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South East Asian Theological Schools, Inc.<br />SEATS<br />Schools of Mission<br />Discipling Leaders<br />Building Nation...
SOM 06 Diakonia: Sent for Service<br />This course will develop a theology of disaster. It will also examine & discuss mod...
Developing a<br />Theology of<br />Disaster<br />Yoyong<br />
Understanding Disaster<br />
A calamitous event resulting in …<br />loss of life<br />great human suffering & distress<br />Large-scale material damage...
In many parts of the world disasters are not aberrations that temporarily halt development work. Often they are a constant...
Disaster Examples<br />Bagyo / Baha	– yearly<br />Lindol / Tsunami / Bulkan 	– saan galing ang bundok?<br />Bomba / Gera /...
Disaster Deaths in High & Low Developed Countries<br />7X higher in lower developed countries!<br />
Increase in Reported Disasters in Lower & Higher Developed Countries<br />Note: Not necessarily an increase in disasters. ...
Toward a Theology of Disaster<br />
What do I do?<br />A personal struggle<br />
5 Steps to Bring Hope to Disaster<br />A Theology of Hope<br />
Resources<br />Frank R. Tillapaugh, Unleashing the Church: Getting People Out of the Fortress & Into the Ministry, (Regal ...
Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />When we are used to a certain lifestyle, we often don’t see certain areas of the world....
OUTREACH<br />OUTREACH<br />REDEMPTION<br />NON-CHRISTIAN LIFE<br />CHRISTIAN LIFE<br />Generation 3<br />Generation 2<br ...
Inuman
Mahirap
Pagkain
Tuition
Mayaman</li></ul>GAP<br />“the redemption of a large number of people in a society will cause a lift in their social & eco...
Redemption & Lift<br />“a person is redeemed, straightens up his or her life with God & the church's help, gets serious ab...
Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />Try to “see as Jesus saw”<br />John 9:1“Sa paglalakad ni Jesus, nakita niya ang isang l...
20 bagyo/yr<br />Poor Planning<br />Illegal fishing<br />Bagyo<br />Environ-mental Abuse<br />Acts of<br />Nature<br />Dav...
Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />Invisible ProblemSolution<br />Manor Hotel	Fire Code, Less Crime (no grills), Education...
Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />Solutions<br />“Seeing-as-he-saw” fieldtrips<br /><ul><li>Hospital
Night
Police</li></ul>Are there laws not being kept?<br /><ul><li>May layunin ang mga batas.</li></ul>Stage 1: Seeing the Invisi...
Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Humanitarian / Makatao<br /><ul><li>To alleviate human suffering is the primary purpose </l...
Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Without Distinction/<br /><ul><li>Regardless of the race, creed or nationality of the recip...
Without adverse distinction of any kind.
Priority on those who need help the most</li></ul>Ang Diyos ba'y Diyos lamang ng mga Judio? Hindi ba't Diyos din siya ng m...
Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Instruments of God / Mga Kagamitan ng Diyos<br /><ul><li>Not instruments of government or p...
Aid will not be dependent on religious conversion</li></ul>Ang mga taong nasa kadiliman ay nakakita ng maningning na ilaw!...
Red Cross Code of Conduct<br /> Dignity & Respect<br /><ul><li>We shall recognize disaster victims as dignified humans, no...
Capacity & Local Ldshp<br />Reduce<br />Reuse<br />Recycle<br />     Emer-<br />    gency<br />      Plan<br />Solutions<b...
Determine biggest threat
Prepare beforehand
Respond effectively
Know minimum standards for response
Rehabilitate to reduce risk
Make disaster management part of development
Make people aware
Strengthen ability to withstand disaster</li></li></ul><li>Assignment<br />See as Jesus saw:<br />What potential disasters...
Stage 2: Holy Spirit’s Calling<br />Ac 13:2 – … sinabi sa kanila ng Espiritu Santo, "Ibukod ninyo sina Bernabe at Saulo. S...
Stage 2: Holy Spirit’s Calling<br />Realise not every need is a call<br />Do we have a leader called by God?<br />Go where...
Ang Iglesya<br />Body / Katawan<br />House / Bahay<br />Vine / Baging<br />Special Design for a Special Purpose<br />How d...
Who is on your team?<br />Sino sila?<br />Anong trabaho?<br />Anong mga libangan?<br />Taga saan sila?<br />Anong karanasa...
