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London's Green Spaces
The Design Challenge.
Marcus Shields
Colvin & Moggridge
London’s Green Spaces. The Design
Challenge.
The subject of a recent TFL / Urban Design seminar.
Open space within the cit...
Design of green space
How might a green space develop? Considerations of size
and intensity of use. Review of roles and re...
Urban Green Spaces.
Definition: An urban park is also known as green space as it
provides some trees, grass or plants in a...
Urban Green Spaces: Integrated Strategy
Landscape Institute: Local Green Infrastructure extract.
Green Spaces: Type & Scale
Large Scale Green Space: Hampstead heath, Corporation of London
Green Spaces: Type & Scale
Small Local Scale Green Space: Talacre Park, Camden London.
Intensity of use: The Case for Green Spaces
Green Space Publication Landscape Institute
Publication
CABE Space (Design
Cou...
Historic streetscene – safe and playable
Car-free streets - gird & cleek 1900 Improvised play - hopscotch
“ In pre-industr...
Concept of Integrated urban green-space
Ebinezer Howard, Garden Cities of Tomorrow, 1902
Urban masterplan:
Hampstead garden suburb.
Hampstead garden suburb trust, architect: Sir Raymond Unwin, 1906
Historic urban open space
wealthy context
Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London 1800
Google maps
Historic urban open space
deprived context
Boundary Estate, Arnold Circus, Shoreditch. 1900.
google maps
Quality versus Quantity - S.L.O.A.P
Space Left Over After Planning - undesignated areas
Hackney – Shoreditch - figure grou...
Quality versus Quantity - S.L.O.A.P
space left over after planning - undesignated areas
Castlehaven Open Space, Camden.
Brief
Policy
Design
Guidance
Regulations
Roles & Responsibilities, Policy Context.
•  National Policies,
NPPF, SPG, PPG
• ...
Design Considerations
ideas
proposals
distilled
Community driven process
Placemaking – Green Space Location
Strategic approach
Footfall and activity Traffic and transport
Placemaking – Green Space Location
Existing site amenity-
Any features of high amenity value?
Such as large trees, Natural...
Placemaking
massing options
enclosed space Southern aspect - sunlitNorthern aspect - shaded
Open South facing -
open to light
Enclosed North facing –
shaded by buildings
Placemaking – building heights
Placemaking – Edges
Defensible space – no access Activated edge – direct access
Activation and overlooking
Activities & Use: What goes into a green Space?
Building Examples:
Library: Books, Education, interpretation, computers.
H...
Common Activities and themes
Hierarchy of spaces – Who is the space for?
children and families young people
Consideration of local demographic, populat...
Community activities
Market space
Allotment - growing space – community facilities Community allotment, Borough,
London
Ma...
Circulation and access
Desire lines – axial path
Edge footpath undefined cross paths
Mansfield Park, Partick, Glasgow
Shor...
Enclosure - open or enclosed aspect.
Open
Enclosed Bryant Park, New York, USA
Grahame Park, Colindale London
Sports facilities, Play or Playable Space
Play area
Natural Playable Park
St Mary’s Playpark, Elephant &
Castle, London
St...
Seating. Location & Number
Overlooking Edge Seating
Feature bench, Flying Angel, NewhamVictorian Benches, Dulwich Park, Lo...
Art or is the entire space Art?
Sculpture
Landscape as sculpture
UOL Quad, Liverpool
Charles Jencks landform, Scotland
lighting and security
lighting – footpath delineation
enclosure – railings - gateways
Primrose Hill, London
St Mary’s Chur...
The Landscape as a system.
Reed bed planting – integrated SUDS
Accordia, Cambridge
• Integrated SUDS
• Reed Beds
• 2 stage...
Planting and biodiversity
low maintenance – ground cover.
Flying angel, Newham
spring colour – magnolia tree grid
UOL Quad...
formal avenue cherry trees, Surrey.
Biodiversity - Wildflower Planting, Hyde Park Rose Garden
Roses, Summer colour - Hyde ...
