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Som 01-04 centrality of christ in ot

Centrality of Christ in OT

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Som 01-04 centrality of christ in ot

  1. 1. The Son of God
  2. 2. Who is he?Who is he?
  3. 3. The Son of GodThe Son of God  Pre Incarnate SonPre Incarnate Son Mike FastMike Fast MonMon  Incarnate SonIncarnate Son Bishop PunzalanBishop Punzalan TuesTues  Ascended SonAscended Son Lem DoguilesLem Doguiles WedWed
  4. 4. The Pre Incarnate Son of God Old Testament Rev. Michael J. Fast
  5. 5. In-Class: The OT & Your MinistryIn-Class: The OT & Your Ministry  When did you last preach from the OT?When did you last preach from the OT?  What passage?What passage?  What was the topic?What was the topic?  Who is your favourite OT character?Who is your favourite OT character?  What is your favourite OT book?What is your favourite OT book?  What is your favourite OT story?.What is your favourite OT story?.
  6. 6. It is not the case that [the people of the OT] only look forIt is not the case that [the people of the OT] only look for something which is to come, thus giving the OT simply asomething which is to come, thus giving the OT simply a preparatory function. According to their own clearpreparatory function. According to their own clear witness, which we have recognized to be the Word ofwitness, which we have recognized to be the Word of God, they speak of deliverance & renewal, life & faith,God, they speak of deliverance & renewal, life & faith, hope & lovehope & love in their own Nowin their own Now. This is not proleptic. This is not proleptic healing;healing; it IS healingit IS healing. This is not future forgiveness;. This is not future forgiveness; it ISit IS forgivenessforgiveness. This is not salvation with an eye toward...;. This is not salvation with an eye toward...; it IS salvationit IS salvation. The people of the OT knew themselves to. The people of the OT knew themselves to be addressed with the promise & challenge of God’sbe addressed with the promise & challenge of God’s WordWord in their own dayin their own day. It was not given to them merely. It was not given to them merely so that they could be custodians of it until the day ofso that they could be custodians of it until the day of Jesus, when it would make sense.Jesus, when it would make sense. (Emphasis added)(Emphasis added) Frederick J. Gaiser,Frederick J. Gaiser, The OT & the Christian GospelThe OT & the Christian Gospel
  7. 7. Hope in the OTHope in the OT  The message of the OT provided real hope toThe message of the OT provided real hope to the people living in that time just as the Biblethe people living in that time just as the Bible (OT & NT combined) provides real hope for(OT & NT combined) provides real hope for us living in our time.us living in our time.  The Hope that God will save them from theirThe Hope that God will save them from their sins.sins.
  8. 8. Look back to Christ Look ahead to Christ Salvation in the OT:Salvation in the OT: PaanoPaano?? TIMELINE OF THE WORLD OTOT NT to PresentNT to Present ““No one comes to the Father but by me.”No one comes to the Father but by me.”
  9. 9. Prepare a Gospel PresentationPrepare a Gospel Presentation from the Old Testament alone.from the Old Testament alone. Moses Prophets Writings
  10. 10. TaNaK (The Hebrew Scriptures)TaNaK (The Hebrew Scriptures) The Law (The Law (TorahTorah)) Genesis ExodusGenesis Exodus Leviticus NumbersLeviticus Numbers DeuteronomyDeuteronomy The Prophets (The Prophets (NebhimNebhim)) FormerFormer LatterLatter ProphetsProphets ProphetsProphets JoshuaJoshua IsaiahIsaiah JudgesJudges JeremiahJeremiah SamuelSamuel EzekielEzekiel Kings The TwelveKings The Twelve The Writings (The Writings (KethubimKethubim)) Poetical BooksPoetical Books HistoricalHistorical BooksBooks PsalmsPsalms DanielDaniel ProverbsProverbs Ezra-NehemiahEzra-Nehemiah JobJob ChroniclesChronicles Five RollsFive Rolls Song of Songs RuthSong of Songs Ruth Lamentations EstherLamentations Esther EcclesiastesEcclesiastes Minor ProphetsMinor Prophets
  11. 11. The Law (Torah) Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy The Prophets (Nebhim) Former Prophets Latter Prophets Joshua Isaiah Judges Jeremiah Samuel Ezekiel Kings The Twelve The Writings (Kethubim) Poetical Books Historical Books Psalms Daniel Proverbs Ezra-Nehemiah Job Chronicles Five Rolls Song of Songs Ruth Lamentations Esther Ecclesiastes The Crimson ThreadThe Crimson Thread
  12. 12. Class Outline 1. Messianic PropheciesMessianic Prophecies 2.2. Angel of YHWHAngel of YHWH hwhy 3.3. ““Son”ologySon”ology 4.4. Name of YHWHName of YHWH hwhy 5.5. Glory of YHWHGlory of YHWH hwhy 6.6. Word of YHWHWord of YHWH hwhy 7.7. Son as YHWHSon as YHWH hwhy
  13. 13. Traditionally, Bible scholars have identified 2Traditionally, Bible scholars have identified 2 major examples for the centrality of Christ inmajor examples for the centrality of Christ in the OT, namely, Messianic Prophecies & thethe OT, namely, Messianic Prophecies & the Angel of YHWH.Angel of YHWH.
