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New Americans and Britain

Use this powerpoint to help review for New Americans, the Enlightenment, and Britain's power.

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New Americans and Britain

  1. 1. Enlightenment Vocab <ul><li>Enlighten = to shed light on truth, to free from ignorance </li></ul><ul><li>Intellect = power of the mind to understand through the use of reason </li></ul><ul><li>Reason = to explore the cause and effect of things </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Enlightenment <ul><li>Intellectual revolution (18th century) </li></ul><ul><li>Man has the ability and the FREEDOM to think for himself </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Laws = laws that can be learned through observation, reason and logic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thunder comes from physical occurrences, not from God’s anger </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. New Americans <ul><li>Americans begin to develop in a slightly different way from their British cousins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the Laws of Nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People who are self-made can do very well in America (have more independence, are better respected if you work hard) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Americans use their independence to work for the greater good (helping all people) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Britannia Rules! <ul><li>(the waves…) </li></ul>
  5. 6. Britain now united island <ul><li>Acts of Union 1706 - 1707 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joined Kingdom of England (includes Wales and Ireland) & Kingdom of Scotland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English king and Parliament now ruled Scotland </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Union popular, especially among English </li></ul><ul><li>Americans think of themselves as part of unified country </li></ul>Ireland - Cross of St. Patrick England - Cross of St. George Scotland - Cross of St. Andrew Union Jack + = +
  6. 7. British Empire Wealthiest <ul><li>Access to trade networks around world </li></ul><ul><li>India, China, Africa, Americas, West Indies, Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>More trade than any other nation – restricted colonies’ trade with other places </li></ul>
  7. 8. Military Protection <ul><li>Navy in 1588 beat the Spanish Armada </li></ul><ul><li>Navy gained power, strength, and strategic forts around Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>Army protects colonial borders from enemy nations, Indians </li></ul>
  8. 9. King George III <ul><li>Came to throne in 1760 – 22 years old </li></ul><ul><li>First “English” king of House of Hanover </li></ul><ul><li>Spoke English, not German </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiastic, wanted to be firm, beloved monarch </li></ul>
  9. 10. American “Independence” <ul><li>All colonists loyal to King of England </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists had charters from king that gave them certain protections </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists had legislative assemblies – could make own laws </li></ul><ul><li>King and Parliament let colonies run themselves, so long as they were profitable… </li></ul>
  10. 11. British Justice <ul><li>English common law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>laws that judges and juries decided in court cases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People made the laws - everyone had protection of laws throughout British Empire </li></ul>
  11. 12. Low Taxes for Colonies <ul><li>People in Great Britain shouldered the tax burden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid higher taxes than any other European country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American colonists had government charters – ran their own affairs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King and Parliament could charge them, but they weren’t doing it </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. High Standard of Living <ul><li>British people were employed, ate well, and had good shelter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ate more meat and dairy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had manufactured goods (woven textiles, china, pewter, silver) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Better as compared to people in France or Germany </li></ul><ul><li>American colonists starting to have a similar standard of living </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proud of their homes, possessions, lifestyles </li></ul></ul>