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Cybersecurity terms: threats and cyber attacks. The case of Catalan. Marta Grané

Cybersecurity terms: threats and cyber attacks. The case of Catalan. Marta Grané

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Ponència presentada per Marta Grané a la cimera de l’Associació Europea de Terminologia, celebrada el 25 i 26 de novembre de 2021.

Ponència presentada per Marta Grané a la cimera de l’Associació Europea de Terminologia, celebrada el 25 i 26 de novembre de 2021.

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Cybersecurity terms: threats and cyber attacks. The case of Catalan. Marta Grané

  1. 1. Cybersecurity terms: threats and cyber attacks. The case of Catalan Marta Grané Franch, TERMCAT
  2. 2. Cybersecurity in numbers 2016: every 40 seconds 2021: a cyber attack worldwide every 11 seconds Represents 1% of world GDP 2021: global cost of $6 billion annually 79% of companies say that finding suitable talent in cybersecurity is "very difficult" 400% increase in cyber attacks since the pandemic Telecom security incidents 2020: Annual report: European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA) La ciberseguretat a Catalunya: Informe tecnològic 2020: Gencat. ACCIÓ: Agència de Ciberseguretat de Catalunya
  3. 3. The sector in Catalonia 361 companies €820,6 M turnover 700 employees La ciberseguretat a Catalunya: Informe tecnològic 2020: Gencat. ACCIÓ: Agència de Ciberseguretat de Catalunya
  4. 4. Terminologia de la ciberseguretat Online dictionary 2016-2021 https://www.termcat.cat/ca/diccionaris -en-linia/239 400 entries Catalan, Spanish, French, English Definitions
  5. 5. Exemple: Terminologia de la ciberseguretat Online dictionary 2016-2021 https://www.termcat.cat/ca/diccionaris -en-linia/239
  6. 6. Different types of cybersecurity terminology
  7. 7. Loan translation amenaça / threat atac d’autenticació / authentication attack denegació de servei, DoS / denial-of-service, DoS criptomoneder / crypto wallet frau del clic / click fraud galeta / cookie internet de les coses / Internet of Things signatura cega / blind signature wayhomestudio - www.freepik.com
  8. 8. apilament d’anuncis /ad stacking atac d’abeurador / watering hole attack balena / whale cavall de Troia / Trojan horse memòria cau / cache memory mineria / mining ordinador zombi / zombie computer tallafoc / firewall tecnologia a l’ombra / shadow IT web fosc / dark web web profund / deep web wirestock - www.freepik.com Loan translation with metaphor
  9. 9. ciberseducció de menors / grooming criptomineria furtiva / cryptojacking escolta clandestina / eavesdropping hipertrucatge / deepfake reproducció en línia / streaming estafa de la fortuna, cartes nigerianes /Nigerian scam www.freepik.com Catalan alternatives
  10. 10. altcoin bitcoin hacking script sèxting CAPTCHA Wi-Fi Created by pvproductions - www.freepik.com Loan word, borrowed term as Catalan alternative
  11. 11. assalt de videoconferència / zoombombing [Intrusion into Zoom videocall technology] atac Sybil / Sybil attack [From the book "Sybil", from Flora Rheta Schreiber, in which the protagonist suffers from an identity disorder] Racool_studio - www.freepik.com Inclusion of proper names
  12. 12. atac BlackNurse / BlackNurse attack [former jobs of the two researchers who discovered the attack: blacksmith and nurse] atac meow / Meow attack [original data is overwritten with random characters including "meow"] 8photo - www.freepik.com No apparent semantic motivation
  13. 13. How do we promote the use of Catalan terms?
  14. 14. Involvement of experts and users Discussion about Catalan alternatives Consensus on published proposals Resolution of doubts about concepts Contact with institutions in the sector svstudioart - www.freepik.es
  15. 15. Dissemination of terminology
  16. 16. How are Catalan terms used?
  17. 17. Sociolinguistic conditions Creation and use of terminology in a Catalan social context with concrete specificities. English Creation of terms In international contexts, often in English. Communication between experts Media, training ... Possibility of alternatives in our own language (Catalan), to facilitate understanding. Informative contexts
  18. 18. Terms in use
  19. 19. Study on use and knowledge Survey of 39 professionals in the sector "Do you use the cybersecurity terms in their English form or in Catalan?" MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]: Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021
  20. 20. Some survey results PROGRAMARI SOFTWARE CÒPIA DE SEGURETAT BACKUP CORREU BROSSA JUNK MAIL / SPAM I know the Catalan form I use it or I would use it 85% 81% 72% 85% 87% 80% MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]: Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021
  21. 21. PROGRAMARI MALICIÓS MALWARE WEB FOSC DARK WEB CADENA DE BLOCS BLOCKCHAIN 69% 22% 22% 74% 85% 39% MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]: Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021 I know the Catalan form i use it or I would use it Some survey results
  22. 22. Factors that favor implantation First appearance of Catalan term proposed compared with English term Type of term proposed: literal translations and loans more likely to be used Previous documentation in texts Created by 8photo - www.freepik.es MORTE, Meritxell. La neologia de la ciberseguretat en llengua catalana [en línia]: Barcelona: Institut d'Estudis Catalans. Societat Catalana de Terminologia, 2021
  23. 23. rawpixel.com - www.freepik.es To sum up... Identification of a strategic sector Detection of terminological cases Diffusion of alternatives, with the involvement of the sector Usage evaluation
  24. 24. Gràcies / Thanks martagrane@termcat.cat www.termcat.cat twitter.com/termcat | facebook.com/termcat

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