  14. 14. 1. He will be a male descendant of Eve:1. He will be a male descendant of Eve: God said to the serpent, "I will put enmity between you & theGod said to the serpent, "I will put enmity between you & the woman, & between your seed &woman, & between your seed & her seedher seed; he shall bruise your; he shall bruise your head, & you shall bruise his heal" (Ge 3:15).head, & you shall bruise his heal" (Ge 3:15). 2. He will be a descendant of Abraham, Isaac,2. He will be a descendant of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, & Judah:Jacob, & Judah: God said ..., "God said ..., "through your offspringthrough your offspring, all nations on earth, all nations on earth will be blessed" (Ge 22:18; 26:4; 28:14).will be blessed" (Ge 22:18; 26:4; 28:14). "Men"Men from Judah's familyfrom Judah's family will be kings. The sign that hiswill be kings. The sign that his family rules will not leave his family beforefamily rules will not leave his family before the real kingthe real king comescomes"" (Ge 49:10)(Ge 49:10) MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies
  15. 15. 3. He will be a prophet like Moses.3. He will be a prophet like Moses. God said to Moses, "God said to Moses, "I will raise up for them a prophet like youI will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, &from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, & he will tell them everything I command him" (De 18:18).he will tell them everything I command him" (De 18:18). 4. A descendant of Jesse.4. A descendant of Jesse. "A shoot will come up"A shoot will come up from the stump of Jessefrom the stump of Jesse; from his roots a; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him" (IsBranch will bear fruit. The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him" (Is 11:1-2)11:1-2) 5. He is the source (root) of Jesse.5. He is the source (root) of Jesse. "In that day"In that day the root of Jessethe root of Jesse will stand as a banner for thewill stand as a banner for the people" (Is 11:10).people" (Is 11:10). MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies
  16. 16. 6. A descendant of David who will sit on David's6. A descendant of David who will sit on David's throne.throne. Nathan said to David, “Nathan said to David, “Your house & your kingdomYour house & your kingdom willwill endureendure foreverforever before me; your throne will bebefore me; your throne will be established foreverestablished forever” (2Sa” (2Sa 7:16).7:16). 7. Born of a virgin, & called “Immanuel”7. Born of a virgin, & called “Immanuel” ““Therefore, the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin willTherefore, the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child & will give birth to a son, & will call himbe with child & will give birth to a son, & will call him ImmanuelImmanuel”” (Is 7:14).(Is 7:14). MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies
  17. 17. 8. He will be born in Bethlehem.8. He will be born in Bethlehem. ““But you,But you, BethlehemBethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small amongEphrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah,the clans of Judah, out of you will comeout of you will come for me one who will befor me one who will be ruler over Israelruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times” (Mi 5:2).times” (Mi 5:2). 9. He will be David's Lord.9. He will be David's Lord. David said, “The Lord said toDavid said, “The Lord said to my Lordmy Lord: 'Sit at my right hand: 'Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet'” (Ps 110:1).until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet'” (Ps 110:1). MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies
  18. 18. 10. He will reign on David's throne forever.10. He will reign on David's throne forever. ““For to us a child is born, to us a son is given. ... And he will beFor to us a child is born, to us a son is given. ... And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father,called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. ...Prince of Peace. ... He will rule on David's throneHe will rule on David's throne & over his& over his kingdom, establishing & upholding it with justice &kingdom, establishing & upholding it with justice & righteousness from that time on &righteousness from that time on & foreverforever” (Is 9:6-7).” (Is 9:6-7). 11. He will enter Jerusalem as a king, riding on a11. He will enter Jerusalem as a king, riding on a donkey.donkey. ““Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Jerusalem! See,Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your kingyour king comescomes to you, righteous & having salvation, gentle &to you, righteous & having salvation, gentle & riding onriding on a donkeya donkey” (Zec 9:9).” (Zec 9:9). MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies
  19. 19. 12. He will be betrayed by a friend.12. He will be betrayed by a friend. ““EvenEven my close friendmy close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread,bread, has lifted up his heel against mehas lifted up his heel against me” (Ps 41:9).” (Ps 41:9). 13. He will be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver.13. He will be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver. ““So they paid meSo they paid me thirty pieces of silverthirty pieces of silver” (Zec 11:12).” (Zec 11:12). MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies
  20. 20. 14. He will die for the sins of others.14. He will die for the sins of others. ““He was piercedHe was pierced for our transgressionsfor our transgressions, he was crushed, he was crushed for ourfor our iniquitiesiniquities; the punishment that; the punishment that brought us peacebrought us peace was upon him,was upon him, & by his wounds& by his wounds we were healedwe were healed. ... The Lord has. ... The Lord has laid on himlaid on him the iniquity of us allthe iniquity of us all” (Is 53:5-6).” (Is 53:5-6). 15. He will die by crucifixion.15. He will die by crucifixion. ““They haveThey have pierced my hands & my feetpierced my hands & my feet” (Ps 22:16).” (Ps 22:16). MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies
  21. 21. 16. He will be offered gall & vinegar.16. He will be offered gall & vinegar. ““They putThey put gall in my foodgall in my food && gave megave me vinegarvinegar for my thirst” (Psfor my thirst” (Ps 69:21).69:21). 17. They will cast lots for his clothing.17. They will cast lots for his clothing. ““They divide my garments among them &They divide my garments among them & cast lots for mycast lots for my clothingclothing” (Ps 22:18).” (Ps 22:18). 18. His bones will not be broken.18. His bones will not be broken. ““He protects allHe protects all his boneshis bones,, not one of them will be brokennot one of them will be broken” (Ps” (Ps 34:20).34:20). MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies
  22. 22. 19. He will be buried with the wicked & the rich.19. He will be buried with the wicked & the rich. ““For he was cut off from the land of the living; for theFor he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken. He wastransgression of my people he was stricken. He was assignedassigned a grave with the wicked, & with the rich in his deatha grave with the wicked, & with the rich in his death” (Is 53:8-9).” (Is 53:8-9). 20. He will be raised from death before his body20. He will be raised from death before his body decays.decays. ““You willYou will not abandonnot abandon me in the grave,me in the grave, nornor will youwill you letlet your holyyour holy oneone see decaysee decay.” (Ps 16:10)..” (Ps 16:10). MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies
