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Combing columbus web

  1. 1. Commissioned by Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012 Copyright © 2013 by Mary Jo Bole All rights reserved. Edition of 750 Printing: AM Lithography Corporation, Chicopee, MA 01013 ISBN: 978-0-615-75833-6
  2. 2. 1819: The Christopher Columbus Tavern was on S. High St. There was a sign board depicting Columbus landing on Western soil. -Gilbert F. Dodds says so...
  3. 3. Columbus was the last person to see the new world before global (stew) began to take place. He was the first to see the yawning biological gap between (his) Europe and the Americas ...(1491 New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus) 1892 Properly called “the Christopher Columbus Discovery Monument”, It was first located at the Josephinum Pontifical College courtyard on Main St. ...donated to the state in 1932
  4. 4. Malcolm Cochran’s field of giant corn ears. 1994 Dublin Arts Council Columbus Metropolitan Library’s call # is Bronzeville stretches from 71 to Woodland & from 670 to Broad. -1920s historically African-American neighborhood whose energy & prosperity supported the 5 jazz theaters. Wiki says, “It’s an informal name for the Somali-language film industry that has devel- oped in the Somali community of Columbus, Ohio. Where a large Somali diaspora exists.” 1965 2001 Godman Guild Goodale Park FLYTOWN MARKER GOODALE STREET SPRUCE STREET NEW YORK CENTRAL RAILROAD HARRISONAVENUE NEILAVENUE DENNISONAVENUE OlentangyRiver ARCH CITY I’ve Called You Was a Columbus steelmaker known for it’s long time president Samual Bush. Grand and Great- grand Father of Pres. George/George W. Bush. (Buried @ Greenlawn Cemetery) I love that we have an official state fossil, a trilobite that was 9.5” in length. The Isotelus Maximus. I have a Dr. that tells me that Columbus is the “Kidney Stone Belt.” Bankrupt 2002 The Buckeye Capital MARTIN A simplified version of the story says that Native Americans named the fruit of the buckeye tree after a BUCK’S EYE. 1840s “T.L. Shields moved the above establishment, where he intends to serve up all kinds of drinks and eatables on the shortest notice. Turtle Soup will be served on Tuesdays and Thursdays.” Abbreviated from the Bronze Historic Marker: One of the many activi- ties for children at the Godman Guild. The Godman Guild was founded by women, especially school teacher Anna Keagle, to support the immi- grant children. The Guild still exists. Flytown became known as the port entry for the immigrant settlers. 17 nation- alities contributed to the spirit and culture of Flytown. By 1880 it was an industrial neighborhood as well. The OSU Mascot Brutus Buckeye ...The Largest City In The Country called Some say Flytown was so named because the houses flew up overnight or maybe the overcrowding and lack of refuse removal caused a lot of flies. Or that the residents were migratory and quickly flew out. (There is an annual Flytown Reunion in Goodale Park) 977.13 C72M 1962 Bottom of Ray Rohn’s caricature from “Club Men of Columbus”. (1911) My book is a thrift find An OSU nickname “College In The Corn Field!”
  5. 5. The Discovery City! Biggest Small Town In America! SISTER CITIES OF COLUMBUS Genoa, Italy Sevilla, Spain Herzliya, Israel Ahedabad, India Dresden, Germany Tainan, Taiwan Odense, Denmark Hefei, China “Don’t change the size or position of graphic elements or put the logo on an angle or lock up promotional slogans with the logo.” “To guarantee that our new identity is successful, the city of Columbus must be vigilant in ensuring that its brand identity is clearly communicated.” No longer can you see Flippo @ 4:30 daily on Channel 10. But you can see his giant shoes at the Ohio Historical Society. Inside City Hall look to your right and you’ll see this dedication to the sister cities of Columbus: Ahmedabad, Dresden, Genoa, Hefei, Herzliya, Odense & Tainan The Columbus Artificial Limb Company (Also pictured in the P. & P. Club Book) Columbus Oil Cloth Company (Pictured in The 1915 Pen & Pencil Club Book) Adopted Sept. 12, 1912The Columbus Pottery Company 1789 1851 1929 Published by The Columbus Chamber of Commerce (1914) (company mag. 1962) The S. Fund Door in City Hall (Official Publication of the City of Columbus 1918) (1910) Old Franklinton Court House weather vane riddled with bulletst City Hall Rug (A survey made by the Econometric Institute)
  6. 6. Doral Chenoweth III/Dispatch Loveday, Chief Curator at the Ohio Historical Society, inspects the inside of the Statehouse cupola. The structure, at right, is the outside of the dome. By Robert Albracht Dispatch Staff Reporter When Chris took me on the Statehouse tour I asked him what was the strangest thing they found left up in the cupola by an early visitor... ...He showed me the cat in a shoebox, now just dust and bones. The Madstones (also called bezoars) and their attributed curative powers can be found in the stomachs or intestines of cud chewing animals. Graffiti left behind by a prisoner who constructed the Statehouse but, the name is illegible. Early visitors allowed up to the cupola were instructed to: You enter through this custom-fit door and climb these steep, narrow, twisting stairs. A section of the second fence, placed around the Capitol Square in the 1870s, now edges the underground parking garage.
  7. 7. Lookwell Ann Able Ann Ringold Sturdy Ann Why Cowtown? Dispatch’s Joe Blundo says in his “Simply Bovine” article (1997), “We’ve been ashamed of our cows since the early 19th century , when the original Ohio Statehouse had cattle grazing on the grounds.” Alfred Lee’s History noted that it ...Joe’s article also says cattle were stabled in the new Statehouse basement. An 1879 report by the state adjutant general noted that the appearance of the statehouse basement “would have done credit to any barnyard in the country.” Infamously submitted by the agri- culture students, a living cow became OSU’s homecoming queen in 1926. Bicentennial Butter Cow. (The first was in 1903 @ the Ohio State Fair) Are there other cowtowns? Yes! Tim Rietenbach’s sculpture on the Scioto for “Finding Time: Columbus Public Art 2012” Found in a Business First Newspaper, 1988 1951 Dispatch celebrates 80th birthday Borden’s food division was based in Columbus, Ohio and Elsie the cow was their mascot. She trav- eled around the country on promo- tional trips for Borden. OSU students attempted to get hired as “Elsie Escorts”. Look for an Elsie imposter on Elmer’s Glue. Elsie ™ People coming to Columbus on Route 23, from the south, knew they were near Columbus when they saw the vast fields of Hartman’s Dairy cows. Hartman became rich making the infamous Peruna, a largely alcoholic medical fraud marketed as a remedy. made for “an awk- ward appearance to strangers...” “The biggest small town in America” There was a Centennial float advertising Dairy and carrying a milkmaid and a genuine cow. Organized in NYC in 1868, The American Jersey Cattle Assoc. moved to Columbus in 1946 “After a long study.”