Stage 3: Matuto sa Iba<br />We can’t do it on our own!<br />Who is responsible for the area?<br />Logging, fire, relief, D...
Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Stage 3: Learn from Others<br />Local Capacity<br /><ul><li>Involve affected persons in the...
Build response on local capacities</li></ul>Buy from local stores<br />Nang kami ay kasama pa ninyo, ito ang itinuro namin...
Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Present & Future / Kasalukuyan at Kinabukasan<br /><ul><li>Meet basic needs
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Som 06-02 diakonia -- sent for service - theology of disaster

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Som 06-02 diakonia -- sent for service - theology of disaster

  1. 1.
  2. 2. South East Asian Theological Schools, Inc.<br />SEATS<br />Schools of Mission<br />Discipling Leaders<br />Building Nations<br />www.facebook.com/seatsinc<br />
  3. 3. SOM 06 Diakonia: Sent for Service<br />This course will develop a theology of disaster. It will also examine & discuss models of how the church can intervene in disaster relief & development.<br />
  4. 4. Developing a<br />Theology of<br />Disaster<br />Yoyong<br />
  5. 5. Understanding Disaster<br />
  6. 6. A calamitous event resulting in …<br />loss of life<br />great human suffering & distress<br />Large-scale material damage<br />Malaking kapahamakan; malaking kasawiang-palad; malaking sakuna<br />Nang hindi sinadya<br />From International Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement<br />
  7. 7. In many parts of the world disasters are not aberrations that temporarily halt development work. Often they are a constant threat that can & must be prepared for. <br />– Christian Aid<br />
  8. 8. Disaster Examples<br />Bagyo / Baha – yearly<br />Lindol / Tsunami / Bulkan – saan galing ang bundok?<br />Bomba / Gera / Terrorista – Daniel 9:26<br />Namatayan – Genesis 2:17<br />Sunog<br />Banggaan<br />
  9. 9. Disaster Deaths in High & Low Developed Countries<br />7X higher in lower developed countries!<br />
  10. 10. Increase in Reported Disasters in Lower & Higher Developed Countries<br />Note: Not necessarily an increase in disasters. Just an increase in reported disasters!<br />
  11. 11. Toward a Theology of Disaster<br />
  12. 12. What do I do?<br />A personal struggle<br />
  13. 13. 5 Steps to Bring Hope to Disaster<br />A Theology of Hope<br />
  14. 14. Resources<br />Frank R. Tillapaugh, Unleashing the Church: Getting People Out of the Fortress & Into the Ministry, (Regal Books, 1982). <br />The Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement & Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs)in Disaster Relief<br />Christian Aid Mission, Guiding principles & inter-agency coordination, www.christianaid.com<br />The Sphere Project,Humanitarian Charter & Minimum Standards in Disaster Response,www.sphereproject.org<br />Dawn Ministries, DNA Vision<br />
  15. 15. Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />When we are used to a certain lifestyle, we often don’t see certain areas of the world.<br />Redemption & Lift Principle<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  16. 16. OUTREACH<br />OUTREACH<br />REDEMPTION<br />NON-CHRISTIAN LIFE<br />CHRISTIAN LIFE<br />Generation 3<br />Generation 2<br />Generation 1<br />Redemption & Lift<br /><ul><li>Sugal
  17. 17. Inuman
  18. 18. Mahirap
  19. 19. Pagkain
  20. 20. Tuition