Lifecycle costing
Lifecycle costing - capital works and future maintenance.
•  materiality - simple robust materials - loc...
Options – re-visit the brief and key aims.
brief
policy
design
guidance
regulations
client and
community
Proposals, Creation of a successful
Greenspace
www.colmog.co.uk
m.shields@colmog.co.uk
Marcus Shields, Colvin & Moggridge.
Landscape Architect & Urban Designer.
“Modern ...
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London's Green Spaces. Pocket Parks: The Design Challenge.

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Open space within the city of London is limited. Consequently, the existing policy framework aims to provide access to high quality open space dispersed throughout the city with important initiatives such as the Greater London Authorities 100 Pocket Parks programme. This presentation reviews the type and scale of London’s green spaces, then moves on to discuss how we can make the most of our small-scale local community green spaces, or pocket parks.

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London's Green Spaces. Pocket Parks: The Design Challenge.

  1. 1. London's Green Spaces The Design Challenge. Marcus Shields Colvin & Moggridge
  2. 2. London’s Green Spaces. The Design Challenge. The subject of a recent TFL / Urban Design seminar. Open space within the city is a limited thus valuable resource. Consequently, the existing policy framework aims to provide access to high quality open space dispersed throughout the city with important initiatives such as the Greater London Authorities 100 Pocket Parks programme. This presentation reviews the type and scale of London’s green spaces, then moves on to discuss how we can make the most of our small-scale local community green spaces, or Pocket Parks.
  3. 3. Design of green space How might a green space develop? Considerations of size and intensity of use. Review of roles and responsibilities of those involved and ways in which people can be engaged to shape a successful scheme. •  Urban Green Spaces •  Policy Context •  Strategic location •  Design challenge •  Scheme Design
  4. 4. Urban Green Spaces. Definition: An urban park is also known as green space as it provides some trees, grass or plants in an area that is otherwise made up of concrete and pavement. Urban parks are accessible to the public. The amenities these open green spaces offer vary depending on each park. Benefit and aim “More opportunities for people of all ages to enjoy the space on their doorsteps, whether they want to relax in the sunshine, experience nature, grow vegetables, play, compete in sport, or simply chat with their neighbours in a safe and pleasant environment.” CABE 2010
  5. 5. Urban Green Spaces: Integrated Strategy Landscape Institute: Local Green Infrastructure extract.
  6. 6. Green Spaces: Type & Scale Large Scale Green Space: Hampstead heath, Corporation of London
  7. 7. Green Spaces: Type & Scale Small Local Scale Green Space: Talacre Park, Camden London.
  8. 8. Intensity of use: The Case for Green Spaces Green Space Publication Landscape Institute Publication CABE Space (Design Council) Publication
  9. 9. Historic streetscene – safe and playable Car-free streets - gird & cleek 1900 Improvised play - hopscotch “ In pre-industrial societies, common land between buildings and workshops existed automatically – so it was never necessary to make a point of it. The paths and streets which gave access to buildings were safe, social spaces, and therefore functioned automatically as common land.” Christopher Alexander, A Pattern Language.
  10. 10. Concept of Integrated urban green-space Ebinezer Howard, Garden Cities of Tomorrow, 1902
  11. 11. Urban masterplan: Hampstead garden suburb. Hampstead garden suburb trust, architect: Sir Raymond Unwin, 1906
  12. 12. Historic urban open space wealthy context Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London 1800 Google maps
  13. 13. Historic urban open space deprived context Boundary Estate, Arnold Circus, Shoreditch. 1900. google maps
  14. 14. Quality versus Quantity - S.L.O.A.P Space Left Over After Planning - undesignated areas Hackney – Shoreditch - figure ground Hackney - site picture “ Outdoor spaces which are merely “left over”, will in general, not be used.” Christopher Alexander, A Pattern Language.
  15. 15. Quality versus Quantity - S.L.O.A.P space left over after planning - undesignated areas Castlehaven Open Space, Camden.