  8. 8. Seems like there’s co(w)-optation in some local music circles... There was Moo Maga- zine (last issue ‘97) With headings like these... What happens when ya’put two moosters in a room? Well, when it comes to chewin’ over music, they’ll either duke it out or share a jug... EGO SUMMIT I LOOOVE LEAVING NEW YORK CITYYYY!!!! 1969 - 2000 Google Columbus, one of our nicknames is “The Indie Capital.” Weekly rag 1940s Wikipedia says “Qube was a cable televi- sion system that launched in Columbus, 1977” R.I.P. South Campus. Only a few issues around 1990. It came with a cassette tape. While the DooDah Parade started in Pasadena Community Festival is our own claim to fame. ? 10:00 PM Ronald Koal Band Shuttered. Closed Gone. 4 a good time call 299-ROCK 1985 - 2010 Goblin H ood a.k.a. J im Beoddy at t he 2012 ComF est. Since 1972 A zine by self proclaimed “Ohio freak” Liz Clayton. Community Festival JUNE26.27.28 2009 Handmade & Homegrown SINCE1972 Community Festival JUNE 26.27.28 2009 Handmade & Homegrown SINCE1972 Free live music on 2 sta ges. An ad in Moo Magazine By Robert D Thomas 1986 You can take free classes and learn to play the organ the Magic way! Lyceum 23 Junctionview Studios Corbett Reynold’s “Circuit Party” & some others, too...
  9. 9. The united commercial travelers, begun in 1888 was a fraternal order to provide a safety net for traveling salesmen & their families. Now the building houses the Pizzuti Art Collection. This sculpture now located in Goodale Park, commemorates the first supreme secretary of the council. It contains three words of wisdom: unity, temperance & charity, it is now missing two side urns. This is one of the best lighted cities in the world...( Glimpse of Columbus 1890) Original B&W by Larry Keys (1910) Cham berofCom m erce Elections1921 Mr. Oats (Gas Co. Logo) as a 1907 “ ” “ ” “…Columbus is easily the greatest CONVENTION CITY on earth!... “…Take for instance the City of Columbus planted in the very central Ohio...Columbus is a city of level streets. There are no inclines worth mentioning…” .... It might be said that Columbus is possessed of 27 means of ingress and egress..." “…This natural Rock Asphalt has been mixed by nature through the slow processes of the ages & is wholly natural…” The Jeffrey Manufacturing Co. is now a giant empty lot but it was a major mining equipment manufacturer like this coal-getting mobile. The retail merchants of Columbus have decided to make WEDNESDAY of each week SUBURBAN DAY in Columbus. (probably a Billy Ireland but I couldn't find a signature) Memorial Hall (1906) Convention Space
  10. 10. OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THECOLUMBUS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE RESEARCH DEPARTMENT POPULATION - GOING UP. 1950 1955 The square milk bottle is an example. Borden’s tried this in Columbus first in 1944. Columbus liked it and said so. Now, 90% of the bottles which clink on the nations doorsteps in a morning are square. for the Central Ohio Community & COLUMBUS LOOKS GOOD! ON Sits the first drive though Bank from the 1950s. It was a City National (Chase Bank).. its the Columbus Fish Market Tomorrow’s supersonic passenger transports will span the continent in one and a half hours.Transport may take off of Broad-High base for short flights. Fred Zimmer has my vote for most underapprecia ted artist in Columbus. He did these “Looking Far Ahead” images in 1963 for the BLUE PLAN. N New York and Chicago advertising circles, Columbus, Ohio, has a new alias - I Downtown Columbus is really Uptown these days.Its an Uptown of new motor hotels,modern office buildings, banking,parking accommodations & commercial enterprises (From the Sunday Dispatch Mag.1/27/63) OCT 13 1963 1957 1948 Original B&W by Al Getchell ”Freeways, housing & business construction are booming outside the downtown area. COLUMBUS IS GETTING A NEW FACE. A civic boost into the future so bright the chamber of commerce finds it difficult to exaggerate.” “How your company may benefit from one of the newest, most intensive studies ever made of a typical American city.” -Readers Digest IN THE SPIRIT OF BETTERMENT 2009 Business Week names Columbus“as the best place in the Country to raise a family.” The Blue Plan predicts Reliability is a necessity! Product after product has been tested in Columbus, with ultimate national sales results affirming that what Columbus indicated, the nation approved. (Dispatch Mag. 1/23/1949)
  11. 11. Founded in Wichita - by 1934 the headquarters were moved to Columbus. Founder Billy Ingram used WHITE to sound clean & CASTLE to add respectability On a Friday night in October, 1976, the Union Depot Arcade was razed to make room for the Ohio Center. Memorial Hall designed by Frank Packard in 1906 withstood the wrecking ball by becoming COSI in 1964 & offices in 1999. Christopher Inn (1963-1988) Razed & replaced with an office building. The Alfred Kelley House (1836-1960) was razed & replaced with the Christopher Inn. (I wish I could print this whole article) “Welcome to the future: By now, Columbus’ bicentennial year, we were supposed to be driving the OUTER-OUTERBELT… but many would cringe to read that to provide water for the population predictions the Big Darby Creek would be DAMMED TO CREATE A RESERVOIR….” ...peaked in the 1980s. Headquarters were on Dublin Road for awhile. (Architect) P. Eisenmann: ”We wanted to create something that animated the city. It’s not the tired, old, classical view of the courthouse, state house, etc. It’s a 21st-century monument.” The Lustron Factory was located in Columbus on Fifth Ave. out by the airport. The factory reputedly used “more electricity than the whole city of Columbus” & you were invited to “put down the hammer & saw & pick up a wrench.” The Lustron factory site is now a DSW shoe warehouse. (opening/1989, closing/2009) …The “Ohio Center” opened 9/10/1980. (It included the Hyatt Regency Hotel). In 1985, the name was going to be “New World Center” (but) in 1993 it did become the: Historical Marker 104-25 By C.T. Jonassen (1987) (1976) Columbus was selected by Warner Communications to be the TEST MARKET for Qube cable (1947-1950) made enamel steel-kit homes for housing demand. *The original ‘62 article says “mind reading will be possible with electronic objects, too.” “..the rapid growth of suburban shopping centers in metropolitan areas poses many and varied problems..” A copy of the Sunday Magazine is in storage @ the C.M.L. The call number is R 977.13 C72co 1812-1962
  12. 12. Insert goes here From the same article: Tibbals- Crumley-Musson architects weigh in with their 1992 prediction: (original in B&W) Conjuring the Future: Mid-Century Visions of 1992 (Dispatch article: 10/14/1962) "Columbus Looks Ahead" : "view from Broad Street Bridge, looking North." (Original B&W by Holroyd & Myers, now liquidated.) " ..elevated streets & with buildings which float freely in the air but are moored to the ground."
