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The Astonishing Resurrection of AI (A Primer on Artificial Intelligence)

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Supporting slides for a presentation at the Yale Entrepreneurship Breakfast on March 27, 2015. A primer on how artificial intelligence (AI) rose from of the ashes to become a fascinating category for startup founders and venture capitalists. Mentions our portfolio company x.ai as an example.

Publicado en: Tecnología

The Astonishing Resurrection of AI (A Primer on Artificial Intelligence)

  1. 1. The Astounding Resurrection of AI A Primer On Artificial Intelligence March 27, 2015 Matt Turck, FirstMark Capital
  2. 2. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. About FirstMark 2 FirstMark Early-stage VC (Seed & Series A) Established in 2008 $800m under management Consumer and Enterprise: Pinterest, Shopify, Knewton, Lumosity, Tapad, NewsCred, Riot Games 100+ events per year www.firstmarkcap.com Matt Turck Partner www.mattturck.com www.twitter.com/mattturck Last updated 3/30/15 Monthly Events Data Driven NYC 8,000 members http://datadrivennyc.com/ Hardwired NYC 3,200 members http://hardwirednyc.com/ Design Driven NYC 2,250 members http://designdrivennyc.com/
  3. 3. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. 3 AI in Hollywood
  4. 4. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. AI in the 60’s: “It’s going to be huge” 4 “Machines will be capable, within twenty years, of doing any work a man can do.” - H. A. Simon, The Shape of Automation for Men and Management, 1965 “In three to eight years we will have a machine with the general intelligence of an average human being.” - Marvin Minsky, Life Magazine, 1970
  5. 5. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. Broken Promises 5
  6. 6. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. The AI Spring 6
  7. 7. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. 7 Money is Pouring In After Google’s acquisition of DeepMind ($400M-$650M), AI startups see a 302% funding jump in 2014.
  8. 8. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. Rapidly Accelerating Startup Activity 8
  9. 9. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. 9 The New Rockstars Yann Lecun Geoff Hinton Andrew Ng
  10. 10. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. What’s Different This Time? “AI [has] now embraced a statistical, brute force approach based on analyzing vast amounts of information with powerful computers and sophisticated algorithms.” - Irving Wladawksy-Berer, Wall Street Journal, Nov 21, 2014 10 Cheap Parallel Computing Massive amounts of data Better Algorithms , Deep Learning A I
  11. 11. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. Horizontal AI? 11 A I
  12. 12. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. Or Vertical AI? “Most of the commercial work completed by AI will be done by special-purpose, narrowly focused software brains that can, for example, translate any language into any other language, but do little else. Drive a car, but not converse. Or recall every pixel of every video on YouTube but not anticipate your work routines. In the next 10 years, 99 percent of the artificial intelligence that you will interact with, directly or indirectly, will be nerdily autistic, supersmart specialists.” – Kevin Kelly, Wired, Oct 27, 2014 12
  13. 13. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. Automating Mind Numbing Tasks “People in occupations that span the skill spectrum devote large amounts of time to ridiculous little tasks that are trivially easy for people but nonetheless time consuming. Think paralegals or lawyers sifting through boxes full of documents or researchers fixing all the little irregularities in a dataset. Maybe the end of that sort of thing, and the beginning of a new round of faster productivity growth, is in sight.” “Signs of things to come”, The Economist, July 23rd, 2014 13
  14. 14. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. 14 x.ai
  15. 15. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. How x.ai Works 15
  16. 16. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. x.ai Making Friends 16
  17. 17. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. The Perils of AI “If we build these devices to take care of everything for us, eventually they'll think faster than us and they'll get rid of the slow humans to run companies more efficiently.” – Steve Wozniak 17 “With artificial intelligence we are summoning the demon. In all those stories where there’s the guy with the pentagram and the holy water, it’s like yeah he’s sure he can control the demon. Didn't work out.” – Elon Musk “First the machines will do a lot of jobs for us and not be super intelligent. That should be positive if we manage it well. A few decades after that though the intelligence is strong enough to be a concern.” – Bill Gates
  18. 18. © 2015 FirstMark Capital, All rights reserved. Proprietary and Confidential. Living with AI “At x.ai, we see users responding to Amy as if she is indeed human. Phrases like ‘You’re amazing’, ‘thank you so much’, ‘would you be so kind’ and other notions of kindness arrive as replies.” “Intellectually, we know that a robot doesn’t need to be shown such level of gratitude but we do. Humans treating an AI like another human is exactly what we aim to achieve. We love it!” – x.ai 18

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