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Advetising Basics.ppt

  1. Introduction to Advertising
  2. Five Basic Components of Advertising  Advertising is a paid form of communication.  The sponsor is identified.  Advertising tries to persuade or influence the consumer to do something.  Advertising reaches a large audience of potential consumers.  The message is conveyed through many different kinds of mass media, which are largely nonpersonal.
  3. Four Fundamental Elements of Effective Advertising  Advertising strategy  The logic and planning behind the advertisement that gives it direction and focus.  Develop the ad to meet specific objectives.  Creative idea  The ad’s central idea that grabs your attention and sticks in your memory.  E.g. 愛之味分解茶 vs. 古道油切 vs. 黑松茶花
  4. Four Fundamental Elements of Effective Advertising  Creative execution  The details, the photography, the writing, the acting, the setting, the printing, and the way the product is depicted all reflect the highest production values available to the industry.  E.g. 曼仕德咖啡, 奇美廣色域 – 1, 2, Corona.  Creative media use  Every message has to be delivered somehow.  E.g. traditional media, outdoor and transportation media, and the Internet.
  5. Two Techniques to Persuade Consumers  Hard-sell approach – use reasons to persuade consumers, e.g. NOW Magazine.  Soft-sell approach – build image for a brand and touch consumers’ emotions, e.g. Aqualis.
  6. Four Roles of Advertising - Marketing  The process a business uses to satisfy consumer needs by providing goods and services  Product category  Target market  Marketing mix  Brand
  7. Four Roles of Advertising - Communication  Can reach a mass audience  Introduces products  Explains important changes  Reminds and reinforces  Persuades
  8. Four Roles of Advertising - Economic  Moves from being informational to creating demand  Advertising is an objective means for providing price-value information, thereby creating a more rational economy  Signaling high quality
  9. Four Roles of Advertising - Societal  Informs consumers about innovations and issues  Mirrors fashion and design trends  Teaches consumers about new products  Helps shape consumer self-image  Perpetuates self-expression
  10. The Functions of Advertising  Building awareness of products and brands  Creating a brand image  Providing product and brand information  Persuading people  Providing incentives to take action  Providing brand reminders  Reinforcing past purchases and brand experiences
  11. The Key Players  Advertiser  Advertising agency  Media  Supplier  Target audience
  12. 廣告產業架構
  13. Advertiser  Uses advertising to send out a message about its products  Initiates the advertising effort by identifying a marketing problem  Approves audience, plan and budget  Hires the advertising agency
  14. Advertising Agency  Has strategic and creative expertise, media knowledge, workforce talent, and negotiating abilities  In 2002-2003 ad agency gross income was $10.6 billion worldwide. (Advertising Age)  Advertising Age - Agency Family Trees
  15. 廣告傳播集團在國內的狀況
  16. 廣告傳播集團在國內的狀況
  17. Advertising Agency  Advertising department  Act as a liaison between the marketing department and the advertising agencies and other vendors.  Agency-of-record  In-house agency  Perform most, and sometimes all, of the functions of an outside advertising agency.
  18. 2013年台灣媒體代理商之最
  19. Media  The channels of communication that carry the message to the audience  Are also companies or huge conglomerates  Mass media advertising can be cost effective because the costs are spread over the large number of people the ad reaches
  20. Supplier  Assist advertisers, agencies, and the media in creating and placing the ads  Vendor services are often cheaper than those in-house.
  21. The Target Audience  The desired audience for the advertising message  Data-gathering technology improves accuracy of information about customers  Advertisers must recognize the various target audiences they are talking to and know as much about them as possible  Purchasers are not always the product users.  Interactive technology has created a new world of targeting and ads can now be customized to individual consumers to some extent.
  22. Types of Advertising  Brand advertising  The most visible type of advertising  Focusing on the development of a long-term brand identity and image.  Institutional advertising  It is also called corporation advertising or image advertising.  Focusing on establishing a corporate identity or winning the public over to the organization’s point of view.
  23. Types of Advertising  Retail or local advertising  Focusing on retailers or manufacturers that sell their merchandise in a certain geographic area.  Objectives: stimulating store traffic and creating a distinctive image for the retailer.  Direct-response advertising  Trying to stimulate a sale directly.  The consumer can respond by telephone, mail or the Internet, and the product is delivered directly to the consumer by mail or some other carrier.
  24. Types of Advertising  Business-to-business advertising  B2B advertising is sent from one business to another.  Advertisers place most business advertising in professional publications or journals.
  25. Types of Advertising  Nonprofit advertising  Not-for-profit organizations advertise for customers, members, and volunteers, as well as for donations and other forms of program participation.  Public service advertising  Communicating a message on behalf of some good cause, e.g. stopping drunk driving or preventing child abuse.  These advertisements are usually created by advertising professionals free of charge and the media often donate the necessary space and time.
  26. The Evolution of Advertising  Age of print (1441~1850)  Industrial revolution and emergence of consumer society (1851~1900)  Modern advertising era (1901~1915)  Agency era (1916~1960)  Creative era (1961~1980)  Accountability era (1981~)
  27. 明代萬曆版《繡像金瓶梅詞話》 插圖中的廣告
  28. Age of Print (1441~1850)  Ads were primarily like classified advertising in format and print media carried them.  Objective: delivering information.  Primary medium: newspaper.
  29. 第一個報紙廣告 – 懸賞尋找失竊 的十二匹馬的「懸賞告示廣告」
  30. 廣告藝術之父 – Benjamin Franklin
  31. Industrial Revolution and Emergence of Consumer Society (1851~1900)  Advertising grew in importance and size because of numerous social and technological developments.  Purpose: devising an effective, efficient communication system that could sell products to a widely marketplace.  National media developed as the country’s transportation system grew.
  32. Modern Advertising Era (1901~1915)  The format of advertisement was getting to be similar to the modern one.  The emergence of advertising agency with simple service
  33. Agency Era (1916~1960) & Creative Era (1961~1980)  Agency era: the advertising industry grew and organizations specializing in modern professional advertising developed.  Creative era: showcasing an emphasis on new creative practices to compete in a crowded marketplace and build demand for brands.
  34. Accountability Era (1981~)  The beginning of the industry-wide focus on effectiveness  Clients wanted ads that produced sales so the emphasis was on research and measurement.
  35. The Development of Advertising
  36. The Development of Advertising
  37. The Development of Advertising
  38. The Current Advertising Scene  Interaction  Integrated marketing communication (IMC)  Globalization
  39. Interaction  Electronic media, such as the Internet and wireless communication, are changing the media landscape  New media are more personal and interactive
  40. Integrated Marketing Communication  IMC is the practice of unifying all marketing communication tools so they send a consistent, persuasive message promoting company goals.
  41. Globalization  In the early 1990s the trade barriers throughout much of Europe came down, making it the largest contiguous market in the world.  Eastern Europe, India, Russia, and China have at least partially opened their markets to international marketing.  The advertising question is whether to practice global or local advertising.