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IES El Batán
Department of Technology
● A movable construction used to protect
the harvest from moisture and mice.
● The oldest references to horreos appear in roman
documents from the 1st century b. C. The word “horreo”
comes from latin “horreum”, barn.
● Horreos are represented for the first time in a codex
form 13th century.
● The oldest detailed description of an Asturian horreo
was written by the Asturian writer and politician Gaspar
Melchor de Jovellanos in 1792.
● The amount of horreos grew up during Renaissance. In
the 17th century a new form is developed: the “panera”
with six pillars and a rectangular shape.
● Along the 18th century the new horreos and paneras start
to have a balcony all around them: the “corredor”.
● The horreo is mainly made from chestnut wood but
some parts must be made from stone. Depending
on the area, roof materials can be Arabic roof tile,
slate or straw.
● The horreo rests on four or six pillars called “pegoyos”.
They are upon four stones partially digged into the
ground called “pilpayos”. On the pegoyos we can see
the “muelas”, a flat slate stone put there to prevent the
mice from getting into the horreo. Finally a wooden block
called “taza” prepares the place for the main beams.
These four elements work under compression.
● The “trabes” are the
main support of the
rest of the horreo.
They are four square-shaped
beams with half lap
joints at their ends.
Trabes are subjected
● “Subidoria” is the name of
the stairs, made usually
from stone. They make a
massive structure apart
from the horreo.
● There is a big gap
between the end of the
stairs and the floor of the
horreo to avoid rodents
jumping from the ground.
● “Tenobia” or “tenovia” is
the footstep fixed to the
● “Colondras” are wooden
boards that fit on the
trabes to make the walls
of the horreo.
● “Liño” is the name of the
beam that lay on them.
● The “sobigaño” is a wooden beam that goes side to side
under the “pontas” or “sollas”, the boards that make the
floor of the horreo. Sobigaños work on flexure.
● The door is usually south-oriented. The door itself and
colondras at their sides are sometimes decorated with
Celtic carvings or drawings.
● “Aguilones” are the beams that make the edges of the
roof. The “tijeras” is the group of logs that support the
system of beams on the middle of liños.
● “Tercias” and “carríos” are used to make the base of
the roof. The bottom of the roof is finished with the
“agüero” or “aguadero”.
● Form the ends of the trabes to the ends of aguilones
there are eight wooden bars called “tentemozos”.
Tentemozos are not present if the horreo has a corredor.
Indoor & Top
● From liño to liño there are a group of thin beams called
“durmientes” and “vigas del quesu”. They are the only
elements that work on tension.
● “Moño”, “obispo”, “curuto” or “ontera” is the piece of
stone or wood that forms the top of the roof.
● From 17th century some horreos have their
“corredor”, a balcony that surrounds the
● Roof materials may vary among straw,
slate or, most commonly, Arabic roof tiles.
● Roof style depends on a geographic
distribution troughout Asturias, shown
approximately in the map below. Thatched
roof is limited to a very small area on
● Every part of an Asturian horreo is
detachable, so an horreo isn't considered
as a building, and can be sold apart form
the land where is built on.
● It's usual to find some Celtic symbols and
carvings on the horreo walls.
● Asturian horreos are one important part of
Asturian country landscape, specific in
shape and structure, a traditional
construction used as granary.