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WHO Guidelines onWHO Guidelines on
Sodium & Potassium intakeSodium & Potassium intake
For Adults & ChildrenFor Adults & Ch...
WHO. Guideline: Sodium intake for adults and children.
Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO), 2012.
BackgroundBackground
 Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the mainNoncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the main
contributo...
BackgroundBackground
Populations around the world arePopulations around the world are
consuming much more sodium than isc...
RecommendationsRecommendations
WHO recommends a reduction in sodiumWHO recommends a reduction in sodium
intake [to reduce...
Recommendations:ChildrenRecommendations:Children
WHO recommends a reduction in sodiumWHO recommends a reduction in sodium...
WHO. Guideline: Potassium intake for adults and children.
Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO), 2012.
BackgroundBackground
Low potassium intake has beenLow potassium intake has been
associated with a number of NCDs:associat...
BackgroundBackground
Increased potassium intake may:Increased potassium intake may:
Reduce blood pressureReduce blood pr...
RecommendationsRecommendations
WHO recommends an increase inWHO recommends an increase in
potassium intake from food to:p...
RecommendationsRecommendations
WHO suggests an increase in potassiumWHO suggests an increase in potassium
intake from foo...
Conditional recommendationConditional recommendation
A Conditional Recommendation is one forA Conditional Recommendation ...
ReferencesReferences
http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/guidelhttp://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/guidel
ht...
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WHO guidelines on Sodium and Potassium intake (Adults & Children)

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WHO guidelines on Sodium and Potassium intake (Adults & Children)

  1. 1. WHO Guidelines onWHO Guidelines on Sodium & Potassium intakeSodium & Potassium intake For Adults & ChildrenFor Adults & Children
  2. 2. WHO. Guideline: Sodium intake for adults and children. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO), 2012.
  3. 3. BackgroundBackground  Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the mainNoncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the main contributor to mortality and morbidity globally.contributor to mortality and morbidity globally.  Interventions to reduce the burden of NCDs areInterventions to reduce the burden of NCDs are highly cost-effectivehighly cost-effective  Elevated sodium intake has been associated with aElevated sodium intake has been associated with a number of NCDs (including hypertension,number of NCDs (including hypertension, cardiovascular (CVS) disease and stroke)cardiovascular (CVS) disease and stroke)  Decreasing sodium intake may reduce bloodDecreasing sodium intake may reduce blood pressure and the risk of associated NCDs.pressure and the risk of associated NCDs.
  4. 4. BackgroundBackground Populations around the world arePopulations around the world are consuming much more sodium than isconsuming much more sodium than is physiologically necessary.physiologically necessary. Consumption is much more than theConsumption is much more than the current WHO recommendation on sodiumcurrent WHO recommendation on sodium consumption for adults, which is 2 gconsumption for adults, which is 2 g sodium/day (equivalent to 5 g salt/day).sodium/day (equivalent to 5 g salt/day).
  5. 5. RecommendationsRecommendations WHO recommends a reduction in sodiumWHO recommends a reduction in sodium intake [to reduce blood pressure & risk ofintake [to reduce blood pressure & risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke andcardiovascular disease, stroke and coronary heart disease in adults (strongcoronary heart disease in adults (strong recommendation)]recommendation)] WHO recommends a reduction to <2WHO recommends a reduction to <2 g/day sodium (5 g/day salt) for adults.g/day sodium (5 g/day salt) for adults.
  6. 6. Recommendations:ChildrenRecommendations:Children WHO recommends a reduction in sodiumWHO recommends a reduction in sodium intake to control blood pressure in childrenintake to control blood pressure in children (strong recommendation).(strong recommendation). The recommended maximum level ofThe recommended maximum level of intake ofintake of 2 g/day sodium in adults2 g/day sodium in adults should be adjusted downwardshould be adjusted downward basedbased on the energy requirements of children.on the energy requirements of children.
  7. 7. WHO. Guideline: Potassium intake for adults and children. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO), 2012.
  8. 8. BackgroundBackground Low potassium intake has beenLow potassium intake has been associated with a number of NCDs:associated with a number of NCDs: HypertensionHypertension Cardiovascular diseaseCardiovascular disease Chronic kidney stone formation, andChronic kidney stone formation, and Low bone-mineral density.Low bone-mineral density.
  9. 9. BackgroundBackground Increased potassium intake may:Increased potassium intake may: Reduce blood pressureReduce blood pressure Decrease risk of cardiovascularDecrease risk of cardiovascular diseasedisease Beneficial effects on bone-mineralBeneficial effects on bone-mineral densitydensity Mitigate the negative consequencesMitigate the negative consequences of high sodium consumption.of high sodium consumption.
  10. 10. RecommendationsRecommendations WHO recommends an increase inWHO recommends an increase in potassium intake from food to:potassium intake from food to: Reduce blood pressureReduce blood pressure Reduce risk of CVS disease, stroke &Reduce risk of CVS disease, stroke & coronary heart disease in adults (Strongcoronary heart disease in adults (Strong Recommendation)Recommendation) WHO suggests a potassium intakeWHO suggests a potassium intake of at least 90 mmol/day (3510of at least 90 mmol/day (3510 mg/day) for adultsmg/day) for adults (conditional(conditional recommendation).recommendation).
  11. 11. RecommendationsRecommendations WHO suggests an increase in potassiumWHO suggests an increase in potassium intake from food to control blood pressureintake from food to control blood pressure in children (Conditional recommendation).in children (Conditional recommendation). The recommended potassium intake of atThe recommended potassium intake of at least 90 mmol/day should be adjustedleast 90 mmol/day should be adjusted downward for children, based on thedownward for children, based on the energy requirements of children relative toenergy requirements of children relative to those of adults.those of adults.
  12. 12. Conditional recommendationConditional recommendation A Conditional Recommendation is one forA Conditional Recommendation is one for which the guideline development groupwhich the guideline development group concludes that the desirable effects ofconcludes that the desirable effects of adherenceadherence probably outweigh theprobably outweigh the undesirable effects, but the group isundesirable effects, but the group is not confidentnot confident about the trade-off.about the trade-off.
  13. 13. ReferencesReferences http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/guidelhttp://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/guidel http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/guhttp://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/gu idelines/potassium_intake_printversion.pdfidelines/potassium_intake_printversion.pdf

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