: The ultimate relationship
&level of identification that the customer has
with the brand.
Choosing Brand Elements to Build Brand Equity -
Options and Tactics for Brand Elements
Options and Tactics for Brand Elements:
The following are few options and tactics for Brand Elements:
Descriptive brand names in
which the function is described
literally in brand name.
Suggestive brand names in
which the name is suggestive
of a benefit provided by the
brand to the customer.
• Keep the URLs as simple as
• Avoid clichés,
• Use a new term for the
• Use catchy phrases
Logos and Symbols:
Various kinds that can be used are:
• Family Shields
• Abstract – shapes and image
Brand Management Guidelines
Establish and Maintain the Brand
It is necessary that for establishing and maintaining a brand,
a holistic approach, or an “overall brand strategy” is used.
Maintain Consistency between the Brand
Strategy and Overall Business Goals
The brand strategy should be in line with the
overall business goals of the organization.
Select Proper License Partners
The profile of the ideal license partner should be
developed and the focus should be to ensure long-term
relationships with the licensors and licensees.
Maximize the Strategic Advantage of the Brand
It is important that organizations focus on
maximizing the leverage of the brand.
Decide about License Agreements:
The decision of whether the license agreement
should be exclusive or non–exclusive will have
important implications for all of the business.
Enforce Key Provisions through License
Enforcing various important concerns such as
quality control standards and reporting standards
can be done through a properly charted out
Affix Products & Services
An effective strategy of brand
management is to ensure that the brand
is associated to the most popular
products and services offered by the
licensee’s products and services.
Actively Integrate the Brand Management
Strategy into Product Development and
It is important that the Companies actively
integrate the brand strategy into product
development and launch activities by using a
clear and proactive strategy.
The following key points provide some strategic brand management guidelines that should be
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