  23. 23. 21. He will ascend to the Ancient of Days & be21. He will ascend to the Ancient of Days & be given dominion over an everlasting kingdom.given dominion over an everlasting kingdom. ““Behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like aBehold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, & heson of man, & he came to the Ancient of Dayscame to the Ancient of Days & was& was presented before him. Andpresented before him. And to him was given dominionto him was given dominion && glory & kingdom that all peoples, nations, & languagesglory & kingdom that all peoples, nations, & languages should serve him;should serve him; his dominion is an everlastinghis dominion is an everlasting dominiondominion, which shall not pass away, & his kingdom one, which shall not pass away, & his kingdom one that shall not be destroyed”that shall not be destroyed” (Da 7:13-14).(Da 7:13-14). MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies
  24. 24. QuestionQuestion How can I be looking at God & still be alive?How can I be looking at God & still be alive? ““But you can’t see my face, because no oneBut you can’t see my face, because no one may see me & live.” Ex 33:20may see me & live.” Ex 33:20
  25. 25. In Class: Angel of the LORDIn Class: Angel of the LORD •Group 1Group 1 •Ge chapters 18-19Ge chapters 18-19 •Ge 21:17-20Ge 21:17-20 •Ge 22:11-18Ge 22:11-18 •Ge 24:7, 40Ge 24:7, 40 •Ge 31:11Ge 31:11 •Group 2Group 2 •Ge 32:24-32Ge 32:24-32 •Ge 48:16Ge 48:16 •Ex 3:2ff (see also Acts 7:30-35)Ex 3:2ff (see also Acts 7:30-35) •Ex 14:19 (compare withEx 14:19 (compare with 13:21)13:21) •Ex 23:20-23Ex 23:20-23 •Group 3Group 3 •Ex 32:34 (also Ex 33:2 &Ex 32:34 (also Ex 33:2 & 33:14 under the figure of33:14 under the figure of God's presence)God's presence) •Nu 20:16Nu 20:16 •Nu 22:22-35Nu 22:22-35 •Jos 5:13-15Jos 5:13-15
  26. 26. Had Physical AttributesHad Physical Attributes (1)(1) He could speak. Ge 16:7,8He could speak. Ge 16:7,8 (2)(2) He could be seen. Ge 16:13He could be seen. Ge 16:13 (3)(3) He could eat. Ge 18:1,8He could eat. Ge 18:1,8 (4)(4) He could see. Ge 18:16He could see. Ge 18:16 (5)(5) He could move. Ge 18:16He could move. Ge 18:16 (6)(6) He was limited or limited Himself. Ge 32:24,25He was limited or limited Himself. Ge 32:24,25 (7)(7) He was limited in time. Ge 32:26He was limited in time. Ge 32:26
  27. 27. Had Divine AttributesHad Divine Attributes (1)(1) He made great promises that only God couldHe made great promises that only God could make & keep. Ge 16:8 A promise to multiply themake & keep. Ge 16:8 A promise to multiply the seed of Hagar.seed of Hagar. (2)(2) He foretold the future. Ge 16:12He foretold the future. Ge 16:12 (3)(3) He was compassionate. Ge 18:23-32He was compassionate. Ge 18:23-32 (4)(4) He could deal in judgment. Ge 18:1-33He could deal in judgment. Ge 18:1-33 (5)(5) He had access to heaven. Ge 22:11He had access to heaven. Ge 22:11 (6)(6) He could prosper individuals. Ge 24:7,40He could prosper individuals. Ge 24:7,40
  28. 28. Had Divine AttributesHad Divine Attributes (1)(1) He could appear in dreams. Ge 31:11He could appear in dreams. Ge 31:11 (2)(2) He was omnipresent. Ge 31:12He was omnipresent. Ge 31:12 (3)(3) He kept men from evil. Ge 48:16, "An angelHe kept men from evil. Ge 48:16, "An angel who redeemed me from all evil...."who redeemed me from all evil...." (4)(4) He could do the supernatural. Ex 3:1-4He could do the supernatural. Ex 3:1-4 (5)(5) He wasn't confined to the human form. Ex 3:1-He wasn't confined to the human form. Ex 3:1- 4; Ex. 13:21 -- cloud of smoke; Ex 14:19 -- Angel4; Ex. 13:21 -- cloud of smoke; Ex 14:19 -- Angel of the Lord.of the Lord.
  29. 29. Had Divine AttributesHad Divine Attributes (1)(1) He could keep believers. Ge 28:20; Ex 23:20He could keep believers. Ge 28:20; Ex 23:20 (2)(2) He could draw people to places. Ex 23:20He could draw people to places. Ex 23:20 (3)(3) He could kill enemies. 2Ki 19:35He could kill enemies. 2Ki 19:35 (4)(4) He could kill Israelites in Judgment. 1Ch 21:15-He could kill Israelites in Judgment. 1Ch 21:15- 1818 (5)(5) He was sent by God. 1Ch 21:15,26He was sent by God. 1Ch 21:15,26 (6)(6) He could be concerned in the delay ofHe could be concerned in the delay of judgment. Zec 1:12-14judgment. Zec 1:12-14 (7)(7) He was worshiped. Ex 3:1-5. Normal angels doHe was worshiped. Ex 3:1-5. Normal angels do not allow worship. Re 19:10; 22:8,9not allow worship. Re 19:10; 22:8,9
  30. 30. Eyewitness AccountsEyewitness Accounts (1)(1) Abraham: Ge 18:1-33; Gen. 22:11-18Abraham: Ge 18:1-33; Gen. 22:11-18 (2)(2) Hagar: Ge 16:13Hagar: Ge 16:13 (3)(3) Jacob: Ge 31:11-13; 48:16Jacob: Ge 31:11-13; 48:16 (4)(4) Moses: Ex 3:1-5; 13:21 cf 14:19Moses: Ex 3:1-5; 13:21 cf 14:19 (5)(5) Joshua: Jos 5:13-6:2Joshua: Jos 5:13-6:2 (6)(6) Others: 2Ki 19:35; 1Ch 21:14-18; Da 3:15-Others: 2Ki 19:35; 1Ch 21:14-18; Da 3:15- 28; Zec 1:12-1428; Zec 1:12-14
  31. 31. Own Personal TestimonyOwn Personal Testimony In the dreamIn the dream the Angel of Godthe Angel of God called to me,called to me, “Jacob!” And I answered, “Yes, here I am.” He“Jacob!” And I answered, “Yes, here I am.” He said, “Look up & see that all the male goatssaid, “Look up & see that all the male goats which are mating are striped, speckled, orwhich are mating are striped, speckled, or spotted, becausespotted, because I have seen everythingI have seen everything thatthat Laban is doing to you.Laban is doing to you. I am the God whoI am the God who appeared to youappeared to you at Bethel ....” -- Ge 31:11-13at Bethel ....” -- Ge 31:11-13
  32. 32. Exodus 23:20-22 Behold, I send anBehold, I send an angelangel in front of you, toin front of you, to guard you on the way & to bring you to theguard you on the way & to bring you to the place that I have prepared. Be attentive to himplace that I have prepared. Be attentive to him & listen to his voice; do not rebel against for he& listen to his voice; do not rebel against for he will not pardon your transgression; forwill not pardon your transgression; for mymy Name is in himName is in him. But if you listen to. But if you listen to his voicehis voice && do all thatdo all that I sayI say, then I will be an enemy to your, then I will be an enemy to your enemies & an adversary to your adversaries.enemies & an adversary to your adversaries.
  33. 33. Charles A. Gieschen, The Real Presence of the Son Before Christ: A New Approach to OT Christology (Indiana: Concordia Theological Seminary, 2003) It's more than just predictions & the Angel of the LORD that makes the OT Christocentric
  34. 34. 2 Issues2 Issues 1.1. The Son is not really Christ until he becomesThe Son is not really Christ until he becomes incarnate.incarnate. 2.2. Christology is a subcategory of Theology,Christology is a subcategory of Theology, not a separate categorynot a separate category
  35. 35. 1. The Son is not really Christ until his birth1. The Son is not really Christ until his birth  The Son preexists Jesus or Christ. He isThe Son preexists Jesus or Christ. He is eternal but the names Jesus or Christ are noteternal but the names Jesus or Christ are not used to describe him in the preexistent state.used to describe him in the preexistent state. What term is?What term is?
