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The human body
organization
What is the difference between living
and non living things?
All living things
carry out 3 functions

Nutrition

Interaction

Reproduction
What are the levels of organization of
matter?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Subatomic level
Atomic level
Molecular level
Cellu...


What is a cell?
 The

cell is the functional basic unit
of life which carries out the 3 vital
functions:
 Nutrition

...
ALL LIVING THINGS ARE MADE UP OF CELLS
THE CELL
All living things are made up of
one or more cells
You started as one cell, then 2, 4…..

How many cells do you think you have now?
S XVII Robert Hooke



Hooke observed cork layers.
His microscope had 50 magnifications
(aumentos)
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
What types of cells do you know?
PROKARYOTIC CELLS
 EUKARYOTIC CELLS
 Animal cells
 Plant cells


 What is the main d...
Parts of a Eukaryotic animal cell
The 3 main parts:


Plasmatic or cell membrane. Covers the cell.
Controls what goes in and out of the cell.



Cytoplasm...
Points of the cellular theory









XIX century.
Authors: Matthias Schleiden (botanist) and
Theodor Schwann (zool...


Animations cells, levels of organization
http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/content/keystage3/biology
/pc/learningsteps/CAFLC/lau...
Plasmatic or cell membrane




Covers the cell
Protects it
Controls what goes in and what goes out of the
cell.
The cell membrane is made up of
two types of molecules: proteins and lipids
What else can we find in a cell?
Parts of a Eukaryotic animal cell









The cytoplasm
It is a jelly-like substance inside the cell.
It contains organelles. And proteins that form...
The main organelles are:
Mithocondria
 Endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth)
 Golgi body
 Centrioles
 Vacuoles
 Ri...
Proteínas y
lípidos
Es un centro de
empaquetamiento responsable
del transporte seguro de los
compuestos sintetizados hacia
el exterior de la c...
Centrosoma: centriolos


http://www.neok12.com Quiz repaso células y
orgánulos.
Vídeo resumen sobre tejidos
TISSUE LEVEL
 What

is a tissue?
 What types of tissue can we
find in our body?
Which are the 4 types of tissue?
1.
2.
3.
4.

Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
Nerve or nervous tissue
Epithelial tissue. Two types


Covering epithelial tissue.



Glandular epithelium..
1- Covering EPITHELIAL
TISSUE
Your skin is
composed of
epithelial tissue,
and epithelial
tissue also lines
your body cavit...
1.1-Covering epithelial tissue.
Where can we find it?


Epidermis. The outer layer of the skin.



Mucosae. Covering the...
1.2- GLANDULAR EPITHELIUM
 It´s the tissue that forms the glands
 What are glands? Do you know any
examples?
 Glands se...
1-Exocrine glands
Salivary glands
 Sweat glands
 Lacrimal glands
 Liver

 2-Endocrine glands

Secretion of
substances that
are internally
used by the body,
e.g hormones.
-Hormones travel
through...
HORMONES
Adrenaline is secreted by
the suprarrenal glands.
 Strong emotions such as
fear or anger cause it to be
released...
3- Mixed glands




They can work both as endocrine or exocrine
glands.
Example: Pancreas


As endocrine gland it produ...
 3- Mixed glands
2- CONNECTIVE TISSUE
It supports the body and connects
together all types of tissue.
2.1- Conjunctive tissue
 Tendons (jo...
2.2Addipose tissue


Why is it neccesary?
2.2- Addipose tissue
It stores fat, protects organs and
provides termic isolation
2.3- Cartilage tissue
Cartilage tissue




Ears
Trachea
Nose
2.4- Bone tissue
The major structural
and supportive
connective tissue of
the body
2.5 Blood tissue


Blood components?
2.5- Blood tissue
It consists
of blood
plasma,
and cell
elements,
blood cells.
3- MUSCLE TISSUE


Muscles can be divided into three
main groups according to their
structure, e.g.:
 Smooth muscle tiss...
Where can we find?


Smooth muscle tissue.
 Dygestive

walls.



Skeletal muscle tissue:
 Skeletal



tube wall, bloo...
There are
microfilaments
composed of actin
and myosin, which
are contractile
proteins.
4- NERVOUS TISSUE
It detects stimuli, integrates
information and elaborates responses
Neurons


A neuron consists of two major parts:

1. Cell

Body. It contains the neuron's nucleus,
associated cytoplasm, and other...


Quiz types of tissues www.neok12.com
What is an organ?
Different tissuess form organs


Go to PPT Systems
Vídeo Function of the different organ systems
Video cells, organelles
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=o1GQyciJaTA

Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO
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Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO

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Unit 1- The organisation of the human body. Biology 3º ESO

