1
3 Stages of Learning
Developed by Fitts and Posner
Beginning
or Novice
Intermediate
or Practice
Advanced or
Fine-tuning
...
2
Cognitive Stage
Large # of Errors
Attention to every detail
of activity
Unable to screen out
irrelevant information
Inco...
3
Associative Stage
Fewer errors
Motor program develops
Performer discovers
environmental regularities
Anticipation develo...
4
Autonomous Stage
Motor program become
units of action
Decreased attention
demands
Confidence increases,
self-talks shift...
5
Performance Changes across the
Learning Stages
Change in the rate of improvement is faster
during the cognitive stage
CH...
5
Performance Changes across the
Learning Stages
Change in the rate of improvement is faster
during the cognitive stage
CH...
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Stages of learning

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Stages of learning

  1. 1. 1 3 Stages of Learning Developed by Fitts and Posner Beginning or Novice Intermediate or Practice Advanced or Fine-tuning Cognitive Associative Autonomous
  2. 2. 2 Cognitive Stage Large # of Errors Attention to every detail of activity Unable to screen out irrelevant information Inconsistent performance Slow, jerky, uncoordinated Increase corrective feedback Use short verbal cues Use demonstrations, videotape, etc. Lots of opportunities to explore skill Learner Characteristics Teacher Cues
  3. 3. 3 Associative Stage Fewer errors Motor program develops Performer discovers environmental regularities Anticipation develops Learns to monitor own feedback Distribute corrective feedback Stress correct fundamentals Accommodate differences in the rate of skill development Lots of opportunity for practice Learner Characteristics Teacher Cues
  4. 4. 4 Autonomous Stage Motor program become units of action Decreased attention demands Confidence increases, self-talks shifts to strategy Performance gains are slower Focus on strategy Work on mental focus Develop learner diagnosis of skill Encourage, motivate, support Learner Characteristics Teacher Cues
  5. 5. 5 Performance Changes across the Learning Stages Change in the rate of improvement is faster during the cognitive stage CHANGES IN RATE OF IMPROVEMENT
  6. 6. 5 Performance Changes across the Learning Stages Change in the rate of improvement is faster during the cognitive stage CHANGES IN RATE OF IMPROVEMENT

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