  13. 13. Insert goes here 1871: first municipal water system was located at the conflu- ence of the Olentangy & Scioto Rivers. This is "Drip Tracer", I asked when the mascot came into being, they said the person who knew had retired. He looks like a ‘60s friend of Chris (Early 1800s: the main source of water in Columbus came from cisterns & wells.) I hope we don’t have a There is a small museum at the Dublin Water Works. Before 9/11 schools came to tour it and the facility. Now some of the interactive exhibits don't work com- pletely. My favorite is a large round overview of our water system that illumi- nates while audio explains what you're seeing. The museum has a section of old wooden pipe Columbus as a Convention City (1910): "... It would scarce seem necessary to recount- a matter of which all the world is, by this time, doubtless informed- At enormous expense a mammoth reservoir associating therewith "Filtration," "Softening," & "Purification Plants." Her supply of water is practically inexhaustible & no city in the world can hope to possess a water supply more potably pure.Typhoid Fever if found at all is in a percentum so small as to be negligible." (The tower is for flushing out the filter gallery) You can read about it in the Annual Report GASKILL’S 10,000,000-GALLON COMPOUND PUMPING MACHINE (1884) The "Filtering Gallery" as it is now. The simulated aquifer pools provide final cleaning for our water. It is stunning visually. Sadly plans are already underway to replace/update it. The curved terrazzo 1970s architecture & the teal blue enameled control panels that still need a person to push the ON button will all be gone. Sorry I wasn't allowed to take pictures. “Proposals in the late '60s and early '70s to dam the main stem of the Big Darby would have destroyed or adversely affected large portions of its natural habitat and severely stressed its biota.” (Big Darby Creek Case Study, December 2000, EPA) this article discusses new serious threats to the Big Darby from encroaching development.
  14. 14. Gary took us on a Tour of the Jackson Pike Sewer Plant(built in 1835). Apparently the terrorists don't like the "heavy stuff" sewage. Here I was allowed to bring friends and camera. When a 125-year-old sewer collapsed & opened a pit in Spring St. Mayor Rinehart took the holier-, not holeyer-, than-thou approach saying Columbus experiences fewer such collapses than cities like New York & Philadelphia. In one "pond" GMO sterile Triploid carp are hired to filter out Duckweed & moss. Mascara & other makeup contain siloxanes that combine with methane gas in the digesters producing a microscopic silica ash that is damaging to the equipment. One end of the process: dumpsters hold "grit" that sifts down from tubes. The yellow spots(& some green) are CORN & some peas. Gary said they call that FOOD! Tampon plungers are called "boat whistles", condoms are "party balloons". “Jackson Pike can process 68 million gallons of ‘flow’ per day. In the primary treatment the grease is skimmed off. The ammonia in urine is the really hard chemical to filter out. ‘You think it smells? All we smell is $,’ Gary said. Each person contributes roughly 100 gallons per day to the sewerage. The water we put back into the river is cleaner than what is pumped into the water treatment plant.” The. Columbus Closet Co. Manu- facturers of the Blesch patent Water Closet & other sanitary specialties (like the Ohio Model Toilet). ( Glimpse of Columbus 1890) 1908: Columbus' first waste water treatment plant: Very basically, beginning with septic tanks waste flowed over stones & the 100 water sprinklers allowed for an “aerobic biological treatment” before the sludge flowed into the Scioto river. The "Gregory Paper" describes the system, & the "outstanding work of the sanitary engineering visionaries.“ Waste treatment mimics the natural cleaning processes of a river, on a grand scale. The system uses water as a conveyance system. Aerobic Digesters Sunday Dispatch Mag. 3/28/1948 pump house 1908 pump house 2012 The 1935 buildings have trim painted in "interstate green." a.k.a., “Columbus Sewage Purification Works” road closures collapsed roadway spring st. highst. frontst.
