THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE It’s not a tense but a form of the verb Can be used with the verb to be or as an adjective Ex. I am reading. Reanding is a good exercise Ex. Running is the present participle of RUN.
A – We form the present participle/gerund by adding ING to the verb. Stand + ING = Standing Do + ING = Doing Try + ING = Trying Speak + ING =Speaking C – We double the final consonant when the verb is monosyllable finished in consonant, except H,W,X, or Y ) Sit + ING = Sitting Run + ING = Running Stop + ING = Stopping Shop + ING = Shopping B – When the verb finishes in E we change to ING . Have + ING = Having Write + ING = Writing Come + ING = Coming Close + ING = Closing
D – When the verb has more than one vowel at the end we don’t double de final consonant. Look + ING = Looking Cook + ING = Cooking Wear + ING = Wearing F – If the stress syllable is the first syllable we don’t double the final consonant. Listen + ING = Listenig Remember+ING = Remembering E – If the stress syllable is the last syllable and the verb finishes in consoant we double the final consonant. . Admit + ING = Admitting Propel + ING = Propelling Prefer + ING = Preferring
G – If the verb finishes in IE we change this two letters to Y. Lie + ING = Lying Die + ING = Dying Tie + ING = Tying IMPORTANT Believe dislike doubt magine know like love hate prefer realize recognize remember suppose understand Want wish These verbs are not used in the present continuous There is no ING to the verbs: Like + ING = Like Know Want Have* Love Need Hate ...