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Li f-e-is-it-feasible

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Li f-e-is-it-feasible

  1. 1. Linux for Basic Education Is it feasible? M. Edwin Zakaria medwin@opensuse.org
  2. 2. 2 • Mohammad Edwin Zakaria • Linux user since 1998 • openSUSE since 6.2 around 1999 https://en.opensuse.org/User:Medwin • openSUSE member https://connect.opensuse.org/show/Medwin • openSUSE Indonesia
  3. 3. 3 Indonesia at a glance
  4. 4. 4 Indonesia at a glance 1) • Population in 2010 = 237,641,326 • Population density in 2010 = 124 person / km2 • Land area = 1,990,250 km2 • Sea area = 3,257,483 km2 • Total islands = 13,487 • Unpopulated island around 6,000 1) from various source: http://www.bps.go.id, https://id.wikipedia.org
  5. 5. 5 Yogyakarta at a glance
  6. 6. 6 Yogyakarta at a glance 2) • 1 of 34 province in Indonesia, resides in Java island, consist of 4 districts and 1 City • Population in 2010 = 3,457,491 • Population density in 2010 = 1,161 person / km2 • Land area = 3.185,80 km2 • Elementary school = 1,862 (2009/2010), 1,845 (2015) • Junior high school = 420 (2009/2010), 412 (2015 • Average student per class, elementary = 22, junior high = 33 • Graduation rates, elementary = 96.47%, junior high = 81.84% 2) from various source: http://www.bps.go.id, https://id.wikipedia.org, http://www.pendidikan-diy.go.id
  7. 7. 7 Background • Indonesian Ministry of Communicatian and Information Technology with Yogyakarta Province Education Office have a program to enhance the quality of basic education with the introduction of computer based learning with open source software • The plan is to build computer lab, 22 PC per school with Linux OS for 500 schools • Train teachers to make educational material
  8. 8. 8 Background...continue • Measure the effect on students • I was involved between 2009-2014 as network and Linux person
  9. 9. 9 Technical Challenge • It is easy to install OS, we have openSUSE Li-f-e package with a bunch of educational software • Government also wants to give the schools internet connection by using wireless (using ISM band) • And…. There are 300 elementary schools and 200 junior high schools • ……….. the headache began :-D
  10. 10. 10 Educational Challenge • The work is considered as pilot project so we must choose which subject selected for computer based learning. • There are 2 subjects selected, math and science for grades 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 • How about the education curriculum? Will it be inline with the usage of open source? • Educate teachers to create learning material • Measure the effect on student
  11. 11. 11 Socio non-technical Challenge • Another work-load for teachers. They should learn how to use open source software and how to create learning material • New to Linux, not enough motivation • Ask teacher that get the training and school lab to invite other schools around it to also use the facility and disseminate the knowledge • …… you need a bed rest :-D
  12. 12. 12 • Technical thing = easy • Educational thing = difficult • Socio non-technical thing = most difficult
  13. 13. How big the implementation ?
  14. 14. 14 Numbers • School selection: ‒ 300 elementary out of 1862 ‒ 200 junior high out of 420 • Student involved: ‒ 22 x 2 x 3 x 300 = 39,600 elementary students ‒ 33 x 2 x 3 x 200 = 39,600 junior high students • Teacher involved, around 1000 • 12 servers, 1 SAN • 11,000 PCs, hundreds wireless connection • 3 stages implementation in 5 years
  15. 15. 15 Conditions and how we approach it • Schools selection • Infrastructure development ‒ Central repository / data center for network and learning material in provincial level, make the lab in schools, connecting the schools to data center • Capacity development for teachers and school staffs. Increasing the competency and dissemination of knowledge ‒ Make learning material model ‒ Training for teachers and school staffs • Implementation in schools: mentoring and evaluation
  16. 16. 16 Schools selection • Schools District Elementary School Junior High School Total Recipient % Total Recipient % Bantul 346 78 23% 85 50 59% Gunungkidul 487 65 13% 107 34 32% Kulon Progo 349 38 11% 67 25 37% Sleman 498 72 14% 104 61 59% Yogyakarta City 182 47 26% 57 30 53% TOTAL 1862 300 16% 420 200 48%
  17. 17. 17 Data Center • Make data center for providing learning management system, database, web server, ftp server, openSUSE repository, internet proxy, OpenMeetings server
  18. 18. 18 Data Center • HA using SLES 11 SP1
  19. 19. 19 Radio network • Providing connection to schools, we use unlicensed ISM band on 2.4 GHz and 5.7 GHz
  20. 20. 20 Radio network • Dozens of base transceiver station, OSPF area • Hundreds of last mile radio connection
  21. 21. 21 Infrastructure development • Make PC lab for each school, each with 22 PC. We first use Li-f-e 11.3 in 2010, upgrade to 11.4 in 2012, finally upgrade to 12.3 in 2013
  22. 22. 22 Capacity development • Create learning material model (flash based, export as SCORM/Shareable Content Object Reference Model to Moodle) ‒ Math for elementary 26 topics ‒ Math for junior high 21 topics ‒ Science for junior high 28 topics • http://lms.jogjabelajar.jogjaprov.go.id
  23. 23. 23 Capacity development • We conduct tenth of training, for teachers to create learning material and for schools staffs for administering the labs
  24. 24. 24 Mentoring and evaluation • Visit the school on regular basis, we use facilitator that regularly visiting the schools, ask their problem if any, transferring the knowledge about openSUSE • Once a month the facilitator will present their finding about the usage of PCs, several important conclusion: • Perceived ease of use, content = 3.95/5, openSUSE = 3.71/5 • Perceived usefulness, content = 4.08/5, openSUSE = 3.74/5 • Attitude, content = 4.08/5, openSUSE = 3.67/5
  25. 25. 25 Schools location • Maps
  26. 26. 26 What is difficult • Geographic condition in several schools • Teacher capacity • It is very hard to teach them how to use open source software for creating learning material ‒ Finally we give them proprietary software to create learning material that produce SCORM based content. It is then uploaded to Moodle LMS • Social factor
  27. 27. Video
  28. 28. Examples of learning material http://lms.jogjabelajar.jogjaprov.go.id
  29. 29. 29 Is it feasible? • No problem for students • Some problem for teachers, they only use another OS for a long time. • No problem as long as not for IT subject. However no IT subject for elementary school. • It is not easy but feasible, openSUSE implementation needs to adapt with the user needs
  30. 30. Questions?
  31. 31. Thank you. Join the conversation, contribute & have a lot of fun! www.opensuse.org
  32. 32. 32 Have a Lot of Fun, and Join Us At: www.opensuse.org
  33. 33. General Disclaimer This document is not to be construed as a promise by any participating organisation to develop, deliver, or market a product. It is not a commitment to deliver any material, code, or functionality, and should not be relied upon in making purchasing decisions. openSUSE makes no representations or warranties with respect to the contents of this document, and specifically disclaims any express or implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. The development, release, and timing of features or functionality described for openSUSE products remains at the sole discretion of openSUSE. Further, openSUSE reserves the right to revise this document and to make changes to its content, at any time, without obligation to notify any person or entity of such revisions or changes. All openSUSE marks referenced in this presentation are trademarks or registered trademarks of SUSE LLC, in the United States and other countries. All third-party trademarks are the property of their respective owners. License This slide deck is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license. It can be shared and adapted for any purpose (even commercially) as long as Attribution is given and any derivative work is distributed under the same license. Details can be found at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ Credits Template Richard Brown rbrown@opensuse.org Design & Inspiration openSUSE Design Team http://opensuse.github.io/branding- guidelines/

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