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Make a classroom layout with the following equipment
Bulletin Boards (2 sets)
Arm chair (40 units)
Teacher’s chair and table
Picture frame of the President
EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES DEFINED
The term “educational facilities” refers to all the physical properties
of a school, consisting of the grounds, buildings, and the various
facilities within the school grounds and inside the school buildings.
Also known as the school plant or the physical facilities of a school;
thus, the terms educational school facilities, school plant, and
physical facilities may be used interchangeably.
Components that constitute educational facilities are:
school furniture and
REGULAR CLASSROOM FACILITIES
The classroom is a contained unit of learning space.
To be effective, it must be designed such that
spaces and facilities reflect the educational
processes and activities that take place in them.
Every classroom shall be suitably structured and
decorated to make the surroundings of
pupils/students conducive to learning.
The minimum furniture and equipment requirements for a regular
Tables with 2 chairs with all wood/or non-wood
based materials for grades I-IV 25 sets
Tables with 2 chairs with all wood/or non-wood
based materials for grades V-VI 25 sets
or Tablet armchairs with all wood/or non-wood
based materials for grades V-VI 50 units
Tablet Armchairs with all wood/or non-wood
based materials for First to Fourth Year 50 units
Teacher’s Table with chair 1 set
Chalkboard, framed, wall type with ledge 4 ft. x 8 feet) 3 units
Teacher’s cabinet 1 unit
Standard Facilities (continuation)
Hand washing facility 1 unit
Drinking jar/container, with faucet 1 unit
Water pail 1 unit
Divan (with storage space for cleaning materials) 1 unit
Trash can 1 unit
Bulletin board 2 units
Filing/Storage cabinet 1 unit
DepED Forms Rack 1 unit
Utility box 1 unit
Chart stand 1 unit
First Aid Cabinet 1 unit
The regular classroom may be ideally structured in the
a. At the entrance to the room, a signboard is posted, showing the
following identification: (Grade/Year and Section occupying the
room) (Name of teacher handling the class)
b. A framed copy of the class program is displayed on the door to the
classroom at adult eye-level.
c. On the front wall (that is, the wall facing the class), the classroom
chalkboards, properly framed and provided with chalk ledge and
curtains, are installed at a height which is in accordance with the
maximum comfortable reach of the children to the top of the
board. (The proper height of the chalkboard from the floor to its top-edge is
determined by multiplying the mean standing height of the class by the constant 1.2.)
This constant is the result of studies conducted on the portion of the standing height to
the normal reach of the hand over the head of the individual.)
d. Above the chalkboard, a framed portrait of the President of the
Philippines shall be displayed prominently at the center, flanked
on one side at a lower level by a framed motto (for the month or
week) and on the other side by a framed picture preferably
relevant to the motto.
d. The bulletin boards and tack boards, as well as charts, may be
placed on the walls at the sides or at the back of the room.
They shall be placed at the same height as the chalkboards.
e. The attendance chart and the DepED forms rack are placed
near the door.
f. The teacher’s table, chair and cabinet are located at the rear of
g. One corner of the room is set up as a reading corner. Another
corner of the room is set up as a health corner and provided
with a first aid or medicine cabinet with mirror, soap dish,
towel rack, and hand washing and drinking facilities.
h. The seating arrangement of the pupils/students shall be
flexible, depending upon the needs or activities of the class.
Desirable Aural Environment
Inside the classroom, the desirable aural
environment maybe provided as follows:
a. Arranging the seats in such a way that no pupil is
more than seven meters away from the teacher
standing in front of the room; and
b. Where classrooms both face a common
partition/back to back on either side, partition shall
be up to the ceiling, if possible, double walled to
avoid the noise from disturbing any of the
Importance of Color
a. To contribute to visual comfort
b. For aesthetic effect
c. To preserve and protect materials (as to maintenance)
d. For safety precautions
Guidelines on the Use of Color
a. The color scheme shall be practical and in good taste; garish colors or
a riot of colors shall be avoided.
b. In classrooms where pupils’ concentration is desired, the use of varied,
strong colors, especially within eyelevel of the children, shall be
avoided because of their distracting effect.
c. Ceilings shall be painted in off-white, flat paint
d. Walls shall be painted in light colors, with the upper portion in lighter
color than the lower
e. Floors shall be gray or blue-gray since these colors give cooler effect
f. There shall be a slight contrast in color between the chalkboard and
the wall on which it is installed; areas of bright, distracting colors near
the chalkboard shall be avoided.
g. The color of the chalkboard shall provide a much stronger contrast
with chalk used on it
h. Trims or frames may be painted in light color, such as white or off-white
to contrast with the wall
i. Proper combination of colors shall be used to highlight or emphasize
elevation changes, obstructions, stairways, etc.
