2. What is affiliate marketing?
Affiliate marketing is a type of performance-based marketing in which a business rewards one
or more affiliates for each visitor or customer brought about by the affiliate's own marketing
efforts. The industry has four core players: the merchant (also known as 'retailer' or 'brand'),
the network (that contains offers for the affiliate to choose from and also takes care of the
payments), the publisher (also known as 'the affiliate'), and the customer.
Affiliates often use regular advertising methods like organic search engine optimization (SEO),
paid search engine marketing (PPC - Pay Per Click), e-mail marketing, SMS marketing, Social
media marketing, telesales and in some sense display advertising, publishing reviews of
products or services offered by a partner.
Eighty percent of affiliate programs today use revenue sharing or pay per sale (PPS) as a
compensation method, nineteen percent use cost per action (CPA), and the remaining
programs use other methods such as cost per click (CPC) or cost per mile (CPM).
Cost per mille requires only that the publisher make the advertising available on his website
and display it to his visitors in order to receive a commission. Pay per click requires one
additional step in the conversion process to generate revenue for the publisher: A visitor must
not only be made aware of the advertisement, but must also click on the advertisement to visit
the advertiser's website. Cost per click was more common in the early days of affiliate
marketing, but has diminished in use over time due to click fraud issues very similar to the click
fraud issues modern search engines are facing today. Cost per action/sale methods require that
referred visitors do more than visit the advertiser's website before the affiliate receives
commission. The advertiser must convert that visitor first. It is in the best interest for the
affiliate to send the most closely targeted traffic to the advertiser as possible to increase the
chance of a conversion. The risk and loss is shared between the affiliate and the advertiser.
An affiliate network acts as an intermediary between publishers (affiliates) and merchant
affiliate programs. It allows website publishers to more easily find and participate in affiliate
programs which are suitable for their website (and thus generate income from those
programs), and allows websites offering affiliate programs (typically online merchants) to reach
a larger audience by promoting their affiliate programs to all of the publishers participating in
the affiliate network. Affiliate network services and benefits may include tracking technology,
reporting tools, payment processing, and access to a large base of publishers. For affiliates,
services and benefits can include simplifying the process of registering for one or more
merchant affiliate programs, reporting tools, and payment aggregation.
3. How affiliates choose merchants?
As there are thousands upon thousands of affiliate programs offered by various Internet
merchants there are several things that affiliates consider before joining the programs.
First and foremost, affiliates consider site visitors’ propensity to purchase the product or service
or take the ‘desired action’ (filling out a lead form, download trading platform etc.). The
greatest factor here is the attractiveness of the merchant’s site and offer, but also ability to
properly pre-sell the product or service and interest in doing so. For that merchant has to
provide good creative materials as well.
Second thing affiliates looks is the affiliate agreement either on the site or affiliate network.
Affiliate agreement is very important as it notes out all the way how merchant can be
promoted and what is prohibited.
Third affiliates compare the earning potential by the commission amount, action needed, EPC,
conversion rate and CTR. A program that pays $5 per lead may be far more attractive than one
offering an average commission of $25 per sale. Using this example, if 10 out of 100 referrals
submit a lead form, affiliate will earn $50, with an effective EPC of $.50. If just one in 100 of
referrals make a purchase, affiliate earns $25 with an effective EPC of $.25. Next affiliates
consider the volume of click-trough’s, which is not part of the EPC measurement. In other
words, if very few of affiliate site visitors click on the lead campaign and many more click on the
per sale campaign, you could end up earning more total commission on the per sale campaign,
even though it does not convert as well.
Forth important thing affiliates look is cookie lifetime. Cookie lifetime refers to the length of
time a cookie is set on referral’s computer to allow affiliate to earn commissions even if the
referral returns directly to the merchant’s site. The importance of return days will depend on
the length of time a customer typically takes to decide to purchase a particular product. As a
general rule programs cookie lifetime minimum is 30 days. If the cookie lifetime is long an
affiliate could be compensated for future purchases – for example repeated sales.
