Uttarakhand formerly Uttaranchal, state of India, located in the northwestern part of the country. It is bordered to the
northwest by the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, to the northeast by the Tibet autonomous region of china, to the
southeast by Nepal,, and to the south and southwest by the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Its capital is the north-western
city of dehra dun.
4. Uttarakhand is also known for its natural beauty of the Himalayas.
There are 13 districts in Uttarakhand which are grouped into two divisions, Kumaon division includes the following districts :
5. About Uttarakhand
• It has a pleasant pollution free environment and is ideal for vacation.
• To enhance the attractiveness of the region are the several ntural lakes in the region are the
several natural lakes in the region, which are the center of attraction of the town and good for
• There are several highly venerated pilgrimage places, the tourists must visit in Uttarakhand like
kedarnath, Badrinath, henmkund sahib, Gangotri, yamunotri, jageshwar, bageshwar, Rishikesh
and Haridwar etc.
6. • Uttarakhand is ideal for several adventure sports activites because of its geographical attributes. Adventure sports like
trekking, ce-skiing, white water rafting, sailing, boating, kayaking, canoeing, yatching, water-skiing and parasailing.
• Visiting places valley of flower national park, kedarnath wildlife sanctuaries, nanda devi national park, Govind national
park, assan barrage national park, Rajaji national park and corbett national park.
• Naintial is a popular hill station in Uttarakhand and headquarters of nainital district in the kumaon of the outer Himalayas.
• Beautiful hill town & attractive summer destination for north Indians and also from other parts of the country.
• Situated at an altitude of 2084 meters above sea level, naintial is set in a valley containing a pear shaped lake, approximately two
miles in circumference, and surrounded by mountains.
• Out of which the highest are naina (2615 m ) on the north, deopatha (2438 m ) on the west, and ayarpatha ( 2278 m) on the
• . Winter in nainital is freezing cold, temperatures falling below zero.
• Nainital gets its annual snowfall during the months from December up to February.
10. NAINITAL CONT.
• Auli also boasts the asia’s longest – 4 km cable car. It also has a chair lift and a ski lift.
• Best time to visit is last week of jan to first week of march for skiing. Though weather is highly unpredictable.
• There are many peak Neelkanth, hathigauri, eravath and comet mountains.
• The nearest airport is jolly grant airport in Dehradun, which is about 281 km from auli.
• The road leading to auli is in dreadful condition and subject to frequent rockfalls.
• Auli is an important ski destination in the Himalayan mountains of Uttarakhand, india.
• Auli, also known as a bugyal, in the regional language, which means meadow, is located at an elevation of 2500 to 3050
meters above sea level.
• Auli lies on the waay to Badrinath
• Auli is surrounded by coniferous and oak forests, with a panoramic view of the lofty peaks of the greatest mountain
range in the world, the Himalayas.
• Kausani with a total area of 5.2 sq. km, situated at a height of 1890 m above sea level, located 51 kmnorth of almora.
• The best season is between April to June and again between September to November.
• Place to visit in kausani
• Anasakti ashram
• Pant museum
• Kumaon shawl emporium
• DISTRICT : Uttarkashi
• DISTANCE : 372 km NE of delhi
Uttarkashi is an important pilgrimage centre, equated with Varanasi or kasha in divinity. It is located in a wide stretch of a
valley, this picturesque town is also the district headquarter. Uttarkashi as its name suggests is kasha of north. It is also
called the land of gods and goddness. Uttarkashi town has 32 temples at present. Every year on the occasion of magh mela,
people from far and near visit Uttarkashi to take holy dip in Bhagirathi along with the idol of their local deities.
• Situated at a height of 1829 meters, with an area of 21.76 sq. km.
• Ranikhet has too much to present to the visitors a healthy climate, tall coniferous trees, vast green meadows, tranquil
surroundings, perfect peace and warm, open hearted people.
• Every season has its own irresistible charm.
• This is what makes ranikhet an all season destination. Ranikhet also boasts of one of the best hill golf greens in the
• Place to visit
Chaubatia gardens dwarahat
• Almora another popular hill station of Uttarakhand is known as the cultural capital of kumaon.
• This town is situated on a 5 km mountain range situated at an altitude of 1650 m and from a distance its shape
resembles a horse shoe.
• Place to visit
Nanda devi temple
Bright end corner
• Mussoorie, queen of the hills, located some 290 km north of new delhi, is among the most popular hill stations of the
• It is a captivating paradise for leisure travellers and honeymooners.
• A perfect summer resort and a major educational and cultural centre has been rolled into one hub.
• Located on a 15 km long horseshoe ridge with the grand Himalayas as a backdrop, the colonial hill resort of mussoorie.
Spreads across at a height of 2005.5 m above sea level.