  1. 1. The human body organization
  2. 2. What is the difference between living and non living things?
  3. 3. All living things carry out 3 functions Nutrition Interaction Reproduction
  4. 4. What are the levels of organization of matter? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Subatomic level Atomic level Molecular level Cellular level Tissue level Organ level System and apparatus level Organism level
  5. 5.  What is a cell?  The cell is the functional basic unit of life which carries out the 3 vital functions:  Nutrition  Interaction  Reproduction  Are all the living things made up of cells?
  6. 6. ALL LIVING THINGS ARE MADE UP OF CELLS
  7. 7. THE CELL All living things are made up of one or more cells
  8. 8. You started as one cell, then 2, 4….. How many cells do you think you have now?
  9. 9. S XVII Robert Hooke
  10. 10.   Hooke observed cork layers. His microscope had 50 magnifications (aumentos)
  11. 11. Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
  12. 12. What types of cells do you know? PROKARYOTIC CELLS  EUKARYOTIC CELLS  Animal cells  Plant cells   What is the main difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells?
  13. 13. Parts of a Eukaryotic animal cell
  14. 14. The 3 main parts:  Plasmatic or cell membrane. Covers the cell. Controls what goes in and out of the cell.  Cytoplasm. It houses all the organelles. It´s a jelly-like substance.  Nucleus. Contains the genetic information, controls the activity of the cells.
  15. 15. Points of the cellular theory       XIX century. Authors: Matthias Schleiden (botanist) and Theodor Schwann (zoologist) All living things are made up of cells. The cell is the functional and structural unit of all living things All cells come from pre-existing cells by division Cells contain hereditary information which is passed from cell to cell during cell division.
  16. 16.  Animations cells, levels of organization http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/content/keystage3/biology /pc/learningsteps/CAFLC/launch.html  http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/content/keystage3/biology /pc/learningsteps/OLTLC/launch.html   Video cell´s discovery  Video introduction to cells
  17. 17. Plasmatic or cell membrane    Covers the cell Protects it Controls what goes in and what goes out of the cell.
  18. 18. The cell membrane is made up of two types of molecules: proteins and lipids
  19. 19. What else can we find in a cell?
  20. 20. Parts of a Eukaryotic animal cell
  21. 21.        The cytoplasm It is a jelly-like substance inside the cell. It contains organelles. And proteins that form the cytoskeleton. The nucleus It is surrounded by a nuclear membrane. It contains the DNA, the genetic material. It controls all the cell function´s.
  22. 22. The main organelles are: Mithocondria  Endoplasmic reticulum (rough and smooth)  Golgi body  Centrioles  Vacuoles  Ribosomes  Lysosomes  Cytoskeleton 
  23. 23. Proteínas y lípidos
  24. 24. Es un centro de empaquetamiento responsable del transporte seguro de los compuestos sintetizados hacia el exterior de la célula.
  25. 25. Centrosoma: centriolos
  26. 26.  http://www.neok12.com Quiz repaso células y orgánulos.
  27. 27. Vídeo resumen sobre tejidos
  28. 28. TISSUE LEVEL  What is a tissue?  What types of tissue can we find in our body?
  29. 29. Which are the 4 types of tissue? 1. 2. 3. 4. Epithelial tissue Connective tissue Muscle tissue Nerve or nervous tissue
  30. 30. Epithelial tissue. Two types  Covering epithelial tissue.  Glandular epithelium..
  31. 31. 1- Covering EPITHELIAL TISSUE Your skin is composed of epithelial tissue, and epithelial tissue also lines your body cavities and major organs.
  32. 32. 1.1-Covering epithelial tissue. Where can we find it?  Epidermis. The outer layer of the skin.  Mucosae. Covering the pharynx, mouth, esophagus, respiratory tract…  Covering the inside part of the blood vessels.
  33. 33. 1.2- GLANDULAR EPITHELIUM  It´s the tissue that forms the glands  What are glands? Do you know any examples?  Glands secrete substances  There are 3 types of glands:  Exocrine glands  Endocrine glands  Mixed glands
  34. 34. 1-Exocrine glands Salivary glands  Sweat glands  Lacrimal glands  Liver 
  35. 35.  2-Endocrine glands Secretion of substances that are internally used by the body, e.g hormones. -Hormones travel through the blood.
  36. 36. HORMONES Adrenaline is secreted by the suprarrenal glands.  Strong emotions such as fear or anger cause it to be released into the bloodstream.  It causes an increase in heart rate, muscle strength, blood pressure, and sugar metabolism.  
  37. 37. 3- Mixed glands   They can work both as endocrine or exocrine glands. Example: Pancreas  As endocrine gland it produces:   INSULINE As exocrine gland it produces:  PANCREATIC JUICE
  38. 38.  3- Mixed glands
  39. 39. 2- CONNECTIVE TISSUE It supports the body and connects together all types of tissue. 2.1- Conjunctive tissue  Tendons (join the muscles to the bones)  Ligaments
  40. 40. 2.2Addipose tissue  Why is it neccesary?
  41. 41. 2.2- Addipose tissue It stores fat, protects organs and provides termic isolation
  42. 42. 2.3- Cartilage tissue
  43. 43. Cartilage tissue    Ears Trachea Nose
  44. 44. 2.4- Bone tissue The major structural and supportive connective tissue of the body
  45. 45. 2.5 Blood tissue  Blood components?
  46. 46. 2.5- Blood tissue It consists of blood plasma, and cell elements, blood cells.
  47. 47. 3- MUSCLE TISSUE  Muscles can be divided into three main groups according to their structure, e.g.:  Smooth muscle tissue. ( Tejido muscular liso)  Skeletal muscle tissue. (Tejido muscular estriado)  Cardiac (heart) muscle tissue. (Tejido muscular cardíaco)
  48. 48. Where can we find?  Smooth muscle tissue.  Dygestive walls.  Skeletal muscle tissue:  Skeletal  tube wall, blood vessel muscles (they move bones) Cardiac muscle tissue:  Heart
  49. 49. There are microfilaments composed of actin and myosin, which are contractile proteins.
  50. 50. 4- NERVOUS TISSUE It detects stimuli, integrates information and elaborates responses
  51. 51. Neurons
  52. 52.  A neuron consists of two major parts: 1. Cell Body. It contains the neuron's nucleus, associated cytoplasm, and other organelles. 2. "finger-like" projections from the cell body that are able to conduct and transmit signals. There are two types:   Axons - carry signals away from the cell body. Dendrites - typically carry signals towards the cell body.
  53. 53.  Quiz types of tissues www.neok12.com
  54. 54. What is an organ? Different tissuess form organs
  55. 55.  Go to PPT Systems
  56. 56. Vídeo Function of the different organ systems Video cells, organelles http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=o1GQyciJaTA 

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