Fifth affiliates look very closely is the leakage. Leakage is how often there are
problems/difficulties with tracking conversions and affiliate does not get commissions. For
Phone Orders and other tracking issues – orders by phone are not tracked etc
Participation of Parasite Affiliates – parasites are affiliates who will intercept your
referrals and claim the commissions for themselves.
Payment problems - merchants who do not pay as they have promised or are very slow
4. Not less important is affiliate program management and support that affiliate needs to
promote this merchant. Best is to provide full contact information for an individual affiliates can
reach with your questions or comments. Generic affiliate email is also an option, but does not
give such trustworthiness. In the worst case affiliate request are handled by customer service -
affiliates find this unresponsive to their inquiries.
Last, but not less important is reporting – it is important that affiliate is able toview his
performance in real time or at least updated daily.
5. How merchants choose affiliate networks?
There are a few important things to keep in mind when selecting a network:
Cost to the merchant – how much fees they take? Do they have set up fees, transactions fees,
monthly fees, fixed threshold as a fee?
Number of active affiliates – how many affiliates network has and do they have websites in
your field – finance websites for example. How many affiliates are active in the network?
Specific industries a network focuses on or has success in – is the network specialized in one
sector or has wide range of different affiliates on broad?
The services and support provided to the merchant - Are they offering a lot of support and
ideas how to expand further? Are the account managers skilled enough? How flexible are they
offering customized service?
The acceptable methods of promotions by affiliates–Do they accept incentive traffic?
Types of programs they specialize in - Pay Per Lead, Pay Per Sale, Co-Registration
Brand reach – are they promoting their selves in popular affiliate hiring sites? Do they have big
companies on board?
Brand review – Are the reviews good or bad? Do they talk about non-payment or other serious
issues? How fast are the payments to affiliates? What famous or popular bloggers have blogged
about those networks?Do affiliates like this network in general?
Tracking Sophistication - Reliable and honest tracking through the network should be always
provided. The latest tracking technologies should be in place, and detailed reporting should be
available to both you (the merchant), and the affiliates (the publishers) of the network. In
addition to basic transaction reports, each network has their own unique reporting features,
including performance by link type and affiliate first sale reports.
Fraud Protection - What kind of safeguards does the affiliate network have in place to protect
both merchants and publishers from fraud? This is something that should especially be a
concern if you choose to go with a CPC (cost-per-click) model.
Affiliate Program Promotion -After you sign up as a merchant, what will affiliate network do to
get the word out about the program to its publishers? Will it include your program in its
newsletter and e-mailings, place a link on its website, issue a press release, or promote as a
"client" on a merchant list on their website?
6. Types of affiliate websites
Affiliate websites are often categorized by merchants (advertisers) and affiliate networks.
Search affiliates that utilize pay per click search engines to promote the advertisers'
offers (i.e., search arbitrage)
Comparison shopping websites and directories
Loyalty websites, typically characterized by providing a reward system for purchases via
points back, cash back
CRM sites that offer charitable donations
Coupon and rebate websites that focus on sales promotions
Content and niche market websites, including product review sites
Weblogs and website syndication feeds
E-mail list affiliates (i.e., owners of large opt-in -mail lists that typically employ e-mail
drip marketing) and newsletter list affiliates, which are typically more content-heavy
Registration path or co-registration affiliates who include offers from other merchants
during the registration process on their own website
Shopping directories that list merchants by categories without providing coupons, price
comparisons, or other features based on information that changes frequently, thus
requiring continual updates
Cost per action networks (i.e., top-tier affiliates) that expose offers from the advertiser
with which they are affiliated to their own network of affiliates
Websites using adbars (e.g. Adsense) to display context-sensitive, highly relevant ads for
products on the site
Virtual Currency: a new type of publisher that utilizes the social media space to couple
an advertiser's offer with a handout of "virtual currency" in a game or virtual platform.
Video Blog: Video content that allows viewers to click on and purchase products related
to the video's subject.
