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Ronald reagan

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Ronald reagan

  1. 1. Ronald Reagan The Great CommunicatorPowerPoint created by Robert MartinezPrimary Content Source: Freedom: A History of US by Joy HakimImages as cited.
  2. 2. In 1980, Republican Ronald Reagandefeats Jimmy Carter in the presidential election.
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Ronald Reagan is sixty-nine when elected president. The oldest president ever elected, but few consider him a senior citizen.
  5. 5. He had been a Hollywood film star and he knows how to use television as no president before him.
  6. 6.
  7. 7. A few months after he takes office, a would-be assassin takes aim at the president on a Washington street and puts a bullet into his lung.
  8. 8. As Reagan is wheeled into the operatingroom, he says to his wife, Nancy. “Honey, I forgot to duck.”
  9. 9. Reagan doesn’t joke when it comes to hisideas. He knows exactly what he believes, and he explains those beliefs clearly and simply.
  10. 10. In a complex world that is harder andharder to understand, he seems reassuring and honest and old-fashioned.
  11. 11. It is 1981, and Reagan is about to bring a radical change of direction to American politics, and be very popular doing it.
  12. 12. Reagan is anti-tax, anti-union, and fiercely anti-communist. He wants to reduce the size of the government.
  13. 13. He wants to cut spending on welfare programs, eliminate most government regulation of business, take the federalgovernment out of the field of education, and balance the budget.
  14. 14. Reagan also wants to build up the armed forces and increase military spending.
  15. 15. How do things turn out for Mr. Reagan? Well, by the end of the 1980s, the UnitedStates is the world’s greatest superpower, and very wealthy.
  16. 16. But in most inner cities, schools, bridges, roads, and buildings are falling apart. Urban crime is soaring. Some education statistics are in a free fall.
  17. 17. Access to good health care is not equal to that in most developed nations. Aids is ignored as it develops into a national epidemic.
  18. 18. Balancing the budget is one of Reagan’skey goals. He is very critical of the deficit (U.S. debt), which, under Carter in 1979, seemed very high.
  19. 19. Reagan believes that if he can cut taxesand public welfare programs, and eliminate as much regulation of business aspossible, it will stimulate the economy and tax revenues will increase.
  20. 20. Increased revenues would pay for the huge increase in military spending that Reagan believes necessary to continue to fight the Cold War.
  21. 21. Under Reagan, Congress enacts the single largest tax cut in our history. That does stimulate the economy, which increases tax revenues and the total taxes paid by those in the higher income range.
  22. 22. Before Reagan’s tax reform, of each dollarthe government collected in taxes, thirteencents came from corporations, afterwards, the corporate share is eight cents.
  23. 23. Programs directed at the poor and middleclass are reduced by $41 billion. The gap between rich and poor grows tremendously.
  24. 24. At the same time, Congress embarks on a $1.6 trillion military expansion.
  25. 25. What happens to the national debt? It goes from $383 billion in 1980 to $2.3 trillion in1988. Reagan’s deficits total more than the deficits of all the presidents before him combined.
  26. 26. Some companies aren’t prepared for the responsibilities that go with their newfreedom (no regulation.) Savings & Loan associations, created to lend money to ordinary people to buy houses, make speculative investments.
  27. 27. Many of the mortgage banks go brokewhen the value of their investments falls, in the end the savings & loan bailouts costs the taxpayers an estimated $481 billion.
  28. 28. At the same time, libraries, museums,national parks, and other public institutionsfind themselves with less government aid.
  29. 29. Spending on education drops 15 percents. And with the federal government doing less, city and state governments grow enormously during the Reagan years.
  30. 30. Again and again, Ronald Reagan speaks out on the dangers of Russiancommunism. He calls the Soviet Union an “evil empire.”
  31. 31. Then something remarkable happens, President Reagan and Prime MinisterMikhail Gorbachev begin talking to each other. The talk about the dangers ofnuclear war, and about grandchildren.
  32. 32.
  33. 33. The discussion leads to productive arms- control agreements. The following year,the president visits Berlin, Germany. The city has been divided in two since 1961.
  34. 34. In West Berlin, people are free to come and go and practice democracy. In East Berlin, the communist government has fenced in its own people.
  35. 35. There, a strong, well-guarded wall, builtright through the middle of the city, keeps East Germans from visiting friends and family. It is the symbol of the Cold War.
  36. 36. Ronald Reagan stands before it and says bluntly, “Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall.”
  37. 37. Economic forces are at work in the eastern Soviet-bloc nations that will indeed cause the wall to tumble.
  38. 38. Gorbachev, who is a communist but also arealistic leader, is aware that Russia needs to change.
  39. 39. Reagan the Cold Warrior is anxious to become a peacemaker. In 1988, Reagangoes to Moscow, this time as a friend of the Russian premier. The two leaders realize they have a chance to change history.
  40. 40. They can end the insane arms race that has been so costly to both nations and has affected the whole world.
  41. 41. A year later, in 1989, the Soviet Unionbreaks into pieces. Yes, the Soviet Union,the U.S.S.R., the land we call Russia, falls apart.
  42. 42. The country doesn’t collapse militarily, but, as a political system, communism has failed. The Cold War is over.
  43. 43. The burden of ever-growing military expenditures wrecked Russia’s economy.The U.S. was spending trillions on military.
  44. 44. Television lets Soviet citizens, see the success of free nations. The Russianpeople have had enough of communist repression. It hasn’t worked.
  45. 45. They throw communism out. It is stunningand it is peaceful. The world had changed politically. There is no great giant for the United States to battle anymore.

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