6. Why Philippines is considered a
There are four reasons:
•Religion- Filipinos are predominantly Christians
• Polital History
a. Philippines is the first Republic in Asia, being the first to
achieve independence by revolution and establish a
Republic led by General Emilio Aguinaldo in 1898-1901.
b. The first Southeast Asian Nation to secure independence
by voluntary decolonization of a colonial power after the
second World was in 1946.
c. It led the world in waging a “ People Power Revolution to
oust a dictator by peaceful and prayerful means in 1986.
7. Land area of the Philippines
- Philippines largest island with a total
land area of 40,814 sq. m., which is bigger than
Hungary and Portugal.
Second largest island with a total
land area of 38,906 sq. m. Which is bigger than
3rd largest island with a total land
area of 36,087 sq. m.
12. Who are the Negritos?
The Negrito (/nɪˈɡriːtoʊ/) are several ethnic groups
who inhabit isolated parts of Southeast Asia. Their
current populations include Andamanese peoples of
the Andaman Islands, Semang peoples of Malaysia,
the Mani of Thailand, and the Aeta, Agta, Ati, and 30
other peoples of the Philippines.
The largest ethnic group in Indonesia is the Javanese who make up
about 40% of the total population. The Javanese are concentrated on
the island of Java but millions have migrated to other islands throughout
the archipelago because of the transmigration
program. The Sundanese, Malay, and Madurese are the next largest
groups in the country. Many ethnic groups, particularly
inKalimantan and Papua, have only hundreds of members. Most of the
local languages belong toAustronesian language family, although a
significant number, particularly in Papua, speak Papuan languages.
The Tionghoa population makes up a little less than 1% of the total
Indonesian population according to the 2000 census. Some of
these Indonesians of Chinese descent speak variousChinese dialects,
most notably Hokkien and Hakka.
Malays (Malay: Melayu, Jawi: )ماليو are an ethnic
group of Austronesian peoplespredominantly
inhabiting the Malay Peninsula,
eastern Sumatra and coastal Borneo, as well as the
smaller islands which lie between these locations —
areas that are collectively known as the Malay world.
These locations today are part of the modern
of Malaysia, Indonesia,Singapore, Brunei and
20. Filipino Revolts Against Spain
Causes of Revolts. There were many causes of the Filipino
revolts in Spain. The list below shows the different causes
of the revolts.
Dagohoy’s Revolt ( 1744-1829 ) – it lasted for 85 years and
this had been the longest revolt.
Silang’s Revolt ( 1762-63 ) – Diego Silang and his wife
Gabriela led this famous revolt in Ilocos.
First Pampanga Revolt ( 1585 ) – brave Pampangueno
leaders plotted with the people in Manila.
Revolt Against the Tribute ( 1589 ) – one of the earliest
revolt against the tribute ( residence tax ) started in
Cagayan and Ilocos.
Sumuroy’s Revolt ( 1649-50 ) – Sumuroy, a native
Palapag, Samar, led them in an armed revolt.
Agrarian Revolt ( 1745-46 ) This revolt was due to land
grabbing by Spaniards who took over their ancestral
21. Basi Revolt ( 1807 ) – It was all about the love for a
homemade wine from sugarcane called basi.
The Religious Revolt of Hermano Pule, ( 1840-41 )
this was the revolt for religious freedom in the
Causes of Revolts:
1. Our love for freedom and independence
2. Abuses of Spanish encomenderos
3. Tribute ( residence tax )
4. Forced Labor
5. Land grabbing by the friars
6. Basi ( wine ) monopoly
22. The Propaganda Movement and the Katipunan
Causes of Nationalism. When the people of a nation
become united and work together for a common aims, this
is called “ nationalism” . It also means devotion to one’s
country, or fighting for its independence.
The causes of the birth of Philippine nationalism in the
19th century were as follows:
1. New ideas from abroad about the freedom and the
rights of men.
2. Opening of the Suez Canal
3. Race prejudice against Filipino
4. The Spanish Revolution of 1868
5. The Martyrdom of Gom-Bur-Za
23. The Propagandist . They were mostly college students or
La Solidaridad. Published their crusade for reforms in
forthnightly newspaper. It was founded by Garciano Lopez
Jaena, its first editor.
Its first issue appeared in Barcelona, Spain on February
> Rizal and the Liga Filipina. The National Hero of the
Philippine is Dr. Jose Rizal. He was a great lover of his
country. He was born at Calamba, Laguna on June 19,1861. He
was the seventh of eleven children of Francisco Mercado Rizal
and Teodora Alonzo, a well-to-do and educated family. He is a
physician, writer, scientist, linguist, sportsman, inventor, and
prophet. His two novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo
were banned by Spanish authorities in the Philippines but they
were loved by the Filipinos. He died at Bagumbayan ( Luneta )
on December 30,1896 because he was shot by firing squad.
24. The Philippine Revolution
It began in 1896 and really ended only in 1901. At first, it was
a war of independence against the Spain. Later, it turned into
a war of independence against the United States, because
the American imperialists replaced the Spaniards. The first
part of revolution was a success because the Filipinos got
rid of the Spaniards. But it was a very bloody revolution.
Many lives were lost and many best heroes were killed
during the revolution. It lead by Andres Bonifacio together
with the katipuneros.
Causes of Revolution of 1986 were as follows:
1. The abuses of Spanish officials and priests;
2. Persecution of Filipino leaders who defended the rights of
their fellow countrymen;
3. Filipinos’ desire to regain their independence; and
4. Discovery of the Katipunan and Bonifacio’s call for
25. HISTORICAL VALUES IN PHILIPPINE
•The Filipinos lost many battles and live because
the revolution was not really planned well. They
were only forced because of the discovery of the
• Nothing can stop people who are determined to
fight for their freedom. Many Filipinos were
punished for their part in the revolution. But these
martyrs and heroes only made the other Filipinos
more willing to fight and even die for their cause.
• They rivalry between Bonifacio and Aguinaldo
caused the Filipinos to lose many battles and even
to fight among themselves. This lack of unity
prevented the victory against the Spaniards.
30. Why the American Came to the Phillippines?
These are the reasons:
1. The Spanish-American War
2. New Lands
3. American Bases
4. The Policy of “ Manifest Destiny “
5. The Filipino Invitation
1. The Filipinos did not know that the Americans wanted to
make the Philippines a colony. That was why Aguinaldo and
the other leaders welcomed the Americans at the beginning.
2. When the Filipinos united under one leader during the
second part of the revolution, they had the help of a foreign
power, they were successful.
31. 3. The Filipinos declared their own independence on June
12,1898. But the Americans took away our independence and
made us a colony again.
4. The Filipinos could have captured th city of Manila. But the
secret deal between Spain and the United States cheated the
Filipinos of the real victory.
5. The Filipinos won the revolution against Spain. But Spain
gave the Philippines to the United States.
33. PHILIPPINE PRESIDENTS HISTORY
1. Emilio Aguinaldo, 1899-1901
2. Manuel L. Quezon, 1935-1944
3. Jose P. Laurel, 1943-1945
4. Sergio Osmeña, 1944-1946
5. Manuel Roxas, 1946-1948
6. Elpidio Quirino, 1948-1953
7. Ramon Magsaysay, 1953-1957
8. Carlos P. Garcia, 1957-1961
9. Diosdado Macapagal, 1961-1965
10.Ferdinand Marcos, 1965-1986
11.Corazon Aquino, 1986-1992
12.Fidel V. Ramos, 1992-1998
13.Joseph Estrada, 1998-2001
14.Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, 2001-2010
15.Benigno Aquino III, 2010-present