File-Sharing: Web sites that host directories of music, movies, games and other
7. Promotional materials(in different languages) that can be offered to affiliates:
Banners: jpeg, gif, png
Videos & Tutorials
Articles & Reviews
Online classes/Edu Materials
8. Affiliate performance tracking and statistics
The methods of tracking affiliate conversions continue to evolve as the internet constantly
changes and advances. The most common method today is Cookie tracking so it will be
discussed in most detail.
Common tracking methods include:
Simple Direct URL Links
URL Query String Tracking
Sub Domain Tracking
Database Record Match Tracking
Cookie Tracking is the most popular method to track web visitors "from click through to
conversion", because it is simple to implement and use, requires no significant web design
considerations, and rarely does it impact the performance of the web server. With this method
a 3rd-party affiliate software program can be installed as a stand-alone product requiring
minimal changes to your existing web site.
Affiliates place the merchant's affiliate links on their web site. The affiliate link defines the
Affiliate ID within the link. The web visitor clicks the link and is sent to the affiliate tracking
software. The affiliate tracking software plants a small text file or "cookie" on the web visitor's
browser. This cookie stores the Affiliate ID. It may also store other information such as the
date/time for purposes of tracking how much time elapsed between the click and the
conversion. It may also track the specific banner or link that the web visitor clicked. The cookie
is also assigned a date as to when it should expire and get deleted.
After planting the cookie, the web visitor is then redirected to the page that was defined for the
specific banner or link that was clicked. It could be the homepage of the merchant's web site,
or a specific product or information page.
As the web visitor traverses the merchant's site, the cookie remains untouched and continues
to hold the Affiliate ID. The cookie is retained for the "cookie expiration period" as defined in
your affiliate tracking software. The beauty of this is you can still track a conversion even if it
happens days or weeks after the first visit. You can also track repeat sales from the web visitor.
9. However long it takes for the web visitor to make a purchase, as long as it occurs before the
cookie expiration period, the sale will be properly credited to the affiliate. The only way this
method fails is if the web visitor has disabled cookies, uses cookie-blocking software, or
manually deletes their cookies before the conversion. Those users who go through the trouble
to disable cookies are, oftentimes, the same users who will probably be wary of other tracking
methods and have learned to intentionally bypass those as well. The great benefit is
conversions can be tracked over a relatively long period of time.
In summary, cookies make tracking affiliate-referred-sales very convenient. The cookie can be
read and used on any page or on any form, and can be used in conjunction with almost any
ordering system. Plus, the cookie that records the affiliate's ID can "live" for as long as the
merchant desires, allowing affiliates to get credit for customers who clicked on a link weeks, or
months, before finally purchasing or making a repeat purchase.Cookie Tracking is essentially
other methods, the merchant's URL does not need to display the affiliate ID.
Simple Direct URL Links
A direct link to a web site is the most basic form of tracking. While this may help boost search
engine popularity, it is one of the most limited methods of tracking affiliate conversions. This
method often requires placing special tracking code or coded scripts on each page that will be
directly linked to. The Affiliate ID is also visible directly in the tracking links. Typically this
method only tracks sales made during the immediate "session" and does not track repeat sales,
or sales that are not made on the first visit. Unless the affiliate returns using the same link that
passes the Affiliate ID, the conversion will not be tracked.
URL Query String Tracking
URL Tracking is a relatively effective, yet programmatically involved, tracking method that
passes the affiliate ID throughout the merchant's entire website. The Affiliate ID is visible to the
web visitor and follows them throughout the merchant's web site by being passed from one
page to the next in the URL Query String. The URL Query String is visible in the address bar of
the browser and appears after the question mark. For example,
To accomplish this method of tracking, your web pages must be dynamic and a programmer
must program each and every page to capture and pass the Affiliate ID in the query string. This
code basically reads the current URL, extracts the affiliate ID, then appends the Affiliate ID to
the query string of the next page that is requested.
10. This method, though fairly effective, is a bit fragile and cumbersome, as it requires careful
design of the website and maintenance of every link within the merchant's site. Moreover,
under heavy traffic, the script can become a "bottleneck" to the merchant's web site.
