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French Diplomacy

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The notions of the French diplomacy and foreign policies

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French Diplomacy

  1. 1. France The Diplomatic Profile Maya Humbatova Olga Danyukova
  2. 2. General Profile  French Diplomacy played a big role in shaping modern international diplomacy  Conservative  Tough  Purposeful  Strategic Autonomy  Diplomacy of distinctiveness and legality
  3. 3. Diplomatic Past o Cardinal de Richelieu -negotiations o Charles De Gaulle -”de grandeur” o Mendes France -”politics of choice” o Jack Chirac -”movement diplomacy”
  4. 4. Diplomatic Style and Methods  Multilateralism -Multilateral World Order  Bilateralism -Franco-German relations  Summits -G8  Personal Diplomacy -Nicolas Sarkozy  International Organizations -EU, UN
  5. 5. France and EU  Member of the European Union in the 1950s.  It’s permanent representation in the European Union plays a key role in expressing France’s positions within the European institutions
  6. 6. France and EU  Strength of the global economic and political influence of the EU  Its role in common European defense.  Development of a Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) with other EU members  Led the way in implementing the Schengen agreement (open borders for people) and EMU
  7. 7. France and EU  France cooperating with Germany, and Britain persuade Iran to accept International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspections of its nuclear energy sites  Want the EU to have a strong Commission and a strong President of the Commission but Council, must remain paramount in decision making
  8. 8. France and EU  Supported “qualified majority voting (QMV)”  Failed in the first stages of an EU immigration and asylum policy  Did not gain much in advancing a nascent security and defense policy (ESDP)
  9. 9. France and EU  Develop EU missions  under the mandate of the UN.  France failed to encourage the more European response in Lebanon  Often use of force for military operations abroad within the EU, the UN or NATO.  Opposed Turkey’s candidacy for EU membership Lebanon Prime Minister Saad Hariri
  10. 10. Religion issues  Ban “conspicuous” religious symbols in schools. Prohibiting the wear of head scarves, religious symbols, such as large crosses and the yarmulke.
  11. 11. Sarkozy’s domestic “arab policy” “The burqa is not a religious sign. It is a sign of the subjugation, of the submission, of women” “We cannot accept in our country women imprisoned behind bars, cut off from social life, deprived of identity.”
  12. 12. Sarkozy and EU  Conservative French interpretation of the EU law on immigration policies  Sovereignty vs. EU law
  13. 13. Foreign Policy Principles  The construction of Europe  International security  Action at the UN  International cooperation  Humanitarian action  The fight against terrorism  Protect the french in the world
  14. 14. Conclusion  New energetic style rhetoric and vision  Nicolas Sarkozy did not bring any significant changes to the diplomacy  Diplomacy of France is a modern type of “grandeur” and marked by continuity
  15. 15. Works Cited  Barston, Ronald. "Modern Diplomacy”.1998  Barston, Ronald. "Modern Diplomacy".Pearson Education, 2006. sC&dq=modern+diplomacy+barston&hl=ru&source=gbs_navlinks_s  Balme, R.. "Revisiting French diplomacy in the age of globalization. " French Politics 8.1 (2010): 91-95. ABI/INFORM Global, ProQuest. Web. 1 Nov. 2010.  David Pryce-Jones. "Jews, Arabs, and French Diplomacy: A Special Report. " Commentary 1 May 2005: Research Library Core, ProQuest.Web. 1 Nov. 2010.  Ministry of Foreign affairs, France Diplomatie  ''Religious symbol or sign of enslavement: Sarkozy attacks the burqa''.ABC news. June 2009.  RICHARD BYRNE. "The Strengths and Weaknesses of French Diplomacy. " The Chronicle of Higher Education 2 Apr. 2004: Research Library Core, ProQuest. Web. 1 Nov. 2010.  ''Sarkozy Backs Drive to Eliminate the Burqa''.The New York Times. June 2009.