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  1. 1. Types of Governments
  2. 2. Citizen Participation <ul><li>In each country, the people have different rights to participate in the government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In some countries, any citizen can run for office or vote in elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In other countries there are restrictions placed on who can run for office and who can vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are also countries where no citizen can vote and there are no elections </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Government are based on one key question: Who governs and what is the citizen participation ? <ul><li>There are three types of governments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Autocratic Governments <ul><li>Has a single ruler with unlimited power </li></ul><ul><li>People have no ability to participate in the selection of the ruler or in the creation of laws </li></ul><ul><li>One benefit of this type of government is that decisions for a country can be made quickly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, the needs of the people may be ignored or unheard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The leader may make poor or selfish decisions that hurt the people </li></ul>
  5. 5. Autocracy <ul><li>Generally the power to rule is inherited or by military force . </li></ul><ul><li>There two main types: dictatorship & absolute monarchy. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dictatorship <ul><li>The leader has not been elected and uses force to control all aspects of social and economic life. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Adolf Hitler in Germany and Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Absolute Monarchy <ul><li>A monarchy has a king, queen, emperor or empress. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The power is usually inherited or passed down from family members. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The monarch has absolute power meaning they can make all decisions without consulting anyone. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Autocracies of the World
  9. 9. Oligarchic Governments <ul><li>“ rule by a few” = country is ruled by a small group of people </li></ul><ul><li>An advantage is that decisions can be made relatively quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Compared to an autocratic system, oligarchies have more heads to think through problems and should make better choices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, the people do not have a voice </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Oligarchy <ul><li>A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power. </li></ul><ul><li>The group gets their power from either military, wealth or social status. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Democratic Governments <ul><li>Puts the power of the government in the citizens of the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All citizens have the opportunity to be a leader, and all citizens have the opportunity to vote for leaders and laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All citizens are involved in the decision-making process of the government, and all groups are represented </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be slow to make decisions because all people must discuss & vote on the issues </li></ul>
  12. 12. This is a “ Polity Data Series Map” It tries to measure a country’s true democracy in government It gives scores of -10 to +10. The countries in the lightest pink have the highest democracy score, the darker the color, the lower the democracy score
  13. 13. In a democracy…. <ul><li>Individual freedom and equality is valued. </li></ul><ul><li>Free elections are held </li></ul><ul><li>Decisions are based on majority rule. </li></ul><ul><li>All candidates can express their views freely. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens vote by secret ballot. </li></ul>