Furthermore, if the script ever fails, the merchant's site will fail.
Self-Replicated Pages (SRP's), offers the affiliate a replicated copy of the merchants web site. It
could be as simple as one page, or as much as an entire replica of the site. These pages are
then used exclusively by the web visitors sent from the affiliate's web site. Tracking is easy
because all sales made from this replica are attributed to the affiliate for whom the replica was
created. This type of affiliate tracking is typically built in to the merchant's shopping cart
system rather than as a stand-alone affiliate tracking software solution.
While this method may sound great, there is a major drawback. This method was once popular
but is now frowned upon in the affiliate marketing industry. The reason is popular search
engines such as Google often penalize sites for replicating identical content. This reason alone
has greatly diminished the use of this method.
Sub Domain Tracking
Sub Domain Tracking is very similar to Self-Replicated Pages, in that it provides an affiliate with
a full URL to which the affiliate can direct customers. Unlike Self Replicated Pages, though, this
method gives affiliates an actual sub domain at the merchant's site, not a simple directory path
found at the merchant's main domain. Just as in the method of self-replicated pages, this
method results in duplicated content and again you risk having your organic search engine
listings penalized for duplicate content.
Database Record Matching
Database record matching (also called "lifetime affiliate tracking") is the least used of the
methods because it is difficult to operate and maintain, and must be used in conjunction with
at least one of the other tracking methods; it cannot be used alone. Database Record Matching
rewards affiliates for returning customers, not new customers. The initial sale must employ
some other form of referral tracking, and then store unique contact information about each
customer (their email address, name and address, credit card number, etc), along with the
referring affiliate's ID. When that customer returns and buys again in the future, the customer
database can be searched to find that the customer is "owned" by an affiliate. This affiliate will
receive commissions on that customer's repeat purchases for the life of the system
11. Affiliate marketing Glossary
A/B testing – a method in marketing research where variables in a control scenario are
changed and the ensuing alternate strategies tested, in order to improve the
effectiveness of the final marketing strategy.
above the fold – the section of a Web page that is visible without scrolling.
ad blocking – the blocking of Web advertisements, typically the image in graphical Web
ad space – the space on a Web page available for advertisements.
AdSense – a text-based advertisement service provided by Google.com.
advertising network – a network representing many Web sites in selling advertising,
allowing advertising buyers to reach broad audiences relatively easily through run-of-
category and run-of-network buys.
affiliate – the publisher/salesperson in an affiliate marketing relationship.
affiliate directory – a categorized listing of affiliate programs.
affiliate forum – an online community where visitors may read and post topics related to
affiliate fraud – bogus activity generated by an affiliate in an attempt to generate
illegitimate, unearned revenue.
affiliate marketing – revenue sharing between online advertisers/merchants and online
publishers/salespeople, whereby compensation is based on performance measures,
typically in the form of sales, clicks, registrations, or a hybrid model.
affiliate merchant – the advertiser in an affiliate marketing relationship.
affiliate network – a value-added intermediary providing services, including aggregation,
for affiliate merchants and affiliates.
affiliate software – software that, at a minimum, provides tracking and reporting of
commission-triggering actions (sales, registrations, or clicks) from affiliate links.
ALT text – HTML attribute that provides alternative text when non-textual elements,
typically images, cannot be displayed.
animated GIF – a graphic in the GIF89a file format that creates the effect of animation
by rotating through a series of static images.
anonymous FTP – an option in FTP that allows users to download files without having to
establish and account.
autoresponder – a program that sends an automatic form response to incoming emails.
B2B – business that sells products or provides services to other businesses.
B2C – business that sells products or providse services to the end-user consumers.
12. banner ad – a graphical web advertising unit, typically measuring 468 pixels wide and 60
pixels tall (i.e. 468×60).
banner blindness – the tendency of web visitors to ignore banner ads, even when the
banner ads contain information visitors are actively looking for.
banner exchange – network where participating sites display banner ads in exchange for
credits which are converted (using a predetermined exchange rate) into ads to be
displayed on other sites.
barter – to exchange goods or services directly without the use of money.
beyond the banner – online advertising not involving standard GIF and JPEG banner ads.
blog – A frequent, chronological publication of personal thoughts and Web links.
blogger – 1. a person who publishes content on the web using a blog 2. a blog service
powered by Google.com
blogosphere – the community of blogs and everything else related to them.
blogroll – a section of a blog page that contains a list of links to recommended blog sites.
bookmark – a link stored in a Web browser for future reference.
bounce rate – 1.) In web analytics, the percentage of visitors who leave after viewing a
single page. 2.) In email marketing, the percentage of emails in a campaign that are
button ad – a graphical advertising unit, smaller than a banner ad.
button exchange – network where participating sites display button ads in exchange for
credits which are converted (using a predetermined exchange rate) into ads to be
displayed on other sites.
buzzword – a trendy word or phrase that is used more to impress than explain.
caching – the storage of Web files for later re-use at a point more quickly accessed by
the end user.
call to action (CTA) – the part of a marketing message that attempts to persuade a
person to perform a desired action.
cascading style sheets (CSS) – a data format used to separate style from structure on
click-through – the process of clicking through an online advertisement to the
click-through rate (CTR) – The average number of click-throughs per hundred ad
impressions, expressed as a percentage.
comment spam – irrelevant comments posted to a blog for the sole purpose of dropping
a link to the spammer’s website.
contextual advertising – a method of serving advertisements based on the content (i.e.,
overall context or theme) of a web page.
conversion rate – the percentage of visitors who take a desired action.
13. cookie – information stored on a user’s computer by a Web site so preferences are
remembered on future requests.
cost-per-action (CPA) – online advertising payment model in which payment is based
solely on qualifying actions such as sales or registrations.
cost per click (CPC) – the cost or cost-equivalent paid per click-through.
CPM – cost per thousand impressions.
customer acquisition cost – the cost associated with acquiring a new customer.
dedicated IP – an IP address dedicated to a single website.
deep linking – linking to a web page other than a site’s home page.
description tag – an HTML tag used by Web page authors to provide a description for
search engine listings.
disintermediation – the elimination of intermediaries in the supply chain, also referred
to as "cutting out the middlemen."
domain name – location of an entity on the Internet.
doorway domain – a domain used specifically to rank well in search engines for
particular keywords, serving as an entry point through which visitors pass to the main
doorway page – a page made specifically to rank well in search engines for particular
keywords, serving as an entry point through which visitors pass to the main content.
email – the transmission of computer-based messages over telecommunication
email marketing – the promotion of products or services via email.
email spam – unwanted, unsolicited email.
exclusivity – contract term in which one party grants another party sole rights with
regard to a particular business function.
ezine – an electronic magazine, whether delivered via a Web site or an email newsletter.
ezine directory – directory of electronic magazines, typically of the email variety.
favicon – a small icon that is used by some browsers to identify a bookmarked Web site
FFA – free-for-all links list, where there are no qualifications for adding a link.
14. Flash – multimedia technology developed by Macromedia to allow much interactivity to
fit in a relatively small file size.
forum – an online community where visitors may read and post topics of common
frames – a structure that allows for the dividing of a Web page into two or more
freemium – a technique where a business offers a free basic product, giving the
customer an option to use an advanced version for a premium cost.
frequency cap – restriction on the amount of times a specific visitor is shown a
geo-targeting – a method of detecting a website visitor’s location to serve location-
based content or advertisements.
Google Instant – a feature of Google’s search engine that shows search results as the
keyword query is being typed.
guerilla marketing – unconventional marketing intended to get maximum results from
guest blogging – writing a blog post to be published on another blog as a temporary
heatmap – a graphical representation of data where varying degrees of a single metric
are shown using colors.
hit – request of a file from a Web server.
home page – the main page of a Web site.
house ad – self-promotional ad a company runs on their own site/network to use unsold
HTML banner – a banner ad using HTML elements, often including interactive forms
instead of (or in addition to) standard graphical elements.