  36. 36. 2. Christology is not separate from Theology2. Christology is not separate from Theology  God is three-in-one so any reference to GodGod is three-in-one so any reference to God in the Old Testament, by definition, includesin the Old Testament, by definition, includes Jesus, the second person of the Trinity.Jesus, the second person of the Trinity.  MyhlaMyhla elohim God [elohim God [lala el-? God-?]el-? God-?] hwhyhwhy yahweh I AMyahweh I AM yndaynda adonai Lordadonai Lord  Since God is the central figure in the OT,Since God is the central figure in the OT, then Jesus is also its central figure.then Jesus is also its central figure.
  37. 37. What role does Jesus play?What role does Jesus play?
  38. 38. John 1:18John 1:18 No one has ever seen God.No one has ever seen God. God’s only SonGod’s only Son,, the one who is closest to the Father’s heart,the one who is closest to the Father’s heart, has made him knownhas made him known.. No one has ever seen God at any time,No one has ever seen God at any time, thethe Only Begotten GodOnly Begotten God, from the position, from the position alongside the Father,alongside the Father, made him knownmade him known.. Question: Jesus made God known in hisQuestion: Jesus made God known in his ministry on earth. But how did the people inministry on earth. But how did the people in the OT know God?the OT know God?
  39. 39. John 5:39, 45-47John 5:39, 45-47 You search the Scriptures …; it is they thatYou search the Scriptures …; it is they that bear witness to mebear witness to me…. Do not think that I…. Do not think that I shall accuse you to the Father; it is Mosesshall accuse you to the Father; it is Moses who accuses you, on whom you set yourwho accuses you, on whom you set your hope. If you believed Moses, you wouldhope. If you believed Moses, you would believe me, forbelieve me, for he wrote of mehe wrote of me. But if you. But if you do not believe his writings, how will youdo not believe his writings, how will you believe my words?believe my words?
  40. 40. Luke 24:17Luke 24:17 And beginning with Moses & all the prophets,And beginning with Moses & all the prophets, he interpreted to them inhe interpreted to them in all the Scripturesall the Scriptures the things concerning himselfthe things concerning himself..
  41. 41. Jude 5Jude 5 I want to remind you about what you alreadyI want to remind you about what you already know:know: Jesus* once saved his people fromJesus* once saved his people from EgyptEgypt. But on another occasion. But on another occasion hehe destroyed those who didn’t believedestroyed those who didn’t believe.. *Some MSS have “The Lord”*Some MSS have “The Lord”  Question: When wasQuestion: When was JesusJesus in Egypt?in Egypt?
  42. 42. 1Corinthians 10:1-101Corinthians 10:1-10 ““... all our ancestors who left Egypt were under the cloud,... all our ancestors who left Egypt were under the cloud, & they all went through the sea.... all of them drank the& they all went through the sea.... all of them drank the same spiritual drink. They drank fromsame spiritual drink. They drank from the spiritual rockthe spiritual rock that went with themthat went with them, & that rock was, & that rock was ChristChrist. Yet,. Yet, GodGod was not pleased with most of them, so their deadwas not pleased with most of them, so their dead bodies were scattered over the desert.... So don’tbodies were scattered over the desert.... So don’t worship false gods .... sin sexually .... complain as someworship false gods .... sin sexually .... complain as some of them did. Theof them did. The angel of deathangel of death destroyed them.destroyed them. Question: How was Christ “with them” in theQuestion: How was Christ “with them” in the desert?desert?
  43. 43. John 12:41John 12:41 Isaiah said this becauseIsaiah said this because he had seen Jesus’he had seen Jesus’ gloryglory & had spoken about him.& had spoken about him. Question: When did Isaiah seeQuestion: When did Isaiah see JesusJesus'' glory?glory?
  44. 44. John 8:56-58John 8:56-58 Your father Abraham was pleased to see that my dayYour father Abraham was pleased to see that my day was coming. He saw it & was happy.” The Jewswas coming. He saw it & was happy.” The Jews said to Jesus, “You’re not even fifty years old. Howsaid to Jesus, “You’re not even fifty years old. How could you have seen Abraham?” Jesus told them, “Icould you have seen Abraham?” Jesus told them, “I can guarantee this truth:can guarantee this truth: Before Abraham wasBefore Abraham was ever born,ever born, I amI am.”.” Question: How could Jesus have existedQuestion: How could Jesus have existed before Abraham if he was only 30 years old?before Abraham if he was only 30 years old?
  45. 45. Col.1:15Col.1:15  The Son is "the image of theThe Son is "the image of the invisibleinvisible God."God."  Does this also apply to the pre-incarnate state?Does this also apply to the pre-incarnate state?  the image of God seen by sinful man since the Fall inthe image of God seen by sinful man since the Fall in Eden.Eden.  Does this mean that since the Father isDoes this mean that since the Father is unseen, he is somehow unknown in the OT?unseen, he is somehow unknown in the OT?  ““The one who has seen me, has seen theThe one who has seen me, has seen the Father” (John 14:9)Father” (John 14:9)
  46. 46. John 5:39, 45-47John 5:39, 45-47 You search the Scriptures …; it is they thatYou search the Scriptures …; it is they that bear witness to mebear witness to me…. Do not think that I…. Do not think that I shall accuse you to the Father; it is Mosesshall accuse you to the Father; it is Moses who accuses you, on whom you set yourwho accuses you, on whom you set your hope. If you believed Moses, you wouldhope. If you believed Moses, you would believe me, forbelieve me, for he wrote of mehe wrote of me. But if you. But if you do not believe his writings, how will youdo not believe his writings, how will you believe my words?believe my words?
  47. 47. Luke 24:17Luke 24:17 And beginning with Moses & all the prophets,And beginning with Moses & all the prophets, he interpreted to them inhe interpreted to them in all the Scripturesall the Scriptures the things concerning himselfthe things concerning himself..
  48. 48. These NT verses show us that the Son wasThese NT verses show us that the Son was indeed present in the OT. But is thereindeed present in the OT. But is there evidence of this in the OT itself?evidence of this in the OT itself?
  49. 49. 4. Name of4. Name of YHWHYHWH hwhyhwhy The OT speaks of the “Name ofThe OT speaks of the “Name of YHWHYHWH” living” living in the midst of Israel or the Temple.in the midst of Israel or the Temple. ““Name” is not just an idea. The OT talks aboutName” is not just an idea. The OT talks about a real presence. This concept is carried on ina real presence. This concept is carried on in the NT when Jesus is referred to as thethe NT when Jesus is referred to as the Name [Jo 1:12].Name [Jo 1:12].
