2. What is a Sacrament?
The word sacrament comes from the Latin word “ sacramentum ”
which means a sign of the sacred.
It is a:
• Ceremonies that point to what is sacred .
• channels of grace.
• They communicate the grace of God to those who receive
Number of Sacraments?
• Catholics & Orthodox Christians: seven
• Most Protestants: only two (Bapt. & Euch.)
Aspects of each Sacrament: •
• Effects & Ministers
• Biblical Basis
• Central Words & Actions
a. Ordinary: Bishop, priest or deacon
b. Extraordinary: any person if necessary
• Unbaptized pagan, convert to the Christian Faith,
• Only applied once
• Removes Original and Actual sin
• born again
• incorporates into Christ
• is the doorway into the Church
"I baptize you in the Name of the Father
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit."
• Water (Immersion, Infusion, or
Matter: Holy Chrism (Blessed Oil)
a. Ordinary: the Bishop:
b. Extraordinary: Priest
• Baptized but unconfirmed
• needed Completion of Baptismal grace
• Baptized Christians from other traditions
incorporated into the fullness of the
• Only applied once
• Sign of consecration
• Spiritual seal
• completion of baptismal grace
• Full outpouring of the Holy Spirit
• Be sealed with the Gift of the
5. Holy Communion
• The Priest
• All Catholics are encouraged to
• Baptized believers in
Communion with the
Catholic Church and devoid
of Mortal Sin
• Minimum of once a year, as frequently
Intimate union with
• removal of venial sin, spiritual
strength, unites the Body into One
Form: "This My Body which will be
given up for you. Do this in..”
Matter: Bread and Wine
• The Priest
• Mortal Sin; desiring the Grace of
• in need of spiritual guidance
• Minimum of once a year; or as
frequently as necessary
• Forgiveness of serious sin,
reunification with the Church,
cleansing of conscience, restores grace
• “God, the Father of mercies, through
the death and resurrection of his Son..”
• Sins; Contrition and confession;
priestly words of absolution
• The Spouses, with the priest or deacon as
• Each spouse must be a baptized man and
woman with no impediment to marriage
• Once and to one spouse as long as the
spouse is living; again only if the spouse dies
• The two become one flesh perpetual
and exclusive covenant partners
• The "I do", by which both spouses indicate
their mutual consent to the marriage
• Mutual Consent and Covenant to live
together as husband and wife
• The consummation of the Marriage
8. Holy Orders
• The bishop
• A Baptized man who has been called for
ordination by God; in the Western rite, with
the exception of permanent deacons,
the ordained must be celibate
• Only once; separate ordination for Deacon,
Priest, and Bishop
A special relationship to Christ to lead and
serve the Church; indelible spiritual character
imprinted on the soul
The Bishop's "specific consecratory prayer asking
God for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit and his
gifts proper to the ministry to which the candidate
is being ordained"
Laying on of the Bishop's hands with the
9. Anointing of the Sick
• Only a Bishop or Priest
• Seriously ill; at the point of death or before a
serious operation or for the elderly whose
frailty becomes more pronounced
• Repeatable; at the point of grave illnesses or
before a serious operation
• Sins forgiven; grace to face trial; spiritual
preparation to die; and if God's will and
• Prayer of the Priest over the sick person for the
grace of the Holy Spirit and the forgiveness of
• Anointing with Holy Oil and Imposition of
The seven sacraments—Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Communion, Confession, Marriage, Holy Orders, and the Anointing of the Sick—are the life of the Catholic Church. Each sacrament is an outward sign of an inward grace. When we participate in them worthily, each provides us with graces—with the life of God in our soul. In worship, we give to God that which we owe Him; in the sacraments, He gives us the graces necessary to live a truly human life.
The first three sacraments— Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Communion—are called the sacraments of initiation, because the rest of our life as a Christian depends on themcleanses us from original sin, makes us Christians, children of God, and heirs of heaven. necessary to salvation, because without it we cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven.
we receive the Holy Ghost to make us strong and perfect Christians and soldiers of Jesus Christ.
In Holy Communion, we consume the Body and Blood of Christ, which unites us more closely to Him and helps us to grow in grace by living a more Christian life.
Sacrament in which the sins committed after Baptism are forgiven. Penance remits sins and restores the friendship of God to the soul by means of the absolution of the priest.
The Sacrament of Matrimony is the Sacrament which unites a Christian man and woman in lawful marriage. A Christian man and woman cannot be united in lawful marriage in any other way than by the Sacrament of Matrimony, because Christ raised marriage to the dignity of a Sacrament. The bond of Christian marriage cannot be dissolved by any human power.
Holy Orders is a Sacrament by which bishops, priests, and other ministers of the Church are ordained and receive the power and grace to perform their sacred duties. To receive Holy Orders worthily it is necessary to be in the state of grace, to have the necessary knowledge and a divine call to this sacred office. Christians should look upon the priests of the Church as the messengers of God and the dispensers of His mysteries. Only bishops can confer the Sacrament of Holy Orders.
Sacrament which, through the anointing and prayer of the priest, gives health and strength to the soul, and sometimes to the body, when we are in danger of death from sickness. We should receive Extreme Unction when we are in danger of death from sickness, or from a wound or accident. We should not wait until we are in extreme danger before we receive Extreme Unction, but if possible we should receive it whilst we have the use of our senses.