HTML email – email that is formatted using Hypertext Markup Language, as opposed to
plain text email.
hybrid model – a combination of two or more online marketing payment models
impression – a single instance of an online advertisement being displayed.
inbound link – a link from a site outside of your site.
15. inbound marketing – a marketing model whose sales performance relies on the initiative
of its client base to find and purchase a product.
incentivized traffic – visitors who have received some form of compensation for visiting
interstitial – an advertisement that loads between two content pages.
invisible Web – the portion of the Web not indexed by search engines.
keyword – a word used in a performing a search.
keyword density – keywords as a percentage of indexable text words.
keyword marketing – putting your message in front of people who are searching using
particular keywords and keyphrases.
keyword research – the search for keywords related to your Web site, and the analysis
of which ones yield the highest return on investment (ROI).
keyword stuffing – the excessive, unnatural use of keywords on a web page for search
engine optimization purposes.
keywords tag – META tag used to help define the primary keywords of a Web page.
like-gate – a barrier requiring a user to "Like" a brand’s page before they can access
certain content from that brand on Facebook.
link building – the process of increasing the number of inbound links to a website in a
way that will increase search engine rankings.
link checker – tool used to check for broken hyperlinks.
link popularity – a measure of the quantity and quality of sites that link to your site.
link text – the text contained in (and sometimes near) a hyperlink.
linkbait – a piece of content created with the primary purpose of attracting inbound
linkrot – when Web pages previously accessible at a particular URL are no longer
reachable at that URL due to movement or deletion of the pages.
log file – file that records the activity on a Web server.
long domain name – domain names longer than the original 26 characters, up to a
theoretical limit of 67 characters (including the extension, such as .com).
manual submission – adding a URL to the search engines individually by hand.
media kit – a resource created by a publisher to help prospective ad buyers evaluate
meta search engine – a search engine that displays results from multiple search engines.
META tag generator – tool that will output META tags based on input page information.
META tags – tags to describe various aspects about a Web page.
moderator – at a forum, someone entrusted by the administrator to help discussions
stay productive and within the guidelines.
mousetrapping – the use of browser tricks in an effort to keep a visitor captive at a site,
often by disabling the "Back" button or generated repeated pop-up windows.
multivariate testing – a method in marketing research where multiple variables in a
control scenario are simultaneously changed and the ensuing alternate strategies
tested, in order to improve the effectiveness of the final marketing strategy.
navigation – that which facilitates movement from one Web page to another Web page.
netiquette – short for network etiquette, the code of conduct regarding acceptable
network effect – the phenomenon whereby a service becomes more valuable as more
people use it, thereby encouraging ever-increasing numbers of adopters.
opt-in email – email that is explicitly requested by the recipient.
opt-out – (1) type of program that assumes inclusion unless stated otherwise. (2) to
remove oneself from an opt-out program.
organic search – the unpaid entries in a search engine results page that were derived
based on their contents’ relevance to the keyword query.
outbound link – A link to a site outside of your site.
page view – request to load a single HTML page.
pagejacking – theft of a page from the original site and publication of a copy (or near-
copy) at another site.
pass-along rate – the percentage of people who pass on a message or file.
17. pay per click (PPC) – online advertising payment model in which payment is based solely
on qualifying click-throughs.
pay per click search engine (PPCSE) – search engine where results are ranked according
to the bid amount and advertisers are charged only when a searcher clicks on the search
pay per lead (PPL) – online advertising payment model in which payment is based solely
on qualifying leads.
pay per sale (PPS) – online advertising payment model in which payment is based solely
on qualifying sales.
payment threshold – the minimum accumulated commission an affiliate must earn to
trigger payment from an affiliate program.
permission marketing – marketing centered around getting customer’s consent to
receive information from a company.
podcast – a series of audio or video files that are syndicated over the Internet and
stored on client computing devices for later playback.
pop-under ad – an ad that displays in a new browser window behind the current
pop-up ad – an ad that displays in a new browser window.