  15. 15. columbus state hospital ohio inst. for the feeble minded green lawn cemetery franklin Park u.s. army columbus general distribution depot tuberculosis sanatorium w. broad st. e. broad st. town st. 40 40 40 40 16 33 62 alum creek alumcreekrd. 104 104 23 33 40 23 3 62 hilltop swimming pool grandview swimming pool goodale st. spring st. fifth ave. fifth ave. fifth ave. dublin rd. king ave. goodale park leonard ave. union station dennisonave. taylorave. sunburyrd. neilave. olentangyriver sciotoriver mckinley ave. crystal springs dr. ohio state penitentiary grandviewave. centralave. davisst. sanduskyst. sullivant ave. greenlawn ave. whittier st. deshler ave. crystal park swimming pool schiller parkbrownrd. frank rd. sewage disposal plant columbus baseball club mt. calvary cemetarymound st. e. broad st. e. main st. price field franklin county home refugee rd. e. livingston ave. bryden rd. maryland ave. maryland park swimming pool producerscooperative commission bath house swimming pool east side swimming pool governor’s mansion livingston park nu-sanitary swimming pool capital university fort hayes ohio military district school forthe blind n.highst. s.highst. parsonsave. championave. nelsonrd. college ave. drexelrd. jamesrd. bagshawrd. courtrightrd. stelzerrd. cassadyave. s.frontst. sciotoriver BEFORE THERE WERE FREEWAYS, BEFORE THE OUTERBELT: I read that “The Columbus State Hospital” was huge. For those of you that remember how large the Ohio State Penitentiary site was, look at how many you could have fit into the State Hospital grounds. I think this Chamber of Commerce map is from the 1940s. You can see the original at the Ohioana Library.
  16. 16. 5000 women marched in Columbus for the right to vote, “stump speeches” followed the parade. The 19th amend- ment was not passed until 1920. I think I heard this was rained out Indian Corn Dance Rhinelander Dance Dutch Dance Beautiful Doll” “Oh, You Third prize in Monday night’s auto parade: C.D. Savier & friends all togged up like roosters. Speakers platform & reviewing stand THE HISTORY OF OHIO TOLD BY $10,000 WORTH OF FLOATS Wednesday, August 28, 1912 When Columbus Celebrated its Centennial... The Court of Honor was erected on Broad St. H OSTE R BR E W E R Y ..Bunting & Festoons for everyone The Parade of Industries
  17. 17. Original B&W Chris By July 4th, 1989 We interrupt this issue of HOOT to bring you the unofficial Chris is right at home with his DooDah pals. A Columbus Co. now called Big Lots Apparently in 1959 when Castro was violently coming to power, he hid his mother and sister here at The Seneca Hotel so they would be out of the way in case anybody wanted to take it out on his family. (Dispatch 7/8/2001)
  18. 18. I nstead of bar ter, Simon Lazarus i nstitutes fixed prices 1860s: re ady-made & siz ed clothing i nstead of fitted c lothing. 1896:Pet Alligatorin thestore 1905:Bird cageon the mezzanine 1907: Stabletobe horsepalace. Bigstorage vaultsputin forfurs. 1929:Becomes partofthe Federated networkof familyrun departmentstores. Creativeideasforall kindsofcommunity programs&events. “Women’ s apparel w as offered f or the firs t time in this buildi ng.” “ANNEX acquired, formerly an auditorium.” “PARKING& SERVICEGARAGEoccupies triangular loton riverfront.” ”BU LK SERVICE BU ILDING & c ustomer service a dded.” ”High Street façade acquired” The store didn’t keep up with changing times, leads to slow demise start- ing in the 1970s. BY 1989: 44 Lazarus stores 1 billion in sales for the year but filing for chapter 11 bankruptcy RIP Lazarus (2004- now Macy’s Depart- ment Store) RIP linking the past with the future Souvenir Plate/Salem China Co. (1951) (1942: Compiled by Louis E. Kline) 1939:Charles Lazarus among retailers that met with Franklin Roosevelt & convinced him to move Thanksgiving back a week FOR MORE SHOPPING TIME BEFORE XMAS! “The first Jewish people came to Columbus via the national road & the canals in the 1830s. Many were merchants &‘Street peddlers [that] sold food products from their carts as well as china, pots & pans & various household goods.’Eventually there was reciprocity with the scrap yards & metal recyclers.“ (From a panel at the Jewish Historical Society) “We built right in the junk yard a house, and afterwards we moved across the street.” -Abe Goldberg (From a panel at the J.H.S.)
  19. 19. Buckeye Bargains Student Thrift Shop Open every Wed., 4:00-8:00 PM Room 101, VETERINARY LABORATORY BLDG. 1949 Neil Ave. Sponsored by University Women's Club The Veterinary Lab at OSU on Neil & 17th Ave. was stunning, seen here in its early days. (Facing West) You can see these guys heading down 17th Ave. to the scrap yard most days. He was really nice, he stopped to fix my bike. Saw this at the Global Mall on Morse Road. Swill coffee and follow the thrift store map... When you stood where the "slab" was located you could get a sense of what they had with a spin.