Color Scheme Adopted by DepED
Part of School Building Color
• Roofing and accessories - DepED Green
• Door - DepED QDE Palmyra Green
• Columns - DepED Latex S/G Beige -
DepED S/G Enamel Beige
• Exterior Wall - DepED Latex S/G Beige
- DepED S/G Enamel Beige
• Interior Wall - DepED Latex S/G Beige
- DepED S/G Enamel Beige
• Ceiling - DepED Latex Flat White
- DepED Flatwall Enamel
Note: Latex = for concrete walls; enamel = for wood S/G = semi-gloss
QDE = Quick Dry Enamel
Safety Color Scheme
The following safety color scheme is universally recognized:
Red denotes fire hazards or fire-fighting equipment, such as
fire alarm boxes, fire pails, fire extinguishers, etc.
Green signifies safety or a go-ahead signal.
Orange is used to indicate alert or danger from equipment.
White serves as a traffic line or guide.
Yellow with its high visibility, is used to warn danger from
stumbling, falling or striking, and is usually with alternate
bands of a dark color.
Blue indicates precaution and is used on switchboxes, levers,
All educational facilities procured/purchased by the Department or
donated by LGUs/NGOs and private individuals shall be considered
property of the recipient school. School Heads/Principals are
responsible to the Schools Division/City Schools Superintendent for
the educational facilities issued to them. In same manner, the
Schools Division/City Schools Superintendents are likewise responsible
to the Regional Director.
Care/Preservation and Safeguarding of Educational
It is the duty of the school head/principal to enforce the rules on proper
care of educational facilities such as:
1. Provision of perimeter fence along boundaries of the school site with
secured entrance and exit gates.
2. Proper utilization of school buildings, including undertaking of minor
repair and maintenance work.
3. Cleanliness and orderliness of classrooms shall be maintained at all
4. Proper use of desks/armchairs and other classroom furniture shall be
strictly enforced by the teacher. Instructional tools/equipment and
supplies such as computers, books, magazines, periodicals, journals,
bulletins and other publications issued by the Department or procured
from various sources shall be displayed and kept in safe shelves/storage
HOME ECONOMICS FACILITIES
As the laboratory for Home Economics classes, the Home
Economics building is designed as a self-contained Filipino home
consisting of the following sections or components:
a. Front porch leading to the entry
b. Sala or living room
d. d. Dining room
f. Toilet and bath
h. Classroom area
i. Back porch
INDUSTRIAL ARTS FACILITIES
a. Classroom area, provided with standard classroom facilities
b. Work area, provided with workbenches, stools, fixtures, etc.
c. Tool room, provided with cabinets, shelves, rack, etc. for
systematic safekeeping of shop tools.
d. Storeroom, for supplies, materials, finished projects, etc.
e. Display area, for exhibiting selected finished projects,
f. Toilet and Bath provided with standard fixtures and facilities
g. Office, for shop teacher.
AGRICULTURAL ARTS FACILITIES
The school garden shall be provided with a garden house and
adequate water supply. The garden house shall be designed to
include the following components:
a. Classroom area, furnished with standard classroom facilities
b. Tool room, provided with cabinets, shelves, racks, etc. for
safekeeping of garden tools.
c. Storeroom for supplies, materials, seeds, products, etc.
d. Display area, for exhibits, announcements, etc.
e. Toilet and Bath provided with standard fixtures and facilities
f. Office, for garden teacher
g. Plant nursery, provided with seed boxes, pots, cans, etc.
As the teaching of sanitation and good health habits is an
integral part of the school program, it is important that public schools
shall be provided with sanitary facilities that satisfy sanitary requirements
as well as meet educational needs.
1. Toilet Facilities. Every school is required to have toilet facilities within
the school premises preferably with the toilet for boys and that for girls
located far apart.
2. Toilet fixtures and materials. Where practicable and feasible, it would
be desirable to have a toilet room for each classroom, if water supply
3. Hand Washing Facilities. Group hand washing facility shall, if possible
be provided proximate to the playground, gardens, school canteens
and toilets. Minimum standard capacity of two faucets for every 100
pupils/students is recommended
4. Drinking Facilities. A potable water supply shall be available in the
school premises. Drinking facilities shall be provided on the basis of
one faucet or fountain for every 75 pupils/students.
5. Water System and Wastewater Disposal Stystem.
Playground areas shall be considered together with classrooms as
learning environment for educational growth.
They shall be developed and planned extensively not only for the
sole purpose of an improved physical education program but also
for the use of pupils/students and teachers in all other educational
The fundamental function of the administrative office is to serve.
It shall be planned to feature openness and ease of access for
teachers, school children and the public.
The administrative office shall be pleasant and attractive in
design reflecting the spirit of a friendly and helpful atmosphere
The allocation of administrative space shall include the following
School administrator’s office Receiving area
Working area for the office staff
Production room (mimeographing, graphics, etc.)
Toilet and bath
Arrangement and placement of office furniture and equipment
such as tables, chairs, cabinets, shelves, typewriters/computers,
photocopying machines, bulletin boards, etc. shall be carefully
and systematically planned to achieve maximum efficiency.
