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As an individual passes from
one situation to another, his
[sic] world, his environment,
expands or contracts. He
does not find himself living
in another world but in a
different part or aspect of
one and the same world.
What he has learned in the
way of knowledge and skill in
one situation becomes an
instrument of understanding
and dealing effectively with
the situations which follow.
The process goes on as long
as life and learning
― John Dewey (1938)
A set of achievements
– skills, understandings
and personal attributes
– that make individuals
more likely to gain
employment and be
successful in their
community and the
- Yorke & Knight (2006)
What is happening in higher education
• Universities are changing. Why?
• Stronger links with business, society and academic worlds
• Privileged few to mass higher education with vocational focus
• Higher social accountability
• Influences pedagogy, educational practices and knowledge production
• Increased global investment
• More graduates – greater diversity and choice of degree
• Well educated workforce
• University – business model?
• Educators – what is our role?
What do industry and government
expect of graduates?
• Industry ready graduates - skilled and knowledgeable
• ‘On the job’ training time reduced
• Graduates who match labour market needs
• Attributes and skills required vary from org to org (confusing for
• Tertiary Education Strategy 2014-2019 (New Zealand Government, 2014)
• Clear focus on preparation for employment
• Higher education fees
What about parents and prospective
• WELL PAID JOBS
• Everyone goes to
from “I have paid
for this”. Money
• Relevance to what?
What do academics expect of their
• Graduate profiles may include:
• Leaders of self and others
• Effective communicators
• Adaptive and innovative
• Critical thinkers
• Research literate
• Professional and ethical
• Work ready, career ready, future
• Future academics and Nobel
Where is the tension and disconnect?
• Contemporary academics
• Passionate about research?
• Passionate about teaching?
• Technologically savvy?
• Latest developments in research versus workplace reality
• What is the purpose of a university degree and for whom?
• Differing perspectives – how to align
• How can we enable student to see how their academic
progress while supporting industry requirements
• What does the industry want from a E-portfolio
Can E-portfolios help bridge this gap?
• One platform with multiple functions
• Application of theory to practice
• Identify personal and professional development
• Examine academic progress
• Easy access to information across several years of
• Provide evidence required by industry
• Students who engage in developing their
employability are likely to be independent, reflective
and responsible learners?
• YOUR THOUGHTS AND EXPERIENCES?
Mahara – My experiences J
• Understanding the
functions of the
• Research and study
• Student “guinea
• Post graduate
Where to from here?
• Develop a research
• Your experiences?
• Your suggestions?
• Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and education. New York, NY: Touchstone.
• Jarvis, P. (2000). Globalisation, the learning society and comparative education. Comparative
Education, 36(3), 343–355. doi:10.1080/713656613
• New Zealand Government. (2014). Tertiary education strategy 2014–2019. Wellington, New Zealand:
Author. Retrieved from http://www.education.govt.nz/assets/Documents/Further-education/Tertiary-
• Parker, L. D. (2012). From privatisedto hybrid corporatised higher education: A global financial
management discourse. Financial Accountability & Management, 28(3), 247–268. doi:10.1111/j.1468-
• Peach, D., Cates, C., Jones, J., Lechleiter, H., & Ilg, B. (2011). Responding to rapid change in higher
education: Enabling university departments responsible for work related programs through boundary
spanning. Journal of Cooperative Education and Internships, 45(1), 94–106.
• Waller, R., Holford, J., Jarvis, P., Milana, M., & Webb, S. (2014). Widening participation, social mobility
and the role of universities in a globalized world. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 33(6),
• Yorke, M., & Knight, P. (2006). Embedding employability into the curriculum (Vol. 3): Higher Education
• Zepke, N., Nugent, D., & Leach, L. (2011). Reflection to transformation: A self-help book for teachers
(2nd ed.). Wellington, New Zealand: Dunmore.