  21. 21. Mayaman</li></ul>GAP<br />“the redemption of a large number of people in a society will cause a lift in their social & economic situation. The lift takes place over a generation; it is the generation that follows that often sees that greatest change.”<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  22. 22. Redemption & Lift<br />“a person is redeemed, straightens up his or her life with God & the church's help, gets serious about work, family & civic duties & becomes a respectable citizen. Soon, the former drunk is a solid citizen, & the children go on for advanced degrees, becoming a part of the upper social class”<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  23. 23. Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />Try to “see as Jesus saw”<br />John 9:1“Sa paglalakad ni Jesus, nakita niya ang isang lalaking ipinanganak na bulag.”<br />Mt 9:36 “Nang makita niya ang napaka-raming tao, nahabag siya sa kanila …”<br />Mk 2:14 “… nakita niyang nakaupo sa paningilan ng buwis si Levi …”<br />Lk 20:23 “Alam ni Jesus ang kanilang masamang balak …”<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  24. 24. 20 bagyo/yr<br />Poor Planning<br />Illegal fishing<br />Bagyo<br />Environ-mental Abuse<br />Acts of<br />Nature<br />Davao Airport<br />Terrorism<br />ANALYSIS:Ano ba'ng mga dahilan ng malaking kapahamakan?<br />Disaster<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  25. 25. Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />Invisible ProblemSolution<br />Manor Hotel Fire Code, Less Crime (no grills), Education<br />Real, et al Tree Planting, Legal Logging, Education<br />Tsunami Relief & Development; Building Code Changes<br />OFW Overseas Filipino Families?, Education<br />Illegal Fishing Political Will, Education<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  26. 26. Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />Solutions<br />“Seeing-as-he-saw” fieldtrips<br /><ul><li>Hospital
  27. 27. Night
  28. 28. Police</li></ul>Are there laws not being kept?<br /><ul><li>May layunin ang mga batas.</li></ul>Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  29. 29. Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Humanitarian / Makatao<br /><ul><li>To alleviate human suffering is the primary purpose </li></ul>Ang nanlalait sa mahirap ay humahamak sa Maykapal, at ang nagagalak sa kapahamakan ng iba'y mayroon ding pananagutan. Pr 17:5<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  30. 30. Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Without Distinction/<br /><ul><li>Regardless of the race, creed or nationality of the recipients
  31. 31. Without adverse distinction of any kind.
  32. 32. Priority on those who need help the most</li></ul>Ang Diyos ba'y Diyos lamang ng mga Judio? Hindi ba't Diyos din siya ng mga Hentil? Oo, siya'y Diyos din ng mga Hentil, sapagkat iisa lamang ang Diyos. Kapwa niya tatanggapin ang mga Judio at mga Hentil dahil sa kanilang pananampalataya sa kanya. Pinapawalang saysay ba namin ang Kautusan dahil sa pananampalatayang ito? Hinding-hindi! Sa halip, pinapagtibay pa nga namin ito.Ro 3:29-30<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  33. 33. Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Instruments of God / Mga Kagamitan ng Diyos<br /><ul><li>Not instruments of government or political policy
  34. 34. Aid will not be dependent on religious conversion</li></ul>Ang mga taong nasa kadiliman ay nakakita ng maningning na ilaw! Sa mga nakatira sa lilim ng kamatayan ay sumikat ang liwanag. Mt 5:16 <br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  35. 35. Red Cross Code of Conduct<br /> Dignity & Respect<br /><ul><li>We shall recognize disaster victims as dignified humans, not hopeless objects</li></ul>Pagkatapos, sinabi ng Diyos: "Ngayon, likhain natin ang tao ayon sa ating larawan, ayon sa ating wangis. … Nilalang nga ng Diyos ang tao ayon sa kanyang larawan …Ge 1:26, 27 <br /><ul><li>We shall respect culture & custom </li></ul>Kinabukasan, isinama nga ni Pablo ang mga lalaki at isinagawa nila ang seremonya ng paglilinis. Pagkatapos, siya'y pumasok sa Templo….Ac 21:17-26<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  36. 36. Capacity & Local Ldshp<br />Reduce<br />Reuse<br />Recycle<br /> Emer-<br /> gency<br /> Plan<br />Solutions<br />Individual<br />Righteousness<br />OUTCOMES:Objectives & Goals<br /><ul><li>Reduce the risk
  37. 37. Determine biggest threat
  38. 38. Prepare beforehand
