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Cluster a session three 290411

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Cluster a session three 290411

  1. 1. Session three 29/04/11 Mental health cluster A
  2. 2. <ul><li>Shaped by internal and external factors </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a protective or a risk factor for mental illness </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous theories on how personality is formed </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>term used to describe the ability to recover readily from any adverse events in one’s life. </li></ul><ul><li>An individual’s resilience can be seen as either a risk or protective factor in the development of mental illness. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Social skills e.g. communication, sense of humour etc </li></ul><ul><li>Problem solving skills </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of security and self worth </li></ul><ul><li>Positive view for the future </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Caring and supportive relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance and boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for meaningful participation </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Develop a support network </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a positive self image </li></ul><ul><li>Goal setting </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage action </li></ul><ul><li>Develop strategies in order to assist the client to accept things beyond their control </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage continual learning </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Extroversion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pronounced engagement with external world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoy being with people, full of energy, often experience positive emotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In groups tend to assert themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introversion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quiet, low key and deliberate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs less stimulation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Concern with co-operation and social </li></ul><ul><li>Value getting along with others </li></ul><ul><li>Believe in basic goodness of human beings </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreeable people generally unconcerned about others and unlikely to extend themselves </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>The way we control, regulate and direct our impulses </li></ul><ul><li>Conscientious people may be seen as boring </li></ul><ul><li>Unconscientious people may be criticized for their unreliability, lack of ambition, and failure to stay within the lines, but they will experience many short-lived pleasures and they will never be called stuffy. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Neuroticism refers to the tendency to experience negative feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Those who score high on Neuroticism may experience primarily one specific negative feeling such as anxiety, anger, or depression, but are likely to experience several of these emotions </li></ul><ul><li>They respond emotionally to events that would not affect most people, and their reactions tend to be more intense than normal. They are more likely to interpret ordinary situations as threatening, and minor frustrations as hopelessly difficult </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>describes a dimension of cognitive style that distinguishes imaginative, creative people from down-to-earth, conventional people </li></ul><ul><li>Open people are intellectually curious, appreciative of art, and sensitive to beauty. They tend to be, compared to closed people, more aware of their feelings. They tend to think and act in individualistic and nonconforming ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Closed people prefer familiarity over novelty; they are conservative and resistant to change. </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Studies link personality and social support characteristics in such a way as to suggest that personality traits drive observed interpersonal behaviors. Extroversion is positively associated with large networks, perceptions of support availability and frequent contact with family and friends </li></ul><ul><li>In contrast, neuroticism is linked to conflictual relationships small networks, perceived unavailability of support and negative affect </li></ul>
  13. 17. <ul><li>an individual’s manner of coping with adverse events and stress can influence their mental health </li></ul><ul><li>An individual’s emotional development strongly influences their ability to cope effectively, with someone with deficits in emotional development generally using more maladaptive coping strategies which subsequently leads to negative thought processes </li></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>Denial; an outright refusal or inability to accept some aspect of reality that is troubling. For example: &quot;this thing has not happened&quot; when it actually has. </li></ul><ul><li>Splitting; a person cannot stand the thought that someone might have both good and bad aspects, so they polarize their view of that person as someone who is &quot;all good&quot; or &quot;all bad&quot;. Any evidence to the contrary is ignored. </li></ul>
  15. 19. <ul><li>Projection; a person's thought or emotion about another person, place or thing is too troubling to admit, and so, that thought or emotion is attributed to originate from that other person, place or thing. For example: &quot;He hates me&quot;, when it is actually the speaker who hates. A variation on the theme of Projection is known as &quot;Externalization&quot;. In Externalization, you blame others for your problems rather than owning up to any role you may play in causing them. </li></ul>
  16. 20. <ul><li>Passive-aggression; A thought or feeling is not acceptable enough to a person to be allowed direct expression. Instead, that person behaves in an indirect manner that expresses the thought or emotion. For example: Failing to wash your hands before cooking when you normally would, and happen to be cooking for someone you don't like. </li></ul>
  17. 21. <ul><li>Acting out; an inability to be thoughtful about an impulse. The impulse is expressed directly without any reflection or consideration as to whether it is a good idea to do so </li></ul>