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Winston churchill õige

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Winston churchill õige

  1. 1. Winston Churchill<br />Loone Vilumaa<br />Supervisors: Marje Maasen, Tiia Pukk<br />Carl Robert Jakobson Gymnasium<br />11c<br />2011<br />
  2. 2. Whowas Winston Churchill?<br />ThePrime Minister oftheUnitedKingdom<br />Authorofmanybooks and magazinearticles<br />Laureateofthe Nobel PrizeinLiterature<br />A husband and fatheroffivechildren<br />
  3. 3. Childhood<br />BorninOxfordshire, Englandin 1874<br />Father – Lord RandolphChurchill, the 7th DukeofMarlborough<br />Mother – JennieJerome, thedaughterofanAmericanmillionaire<br />A youngerbrother-John StrangeSpencer<br />Distantrelationshipwithhisparents<br />Closewithhisnanny, Mrs Everest<br />
  4. 4. Educated at St. George’s SchoolinBerkshire, BrunswickSchoolinHove and HarrowSchool<br />Rebelliousbynature-didpoorly at school<br />
  5. 5. Military Service<br />1895–1900, 1902–1924 <br />ServedintheBritishArmy<br />Lieutenant-General<br />Observed/participatedinfightsinCuba, India, Sudan and SouthAfrica<br />Receivedmanyawards<br />Wrotearticlesfornewspapers<br />
  6. 6. Marriage and FamilyLife<br />Methisfuturewife, ClementineHozierin 1904 at a ball<br />1908 – wedding<br />Fivechildren: Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Marigoldand Mary<br />
  7. 7. ChildrenevacuatingLondon during the Battle of Britain when Churchill's popularity waned<br />
  8. 8. TheBeginningofHisPoliticalCareer<br />Took his seat in parliament in 1901 <br />Started as a Conservative but soon joined the Liberals<br />Campaigned for free trade<br />Helped negotiate the treaty that set up the Irish Free State<br />Returned the country to the prewar gold standard<br />
  9. 9. Churchill’sRoleinWorldWar II <br />Refusedto make peace with GermanyafterFrancecollapsed<br />Numerousmeetings with other wartime leaders<br />GavefreehandsfortheSovietUniontooccupythe Baltic countries, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania<br />Receivedhuge praise once the war was over<br />
  10. 10. Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin at the Yalta Conference, 1945<br />
  11. 11. Churchill’sPoliticalActionafterWorldWar II<br />Prime Minister for 3 terms<br />Dealt withrebellionin Kenya and Malaya<br />Anglo-Americanrelations<br />ArguedforindependencefromEuropean<br />Cole and SteelCommunity<br />
  12. 12. Churchillasan Artist<br />Foughtdepression (the “BlackDog“) bypainting<br />Wastaughtbyhis artist friend, Paul Maze<br />Made hundredsofpaintings<br />Many are shownin the studio at Chartwell<br />
  13. 13. Churchillas a Writer<br />Incomecamemainlyfromwritingbooks<br />Wrote a lotfornewspapers and magazines<br />Nobel PrizeinLiteraturein 1953<br />Biggestwork – “TheSecondWorldWar“<br />Authorof 43 books<br />
  14. 14. Honours<br />KnightoftheGarter<br />Nobel PrizeforLiterature<br />ThefirsthonorarycitizenoftheUSA<br />FellowoftheRoyalSociety<br />TheCharlemagnePrizeLaureate<br />Many, manyothers<br />
  15. 15. Retirement and Death<br />Manyhealthproblems<br />Ate, drank and smoked a lot<br />Seldomspokeinhis last years<br />Diedin 1965 at theageof 90 <br />Funeralat St. Paul’sCathedral, dozensofworldleadersattended<br />BuriednearBlenheimPalace<br />
  16. 16. Churchill’sStatefuneral, 1965<br />
  17. 17. References<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />