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Active Learning F08

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Active Learning F08

  1. 1. Active Learning Karl Schnapp Lash Center for Teaching and Learning
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>What is “active learning”? </li></ul><ul><li>Why use active learning? </li></ul><ul><li>A model of active learning </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting active learning </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques of active learning </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is Active Learning? Take a minute to write an answer to these questions: How would you define “active learning”? What characterizes active learning and makes different from “inactive learning”?
  4. 4. What is Active Learning? <ul><li>Active learning is anything that students do in the classroom to learn other than just listening to a lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Active learning involves students in doing things and thinking about what they are doing </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why Use Active Learning? <ul><li>Research shows that… </li></ul><ul><li>students prefer AL over lecture alone </li></ul><ul><li>students master content at levels comparable to lecturing </li></ul><ul><li>students master thinking and writing skills at levels higher than lecturing </li></ul><ul><li>student learning styles are better served by active learning vs. lecturing </li></ul>
  6. 6. How much is retained ? (Work with a partner to determine which percentages match these teaching practices?) <ul><li>Discussion = ? </li></ul><ul><li>Lecturing = ? </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching others = ? </li></ul><ul><li>Reading = ? </li></ul><ul><li>Practice Doing = ? </li></ul><ul><li>Audio-Visual = ? </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrations = ? </li></ul>5% 10% 20% 30% 50% 75% 90%
  7. 7. Three-Part Model of Active Learning Active Learning Passive Learning Receiving Information and Ideas Experience Reflective Dialogue w/ Others Doing Observing w/ Self Reflecting
  8. 8. Dee Fink’s Model of AL
  9. 9. Promoting Active Learning <ul><li>Find new ways to introduce students to information and ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assign a reading, give a quiz, set up an in-class activity to use info and ideas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide links to web sites that have images and texts relevant to class </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create projects that get students to collect their own data or information </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Create rich learning experiences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>especially those that involve several kinds of “significant” learning ( Foundational Knowledge , Application, Integration, Human Dimension, Caring, and Learning How to Learn) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fink’s examples: a simulated engineering project, starting and running a real business </li></ul></ul>Promoting Active Learning
  11. 11. Promoting Active Learning <ul><li>Assign in-depth reflective writing on their learning using these questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What am I learning? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What value does this have for me? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How did I learn it best? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What else do I need to learn? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Active Learning Techniques <ul><li>How have you tried to use active learning techniques for individual students? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Active Learning Techniques <ul><li>For Individual Students </li></ul><ul><li>CATS (Minute Paper, Muddiest Point, Finger Signals, Flash Cards, PRS) </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A (Student Summarizing Student Answer, Quiz/Test Questions, Fish Bowl) </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking Motivators (Intuition Quiz, Paradoxes/Puzzles) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Active Learning Techniques <ul><li>How have you tried to use active learning techniques for pairs and groups of students? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Active Learning Techniques <ul><li>For Pairs and Groups of Students </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions/Debates/Presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Note Comparing/Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Concept Mapping/Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Jigsaw Group Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Role Playing </li></ul><ul><li>Games/Simulations </li></ul>