  20. 20. The Moundless Mounds of Columbus There were around 50 Native American mounds in Franklin County. Few remain. When I moved to Columbus, I wondered, Where was the Mound of Mound Street? Jeffers Mound On a bluff overlooking the Olentangy Shrum Mound On McKinley Ave. A plaque reminds us that those first Ohioans’ bones rest here. Centennial Auditorium at the State Fairgrounds (Death by demolition) You see the salt mound off of 670, on the way to the airport. Mound street derived it’s name from the 40 foot conical mound that was gone by the 1830s. It was made of clay and had giant oak trees around it’s base. High Street had to curve around it. Different historical sources speak of bricks being made of the downed mound and of utilizing them in the early US court house, public offices and Ohio Statehouse. Earliest 1800s: a Dr. Young built a double-sized frame house on the summit of the largest mound in Franklin County. www. ColumbusNeedsAMountain A COTA souvenir I saw at Cafe Brioso at Gay and High. Proposed Centennial float “The Mound Builders” Matt’s new city coat of arms. 2012: The Native American Center is at 67 E. Innis Road. (Not far from Indian Mound Apartments.) Please, change Columbus Day to Native American Day! **let’s not forget the garbage mound I don’t know of an image of Dr. Young’s house so I drew an existing 1848 engrav- ing of the Grave Creek Mound in West Virginia that also has a house on it. I have also heard of racetracks being built around the base of some mounds... ...I heard in 1856, Robert Neil built his house “on a mound” at 15th and Indianola, now it’s a fraternity. There’s also a house “in a mound” in Westerville. (Hanby House) At the fairgrounds: Martin Janis Senior Center(1979) Citizens For A Better Skyline threw a contest to fill vacant downtown spaces. David Hartz proposed a burial mound for Gov. Rhodes’s statue. Check out Matt Moorman’s (director of flatland solu- tions) brain- child, a local music compila- tion at (Columbus Monthly Aug.,1986) .org Now we have the Mound Street bus route. Jackson Pike Sewage Plant’s anaerobic digesters
  21. 21. “An old tin time capsule was mangled while repairing the statue of Schiller. It only contained printed matter. In the Ohio State Journal, 5/6/1889 5:1, there is an article about the upcoming July 4 laying of the statue.” 1990: The time capsule will be buried in Schiller Park. The stainless steel time capsule replaces the old tin one. “The new capsule contains 1 book from the old capsule but the rest reflects German Village in 1990. It will be opened in 100 OR 200 years! Containing T-shirt, books, videotape about the village& letters from school children. It is eerie each time we seam a time capsule. Carmine Menduni said: "IT PUTS TIME IN PERSPEC- TIVE BECAUSE YOU KNOW WHEN IT IS OPENED WE WILL ALL BE DUST." "Using radar developed to test the Stealth bomber, a restoration team yesterday confirmed that workers had found the cornerstone of the statehouse." The cornerstone, placed July 4, 1839, is a 7'2" x 3'3" piece of hollowed out limestone to make room for “a flock of memorabilia.” “The cornerstone was swung into place & the time capsule deposits, securely packed in strong flint glass jars were placed inside. These included 150 newspapers in hermetically sealed glass tubes, lots of constitutions & ordinances& statuettes, bible, gold & silver coins from all the states” etc... “The exercises will be interspersed with daylight fire works. These fire works will be shot out of a mortar, & as they go up into the air they will so unfold as to assume the shape of persons, animals & other objects.” “Not many folks remember what Dr. Samuel M. Smith did to deserve the statue outside the Columbus Health Dept. (which has since been shuttled to various spots)- -Smith was the first person in the country to hold a professorship of INSANITY.” "Workers sprucing up the statue of Chris Columbus located at City Hall uncovered a time capsule in the base of the statue, the copper box was found beneath a heavy iron plate between Columbus' feet. They found a 1955 OSU football schedule, microfilm of court records, a VFW Membership and other stuff.” Carmen Menduni(Columbus Art Memorial) told me "we find time capsules buried beneath almost all of our statue restoration projects". I asked him what was the oddest thing he has seen included & he said Twinkies —they contain ingredients made from 5 kinds of rock. (RIP Twinkies, Hostess Co. Went bankrupt in 2012.) Dr. Goodale gave the city Goodale Park in 1851, but he didn’t get a monument till 1888. 1891: “The unveiling of the Soldiers’ Monument in Green Lawn Cemetery began with a parade to the Union depot & then a train to the cemetery. The monument is 22 feet tall, with the ubiquitous soldier on top. There is also a woman representing history & she is telling a boy the story of the war.” 1902: arch erected at Camp Chase (On Sullivant Ave.) in memory of confederate dead. ”Sweet- scented Magnolia blossoms were strewn on the graves & the band played Dixie” The 1892 Statue of Chris- topher Columbus used to be in front of the Josephinum Pontifical College, but in 1932, it was relocated to the State House. (I think out of these only the Schiller Statue had a time capsule.) Frances anticipates the ceremony “As the cornerstone was swung into place by a giant crane, Frances Boyajohn (dressed in what looks like a wispy chiffon thing) swung with it. She carried to the mayor and citizens, on her aerial trip, a civic message: assuring them that the next generation appreci- ates the starting of the Civic Center. She represented the future citizens of Columbus as caretakers.” Frances in her aerial descent
  22. 22. In a 2-cubic-foot aluminum container there will be "nothing stodgy" — just contemporary 1970s artifacts & memorabilia. The time cap will be filled with dry Argon gas & a mild alkali to preserve things like a hamburger, frisbee & "bicentennial junk" — like a pair of R,W, & Blue sunglasses w/built in earrings & a liberty bell wind chime. A Ms. Lynch said:“These will represent our life in these times — making a buck on anything." (It is located beneath the floor of the A.C. Johnson Auditorium foyer.) When you go in the 11th St. O.H.I.O. gate, pass the "Presidential Grove" you will find the tombstone-like time capsule placed there in 1976 in celebration of the US bicentennial. It contains Ohio sports stuff, the usual coins & stamps, a T-shirt & Levi jeans. TIME CAPSULE VIEW WILL BE COSMIC & COMIC:“the Ohio Historical Society also made a 1976 US bicentennial time capsule to be opened @ the US tercentennial. Couldn't find time capsules or cornerstones in the Bronzeville/ King Lincoln (& later Poindex- ter Village) neighborhoods, but some of the buildings there are named for women. (1920s): The gals would meet at the Glass Slipper next to the Odeon theater on Sunday afternoons to figure out how to finance the various building projects their men were involved with. In appreciation some buildings were named for the women: The EDNA, Margarite, Bernadine & Theresa. At Port Columbus Concourse B has a mezzanine floor containing a case with 3 time capsules and other aviation history. 2 are soldered shut copper caskets & the 3rd is an aluminum tube. Apparently the time capsules commemorate virtual cornerstones. We had one of the first airports in the country. The administration building is still on 5th Ave. Saved in the 1950s from oblivion by 1 man's determination. It is a stunning structure. The aluminum tube is from 2004, marking the 75th anniversary,there is too long a list of stuff to fit here. The First Box includes items from the 1929 original terminal opening, and the dedication of the new terminal in 1958. Inside is a history of Columbus aviation, a lot plan for Port Columbus & a book titled "We" by Charles Lindbergh. From the 1958 cornerstone there is a map of the proposed outerbelt expressway. The second copper casket is for the 1981 cornerstone dedication ceremony for the airport renovation. To be opened in 50 years, it will have a complete record of the center’s history. 1992: “The Greater Colum- bus Convention Center makes a nod toward tradition by burying a time capsule in the sidewalk out front. I asked WOSU about the whereabouts of the time capsule the station put together in 1977 in honor of the 75th WOSU anniversary but no one knows where it is! An article (Dispatch 5/2/1997, 8F) says it contains station tapes & memorabilia in a Plexiglas display in the Fawcett Center's lobby. Host Boyce Lancaster said he recorded a history about the station on DAT ”digi- tal audio tape for those under 30 so who knows if it will play" he said. Citizen Journal Time Capsule 1978 The American Insur- ance Union really did it up for the laying of the cornerstone ceremony February 12, 1925. Besides the time capsule, an oblong box placed in the corner- stone, there is a bronze plaque in the lobby with the building’s horoscope showing the position of the planets for the occasion. In the oblong box, the time capsule holds articles from the older A.I.U. Building- a flag w/45 stars, the charter for AIU was issued in 1894 and an old coin dated 1818.