  39. 39. Respond effectively
  40. 40. Know minimum standards for response
  41. 41. Rehabilitate to reduce risk
  42. 42. Make disaster management part of development
  43. 43. Make people aware
  44. 44. Strengthen ability to withstand disaster</li></li></ul><li>Assignment<br />See as Jesus saw:<br />What potential disasters exist in your community?<br />What places in your community don’t you see? Ano ba'ng mga lugar na nasa paligid natin na hindi natin napansin?<br />Plan a “see-as-he-saw” field trip for your church in your community<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  45. 45. Stage 2: Holy Spirit’s Calling<br />Ac 13:2 – … sinabi sa kanila ng Espiritu Santo, "Ibukod ninyo sina Bernabe at Saulo. Sila'y pinili ko para sa tanging gawaing inilaan ko sa kanila."<br />Stage 2: Holy Spirit’s Calling<br />
  46. 46. Stage 2: Holy Spirit’s Calling<br />Realise not every need is a call<br />Do we have a leader called by God?<br />Go where God wants us<br />God-given motivation to leaders<br />“want-to motivation”<br />Key Idea: We may have the desire for a certain ministry but God hasn’t yet provided the leader for that ministry (P.S. It isn’t always you!)<br />Stage 2: Holy Spirit’s Calling<br />
  47. 47. Ang Iglesya<br />Body / Katawan<br />House / Bahay<br />Vine / Baging<br />Special Design for a Special Purpose<br />How does your body fit together?<br />Stage 2: Holy Spirit’s Calling<br />
  48. 48. Who is on your team?<br />Sino sila?<br />Anong trabaho?<br />Anong mga libangan?<br />Taga saan sila?<br />Anong karanasan nila?<br />Anong mga kalakasan nila?. <br />Teachers<br />Engineers<br />Tradespeople<br />Professionals<br />Doctors<br />Nurses<br />Police<br />Military<br />IT<br />Telecom<br />Business.<br />Stage 2: Holy Spirit’s Calling<br />
  49. 49. Stage 3: Matuto sa Iba<br />We can’t do it on our own!<br />Who is responsible for the area?<br />Logging, fire, relief, DSWD, NGOs<br />Who is concerned for the problem?<br />Advocacy groups, citizen’s groups, media, NGOs<br />How do they do it?<br />Empowered members<br />Complementary staff<br />Stage 3: Learn from Others<br />
  50. 50. Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Stage 3: Learn from Others<br />Local Capacity<br /><ul><li>Involve affected persons in the management of relief aid
  51. 51. Build response on local capacities</li></ul>Buy from local stores<br />Nang kami ay kasama pa ninyo, ito ang itinuro namin sa inyo, "Huwag ninyong pakainin ang sinumang ayaw magtrabaho." Binanggit namin ito dahil nabalitaan naming may ilan sa inyong ayaw magtrabaho, at walang inaatupag kundi ang makialam sa buhay ng may buhay. Sa pangalan ng Panginoong Jesu-Cristo, mahigpit naming iniuutos sa mga taong ito na sila'y maghanapbuhay nang maayos at huwag umasa sa iba. 2Th 3:10-12<br />
  52. 52. Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Present & Future / Kasalukuyan at Kinabukasan<br /><ul><li>Meet basic needs
  53. 53. Reduce future vulnerabilities to disaster</li></ul>"Kung ang isa sa inyo'y nagbabalak na magtayo ng tore, hindi ba siya uupo muna upang magplano at kuwentahin kung magkano ang magagastos niya upang matiyak kung may sapat siyang pera para maipatapos ang kanyang ipapatayo? Lk 14:28<br />Stage 3: Learn from Others<br />
  54. 54. Red Cross Code of Conduct<br />Accountability<br /><ul><li>To God
  55. 55. To those we seek to assist
  56. 56. To those from whom we accept resources </li></ul>Stage 3: Learn from Others<br />
  57. 57. Knowledge & Concern<br />Government<br />Knowledge & Concern<br />Knowledge & Concern<br />Devt.<br />Structure<br />Church<br />People<br />Knowledge & Concern<br />NGOs<br />INFRASTRUCTURE:Strategic Alliance<br />Stage 3: Learn from Others<br />
  58. 58. Assignment<br />List the groups that exist in your community that you can learn from.<br />When will you meet with them?<br />Stage 3: Learn from Others<br />
  59. 59. Stage 4: Become a Specialist<br />Study the target & develop a strategy<br />Stage 4: Become a Specialist<br />