18. FOLK SONGS
This is a folk song of love and sacrifice between the shepherds. It is a love dialogue between the man and woman or
between a boy and girl which is sung in the form of a folk song.
basanti folk songs are composed for the coming spring season when flowers, bloom and few life spring in the valleys of
the hills of garhwal. The folk song is sung.
19. These are the folk songs popular in rawain-jaunpur area of tehri garhwal. Chhopati are the love songs sung between the
men and women in the form of questions and answers.
• Chhura folk songs are sung among shepherds in the form of advice given by the old to youngsters, having learnt it out
of their experience, particularly in grazing sheep and goats.
20. UTTARAKHAND DANCE
• CHOLIYA DANCE
The choliya dance is a dance form which is more than 1000 years old, and has its origins in the khasiya kingdom of
khasesh. The rajputs perform this dance at their weddings as a part of the marriage processions.
21. JHORA DANCE
• JHORA is a kind of community dance which is performed in the villages where the higher and the lower castes perform.
It is danced at fairs. This kind of dance is generally performed during the morning and the evening, at the coming and
22. LANGVIR DANCE
This is an energetic dance performed more often than not by men. In langvir, the dancer climbs a bamboo pole and
balances himself at his navel on the topof the pole. Music is given by dholand he balances, swivels and almost dances on
his belly at the pole, performing othet acrobatic stunts.
• Pandava dance is a type musical. / broadway kind of show based on thestory of Mahabharata accompanied by dance
and music. This is performed mainly during dusshera and Diwali.
24. BHOTIYA DANCE
This bhotiya dance is performed by the bhotias tribe and is connected with death ceremonies. It is believed by the tribal
people that the soul of the dead person resides in the body of a goat or sheep and dancing this way the soul cn be
liberated for their next birth..
Chhapeli dance is performed by couples with the female carryng a mirror in her left hand and a colored handkerchief in the
other. The male plays a hudukka on his left shoulder accompanied by others playing the hurka, manjira and flute. The dance
is a duet that outlines the joys of romance. The woman partner dances with a smile and elegant waist movements, either in
admiration of her beauty and charm or mocking her ways of expressing love.
• This is a group dance of danpur patti region of bageshwar district in kumaon. Both men and women dance in a semi
circular formation with gradually increasing pace putting across unbridled joy.
The primary food of Uttarakhand includes veetables, though non veg food is also served and savored by many. The primary
characteristics of the Uttarakhand cuisine is that milk and milk based products is sparingly used here.
Some of the famous cuisines of Uttarakhand :
GARHWAL KA FANNAH
Rangoli, a traditional Indian art displayed in front of the house, makes up a scared and age-old practice. Aipan is one of the
conventional forms of rangoli, mainly practiced in the state of Uttarakhand. The art has cultural as well as religious
implication in the life of the kumanois.
32. • MURALS
The fine arts of Uttarakhand are decidedly geometric with a natural grace and simplified complexity. One will find almost
every home and place of worship decorated with some of mural done either as a proper wall painting or in the form of
aipan and peeth.
33. FOLK FESTIVAL OF UTTARAKHAND
• MAKAR SANKRANTI
according to the hindu religious texts, on the day of uttarayani, the sun enters the zodiacal sign of makar from the zodiacal
sign the kark (cancer), from this day onwards the sun becomes ‘uttarayan’ or its starts moving to the north. It is said that
from this day, which signals a change of eason, the migratory birds start returning to the hills. On makar Sankranti people
give kichadi in charity, take ceremonial dips in holy rivers, participate in the uttarayani fairs and celebrate the festival of
ghughutia or kale kauva.
34. • BASANT PANCHAMI
• The festival of basant panchmi celebrates the coming of the spring season. This festival, which also signals the end of
winter, is generally celebrated during magh.
• During this festival people worship the goddess saraswati, use yellow handkerchiefs or even yellow cloths and in a few
places people put a yellow on their foreheads.
• PHOOL DEI
• Phool dei is celebrated on this first day of the month of Chaitra in mid march and on this day young girls conduct most
of the ceremonies. In some places this festival is celebrated throughout the month with the advent of spring.
35. • HARELA AND BHITAULI
On this first day of the navaratris of the month of Chaitra women fill basket with soil and sow seven types in them. The
grains germinate symbolizing the furure harvest. These yellow leaves, called harela, are cut on the tenth day and people put
them on their heads and behind their ears. During the month of Chaitra brothers send presents to their sisters. These
presents are called bhitauli.
• NANDADEVI RAJJAAT YATRA
The three week long nandadevi rajjaat is one of the world famous festival of Uttarakhand. People from entire garhwal-
kumaon as well as other parts of india and the world participate in nandadevi rajjaat yatra.