  23. 23. 1991: “It was supposed to be an historic event. Dignitaries gathered at the Historical Society where a tinsmith was to open a tin & lead box that had been placed with much fanfare in the cornerstone of the old Central Ohio Lunatic Asylum on July 4, 1870. Finally the lid was carefully lifted off the box. EVERYONE GASPED AS THEY GAZED ON A DECAYED GLOB. “It had not been sealed properly & water had leaked in. A MAYONNAISE JAR would have worked better” it was noted. The laying of the cornerstone in 1870 was a big deal. The Ohio State Journal reported that a grand proces- sion was lead down Broad Street by Masonic Knights Templar in full costume. The Ohio Statesman provided a list of items in the tin box.” 1995: “A metal box was pried from the cornerstone of the YWCA building on 4th St. Inside the time capsule found during renovation were several Columbus newspapers dated 1928, a 48-star flag and a history of the YWCA of Columbus from its founding in 1886. The capsule also contained the will of Mary J. Griswald, whose bequest made possible the construction of the downtown facility.” 1980: “Workers insulating an old outside ice door @Joe Palmer’s house discovered a well- preserved tin can time capsule inside the door. It contained a March 21, 1935 evening Dispatch, 3 sales tax stamps & a note telling of purchasing a Westing- house Dual- Automatic Refrigera- tor. Also noted was the closing of the ‘outside icer’ door.” 1961: “Workmen dismantling the Alfred Kelley house (It was next to Memorial Hall on Broad Street.) found an old ‘time capsule’ hidden in a chimney niche. It yielded a bottle with a note that read: “Columbus. This house was bilt (sic) in the year 1835 & reparad (sic) in the year 1856 by E. H. Lank esqui (sic) & Smith H. Link, stone cutter” On the reverse it had the name of the bricklayers. The note was written on British Crownmark paper.” 2012: The Cultural Arts Center (originally the 1861 State Armory…) made a time capsule calling for small works by local artists to be opened @ the Columbus Ter- centennial. I remembered Mark Gunderson made us these hermetically sealed “Artis- tic Licenses” & I suggested we include them. (Magazine)
  24. 24. 2007 FDi Magazine ranked Columbus #3 in U.S. for“Cities of the Future.” Original B&W by Louis Goodwin (Columbus Dispatch) Columbus: Americas Crossroads (1980) By Betty Garrett (with Ed Lentz) is one place you can read the letter John Deshler wrote in 1915 & placed in the cornerstone of the Deshler Hotel when the older Deshler Block was leveled. The letter is addressed "TO THE OWNER OF THIS PROPERTY WHEN THIS BOX IS OPENED" - a wonderful letter to the person who would be tearing down his hotel (Included in the box he also placed the letters his grandmother Betsy Green Deshler, an early Columbus settler, wrote to her family back east about the Columbus wilderness). John's eloquent letter (he was 62 at the time) is wise in future ruminations & it has such empathy. John died in 1929. (We visit his tombstone in Green Lawn Cemetery regularly.) His future predictions seem so much more grounded than the 1962 article featured in this book. Deshler's hotel was razed in 1969, and the new owner of the site wrote an equally eloquent letter back: "to John G. Deshler, wherever he may be." "There is no cornerstone for your letter because right now, the site your family owned for 160 years is a parking lot for auto- mobiles.... Which is as fitting to the Columbus we know today as your hotel was to the Columbus you knew." Happy Old Year. 2012 went away last night, on to the next milestone, in this case we choose 2062: PREDICTIONS SNIPPETS: Alana Shock predicts people will finally understand that tomatoes will never taste good in the winter. Given transportation costs, we will go back to seasonal availability of crops. Our luxury of transportation abuse will be much more closely monitored; I hope for the return of trains & streetcars. Maybe Canadian Geese drumsticks will be available. My (milder) anxiety concerning sun, heat & drought will worsen. I got lots of frightening dystopian predictions. My favorite is from David Holtek: "Food that when you eat it makes an advertisement play in your head!" Several people mentioned versions of the city becoming densely settled while the outer belt housing developments will become a ghost town. I asked Gary Hickman @ the sewer plant about his predictions, since grey water buildings are already happening & with the preciousness of water, a central agency will be even more neccesary. The greatest control he sees will be the laws and government controlling what can be put down the drain. (”Big Brother” puts a camera in the toilet?) Special license plates on Columbus police cars call atten- tion to sesquicentennial celebration. On November 15, 2011 we went to the 150th birthday for the statehouse. Coinciden- tally the date was also my mom’s birthday: Ruth Stary Bole turned 88!
  25. 25. Chris Cont.
  26. 26. te
  27. 27. The Columbus Dispatch Sales Book looks like this.