  50. 50. Exodus 3:13-14Exodus 3:13-14 Then Moses replied to God, “Suppose I go toThen Moses replied to God, “Suppose I go to the people of Israel & say to them, ‘The Godthe people of Israel & say to them, ‘The God of your ancestors has sent me to you,’ & theyof your ancestors has sent me to you,’ & they ask me, ‘ask me, ‘What is his name?What is his name?’ What should I’ What should I tell them?” God answered Moses, “tell them?” God answered Moses, “II Am WhoAm Who I AmI Am [[hwhyhwhy yahwehyahweh]]. This is what you must. This is what you must say to the people of Israel: ‘I Am has sent mesay to the people of Israel: ‘I Am has sent me to you.’ ”to you.’ ”
  51. 51. Deuteronomy 12:11Deuteronomy 12:11 Then the LORD your God will choose a placeThen the LORD your God will choose a place where his name will livewhere his name will live. You must bring. You must bring everything I command you to that place.everything I command you to that place. Bring your burnt offerings, your sacrifices,Bring your burnt offerings, your sacrifices, one-tenth of your income, your contributions,one-tenth of your income, your contributions, & all the best offerings you vow to bring to& all the best offerings you vow to bring to the LORD.the LORD.
  52. 52. 1Kings 5:51Kings 5:5 Now I’m thinking of building a templeNow I’m thinking of building a temple for thefor the name of the LORD my Godname of the LORD my God as the LORDas the LORD spoke to my father David: ‘Your son, whom Ispoke to my father David: ‘Your son, whom I will put on your throne to succeed you, willwill put on your throne to succeed you, will build a templebuild a temple for my namefor my name.’.’
  53. 53. Hebrews 1:4Hebrews 1:4 The Son has become greater than the angelsThe Son has become greater than the angels since hesince he has been given a name that ishas been given a name that is superior to theirssuperior to theirs..
  54. 54. 5. Glory of YHWH5. Glory of YHWH Glory in the next verses is personified.Glory in the next verses is personified. Ginawang tao ang Kalualhatian sa mgaGinawang tao ang Kalualhatian sa mga susunod na verses.susunod na verses. That is, it is not just anThat is, it is not just an idea, it is a person. The fact that Jesus isidea, it is a person. The fact that Jesus is described in the NT (eg. Jo 1:14) as havingdescribed in the NT (eg. Jo 1:14) as having the glory of God shows us that this person isthe glory of God shows us that this person is the Son.the Son.
  55. 55. Exodus 24:15-18Exodus 24:15-18 So Moses went up on the mountain, & theSo Moses went up on the mountain, & the cloud covered it. Thecloud covered it. The glory of the LORDglory of the LORD settled on Mount Sinaisettled on Mount Sinai. For six days the. For six days the cloud covered it, & on the seventh day thecloud covered it, & on the seventh day the LORD called to Moses from inside theLORD called to Moses from inside the cloudcloud. To the Israelites, the. To the Israelites, the glory of theglory of the LORD looked like a raging fireLORD looked like a raging fire on top of theon top of the mountain. Moses entered the cloud as hemountain. Moses entered the cloud as he went up the mountain. He stayed on thewent up the mountain. He stayed on the mountain 40 days & 40 nights.mountain 40 days & 40 nights.
  56. 56. Numbers 16:19-42Numbers 16:19-42 1919When Korah had gathered all his followers—When Korah had gathered all his followers— those who opposed Moses & Aaron— at thethose who opposed Moses & Aaron— at the entrance to the tent of meeting,entrance to the tent of meeting, the glory ofthe glory of the LORD appearedthe LORD appeared to the whole group.to the whole group. 2020The LORD saidThe LORD said to Moses & Aaron,to Moses & Aaron, 2121“Move“Move away from these men, & I’ll destroy them inaway from these men, & I’ll destroy them in an instant.” ...an instant.” ... 3535Fire came from the LORDFire came from the LORD && consumed the 250 men who were offeringconsumed the 250 men who were offering incense.incense.
  57. 57. Habbakuk 2:14Habbakuk 2:14 But the earth will be filled with the knowledge ofBut the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the LORD’s glorythe LORD’s glory like the water covers thelike the water covers the sea.sea.
  58. 58. Ezekiel 1:26-28Ezekiel 1:26-28 On the throne was a figure that looked like aOn the throne was a figure that looked like a human. Then I saw what he looked like fromhuman. Then I saw what he looked like from the waist up. He looked like glowing bronzethe waist up. He looked like glowing bronze with fire all around it. From the waist down,with fire all around it. From the waist down, he looked like fire. A bright light surroundedhe looked like fire. A bright light surrounded him. The brightness all around him lookedhim. The brightness all around him looked like a rainbow in the clouds.like a rainbow in the clouds. It was like theIt was like the LORD’s gloryLORD’s glory.. When I saw it, I immediatelyWhen I saw it, I immediately bowed downbowed down ........
  59. 59. Isaiah 6:10Isaiah 6:10 John 12:40-41John 12:40-41  ““Make the heart of thisMake the heart of this people calloused; makepeople calloused; make their ears dull & closetheir ears dull & close their eyes. Other wisetheir eyes. Other wise they might see with theirthey might see with their eyes, hear with theireyes, hear with their ears, understand withears, understand with their hearts, & turn & betheir hearts, & turn & be healed.”healed.” On the Throne in HeavenOn the Throne in Heaven  ““[Jesus] has blinded their[Jesus] has blinded their eyes & deadened theireyes & deadened their hearts, so they canhearts, so they can neither see with theirneither see with their eyes, nor understand witheyes, nor understand with their hearts, nor turn – & Itheir hearts, nor turn – & I would heal them. Isaiahwould heal them. Isaiah said this becausesaid this because he sawhe saw Jesus’ gloryJesus’ glory & spoke& spoke about him.”about him.”
  60. 60. John 1:18John 1:18 No one has ever seen God.No one has ever seen God. God’s only SonGod’s only Son,, the one who is closest to the Father’s heart,the one who is closest to the Father’s heart, has made him knownhas made him known.. No one has ever seen God at any time,No one has ever seen God at any time, thethe Only Begotten GodOnly Begotten God, from the position, from the position alongside the Father,alongside the Father, made him knownmade him known.. Question: Jesus made God known in hisQuestion: Jesus made God known in his ministry on earth. But how did the people inministry on earth. But how did the people in the OT know God?the OT know God?
