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  1. Reconstructionism/critical thinking Presenter atsuku m. narciso The scope of my discussion :  The meaning of Reconstructionism  Founder of reconstructionism/ His Approach  Proponent of Reconstructionism  What is Reconstructionism in Education  First person used the word Reconstructionism in Education  What is Reconstructionism in Education Philosophy  Social Reconstructionist  Reconstructionist Educator focus/Design  Nature of learner  Classroom management  The teacher role
  2. 2.According to Meriam Webster dictionary Reconstructionism is a  a movement in 20th century, an American Judaism that advocates a creative adjustment to contemporary conditions through the cultivation of traditions and folkways shared by all Jews.  advocacy of post-Civil War Reconstruction on 1881 first known use of Reconsrtuctionism
  3. 3.What is Reconstructionism? Is a philosophy that believes in the rebuilding of social and cultural infrastructures. Students are to study social problems and think of ways to improved society.
  4. 4. RECONSTRUCTIONISM AND EDUCATION Reconstructionism is a philosophy of education that focuses on empowering the learner to take control of their own learning.
  5. 5. When this principle begin?  The principles of Reconstructionism were first publicly enunciated by Rabbi Mordecai M. Kaplan (1881–1983) in his book Judaism as a Civilization (1934). Kaplan felt that for Jews to survive in modern times, especially in the United States, it was necessary for them to reconstruct their lives on the cultural foundation of a historical peoplehood.
  6. 6.The reason of Rabbi Mordecai M. Kaplan 1. to maintain and strengthen their identity as Jews. 2.Cherish all elements of their history ( language, arts, ritual). 3. Learn to respect diversity as an enrichment of Jewish life. 4. All Jews can actively participate in Jewish life while freely mingling with other people. They must be willing to accept constant change and creativity as normal signs of vitality and growth.
  7. 7.Who was the first person used the word reconstructionism in Education  The term Reconstructionism was used by John Dewey in philosophy for the first time. Then this term was used by Theodore Brameld in his book titled “Toward a Reconstructed Philosophy of Education” He was an activitist and switch to reconstructionist.
  8. 8. Proponent of Recostructionism Reconstructionist ideas is one form or another have existed throughout history. Plato was a reconstructionist philosopher. He outlined a plan for a just state in which education would become the building material for a new better society. Stoic philosophers, particulary in their concern for a world state, promoted a reconstructionist ideal.
  10. 10.What is Reconstructionism in Education Philosophy? The Reconstructionism in Education Philosophy is the belief that education should be designed so that learners experience learning in an environment where they are treated like democratic participants. Teachers and managers are there to help and guide, not to control.
  11. 11. Social-reconstructionist education  Social-reconstructionist education was based on the theory that society can be reconstructed through the complete control of education. The objective was to change society to conform to the basic ideals of the political party or government in power or to create an utopian society through education.  Theodore Brameld is known as the founder of Social Reconstructionism. Theodore Brameld was the first to publicly support the Social Reconstructionist theory of education. He believed that schools should be the biggest proponent of social change in the world.
  12. 12.Social – reconstructionist 1.George Counts (1889-1974) Recognized that education was the means of preparing people for creating this new social order (Kozol 1975). Critical theorists, like social reconstructionists, believe that systems must be changed to overcome oppression and improve human conditions.
  13. 13. PAULO FREIRE (1921-1997) was a Brazilian whose experiences living in poverty led him to champion education and literacy as the vehicle for social change. Freire saw teaching and learning as a process of inquiry in which the child must invent and reinvent the world(Nietzsche 1996). He said,” Education doesn’t change the world, education changes the people who will change the world.”
  14. 14.Jonathan Kozol is an American writer progressive activist, and educator, best known for his books on public education in the United States. Jonathan Kozol's Savage Inequalities (1991) makes a similar claim: the middle and upper classes are willing to allow the poor a certain limited access to the goods of society, but are unwilling to make life chances equal by sharing the wealth or providing truly equal opportunities. Kozol cites as proof the glaring discrepancies between schools in poorer neighborhoods and those in more affluent neighborhoods. •
  15. 17. Nature of Learner * Students are a critical element in bringing social change * Students are capable of initiating and adapting to change especially if they are influenced by appropriate adult role models. Foundation of American Education (Josh Wilson)
  16. 18. CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT * Teacher and students question the assumptions of the status quo and examine social issues and future trends. * Organize classroom in a class less nonsexist and non racial manner * Less emphasis on management and control and more focus on community building * atmosphere promotes analysis, criticism, and research would best describe the classroom environment * Conflict resolution and differences in world views would be encouraged and reinforced.
  17. Instructional Methods *Cooperative learning, problem solving, critical thinking * Focus on active learning and activities outside of school * students spend time in the community to learn its problems * Would analyze research and link issues to place in the community and larger society * Take action or responsibility in planning for change Foundation of American Education ( Josh Wilson)
  19. Role of the Teacher An educator who is also a social activist. Sees education as a tool for solving the problems of society. * The teacher can inform others about the nature and the extent of the problem. * Can suggest what one can do about these problems * Rather than being passive dispensers of knowledge, teachers should become facilitators for analysis and change.
  20. Focus of Learning * Critically analyze world events * Explore controversial issues * Develop vision for new and better world * Promote programs of cultural renewal
  21. A reconstructionist curriculum would include bringing students into their community. Ideally, students would spend half of their time in the classroom and the other half outside of the classroom in different settings. The curriculum would encourage students to directly apply what they are learning through social activism, reform and change.
  22. Reconstructionism and Education Recunstructionists seek a curriculum that emphasizes cultural pluralism, equality and futurism. * Critically examines the cultural heritage of a society as well as entire civilization. * Is not afraid to examine controversial issues. * Is deliberately committed to bring about social and constructive change. * Cultivate a future planning attitude that considers the realities of the world. * Enlists students and teachers in a definite program to enhance cultural renewal and interculturism.
  23. As what I have learned and found on my topic. I reflected myself that this reconsructionism philosophy in education make students be alert and active in society, make them think critically aware on the current problems and issues and to be able them to solve through education. Schools, teachers, the curriculum are the factors so that we can produce a critical learners to change our society that our society practices on racial and economic status descrimation. I believed that the “Youth is the hope of our nation.”