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CyberBullying.pptx

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CyberBullying.pptx

  1. 1. Cyberbullying
  2. 2. Background - Cyberbullying problem may occur as the viral video and social media have been popular nowadays - Victim(Can be youngster,celebrities,or adults) - Not common in the past(1990-2005)
  3. 3. Defintition - Take place over digital devices like cell phones, computers, and tablets. - Occur through SMS, Text, and apps, or online in social media, forums, or gaming where people can view, participate in, or share content. - Include sending, posting, or sharing negative, harmful, false, or mean content about someone else. sharing personal or private information about someone else causing embarrassment or humiliation. - Crosses the line into unlawful or criminal behavior.
  4. 4. Definition Cyberbullying website in 2003 -Its defintion: the use of information and communication technologies which supports deliberate, repeated and hostile behavior by an individual or group that is intended to harm others
  5. 5. Factor Understanding the influencing factors of cyberbullying is key to effectively curbing cyberbullying. Among the various factors, this study focused on the personal level of individual students and categorized the influencing factors of cyberbullying among college students into five sublevels, i.e., background, Internet use and social network habits, personality, emotion, and literacy related to digital citizenship. Then a questionnaire survey was applied to 947 Chinese college students. The results show that cyberbullying among Chinese college students are generally at a low level. There are many factors influence cyberbullying. Specifically, at the personal background level, gender has a significant impact on cyberbullying and being cyberbullied. In terms of personal Internet use and social network habits, students’ average daily online time has no significant correlation with cyberbullying and being cyberbullied; however, the proportion of online non-learning time has a significantly positive correlation with cyberbullying, and the proportion of online learning/work time has a significant impact on being cyberbullied. At the personality level, the Big Five personality traits have varying degrees of correlation with and influence on cyberbullying and being cyberbullied. At the personal emotions level, students’ life satisfaction has a significantly negative correlation with cyberbullying and being cyberbullied while it only has a significant impact on being cyberbullied; the personal stress and empathetic concern aspects of empathy have a significantly positive correlation with cyberbullying and being cyberbullied among female students. At the literacy related to digital citizenship level, students’ understanding of and compliance with Internet etiquette have significantly negative impacts on cyberbullying; the ability to communicate and collaborate online and Internet addiction have significantly positive impacts on cyberbullying and being cyberbullied; the understanding of and compliance with relevant digital laws and regulations have significantly negative correlations with cyberbullying and being cyberbullied. Overall, college students’ digital citizenship level has a significantly negative correlation with cyberbullying but no significant correlation with being cyberbullied.
  6. 6. Factor - The evolution of the Internet - Globalization - Different points of view(Political,Discrimination) - Revengeance(Conflict)
  7. 7. Types ➔ Human Flesh Search Engine(人肉搜尋,俗稱「起底」) ➔ Inappropriate Photographs(不當照片) ➔ Impersonation(冒充) ➔ Video Shaming(視頻羞辱) ➔ Verbal abuse(Profanities) ➔ Discrimination(Sexual/Racial/Disability) ➔ Inappropriate action(Suicide)
  8. 8. Consequence Bullycide Emotional Effects ● Not surprisingly, cyberbullying is a significant stressor in a young person's life. In fact, research shows that 32% of kids who are targets of cyberbullying report experiencing at least one symptom of stress. ● In addition to feeling distressed, they also may feel embarrassed, hurt, and even fear for their safety. They may even blame themselves for the cyberbullying. Humiliation ● Because cyberbullying occurs in cyberspace, online bullying feels permanent. Kids know that once something is out there, it will always be out there. They can feel exposed, embarrassed, and overwhelmed. ● When cyberbullying occurs, the nasty posts, messages, or texts can be shared with multitudes of people. The sheer volume of people that know about the bullying can lead to intense feelings of humiliation. Isolation ● Cyberbullying sometimes causes kids to be excluded and ostracized at school. Consequently, they often feel alone and isolated. This experience can be particularly painful because friends are crucial at this age. When kids don’t have friends, this can lead to more bullying. ● When cyberbullying occurs, parents sometimes recommend shutting off the computer or turning off the cell phone. But for many kids, using these devices is considered the most important way they communicate with others. Turning them off often means cutting off their connection with their world, which can make them feel more secluded.