  61. 61. Col.1:15Col.1:15  The Son is "the image of theThe Son is "the image of the invisibleinvisible God."God."  Does this also apply to the pre-incarnate state?Does this also apply to the pre-incarnate state?  the image of God seen by sinful man since the Fall inthe image of God seen by sinful man since the Fall in Eden.Eden.  Does this mean that since the Father isDoes this mean that since the Father is unseen, he is somehow unknown in the OT?unseen, he is somehow unknown in the OT?  ““The one who has seen me, has seen theThe one who has seen me, has seen the Father” (John 14:9)Father” (John 14:9)
  62. 62. John 5:39, 45-47John 5:39, 45-47 You search the Scriptures …; it is they thatYou search the Scriptures …; it is they that bear witness to mebear witness to me…. Do not think that I…. Do not think that I shall accuse you to the Father; it is Mosesshall accuse you to the Father; it is Moses who accuses you, on whom you set yourwho accuses you, on whom you set your hope. If you believed Moses, you wouldhope. If you believed Moses, you would believe me, forbelieve me, for he wrote of mehe wrote of me. But if you. But if you do not believe his writings, how will youdo not believe his writings, how will you believe my words?believe my words?
  63. 63. Luke 24:17Luke 24:17 And beginning with Moses & all the prophets,And beginning with Moses & all the prophets, he interpreted to them inhe interpreted to them in all the Scripturesall the Scriptures the things concerning himselfthe things concerning himself..
  64. 64. Pre-IncarnatePre-Incarnate Son of GodSon of God 1.1. MessianicMessianic PropheciesProphecies 2. Angel2. Angel of YHWHof YHWH 3. Son-3. Son- ologyology 4. Name4. Name of YHWHof YHWH 5. Glory5. Glory of YHWHof YHWH 6. Word6. Word of YHWHof YHWH 7. Son7. Son as YHWHas YHWH
  65. 65. 6. Word of YHWH In theIn the beginningbeginning the Wordthe Word alreadyalready existed.existed. The WordThe Word was withwas with God, &God, & thethe WordWord waswas God. Jo 1:1God. Jo 1:1 The SonThe Son GodGod Purpose: ToPurpose: To reveal the Fatherreveal the Father
  66. 66. Jeremiah 1:4-9Jeremiah 1:4-9 NowNow the Word of YHWH camethe Word of YHWH came to me saying, “Beforeto me saying, “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, & before youI formed you in the womb I knew you, & before you were born I consecrated you; I appointed you awere born I consecrated you; I appointed you a prophet to the nations.” Then I said, “Ah,prophet to the nations.” Then I said, “Ah, AdonaiAdonai ElohimElohim! Behold I do not know how to speak, for I am! Behold I do not know how to speak, for I am only a youth.” Butonly a youth.” But YHWHYHWH said to me, “Do not say, “Isaid to me, “Do not say, “I am only a youth’; for to all to whom I sent you, youam only a youth’; for to all to whom I sent you, you shall go, & whatever I command you, you shall speak.shall go, & whatever I command you, you shall speak. Be not afraid of them, for I am with you to deliver you,Be not afraid of them, for I am with you to deliver you, sayssays YHWHYHWH”. Then”. Then YHWH put forth his hand &YHWH put forth his hand & touched my mouthtouched my mouth; &; & YHWHYHWH said to me, “Behold, Isaid to me, “Behold, I have put my words in your mouth.have put my words in your mouth.
  67. 67. Hebrews 4:12-13Hebrews 4:12-13 For theFor the Word of God is living & activeWord of God is living & active,, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercingsharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul & spirit, of joints &to the division of soul & spirit, of joints & marrow, & discerning the thoughts &marrow, & discerning the thoughts & intentions of the heart. Namely, no creatureintentions of the heart. Namely, no creature is hidden before him, but all creatures areis hidden before him, but all creatures are bare & laid open to his eyes, who for us isbare & laid open to his eyes, who for us is the Wordthe Word..
  68. 68. Revelation 19:12-13Revelation 19:12-13 His eyes are like blazing fire, & on his headHis eyes are like blazing fire, & on his head are many crowns. He hasare many crowns. He has a namea name written onwritten on him that on one but he himself knows. He ishim that on one but he himself knows. He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood &dressed in a robe dipped in blood & thethe namename by which he is called isby which he is called is the Wordthe Word ofof God.God.
  69. 69. 1Samuel 3:19-211Samuel 3:19-21 Samuel grew up. The LORD was with him &Samuel grew up. The LORD was with him & didn’t let any of his words go unfulfilled. Alldidn’t let any of his words go unfulfilled. All Israel from Dan to Beersheba knew SamuelIsrael from Dan to Beersheba knew Samuel was the LORD’s appointed prophet. Thewas the LORD’s appointed prophet. The LORD continued to appear in Shiloh, sinceLORD continued to appear in Shiloh, since the LORD revealed himselfthe LORD revealed himself to Samuel into Samuel in ShilohShiloh through the word of the LORDthrough the word of the LORD..
  70. 70. 7. Son as YHWH7. Son as YHWH Sometimes the Son appears in the OT asSometimes the Son appears in the OT as YHWH himself.YHWH himself.
  71. 71. Is 45.23b-24a – “To meIs 45.23b-24a – “To me every knee will bowevery knee will bow,, && every tongue willevery tongue will swearswear. ‘Only in. ‘Only in YHWH,’ it shall be saidYHWH,’ it shall be said of me, ‘areof me, ‘are righteousness &righteousness & strength.’”strength.’” Phil 2:9-11 – ThereforePhil 2:9-11 – Therefore God has highly exaltedGod has highly exalted [Jesus] & bestowed on[Jesus] & bestowed on him the name that ishim the name that is above every name, inabove every name, in order that at the nameorder that at the name of Jesusof Jesus every kneeevery knee should bowshould bow, in, in heaven & on earth &heaven & on earth & under the earth, &under the earth, & every tongueevery tongue confessconfess that Jesus is Lord tothat Jesus is Lord to the glory of God thethe glory of God the Father.Father. 1.1. Every knee should bowEvery knee should bow atat the name of Jesus, becausethe name of Jesus, because Jesus’ name is YHWH.Jesus’ name is YHWH. 2.2. Every tongue should confessEvery tongue should confess that Jesus is Lord, becausethat Jesus is Lord, because Jesus is truly YHWH.Jesus is truly YHWH.
