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Diplomacy defined

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Definitions of Diplomacy and Tpes

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Diplomacy defined

  1. 1. Diplomacy DefinedDr. Oyewole O. SarumiLeadership Management
  2. 2. Definitions• Diplomacy is broadly described as the art ofconducting negotiations, agreements andrelations between two or more parties in asensitive way.• These parties could be anything from husbandand wife to two countries.Leadership Management
  3. 3. • Usually, when the word "diplomacy" ismentioned, people think of internationalrelations and communications, as this is themost common context in which the word isheard.Leadership Management
  4. 4. • Diplomacy is basically a term that is widelyimportant for International relations betweenvarious nations. Diplomacy is the art ofnegotiations between various countries. Ininternational relations it forms the basis forpeace making, economics, culture, trade, warsetc.
  5. 5. Diplomacy: What it involves..• Diplomacy is generally understood tobe governments communicating withgovernments. It is primarily practiced throughembassies and consulates around the world,and involves foreign service officers andambassadors advancing their governments’foreign policy objectives while collecting andresearching essential political and economicinformation.
  6. 6. The Goal of Diplomacy• The goal of diplomacy is to further the statesinterests as dictated by geography, history,and economics. Safeguarding the statesindependence, security, and integrity is ofprime importance; preserving the widestpossible freedom of action for the state isnearly as important. Beyond that, diplomacyseeks maximum national advantage withoutusing force and preferably without causingresentment.
  7. 7. The Different types of diplomacyThere are a number of different types of diplomacy, including:• Appeasement,• Citizen Diplomacy,• Cultural Diplomacy,• Deference,• Dollar Diplomacy,• Economic Diplomacy,• Engagement Diplomacy,• Freelance Diplomacy,• Gunboat Diplomacy,• Multi-track Diplomacy,• Panda Diplomacy,• Ping-pong Diplomacy,• Public Diplomacy,• Regional Diplomacy,• Science Diplomacy,• Shuttle Diplomacy• Track II Diplomacy.Leadership Management
  8. 8. Some others examples of diplomacy…• Bilateral diplomacy, war diplomacy, preventivediplomacy, multilateral diplomacy,developmental diplomacy, multi trackdiplomacy and public diplomacy are examplesof diplomacy.Leadership Management
  9. 9. Here are outlines of a few of thesetypes of diplomacy:Leadership Management
  10. 10. Appeasement• Appeasement is a specific type of diplomacy where themain aim of communication is to avoid full-frontal war.• This is done by making concessions to, andnegotiations with, powers or leaders who are acting inan aggressive way.• The term was originally developed by NevilleChamberlain, the British Prime Minister of the interwarperiod, and was implemented by the "Allies", as theywould come to be known, in order to prevent Hitlerfrom taking aggressive action.Leadership Management
  11. 11. Citizen diplomacy• Citizen diplomacy is the political idea thataverage citizens can act as representatives of acause or country, if "official" or governmentalinteractions are inappropriate.• Citizen diplomacy does not have to involvedirect address or conversation - it can take theform of sporting events or scientificexchanges.Leadership Management
  12. 12. Deterrence• Deference is the idea that people shouldrecognize and submit to the authority of theirsuperiors.• It is seen, for example, in the workplace - it wouldbe deemed acceptable for your boss to tell youwhat to do, but unacceptable for you to tell yourboss what to do.• This is because, due to the concept of deference,your boss has more authority than you do, andtherefore has the power to control your actionsand behaviour (to an extent).Leadership Management
  13. 13. Deterrence• Measures taken bycountries to preventand protectthemselves fromthreats– Threats: countries ornon-state aggressors(e.g. internationalterrorists)
  14. 14. Deterrence• Deterrence policy is based on being preparedfor any form of threats while developingdiplomatic relationships with as many countriesas possible.• Deterrence refers to the measures to preventand protect a country from various threatssuch as other countries and terrorists.• Deterrence is necessary to protect a countryand to give people a sense of security.
  15. 15. Multilateral Diplomacy• Multilateral Diplomacy:This was a more resent development with itsorigins dating near or after the end of the FirstWorld War. Its various types are:War diplomacy- A form of diplomacy adopted whenthere is no alternative to war.Preventive diplomacy- This is an extremely delicateprocess as it requires the most trust and confidencebetween antagonists. It also requires extremepatience and an independence from coercion.Leadership Management
  16. 16. Bilateral diplomacy• Bilateral diplomacy involves two nations orinterests while public diplomacy involvesgovernment public relations.Leadership Management
  17. 17. War diplomacy• War diplomacy is adopted when there is noalternative to war and….Leadership Management
  18. 18. Developmental Diplomacy• Developmental diplomacy is moreeconomically oriented.Leadership Management
  19. 19. Public Diplomacy• Public Diplomacy--One which encompasses government publicrelations.Leadership Management
  20. 20. Developmental Diplomacy-• Developmental diplomacy-This is more an economic form ofdiplomacy which seeks a promotion ofeconomic interests.Leadership Management
  21. 21. Diplomacy In Economy• Diplomacy in economy is usually thought of assomething only related to policy-making andrepresentation of the home-government’s tradeinterests, which leads to crucial qualifications ofexceptional business skills, flexibility and sensiblejudgment on the side of the diplomats.• But on a more in-depth look, it should primarilydeal with reporting and monitoring of tradepolicies, economic resources and regulations ofthe destination countries so the sending-statewould have a better picture of the economicatmosphere thereLeadership Management
  22. 22. Bilateral Diplomacy• Bilateral Diplomacy:Between two nations or interests. Mutualbenefit or relations are the only ones whichare considered important. It is in somemeasure the basis for other more complexrelationships.Leadership Management
  23. 23. Multi-track Diplomacy• Multi track diplomacy-– A more pragmatic and modern approach whichencompasses all the other diplomacy types andfocuses on the issue at hand from the rivals pointof you.Leadership Management
  24. 24. Last lineLeadership Management• Please contact Dr. Oyewole O. Sarumi forspeaking engagements and conferences.