  16. 16. Brief Policy Design Guidance Regulations Roles & Responsibilities, Policy Context. •  National Policies, NPPF, SPG, PPG •  Local Policies, Local Development framework, Open Space Plan, Mayor of London •  Mayor of London •  Borough Design Guides •  Framework Plans •  Open Space Plans •  Design for London •  Design Council •  DDA guidance •  Part M •  British standards •  TPO •  BREAM •  Community Group •  Client •  Local Planning Authority •  Developer Client & Community
  17. 17. Design Considerations ideas proposals distilled
  18. 18. Community driven process
  19. 19. Placemaking – Green Space Location Strategic approach Footfall and activity Traffic and transport
  20. 20. Placemaking – Green Space Location Existing site amenity- Any features of high amenity value? Such as large trees, Natural elements? Any unattractive elements? Connections & desire lines Well connected & active spaces create vibrant communities.
  21. 21. Placemaking massing options enclosed space Southern aspect - sunlitNorthern aspect - shaded
  22. 22. Open South facing - open to light Enclosed North facing – shaded by buildings Placemaking – building heights
  23. 23. Placemaking – Edges Defensible space – no access Activated edge – direct access Activation and overlooking
  24. 24. Activities & Use: What goes into a green Space? Building Examples: Library: Books, Education, interpretation, computers. Hotel: Rooms, Reception, bars, conference facilities.
  25. 25. Common Activities and themes
  26. 26. Hierarchy of spaces – Who is the space for? children and families young people Consideration of local demographic, population, intensity of use. elderly
  27. 27. Community activities Market space Allotment - growing space – community facilities Community allotment, Borough, London Market Square, Mansfield Park, Partick, Glasgow
  28. 28. Circulation and access Desire lines – axial path Edge footpath undefined cross paths Mansfield Park, Partick, Glasgow Shoreditch Park, London
  29. 29. Enclosure - open or enclosed aspect. Open Enclosed Bryant Park, New York, USA Grahame Park, Colindale London
  30. 30. Sports facilities, Play or Playable Space Play area Natural Playable Park St Mary’s Playpark, Elephant & Castle, London Storm King, New York State, USA
  31. 31. Seating. Location & Number Overlooking Edge Seating Feature bench, Flying Angel, NewhamVictorian Benches, Dulwich Park, London
  32. 32. Art or is the entire space Art? Sculpture Landscape as sculpture UOL Quad, Liverpool Charles Jencks landform, Scotland
  33. 33. lighting and security lighting – footpath delineation enclosure – railings - gateways Primrose Hill, London St Mary’s Churchyard, Elephant and Castle, London
  34. 34. The Landscape as a system. Reed bed planting – integrated SUDS Accordia, Cambridge • Integrated SUDS • Reed Beds • 2 stage surface drainage. • Rainwater harvesting • Stormwater cells / soakaway • Swales • Porous paving • Reduction of heat sink effect
  35. 35. Planting and biodiversity low maintenance – ground cover. Flying angel, Newham spring colour – magnolia tree grid UOL Quad, Liverpool.
  36. 36. formal avenue cherry trees, Surrey. Biodiversity - Wildflower Planting, Hyde Park Rose Garden Roses, Summer colour - Hyde Park Rose Garden Planting and biodiversity
  37. 37. Lifecycle costing Lifecycle costing - capital works and future maintenance. •  materiality - simple robust materials - locally distinctive •  who funds? adoptable space, service charge, management company. •  supervision. local authority, friends group. volunteers, park attendant?
  38. 38. Options – re-visit the brief and key aims. brief policy design guidance regulations client and community
  39. 39. Proposals, Creation of a successful Greenspace
  40. 40. www.colmog.co.uk m.shields@colmog.co.uk Marcus Shields, Colvin & Moggridge. Landscape Architect & Urban Designer. “Modern tower blocks tend to dominate their surroundings. Preservation of existing tree groups and careful ground shaping with very broad simple treatment integrates them happily into the landscape. Close co-operation between Architect and Landscape Architect is needed at the outset.” Brenda Colvin 1962

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