  72. 72. 1. Messianic PropheciesMessianic Prophecies 2.2. Angel of YHWHAngel of YHWH 3.3. ““Son”ologySon”ology 4.4. Name of YHWHName of YHWH 5.5. Glory of YHWHGlory of YHWH 6.6. Word of YHWHWord of YHWH 7.7. Son as YHWHSon as YHWH
  73. 73. TORAH ““The Law”The Law” GenesisGenesis ExodusExodus LeviticusLeviticus NumbersNumbers DeuteronomyDeuteronomy
  74. 74. TORAHTORAH “The Law”“The Law”  GenesisGenesis “in the beginning”“in the beginning”  ExodusExodus “these are the names”“these are the names”  LeviticusLeviticus “& He called”“& He called”  NumbersNumbers “in the wilderness”“in the wilderness”  DeuteronomyDeuteronomy “these are the words”“these are the words”
  75. 75. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book Genesis:Genesis:  The seed of woman who will bruise the head of theThe seed of woman who will bruise the head of the serpent.serpent.  Melchizedek the King of Righteousness & Christ is ourMelchizedek the King of Righteousness & Christ is our High Priest "on the order of Melchizedek."High Priest "on the order of Melchizedek."  Joseph who, as far as his family was concerned, wasJoseph who, as far as his family was concerned, was dead, but became the king's right hand in Egypt & was thedead, but became the king's right hand in Egypt & was the savior of his family.savior of his family. Exodus:Exodus:  The lamb slain whose blood was on the doorpostsThe lamb slain whose blood was on the doorposts
  76. 76. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book Leviticus:Leviticus: •The sacrifices & offerings are symbolic of the sacrifice ofThe sacrifices & offerings are symbolic of the sacrifice of Christ & were fulfilled in Him.Christ & were fulfilled in Him. Numbers:Numbers: •The rock & the manna are symbolic of Christ, the Bread ofThe rock & the manna are symbolic of Christ, the Bread of Life & the Rock of our salvation.Life & the Rock of our salvation. Deuteronomy:Deuteronomy: •The Prophet who is to come who is "like unto Moses".The Prophet who is to come who is "like unto Moses".
  77. 77. ““Bruise your head” – Ge 3:15Bruise your head” – Ge 3:15 I will make you & the womanI will make you & the woman hostile toward each other. Ihostile toward each other. I will make your descendantswill make your descendants & her descendant hostile& her descendant hostile toward each other.toward each other. He willHe will crush your head,crush your head, & & you& & you will bruise his heel.”will bruise his heel.” This is the first statement of theThis is the first statement of the Gospel in the Bible.Gospel in the Bible. Question: Who is theQuestion: Who is the descendent (seed) of thedescendent (seed) of the woman?woman?
  78. 78. Blessing all peoples Gen 12:1-3Blessing all peoples Gen 12:1-3 The LORD said to Abram, “Leave your land,The LORD said to Abram, “Leave your land, your relatives, & your father’s home. Go toyour relatives, & your father’s home. Go to the land that I will show you. I will make you athe land that I will show you. I will make you a great nation, I will bless you. I will make yourgreat nation, I will bless you. I will make your name great, &name great, & you will be a blessingyou will be a blessing. I will. I will bless those who bless you, & whoever cursesbless those who bless you, & whoever curses you, I will curse.you, I will curse. Through you every familyThrough you every family on earth will be blessedon earth will be blessed.”.”
  79. 79. Melchizedek Gen 14Melchizedek Gen 14  KingKing  PriestPriest  No geneologyNo geneology  Appointed by God – supercedes the AaronicAppointed by God – supercedes the Aaronic Priesthood of ExodusPriesthood of Exodus
  80. 80.  Both sacrificed in the same place, whichBoth sacrificed in the same place, which God had appointedGod had appointed  After 3 days Isaac's substitute dies;After 3 days Isaac's substitute dies; after 3 days Jesus rises againafter 3 days Jesus rises again  Abraham says God will provide a lambAbraham says God will provide a lamb as substituteas substitute
  81. 81. Look back to Christ Look ahead to Christ TIMELINE OF THE WORLD OT NT to Present Pictures of Salvation
  82. 82. NEBHIM ““The Prophets”The Prophets” JoshuaJoshua JudgesJudges SamuelSamuel KingsKings IsaiahIsaiah JeremiahJeremiah EzekielEzekiel The TwelveThe Twelve
  83. 83. NEBHIMNEBHIM “The Prophets”“The Prophets” Former ProphetsFormer Prophets  JoshuaJoshua  JudgesJudges  SamuelSamuel  KingsKings Latter ProphetsLatter Prophets  IsaiahIsaiah  JeremiahJeremiah  EzekielEzekiel  The TwelveThe Twelve (Minor(Minor Prophets)Prophets)
  84. 84. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • JoshuaJoshua • The Captain of the Lord's Hosts, an OT manifestation ofThe Captain of the Lord's Hosts, an OT manifestation of ChristChrist • JudgesJudges • The Angel of the LORD who appeared to Manoah & hisThe Angel of the LORD who appeared to Manoah & his wife.wife. • The many judges who were saviours to IsraelThe many judges who were saviours to Israel
  85. 85. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • SamuelSamuel • David, the prince & the king. Jesus will sit upon the throneDavid, the prince & the king. Jesus will sit upon the throne of David.of David. • The Root & offspring of JesseThe Root & offspring of Jesse • KingsKings • The earthly kings & their shortfalls. Jesus will be King ofThe earthly kings & their shortfalls. Jesus will be King of kings & Lord of lords.kings & Lord of lords. • ““Greater than Solomon” & “greater than the Temple.”Greater than Solomon” & “greater than the Temple.”
  86. 86. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • IsaiahIsaiah • The Suffering Servant who was “wounded for ourThe Suffering Servant who was “wounded for our transgressions,” & “bruised for our iniquities.”transgressions,” & “bruised for our iniquities.” Isaiah said that “with his stripes we are healed.”Isaiah said that “with his stripes we are healed.” • JeremiahJeremiah • The Righteous BranchThe Righteous Branch • EzekielEzekiel • The True Shepherd, the Prince, & the Son of ManThe True Shepherd, the Prince, & the Son of Man
  87. 87. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • HoseaHosea • Jesus' namesake, for Hosea means Yehovah's Savior justJesus' namesake, for Hosea means Yehovah's Savior just as Jesus doesas Jesus does • JoelJoel • speaks of Israel's delivererspeaks of Israel's deliverer • AmosAmos • speaks of raising the tabernacle of David. Jesus came tospeaks of raising the tabernacle of David. Jesus came to earth & tabernacled among us. See John 1:14, where theearth & tabernacled among us. See John 1:14, where the word “dwelt” actually means “tabernacled”word “dwelt” actually means “tabernacled”
  88. 88. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • ObadiahObadiah • tells us of the Deliverer on Mount Ziontells us of the Deliverer on Mount Zion • JonahJonah • is the sign Jesus would give the world (3 days & nights inis the sign Jesus would give the world (3 days & nights in the belly of a fish)the belly of a fish) • MicahMicah • speaks of the King passing before themspeaks of the King passing before them
  89. 89. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • NahumNahum • tells us of the Stronghold in Troubletells us of the Stronghold in Trouble • HabakkukHabakkuk • talks about the Holy One whose glory covers the skytalks about the Holy One whose glory covers the sky • ZephaniahZephaniah • we are told of the Mighty God in the midst of Zionwe are told of the Mighty God in the midst of Zion
  90. 90. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • HaggaiHaggai • calls Jesus the “desire of all nations.”calls Jesus the “desire of all nations.” • ZechariahZechariah • speaks of “the Branch”speaks of “the Branch” • MalachiMalachi • calls Him the Sun of Righteousness.calls Him the Sun of Righteousness.