  28. 28. MY APPROACH: I began the images after 5 months of intensive research and my discoveries. I wanted to suggest the overwhelming complexity of the history I uncovered by constructing crowded images spanning times. It would be impossible to convey such a scope in my pages, so these snippets follow the subjects that piqued my particular slant, both major and minutia alike & without rose-colored glasses. The title comes from a page in a thrift find: a 1930s–1940s Columbus Dispatch salesman course book. The graphics are stark, humorous but with a strange sense of mind control! These images were one early influence for this book. I used the word "photogenic" in the title, a word used by early photographer Henry Fox Talbot to describe images that reside somewhere between photographs and drawing/painting. All of the images you see come directly from my research. Early on, I realized I wasn’t making finished drawings, I needed to continue research all the while fleshing out the pages, & finally concocting them in the computer. Thanks computer. I know people who have spent much more time studying this place than I will find errors in my facts, I have tried to avoid this — & I might dare you to take a look at the incredible underbelly of this place. There is so much I wanted to include but have simply run out of time. For example: A page utilizing the family tree or genealogy chart image as a device for visualizing the complicated history of banks &/or newspapers in this town which include all kinds of liaisons, mergers & takeovers. I wanted to do something about our grocery stores too (maybe a Giant Eagle clawing a Big Bear). I couldn’t find the right place for this 1780s map which shows the future site of Columbus as a refugee tract — shaped something like a mini Tennessee - given to compensate Canadian sympathizers with the Americans during the Revolutionary War. 5th Avenue was the north boundary & Refugee Road - I always wondered about the origin of its name — was the southern border. From the Olentangy River it stretched 40 miles east. It seems to me, war & water have made this town. I wanted to do a page on the history on preserving the history of Columbus. For instance, in one library I could take out an 1850s book on the penitentiary for 2 weeks. In another, only pencil & paper are allowed into the room itself, and you look at one document at a time. Even the history of how collections have morphed into new systems is fascinating. I wanted to fit in a picture of the White Castle Systems building on W. Goodale St. I can’t believe I didn’t write about the Kelton House, but you should take a tour... the address for this Columbus institution. I wanted to do a page about companies that have stood the test of time.
  29. 29. There is no better place to go for a secluded respite from the daily day than a picnic and a stroll through the Brown Pet Cemetery, but be prepared for it to be more emotional than you thought. I have been visiting for 20 years. We had a picnic in the cemetery one hot summer day. The police kicked us out at dusk & as the cars exited the pull-around, we each had a vision of a large buck deer that had been hit by a car so recently that there was no smell wafting through our picnic on that hot summer night. The pet cemetery on Sawyer Rd. at the Columbus airport is remarkable. (Get to the post office & keep going under the runway, go right at the stop sign, you will see it on your left). It appears to be surrounded by airport lands. In fact, standing in the back of the place near the ravine, planes seem to be coming in right next to you. Looking down at the ravine & the creek below, we could see where someone had taken the vandalized monuments & made small satellite plots with the tossed out stones. Brown Pet Cemetery has so many flavors. There is a pedigree pup section, & the regimented military-style stones look the part. Then there are the many Do-It-Yourselfers utilizing inventive materials. One of my favorites now all washed away & falling apart, is for Kutia. The cat’s wooden & cement monument comes complete with a boot cleaning brush for a decoration (???). I love that the owners made a wooden birdhouse with their cat’s name on it in the pine tree near by so Kutia could continue her favorite pastime. There are the monuments emulating the human counterparts in your typical Victorian cemetery (some graves are almost 100 years old) & in general, the pain of the inscribed words to these dear pets cut to the bone.
  30. 30. PicnicAt The Waiting at Port Columbus Airport? Visit this hundred year-plus gigundo pet cemetery. Calling all VANDALS Please STOP Kutia has gone to rack & ruin but, they put up a bird house for super- natural hunts.
  31. 31. I want to thank Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012 for this rewarding opportunity, especially Malcolm Cochran, Program Director, along with Shelly Willis, Dow Kimbrell, Diane Nance and Jennifer McNally. The fascinating, exotic and sobering discoveries of this project have given even greater depth and richness to the experience of living in Columbus, my adopted city. Thanks to all the public institutions and individuals whose help was critical in completing this book: Mary Albrecht / for Doo-Dah Parade photographs Joe Blundo / Columnist, The Columbus Dispatch Willis Brown / Bronzevillian and President, Bronzeville Association Kevin Gleich / Operator, and Anthony Kohler, Plant Manager, Dublin Road Water Treatment Plant Gary Hickman / Plant Manager, Jackson Pike Wastewater Treatment Plant Ed Lentz / Historian Father Kevin Lutz / Director, Jubilee Museum and Catholic Cultural Center Jeffrey Lyttle / Chase Bank Chris Metheney / Historic Site Manager, Ohio Statehouse Museum Jennifer Morehart / Archivist, Columbus Jewish Historical Society Doug Motz / Board President, Columbus Historical Society Fred Scruton / for the photograph of Jim Beoddy at Comfest Chris Steele / Citizens for a Better Skyline Doreen Uhas-Sauer / Columbus Landmarks Foundation Michael Wilkos / Senior Community Research and Grants Management Officer, The Columbus Foundation Christian Zacher / Professor Emeritus, Department of History, The Ohio State University Columbus Paper Postcard and Book Show Matchbook collections Chris Conti , Ann & Mark Gunderson, and MJ Bole FOR RESEARCH Columbus Metropolitan Library Librarians at the Main Library / Julie Callahan and Scott Caputo , along with Bonnie Chandler, Nancy Kangas, Russ Pollitt, and Nick Taggart at the Hilltop Branch / Cynthia Anderson Grandview Heights Public Library Ohio Historical Society Tutti Jackson, Project Curator Archive of photographs of the salvage of the Ohio Penitentiary by Jack Rosenfeld Ohioana Library State Library of Ohio The Ohio State University Archives Michelle Drobik, Curator (including the one of me wearing a merkin and asking “Is this ok?”) (especially) (especially)