  9. 9. Consequence victims may get frustrated under the torture from the aggressive verbal accusation of netizens -hopeless,anxiety --can’t find solution to tackle the problem(eg talking to a counsellor) -Anti-social behaviours(lose credibility to someone/ get into fights easily)
  10. 10. Cantonese poetry recitation(特別的朗誦技巧) Cantonese poetry recitation is a short film that began in early January 2014 and went viral on the Internet. Because the expressions of the boys in the film were exaggerated and pretentious during the recitation performance, many netizens ridiculed them. Example
  11. 11. The Bus Uncle Incident(巴士阿叔事件) The Bus Uncle is a Cantonese YouTube viral video clip of a quarrel between two men aboard a bus in Hong Kong on 27 April 2006. While the older man, who came to be nicknamed the Bus Uncle, scolded the man seated behind him, a nearby passenger used a camera phone to record the entire incident. The resulting six-minute video was uploaded to the Hong Kong Golden Forum, YouTube, and Google Video. The clip became YouTube's most viewed video in May 2006,attracting viewers with its rhetorical outbursts and copious use of profanity by the older man, receiving 1.7 million hits in the first 3 weeks of that month. The video became a cultural sensation in Hong Kong, inspiring vigorous debate and discussion on lifestyle, etiquette, civic awareness and media ethics within the city, eventually attracting the attention of the media around the world. Example
  12. 12. Blue Whale Games(藍鯨遊戲) - Maybe Come From Russia - Has killed many youngsters as they didn’t cherish themselves and understand how valuable the life is - Spread out through Western, Eastern Countries Example
  13. 13. Cindy Peng Incident(楊又穎事件) - She is an entertainer - She has ended up her life because of cyberbullying - Feel stressed and skeptical to - She cared about the negative comments too much - Reflect Cyberbullying is a Serious Problem Example
  14. 14. Suggestion to deal with Cyberbullying Technology doesn’t have to make us victims or perpetrators of bullying. By being mindful and considerate, we can make our online experience better. While bullying is nothing new and we all know that it’s changed, finding victims not only on the playground but where they are online, there are tactics to combat it. Raising awareness about the issue, defining it as unacceptable, and sticking up for those who are bullied are ways that we will hopefully curtail this growing problem. Make a 30 second rule. After you’ve written something but before you post it, step away from the computer or phone for 30 seconds. When you come back, look at the message you wrote and ask yourself how you’d feel if someone wrote this to you. Do not reread the offending comments. This will only lead to obsession and further anger. Report the offending comments to a group moderator if possible.
  15. 15. Suggestion ★ Education(Bulid up internet Ethics) ★ Legislation(To take action to tackle problem) ★ Social Media should config guidelines ★ Care your friends(Start By you!) ★ Community should unite together(Start a campaign)
  16. 16. Facts and statistics Cyberbullying around the world We analyzed the results of an Ipsos international survey of adults in 28 countries which reveal an increasing number of parents have children who have experienced some form of cyberbullying. In total 20,793 interviews were conducted between March 23 – April 6, 2018, among adults aged 18-64 in the US and Canada, and adults aged 16-64 in all other countries. Of particular interest are Russia and Japan. In both countries, parents expressed extremely high levels of confidence that their children did not experience cyberbullying of any kind. Meanwhile, Indian parents remained among the highest to express confidence that their children were cyberbullied at least sometimes, a number that only grew from 2011 to 2018. Across Europe and the Americas, it also appears more parents are either becoming aware of their children’s negative experiences with cyberbullying, or their children are increasingly experiencing such attacks online.
  17. 17. Facts and statistics Percentage of parents that report their child has been a victim of cyberbullying Country 2018 2016 2011 India 37 32 32 Brazil 29 19 20 United States 26 34 15 Belgium 25 13 12 South Africa 26 25 10 Malaysia 23 -- -- Sweden 23 20 14
  18. 18. Prevention Dos: ● Protect personal data; ● Respect and accept difference in opinions; ● Install software to filter out unwelcome messages; ● Keep record of bullying incidents for follow-up; ● Report the incidents to the concerned ISP or organisation; and ● Seek help from reliable friends and relatives.
  19. 19. Reference https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.621418/full https://www.stopbullying.gov/cyberbullying/what-is-it https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Bus_Uncle https://www.talkspace.com/blog/7-ways-to-deal-with-cyberbullying/ https://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=10084 https://www.verywellfamily.com/what-are-the-effects-of-cyberbullying-460558 https://www.police.gov.hk/ppp_en/04_crime_matters/tcd/ptc.html …..etc

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