  91. 91. KETHUBHIM “The Writings” Psalms Proverbs Job Song of Songs Ruth Lamentations Esther Ecclesiastes Daniel Ezra-Nehemiah Chronicles
  92. 92. KETHUBHIMKETHUBHIM “The Writings”“The Writings” Poetical BooksPoetical Books  PsalmsPsalms  ProverbsProverbs  JobJob Five RollsFive Rolls  Song of SongsSong of Songs  RuthRuth  LamentationsLamentations  EstherEsther  EcclesiastesEcclesiastes Historical BooksHistorical Books  DanielDaniel  Ezra-NehemiahEzra-Nehemiah  ChroniclesChronicles
  93. 93. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • PsalmsPsalms • Ps 22 is Crucifixion Psalm. Ps 23 is Shepherd Psalm, &Ps 22 is Crucifixion Psalm. Ps 23 is Shepherd Psalm, & Ps 24 is Resurrection Psalm.Ps 24 is Resurrection Psalm. • Ps 110:1, "The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at myPs 110:1, "The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool." Thisright hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool." This is about Christ.is about Christ. • ProverbsProverbs • The Wisdom of God, who is ChristThe Wisdom of God, who is Christ • JobJob • His redeemer in 19:25 "For I know that my redeemerHis redeemer in 19:25 "For I know that my redeemer liveth, & that he shall stand at the latter day upon theliveth, & that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth"earth"
  94. 94. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • Song of SongsSong of Songs • He is shown as the faithful Shepherd, & the Bridegroom.He is shown as the faithful Shepherd, & the Bridegroom. • RuthRuth • Our Kinsman-Redeemer.Our Kinsman-Redeemer.
  95. 95. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • EstherEsther • The seed of woman (through whom Jesus would come) isThe seed of woman (through whom Jesus would come) is preserved in Esther (the Jews were saved by herpreserved in Esther (the Jews were saved by her intervention).intervention). • The name of the LORD is spelled out in four acrostics inThe name of the LORD is spelled out in four acrostics in Esther.Esther. • EcclesiastesEcclesiastes • The "one man in a thousand" among the emptiness of lifeThe "one man in a thousand" among the emptiness of life under the sun.under the sun. • DanielDaniel • Messiah the Prince, who is "cut off."Messiah the Prince, who is "cut off."
  96. 96. Christ in every OT bookChrist in every OT book • EzraEzra • Jesus is the "nail in the holy place."Jesus is the "nail in the holy place." • NehemiahNehemiah • speaks of the "bread from Heaven" & thespeaks of the "bread from Heaven" & the • ““water out of the Rock."water out of the Rock." • ChroniclesChronicles • "the King's son" rescued from the dead & hidden in the"the King's son" rescued from the dead & hidden in the House of the LORD to be manifested in due time. ThisHouse of the LORD to be manifested in due time. This was good king Joash. Read the story in 2 Chronicles 22-was good king Joash. Read the story in 2 Chronicles 22- 23..23..
  97. 97. Is Jesus Mentioned in the OT?Is Jesus Mentioned in the OT?
  98. 98. ewsyewsy Y'SHUAY'SHUA  English = JesusEnglish = Jesus  Greek =Greek = IhsouIhsou (Iesou)(Iesou)  Meaning: Salvation; the LORD SavesMeaning: Salvation; the LORD Saves
  99. 99. Genesis 49:18Genesis 49:18  When Jacob was readyWhen Jacob was ready to depart from the landto depart from the land of the living,he says,of the living,he says, “To your“To your JesusJesus [Y'SHUA,[Y'SHUA, Salvation ]Salvation ] I am looking,I am looking, O LORD.”O LORD.”
  100. 100. Psalm 9:14Psalm 9:14  King David of IsraelKing David of Israel said, “said, “ ...I will rejoice in...I will rejoice in your Jesusyour Jesus [Y'SHUA][Y'SHUA]."."
  101. 101. Matthew 1:21 Before the birth ofBefore the birth of Y'SHUA, the Angel spokeY'SHUA, the Angel spoke to Joseph: “And she shallto Joseph: “And she shall bring forth a Son, & thoubring forth a Son, & thou shalt call his Nameshalt call his Name JesusJesus [Y'SHUA or salvation ][Y'SHUA or salvation ] for Hefor He shall save his people fromshall save his people from their sins.”their sins.”
  102. 102. Isaiah 12:2-3Isaiah 12:2-3  JESUS is mentioned 3 times:JESUS is mentioned 3 times:  "Behold, God is my"Behold, God is my JesusJesus [Y'SHUA][Y'SHUA]; I will trust, & be; I will trust, & be not afraid: for the LORD Almighty is my strength &not afraid: for the LORD Almighty is my strength & my song; he also is become mymy song; he also is become my JesusJesus [Y'SHUA][Y'SHUA].. Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of theTherefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells ofwells of JesusJesus [Y'SHUA][Y'SHUA]."."  We see here that Jesus IS GOD, & that GOD alsoWe see here that Jesus IS GOD, & that GOD also IS BECOME ourIS BECOME our JesusJesus [Y'SHUA][Y'SHUA], & the wells of, & the wells of JesusJesus [Y'SHUA][Y'SHUA] are the waters of Salvation flowingare the waters of Salvation flowing forth from Calvary.forth from Calvary.
  103. 103. Isaiah 62:11Isaiah 62:11  The LORD hath proclaimed unto the end ofThe LORD hath proclaimed unto the end of the world, “Say ye to the daughter of Zion,the world, “Say ye to the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, thy‘Behold, thy JESUSJESUS [salvation; Y'SHUA][salvation; Y'SHUA] cometh;cometh; behold, his reward is with him, & his workbehold, his reward is with him, & his work before him.’”before him.’”
  104. 104. Habakkuk 3:13Habakkuk 3:13 You came out to deliver your people, to saveYou came out to deliver your people, to save your anointed one. You crushed the leader ofyour anointed one. You crushed the leader of the land of wickedness, you stripped himthe land of wickedness, you stripped him from head to foot. -NIVfrom head to foot. -NIV You go out to save your people, to save withYou go out to save your people, to save with your anointed. You crush the leader of theyour anointed. You crush the leader of the wicked household, stripping him bare fromwicked household, stripping him bare from head to toe. -GWhead to toe. -GW
  105. 105. Aewsy Y'SHUA (Jesus/Salvation) is a person, not an event!is a person, not an event!

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