  60. 60. Response & Prevention<br />Literacy/<br />Education<br />Holistic<br />Ministry<br />Enviro-nmental Laws<br />Emergency Response<br />Policy<br />Advo-cacy<br /> Health<br /> & Sani- <br /> tation<br />Church-planting<br />Knowing & Making Known<br />PROGRAMS:Holistic Model<br />Stage 4: Become a Specialist<br />
  61. 61. Stage 5: Be Flexible<br />1Co 8:1 “Ang kaalaman ay nagtutulak sa tao na maging mapagmataas, subalit ang pag-ibig ay nakapagpapatatag.”<br />Disaster doesn’t follow a schedule!<br />Think “outside the box”<br />Filipino ingenuity<br />Even though we are not OF this world, we are IN this world<br />Stage 5: Be Flexible<br />
  62. 62. Assignment<br />What limitations does your church face in disaster preparation/response?<br />Think of three ways to overcome those limitations.<br />Stage 5: Be Flexible<br />
  63. 63. 5 Steps to Bring Hope to Disaster <br />See the Invisible<br />Listen to Holy Spirit<br />Learn from Others<br />Become a Specialist<br />Be Flexible<br />
  64. 64. Responding to Disasters<br />Review<br />
  65. 65. Transformational Ministry<br />
  66. 66. 20 typhoons/year<br />Poor Planning<br />Illegal logging<br />Tsunami<br />Environ-mental Abuse<br />Acts of<br />God<br />Davao Airport<br />Terrorism<br />ANALYSIS:What causes Disaster?<br />Disaster<br />Stage 1: Seeing the Invisible<br />
  67. 67. Capacity & Local Ldshp<br />Reduce<br />Reuse<br />Recycle<br /> Emer-<br /> gency<br /> Plan<br />Solutions<br />Individual<br />Righteousness<br />OUTCOMES:Objectives & Goals<br /><ul><li>Reduce the risk
  68. 68. Determine biggest threat
  69. 69. Prepare beforehand
  70. 70. Respond effectively
  71. 71. Know minimum standards for response
  72. 72. Rehabilitate to reduce risk
  73. 73. Make disaster management part of development
  74. 74. Make people aware
  75. 75. Strengthen ability to withstand disaster</li></li></ul><li>Knowledge & Concern<br />Government<br />Knowledge & Concern<br />Knowledge & Concern<br />Devt.<br />Structure<br />Church<br />People<br />Knowledge & Concern<br />NGOs<br />INFRASTRUCTURE:Strategic Alliance<br />Stage 3: Learn from Others<br />
  76. 76. Response & Prevention<br />Literacy/<br />Education<br />Holistic<br />Ministry<br />Enviro-nmental Laws<br />Emergency Response<br />Policy<br />Advo-cacy<br /> Health<br /> & Sani- <br /> tation<br />Church-planting<br />Knowing & Making Known<br />PROGRAMS:Holistic Model<br />Stage 4: Become a Specialist<br />
  77. 77. Basic Transformational Services: Community Development<br />COMMUNITY LIFE<br />
  78. 78. Basic Transformational Services: Community Development<br />MGA BANCO<br />FORMATION<br />MARKETS<br />SER- VICES<br />PINAG-ARALAN<br />CON- SERVATION<br />OTHER SERVI- CES<br />PAG-U- NLAD<br />LIVELIHOOD<br />HOUSING/TITLES<br />CLINIC/HOSPITAL<br />PUBLIC ADVOCACY<br />DISCIPLESHIP<br />JOB PLACEMENTS<br />ENERGY / ROADS<br />MOBIL- IZATION<br />PAG-UNLAD<br />COMMUNITY LIFE<br />PAGBABAGONG-AYOS<br />LEGAL / PROF’L<br />AGRI’L / AQUA<br />FOOD FOR WORK<br />RELOCATION<br />HYGIENE<br />LOC. GOVERNANCE<br />SIMBAHAN<br />CULTURE/VALUES<br />COOPERATIVES<br />ECOLOGY<br />WOMEN / YOUTH<br />INFRSTRUCTURES<br />OTHER SERVICES<br />CAPACITY BULIDING<br />MICRO ENTERPRISES<br />BUMASA'T SUMULAT<br />QUALITY OF LIFE<br />EMERGENCY RELIEF<br />COMM. ORG’G<br />MED’L / HEALTH<br />SPIRITUAL CARE<br />PAGKAIN<br />SILUNGAN<br />RELIEF SERVICES<br />* SPIRITUAL/EMOTIONAL DEPRESSION<br />* KAMATAYAN-KADUMIHAN<br />* WALANG PAGKAIN<br />* SOCIAL DISLOCATION<br />* WALANG BAHAY<br />PAGBABAGONG-AYOS<br />
  79. 79. Assignment<br />Based on the previous assignment, indicate the various roles God has given your church/cell group (ie. List the jobs, skills, & other capabilities of each member).<br />How can your group be prepared to respond to the next disaster that strikes? Be specific.<br />

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