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Women Are Saying Goodbye: The Wage Gap Analyzed

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There’s a Belief Gap about the Wage Gap. In Part 1, we took a look at common misconceptions like different fields of study, motherhood as a cause and educational differences. In Part 2, we examined cultural confusions like negotiation tactics and the so-called “danger premium”. We also referenced studies that controlled for all of the above factors to bring the a little wage gap closer to reality than the “77 cents to a dollar” argument that causes so much dissension.

Now, here in Part 3, it’s time to take a look at what’s going RIGHT in the journey to wage equality.

For starters, more recent studies like the GOA have begun controlling for various issues so that data stands up to vigorous scrutiny. This is important in not only how the issue is dealt with at the governmental level, but also in how the media handles this issue. And while many senators voted down basic revisions to the 1964 Equal Pay Act because they felt the 2009 Lily Ledbetter Act offered sufficient protection, educated journalists and analysts are highly focused on ensuring that erroneous claims like that are proven false. In fact, Forbes Writer Bryce Covert states that lawsuits have decreased since the Act was passed and courts have become increasingly hostile toward pay discrimination cases:

the number of pay discrimination complaints filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission actually fell after the Lilly Ledbetter Act was signed, dropping from 2,268 to 2,191 last year. Even under current laws, women have found themselves with decreasing legal support when they file a complaint. As Irin Carmon reported, recent analysis found that courts have become more hostile over the past decade – not more accommodating or sympathetic, as the Republicans seem to fear – to equal pay claims. The authors found that from 2000 to 2009, those who filed claims were only successful 35 percent of the time, compared to a 55 percent success rate from 1990 to 1999. They also found that, as Carmon explains, “courts have generally been reluctant to intervene in a company’s decision to pay someone less, operating on the assumption that the market is working.”

A keen eye on the actual facts surrounding gender discrimination and current studies, only serve to bolster the case for equal pay and run parallel to the “whining feminist” dismissals of late.

We can look to other countries to gauge our own progress. While the UK still struggles with pay disparity between men and women (current research set the average gap between 14.9-17%), they are making strides forward.

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Women Are Saying Goodbye: The Wage Gap Analyzed