  32. 32. Ohio Environmental Protection Agency UndergroundColumbus Forgotten Ohio FOR COMMENTARY & FEEDBACK ALONG THE WAY Candace Black Malcolm Cochran Kendra Hovey Mike Rep Hummel Sherrill Massey FOR DESIGN & PRODUCTION Amy McCrory / Digital Imaging Specialist, Preservation Department, The Ohio State University Libraries, took the high quality photographs of my images. Eric Nassau / helped with many of the initial transfers. Without his careful work, I could have never completed this book in the given time. Kelly Crowe / picked up the slack when Eric and I got bogged down in production. Colin McDonald, Amanda Lake, Chris Castorano and Scott Litch / allowed me to realize what I envisioned in my head through their graphic design skills and useful input. Meredith Reuter / Graphic Designer, Base Art Co., designed the acknowledgement pages. Ann Bremner / contributed her editing expertise. Mark Kurtz and Fred Gamber / AM Lithography Corporation, executed the quality printing. & anyone I have forgotten…
  33. 33. ombing Columbus: Photogenic Drawings for the Bicentennial is one of 13 projects that comprised Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012, a program of temporary public art developed to dovetail with the celebration of the bicentennial of Columbus, Ohio. In this context, Time and Place became obvious organizing principles. The curatorial team encouraged artists to explore the physical and philosophical measurements of time while making the city of Columbus aware of the passing of time, the use of time, measurement of time, the chronology of a life, world time, and the notion of temporary and permanent. Place was defined as the core downtown: Spring Street to the north, Main Street to the south, COSI to the west and the Columbus Metropolitan Library to the east—a small plot at the heart of our 212-square-mile (and counting) city. Within these conceptual and physical parameters, however, we sought artists whose works represent the broad spectrum of contemporary public art in multiple forms and media. Finding Time projects ranged from the familiar—sculpture and murals—to unexpected installations, sound works, and performances in non-traditional sites that transformed the downtown into an open-air gallery. This book is one of two projects that straddle the realms of the unexpected and the familiar. The other is a project to commission 12 composers to write new works for the bells at Trinity Episcopal Church. Books and music do not readily come to mind when one thinks of public art. Yet there are centuries-old conventions of commissioning compositions and commemorative books for civic and state occasions and celebrations. And what could be more public than the soundscape within earshot of the bell tower of Trinity Church and the Columbus Metropolitan Library, one of the city’s most public institutions? Columbus artist Mary Jo Bole is not new to the world of artist books. In addition to works on particular subjects about which she is passionate, she has created limited-edition books about her home city of Cleveland and has captured her perceptions of places she has traveled such as The Netherlands and Dresden, Germany. When the Finding Time curatorial team approached her in autumn 2010 to commission a book about Columbus, she readily agreed. We knew that the result would be a wide-ranging, surprising, and unpredictable window onto the city she calls home. Bole is by nature an avid researcher, and she is a multifaceted artist. She proposed that she spend the bicentennial year ferreting out and cataloging aspects of Columbus’ past and present, making drawings and paintings based on her findings, and compiling them in a book. The public component of her project would be placing copies in all Columbus Metropolitan Library branches and making the book available at a reasonable cost. It is now January 2013, and a dummy copy of the book is spread out on my dining room table. On visits to Bole’s studio throughout the year, I’ve witnessed its development. But only now, with all 48 pages in front of me, do I fully grasp what is contained between its deceptively spare covers. The pages are dense with images and information. How to describe a work that exists on so many levels and covers so much ground? And what does it reveal about this artist’s perspective on our city? An essay in the January 5, 2013 New York Times helps me out. In “Rapturous Research,” writer Sean Pidgeon confesses: “I am addicted to looking things up.” Research rapture, he writes, is: A state of enthusiasm or exaltation arising from the exhaustive study of a topic or period of history; the delightful but dangerous condition of becoming repeatedly sidetracked in following intriguing threads of information, or constantly searching for one more elusive fact. If anyone has research rapture, it is MJ Bole. And thank goodness for us that she has this affliction. Her delight in historical facts and curiosities has driven her extensive research in libraries and archives throughout the city where she has unearthed historical images and stories of Columbus ranging from the profound and moving to the absurd and hilarious. She has picked the brains of local historians and hunted down artifacts and oddities in neighborhoods circumscribed by the I-270 outerbelt and beyond. Bole has distilled a smorgasbord of material into pages where decades and centuries overlap and mingle. Hidden treasures found off the beaten path coexist with icons of Columbus such at the Statehouse and the Leveque Tower. In some drawings, she captures little-known historical moments fixed in time; in others she lays bare the city in a sort of x-ray vision by which the Columbus of 1812, 1862, 1960, 1989, and 2012 are simultaneously present. At the heart of the book is the river that runs through the heart of the city: the Scioto, rendered as a timeline from its pristine origins to today. A recurring theme of the book is how Columbus has seen itself over the course of its 200-year history. Dear reader, you hold the results in your hands. This is anything but your conventional celebratory coffee-table tome. Between these covers lie the wonderful and the remarkable mashed-up with the long lost and dust bunnies of Ohio’s Capital City. How would you describe the volume that comes from her “combing” of Columbus? A work of graphic non-fiction and a richly illustrated history for adults and kids alike to pour over, it is Bole’s-Believe-It-Or-Not take on our city. Ultimately—and in spite of its irreverent moments—I think you’ll agree that it is a work of deep appreciation for all that is unique to Columbus past and present, with a glimpse into the future and forthcoming centennial years. In the end, it is a labor of love and a lasting gift of public art. Malcolm Cochran Program Director / Curator Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012 FINDING TIME PROGRAM TEAM Shelly Willis Curator / Program Consultant Dow Kimbrell Curatorial Assistant Jennifer McNally Program Assistant Cleve Ricksecker Downtown Liaison
  34. 34. Finding Time: ColumbusPublicArt2012, was made possible with the financial support, grants, in-kind gifts, volunteer time, talents, dedication, and collaborative effort of many different organizations, individuals, local businesses, and public agencies. Program organizers are deeply grateful to all who have contributed to this initiative. PRIMARY SUPPORT for Combing Columbus: Photogenic Drawings for the Bicentennial was provided by the National Endowment for the Arts, the Roy V. and Eloise F. Thomas Fund and the Robert F. Werner Fund at The Columbus Foundation, and the Greater Columbus Arts Council. FINDING TIME FINDING TIME SPONSORS NEIGHBORHOOD PARTNERSHIP GRANTS PROGRAM I took a picture of Malcolm holding Chris in a hermetically sealed container @ The Clark County Historical Society in Springfield, Ohio.