portal – a site featuring a suite of commonly used services, serving as a starting point
and frequent gateway to the Web (Web portal) or a niche topic (vertical portal).
rate card – document detailing prices for various ad placement options.
reciprocal links – links between two sites, often based on an agreement by the site
owners to exchange links.
rectangle ad – any one of the large, rectangular banner sizes suggested by the IAB.
rep firm – ad sales partner specializing primarily in single-site sales.
return days – the number of days an affiliate can earn commission on a conversion (sale
or lead) by a referred visitor.
return on investment (ROI) – the ratio of profits (or losses) to the amount invested.
rich media – new media that offers an enhanced experience relative to older,
run of network (RON) – ad buying option in which ad placements may appear on any
pages on sites within an ad network.
run of site (ROS) – ad buying option in which ad placements may appear on any pages of
the target site.
18. search engine – a program that indexes documents, then attempts to match documents
relevant to the users search requests.
search engine optimization – the process of choosing targeted keyword phrases related
to a site, and ensuring that the site places well when those keyword phrases are part of
a Web search.
search engine spam – excessive manipulation to influence search engine rankings, often
for pages which contain little or no relevant content.
search engine submission – the act of supplying a URL to a search engine in an attempt
to make a search engine aware of a site or page.
search retargeting – the use of a site visitor’s search history as a basis for the ads that
the visitor will see.
search spy – a perpetually refreshing page that provides a real-time view of actual Web
self-serve advertising – advertising that can be purchased without the assistance of a
SERP – shorthand for a page of search engine listings, typically the first page of organic
sig file – a short block of text at the end of a message identifying the sender and
providing additional information about them
skyscraper ad – an online ad significantly taller than the 120×240 vertical banner.
social networking – the process of creating, building, and nurturing virtual communities
and relationships between people online.
spam – inappropriate commercial message of extremely low value.
splash page – a branding page before the home page of a Web site.
sponsorship – advertising that seeks to establish a deeper association and integration
between an advertiser and a publisher, often involving coordinated beyond-the-banner
stickiness – the amount of time spent at a site over a given time period.
super affiliate – an affiliate capable of generating a significant percentage of an affiliate
surround session – advertising sequence in which a visitor receives ads from one
advertiser throughout an entire site visit.
text ad – advertisement using text-based hyperlinks.
19. text link exchange – network where participating sites display text ads in exchange for
credits which are converted (using a predetermined exchange rate) into ads to be
displayed on other sites.
title tag – HTML tag used to define the text in the top line of a Web browser, also used
by many search engines as the title of search listings.
trick banner – a banner ad that attempts to trick people into clicking, often by imitating
an operating system message.
two tier affiliate program – affiliate program structure whereby affiliates earn
commissions on their conversions as well as conversions of webmasters they refer to
underdelivery – delivery of less impressions, visitors, or conversions than contracted for
a specified period of time.
unique visitors – individuals who have visited a Web site (or network) at least once in a
during a fixed time frame.
URL – location of a resource on the Internet.
vertical banner – a banner ad measuring 120 pixels wide and 240 pixels tall.
viral marketing – marketing phenomenon that facilitates and encourages people to pass
along a marketing message.
vlog – a blog that publishes video content.
volunter directory – a Web directory staffed primarily by unpaid volunteer editors.
Web browser – a software application that allows for the browsing of the World Wide
Web design – the selection and coordination of available components to create the
layout and structure of a Web page.
Web directory – organized, categorized listings of Web sites.
Web hosting – the business of providing the storage, connectivity, and services
necessary to serve files for a website.
Web ring – a means for navigating a group of related sites primarily by going forward
Web site traffic – the amount of visitors and vists a Web site receives.
Web site usability – the ease with which visitors are able to use a Web site.
whois – a utility that returns ownership information about second-level domains.
20. word-of-mouth marketing – a marketing method that relies on casual social interactions
to promote a product.
WordPress – a popular content management system that is available as a hosted service
(wordpress.com) and self-hosted platform (wordpress.org).