  1. 1. Women Are Saying GOODBYE
  2. 2. My name is Maren Hogan. You can find me on the internet @marenhogan. If you want to talk after, we totally can.
  3. 3. Many women are saying “so long, farewell, Auf wiedersehen” to the workforce and it’s confounding experts.
  4. 4. NEVER HAVE WOMEN BEEN 1 more educated 2 closer to closing the wage gap 3 less likely to choose to end their careers when starting a family.
  5. 5. What’s the issue?
  6. 6. As blogger Polly Pearson queries, are these ladies the canaries in our modern informational age coal mine?
  7. 7. This is a bit of a problem. “Women’s increased involvement in the economy was the most significant change in labor markets during the past century.” -Claudia Goldin, Harvard economist
  8. 8. Your first thought might be to place part of the blame on " the wage gap …you’d be dead right. &
  9. 9. Professional women are leaving because their salaries have become “pocket money”
  10. 10. Recent data indicates that since the last recession, which saw a re-entry of women into the workforce as husbands were laid off, well-educated women are starting to exit the workforce again in a larger trend seen over the past 20 years. The reason may have to do with the faster-growing salaries of men versus women.
  11. 11. The picture this economy paints today is reminiscent of the WW2 workers who “filled in the gaps” when the male workforce was away.
  12. 12. women could be paid less were paid less an attractive alternative + ___
  13. 13. Now that the economy is showing signs of recovery, the pay gap is once again widening and women are leaving the workforce.
  14. 14. are going to care for children ENTIRE PAYCHECKS
  15. 15. THERE ARE OTHER VOICES who say that while women may be leaving the workforce at the highest numbers in decades
  16. 16. the biggest workforce shifts THEY ARE LEADING
  17. 17. There is an underground sea change afoot.
  18. 18. Everywhere I look… women are starting microbusinesses
  19. 19. Selling jewelry/ t-shirts on Becoming personal trainers Freelance writing/editing Offering birth support as doulas Massaging clients in their homes
  20. 20. Women are increasingly working 10-40 hours a week outside the traditional workforce model -in addition to raising children. Legally or not-so-legally
  21. 21. ARE THE STATISTICS TRACKING THIS? Certainly not.
  22. 22. One fascinating study has found… { this may be a personal choice by women to deny any discrimination they MAY face. }
  23. 23. HOW TO RETAIN WOMEN • Sharing options • Work flex time • Smaller commutes • Subsidized childcare • Options for working mothers
  24. 24. GA There’s a Belief P GA P about the Wage PART1
  25. 25. There are many who believe: 1 that a wage gap does not exist at all 2 if a wage gap does exist, it exists because of choices women make. 3 if a wage gap exists that it is not our problem nor do we have to take responsibility for it.
  26. 26. Paul Ryan Mitt Romney One Reason + =
  27. 27.  Lily  Ledbe)er  Fair  Pay  act   Paul Ryan voted against Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act law that makes it easier for women to challenge unequal pay
  28. 28. you won’t hear Here’s the “truth”
  29. 29. The pay gap is exaggerated, discrimination doesn’t drive it and it’s not clear that government can eliminate it —or should even try. There is very little that individual employers can do about any of these issues. They can’t make men do more housework, or pick majors for women. Nor can they reasonably be asked to adjust their salary schedules to make up for those choices. -Ramesh Ponnuru
  30. 30. are new to women None of these arguments
  31. 31. What happens when you control for certain industries? 81% Female managers make as much as their counterparts
  32. 32. Full-time working women are paid only 82% as much as full-time working men.
  33. 33. Even when controlling for hours worked, childlessness, and job title, the gap still seems to exist.
  34. 34. Among all workers 25 and older with some high school education, women’s median weekly wages total $338 compared to a total of $486 for men.
  35. 35. A female MBA graduate is paid, on average, $4,600 less at her first job than a new male MBA graduate.
  36. 36. women with children are paid less than women without children 2.5%
  37. 37. Women make 77 cents for every dollar earned by men.
  38. 38. GA There’s a Belief P GA P about the Wage PART2
  39. 39. When women choose “non traditional” higher-paid majors, a gap still exists. Women in STEM are paid less than male counterparts 86%  
  40. 40. MYTH: “The female is unable to negotiate.”
  42. 42. MENASKFOR: 1 more money 2 better perks 3 more vacation time
  43. 43. MYTH: Females are unable to tolerate high-reward jobs.
  44. 44. high-risk high-pay =
  45. 45. FAMILIES a mother is the primary breadwinner. 6/10
  46. 46. Female M.B.A.s who took a year off made less than their counterparts who worked continuously. 41%
  47. 47. GA There’s a Belief P GA P about the Wage PART3
  48. 48. What’s going RIGHT in the journey to wage equality ==========
  49. 49. { Let’s look to other countries to gauge our own progress. } While the UK still struggles with pay disparity between men and women, they are making strides forward.
  50. 50. are making more money is at the top! ONE AREA WOMEN
  51. 51. MEN = $12.9 million WOMEN = $11.7 million The average compensation for CEO
  52. 52. The key to success lies not only in recognizing and understanding the difference between the two styles of communication, but focusing on and creating for one’s self a style that encompasses the best of both worlds. Men are talking like women.
  53. 53. Women have been starting businesses at a higher rate than men for the last 20 years. Women will create over half of the 9.72 million new small business jobs expected to be created by 2018
  54. 54. We need to raise awareness and increase attention for the gender barriers that still exist.
  55. 55. THANK YOU 402.577.0760 @marenhogan
  56. 56. SOURCES: • saying-goodbye/ • gap-about-the-wage-gap-part-1/ • gap-about-the-wage-gap-part-2/ • gap-about-the-wage-gap-part-3/