The following information/EMIS records and materials shall
constitute part of structuring the office.
Hazard Map of the Philippines
Map of the Locality (where the school is situated)
School Site Development Plan
Consolidated Calendar of Activities
Master Program (all classes, all teachers)
Graphs regarding performance indicators
Files of circulars, memoranda, bulletins, etc.
Pictorials of activities
FACILITIES FOR ANCILLARY SERVICES
School Health Clinic.
It shall be located adjacent to the administrative area, if possible.
Depending upon the size of the school and the availability of internal
space, the school health clinic shall include spaces for first aid treatment,
dental services, waiting room, dressing room, and rest room for students
who may not be feeling well.
The school health clinic shall be furnished with the following basic
Bed/cot (preferably the reclining type)
Apparatus for measuring height Thermometer
Medical supplies Cabinet
Eye-testing apparatus Mirror Sink or lavatory
First aid equipment and supplies Nebulizer
Standard office equipment (table, chairs, stools, trash can, etc.)
Guidance and Counselling.
The organization of pupil/student guidance and counselling
services is an administrative function that cannot be dispensed
with, especially in the modern community school. For the purpose
of the school guidance and counselling program, a guidance
room shall be set aside and located, if possible, adjacent to the
administrative area. The guidance center shall include separate
enclosed spaces for conducting individual counselling, testing,
storage of school children’s records, etc.
Among the basic facilities that shall be provided in the school
guidance center, the following are suggested:
Instruments and devices for testing, diagnosing, measuring
aptitudes, intelligence, etc.
Various literature, reference materials, instructions, etc.,
about guidance and counselling.
Standard office equipment (tables, chairs, cabinets, etc.)
SCHOOL LUNCH COUNTER (SCHOOL CANTEEN)
One of the important facilities that shall be available in school is
a very decent school lunch counter, also known as the school
lunchroom, school canteen or nutrition center. This serves as the
center for feeding. 1. The basic components of a school
canteen may be as follows:
a. Dining space
c. Kitchen – The kitchen space shall include the following areas:
food preparation area, cooking area, cleaning area, and
For details on the management and maintenance of school canteen, refer to
DepED Order Nos. 8, s.2007.
PROPER UTILIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES IN
Educational facilities in the school shall be utilized properly. The use of
the ground and facilities of the school other than for the school activities
must be subject to the approval of the Schools Division/City Schools
Superintendent. Among other public activities and utilization of the
school grounds and facilities which may be permitted by the Schools
Division Superintendent thru the principal/head teacher are as follows:
1. Civil Service Examinations
2. Literacy Classes
3. Polling Places
4. Religious Services/Instruction
5. Community Program (for civic and educational activities)
6. Evacuation Center
ILLEGAL UTILIZATION OF SCHOOL FACILITIES
Any illegal act or activity resulting from or related to, the utilization of
the school property or facilities shall be the accountability of the
Article 20 of the Revised Penal Code prohibits and penalizes the illegal
use of public funds and property.
1. Personal Use of Educational Facilities. The use of school property for
the personal convenience of an employee as his residence and
not in connection with his official duties is illegal. Likewise, the use
of school property for the furtherance of private interest is
2. Squatters. No squatters shall be allowed on the school site. In
cases where there are squatters within the school site, their ejection
shall be done in a proper and legal manner.
DISASTER/RISK REDUCTION MEASURES
Every teacher or school official should recognize that the welfare of
the pupils/students in school is his first and foremost concern and
responsibility. Hence the educational facilities program should
include adequate provisions for ensuring safety in school against
natural and man-made hazards.
Children are taught disaster risk reduction measures in school as part
of the elementary and secondary school curricula. The objective is
to foster awareness and better understanding about the immediate
environment in which children and their families live.
HOW TO MAKE SCHOOLS SAFE
Communities and schools have the most important
roles in ensuring safety of every individual. Each
entity can influence to a certain extent even
beyond traditional forms of regional development
from cultural to economical, informational and
environmental. Recognizing these roles, each entity
needs to strive to improve the quality of educational
facilities. Capacity building of human resources and
securing financial basis to provide adequate
education and facilities must be considered in the
process of formulating education policy.
HOW TO MAKE SCHOOLS SAFE
Child participation is a very significant factor in
disaster risk reduction. First, the activities being
undertaken will directly benefit them through the
realization of their basic rights. This is also based on
the premise that today’s children are tomorrow’s
adult citizens. What they learn about safety today
significantly contributes towards development of
“disaster risk resilient” communities.
To cope with constant climate change and the
intensity of its effects to the occupants of any school
structure, the Philippine Green Building Council
(PhilGBC) recommends the establishment of a green
school. Green School is defined as a school building
or facility that creates a healthy environment that is
conducive to teaching-learning while saving energy,
resources and money (Nestor Arabejo, PhilGBC).