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Two main important Events-
● Swadeshi Movement (1907 - 1911)
● Installation of the first Rotary Linotype
Machine (1907) (Statesman- Calcutta)
Advertising in the
Early Twentieth Century
Advertising in the
Early Twentieth Century
This pioneered the installation of large scale printers all around India which led to the production of
cheap newspapers with a large national circulation. The Indian Advertising Agency was the first
Indian Ad Agency( it still is going strong presently). Followed by The Calcutta Advertising Agency
(1909) & B. Dattarams (1915)
But Indian ad agencies had a hard time competing with major british agencies like the
Alliance Advertising Associates, D.J Keymer(presently known as Ogilvy, Benson & Mather) and the J.
Walter Thompson (presently the Hindustan Thompson Associates), who catered to the needs of
affluent British and Indian Elites Living in metropolitan cities.
Also, In this time, Ad Agencies stopped being just space selling agencies, but also offered
Production and Media Services.
Inter War Years
During the war, press advertising was exploited to raise fund for war efforts. This thought the Indian
professionals in advertising how to motivate the large sections of the Indian population.
Outdoor advertising gained popularity as it reached out to far more of the people when compared to
press advertising. In 1926 Mr I.S Taylor set up the publicity society of India to discuss the possibility of
advertising on Trams, Kiosks and other outdoor means. In 1931 the first full fledged Indian ad agency
was established- The National Advertising service. In February 1939 the Indian & Eastern newspaper
society was formed. This caused the newspaper to standardize the advertising agency practices. They
put forth the necessary qualification and experiences bars for a advertising agency. The IENS sought
to foster better publisher-agency relationships.
In 1945 the advertising agency association of India (AAAI) had been established followed by the
establishment of the Audit Bureau of Circulation (ABC) in 1948. The ABC gave credibility to the claims
of newspaper regarding their circulation.
AdvertisingAfter the world war and India attaining its Independence, the British owned agencies were sold to Indian
Businesses, However some retained their affiliate status to their main branches in London.
During independence, The advertising business was well on its way to growth and
expansion. The partition hadn’t had any affect on it. The introduction to multi coloured printing, Improved
printing methods and development of commercial art boosted the ad business further. Agencies then
began offering other services like art work, Organizing fairs, Market Research and Public Relation
Many advertising Establishments and clubs were founded during that period. The
phenomenal growth of media, especially television and cable had given a boost to indian advertising.
Market researches and readership surveys led to further professionalization of the businesses.
• The dawn of Indian advertising was from the beginning
• Ads first started in print
• Major ads were that of retailers
• the last 10-15 years had witnessed a great boost in the
Indian Advertising agency
• The emergence of new media gave an exponential
outburst of digital media led by the popularity of
Present Scenario Of Advertising
• Advancement of Indian Advertising after the entrance
• India becomes the favourite market for big
• The current scenarios fragmentation of the audience
• Indian family has evolved and had developed a distinct
behaviour in buying and selling
• Presenting new products at home channel and outdoor