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Working in silence presentation

Some of the benefits of studying in silence in the school library.
Lesley Watts (Librarian, King Edward VI School)

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Working in silence presentation

  1. 1. Sixth Form study period…
  2. 2. …shush…
  3. 3. …please work in silence
  4. 4. Your brain on silence
  5. 5. Conscious effort temporarily diverts the brain’s resources … … silence allows the brain to return to its default mode of constant processing.
  6. 6. Silence is relaxing.
  7. 7. Research into the relaxing effects of music found that a two minute silence between tracks proved more relaxing than the music.
  8. 8. An experiment on mice found that two hours silence per day stimulated cell development in the brain.
  9. 9. “You cannot ask somebody to be creative in 15 minutes and really think about a problem. You might have a quick idea, but to be in deep thought about a problem and really consider a problem carefully, you need long stretches of uninterrupted time.” JASON FRIED Silence aids creativity.
  10. 10. World Health Organisation recommendations: 15 dB rustling leaves 30 dB LIBRARY 40 dB refrigerator hum Silence is good for health and wellbeing
  11. 11. ‘If you can hear someone talking while you’re reading or writing, your productivity dips by up to 66%’. TREASURE (2013) Silence is good for productivity
  12. 12. Silence
  13. 13. References SLIDE 5: Raichle, M.E. et al (2001) ‘A default mode of brain function’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S.A., 98(2), pp.676-682, doi: 10.1073/pnas.98.2.676 SLIDE 7: Bernardi, L. et al (2006) ‘Cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and respiratory changes induced by different types of music in musicians and non‐musicians: the importance of silence’, Heart, 92(4), pp.445-453, doi: 10.1136/hrt.2005.064600 SLIDE 8: Kirste, I. et al (2015) ‘Is silence golden? Effects of auditory stimuli and their absence on adult hippocampal neurogenesis’, Brain Structure Function, 220(2), pp.1221-1228, doi: 10.1007/s00429-013-0679-3 SLIDE 9: Fried, J. (2010) ‘Why work doesn’t happen at work’, TED talk transcript. Available at: https://www.ted.com/talks/jason_fried_why_work_doesn_t_happen_at_work?language=en (Accessed: 28 November 2018). SLIDE 10: Treasure, J. (2013) ‘Nine ways that sound affects our health, well-being and productivity’, TEDBlog April 24th, Available at: https://blog.ted.com/9-ways-that-sound-affects-our-health-wellbeing-and-productivity/ (Accessed: 27 November 2018). SLIDE 11: Treasure, J. (2013) ‘Nine ways that sound affects our health, well-being and productivity’, TEDBlog April 24th, Available at: https://blog.ted.com/9-ways-that-sound-affects-our-health-wellbeing-and-productivity/ (Accessed: 27 November 2018).
  14. 14. Bibliography Banbury,S. & Berry, D.C. (1998) ‘Disruption of office-related tasks by speech and office noise’, British Journal of Psychology, 89(3), pp.499-517 Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.2044-8295.1998.tb02699.x (Accessed: 27 November 2018). Bernardi, L. et al (2006) ‘Cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and respiratory changes induced by different types of music in musicians and non‐musicians: the importance of silence’, Heart, 92(4), pp.445-453, doi: 10.1136/hrt.2005.064600 Cassidy, G. and MacDonald, R.A.R. (2007) ‘The effect of background music and background noise on the task performance of introverts and extraverts’, Psychology of Music, 35(3), pp.517-537, doi.org/10.1177%2F0305735607076444 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0305735607076444 Cooper, B. (2017) ‘The power of silence: why you need less noise for work and your health’, Zapier.com, February 2, Available at: https://zapier.com/blog/silence-health-productivity/ (Accessed: 27 November 2018). Fried, J. (2010) ‘Why work doesn’t happen at work’, TED talk transcript. Available at: https://www.ted.com/talks/jason_fried_why_work_doesn_t_happen_at_work?language=en (Accessed: 28 November 2018). Gregoire, C. (2016) ‘Why silence is so good for your brain’ HuffPost 5 March, Available at: https://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/silence-brain- benefits_us_56d83967e4b0000de4037004?guccounter=1&guce_referrer_us=aHR0cHM6Ly9tZWRpdW0uY29tL0BqYW5lY293ZWxsOC9zaWxlbmNlLXNob3VsZC1saWJyYXJpYW5zLWFwb2xvZ2l6Z S1mb3ItcHJvdmlkaW5nLXF1aWV0LWMxMTMxNjE5NjQ0Nw&guce_referrer_cs=BLGft8sUtkh7O0hLrj73Ag (Accessed: 27 November 2018) Gross, D.A. (2014) ‘This is your brain on silence’, Nautilus, August 21. Available at: http://nautil.us/issue/16/nothingness/this-is-your-brain-on-silence (Accessed: 28 November 2018). Kirste, I. et al (2015) ‘Is silence golden? Effects of auditory stimuli and their absence on adult hippocampal neurogenesis’, Brain Structure Function, 220(2), pp.1221-1228, doi: 10.1007/s00429-013- 0679-3 Mak, C.M. (2012) ‘The effect of sound on office productivity’, Building Service Engineering, 33(3), pp.339-345 doi: 10.1177/0143624411412253 Ollin, R. (2008) Silent pedagogy and rethinking classroom practice: structuring teaching through silence rather than talk. Cambridge Journal of Education, 38(2), pp.265-280 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03057640802063528 Raichle, M.E. et al (2001) ‘A default mode of brain function’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S.A., 98(2), pp.676-682, doi: 10.1073/pnas.98.2.676 Shield, B. & Dockrell, J. (2003) ‘The effects of noise on children at school: a review’, Building Acoustics, 10(2), pp.97-116. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/245525976_The_Effects_of_Noise_on_Children_at_School_A_Review (Accessed: 27 November 2018). Treasure, J. (2009) ‘The four ways sound affects us’, TED Talk transcript. Available at: https://www.ted.com/talks/julian_treasure_the_4_ways_sound_affects_us/transcript?language=en (Accessed: 27 November 2018). Treasure, J. (2013) ‘Nine ways that sound affects our health, well-being and productivity’, TEDBlog April 24th, Available at: https://blog.ted.com/9-ways-that-sound-affects-our-health-wellbeing-and- productivity/ (Accessed: 27 November 2018).
  15. 15. Picture credits Slide 4: Human head with set of gears by Dmitriy Shpilko. Available at: https://www.123rf.com/stock- photo/human_head.html?&sti=mu2wj14556cdcspyoy|&mediapopup=36628694 Slide 5: Pen on notebook with squared paper https://www.pexels.com/photo/black-click-pen-on-white-paper-167682/ Slides 6 & 7: Reflection of tree in water https://www.pexels.com/photo/background-beautiful-blossom-calm-waters-268533/ Slide 8: Phrenology head by Meo https://www.pexels.com/photo/photo-of-head-bust-print-artwork-724994/ Slide 9: Coloured cacti by Scott Webb https://www.pexels.com/photo/art-artistic-beautiful-bloom-311458/ Slide 10: Leaves by Min An https://www.pexels.com/photo/green-leaf-1353938/ Slide 11: Coloured pencils by Plush Design Studio https://www.pexels.com/photo/close-up-photography-of-colored-pencils-743986/ Slide 12: Trees, mountains and lake by Snapwire https://www.pexels.com/photo/body-of-water-next-to-mountain-during-day-time-113727/ LJW (29/11/2018)

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