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Technology Access Report Dec1995

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Sample issue of monthly subscription newsletter on technology transfer, linking laboratory research with business and capital, to speed innovation from lab to market. Covers policy, inventions, people, methods, statistics.

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Technology Access Report Dec1995

  1. 1. TECHNOLOGY ACCESS REPORT ........................................... IN THIS ISSUE NEWS & INTELLIGENCE News & Intelligence. . . . . . '. . . 1-3 lems. (And, of course, in CRADAs, no federal money is paid to these companies.) Washington Digest. . . . . . . . . .4-7 The good news is that since the Con- gress did not roll back Stevenson- Wydler, To the Editor-Faculty Culture. .7 tech transfer will continue, and the Depart- ment should be able to re-seat most if not all of the staff in the program areas. See our Technology-Based Economic What does the Republican majority want? interview with Dr. MacLachlan on p. 24. Development in New York. . . . 8-9 Science Committee ChainnanRep. Walker hosts showcases on Capitol Hill of federal Recent Reading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 technologies put to good use, then cuts the Remember the good old sober days on the fundsand organizationsthat makethe trans- stock market this spring when the experts Innovators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ./0-11 fers possible. . . Now the Republicans have said Netscape's opening price of28, double succeeded in eliminating one of the new- its planned price, was too high-and then it Calendar, Editor's Choice. .12-13 est, most effective offices in the federal soared all the way to a ridiculous 58 on its government. In a typical symbolic act, they fiTStday? wewrite,Netscape has passed As specifically targeted and succeeded in ter- 170, pulling all other Internet stocks with Technology Marketplace minating the jobs ofjust seventeen people it. For instance, CMG Information Ser- Opportunities, Sponsored in the Office of Technology Partnerships, Research, Tech Transfers in: vices (CMGI), which funded the Lycos headed by the redoubtable Alexander spinofffrom Carnegie Mellon this spring, Agriculture & Veterinary, , . , . . . , . , . ,14 MacLachlan, the dean of U.S. industrial and had traded as low as 10 within the year, Computers & Communications, . , . ,14 -15 research through hislong serviceatDuPont, has touched 90 it may sell a piece Environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-17 and including Roger Lewis, who has of I.ycos directly to the public. Food. , ,17 brought common sense and a welcome H ealthcare . . . . . .. .. .. .. . .. .. , . , 17-18 sense of humor to the federal tech transfer Imaging,.,..,..".,.,.., .18-19 processsince thosenow-gloriousdayswhen Initial public offerings overall are boom- theRepublicanscontroUedthe WhiteHouse ing again, especially in the fourth quar- Materials & Manufacturing. . , . . . . . . .19 (but not the Congress). ter--certainly where the Web connection Medical Devices & Instrumentation, . . ,20 Regular readers know we've always is explicit. More surprising, perhaps, is the Sensors. . . . , . , . , , , , , . . . . . , , . , , , , ,20 doubted that the CRADA path truly led to boomlet in biotech. After the blows of the Transportation, ,.,,.,,,, ,,,,.,,,, , 20 technology transfer nirvana, but at the very last two years (talk of reforming medical least they have helped break down cultural care, followed by that string of highly pub- Technology Access barriers between labs and industry, for the licized clinical trial failures of biotech Classifieds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22-23 benefit of both. drugs), the trend has been partnership Partly as a result of this office's efforts, with big pharma companies-up from Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 the number ofCRADAs signed at DOE 152 last year to 246 this year, according to has rocketed to over 1,500, with the part- Ernst & Young. Interview with DOE's ner companies contributing as much as The Wall Street Journal took front page $150 million in cash to the labs. Overall, notice of the buying spree of the big three Alexander MacLachlan. . . . . . .24 the corporate contributions to these joint Swiss pharmas, who now have at least 100 research projects averaged 57% of the total agreements with U.S. biotech companies cost of $1.5 billion. In other words, the free among them, as well as investments in market (are you listening, market fans?) several U.S. venture funds. Naturally, with freely chose to spend money to help the all this corporate interest, stock prices are government solve public problems, in ex- beginning to rebound. . . change for help solving industrial prob- continued on page 2
  2. 2. 2 TECHNOLOGYACCESS REPORT. December 1995 . . . .. .. . . . .. .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . w. [TECHNOLOGY;ACCESS NEWS & INTELLIGENCE A gr:9upoiiintQ111'ati()~serv~cese#tabli~fed in Octobit' 19SZ.1ink1ng indllStry; capita/. continued from page 1 The Promega letter claims that if Roche academia ani! government wins, research on patented technologies . will cease at the universities. . And it helps that the Food & Drug ",~p:l~r,tec"'.CC.88.~~~r Administration has finally begun to ease u "+ .. i, off on some burdensome regulations, which In a speech in Pittsburgh this fall, Lester OUR MISSION will save cash-strapped biotech fIrms mil- Thurow, thecolorfulandcontroversial cono-e To help ~ou sp:ed innovanpn lions. Under new pressure from Sen. Nancy mist from MIT, addressed the issue of the fr0W lab (9marke.f. Kassebaum (R-Kan.) whose far-reaching bill federal role in research and developmentby . to set approval timetables is still on track, the looking at the value of the dollar over time. ADVISORY BOARD FDA has agreed to begin treating biotech Given that big companies now set the value .!-eor!M.I.,ec:IeImBIJ, Ph~".Nobel ~/1988; DII"80- drugs and their manufacturers much closer to of a dollar at zero eight years into the future, they need to keep their R&D payback per- tor..e!)1erituS'; Ch~. IL. Fenri~~; ;. the way it treats other pharmaceuticals. Lee Rivers, execUtive DlriIcIor. National Technology Biotech fIrms will no longer need special iods relatively short. In fact, he said, one of Transfef Center. WI1eefing. WV. licenses for their manufacturing facilities, the rust things new IBM Chairman Louis Walter PIosIIa, Ph.D., Executive Director. North Caro- nor will each batch of drugs have to be Gerstnerdid wasto cancelall R&D activities fina I:"lance for COIPpetitive Technologies. Research that had payback periods longer than six Trlan{Jk!e~ HC.I .:' . inspected individually. Various paperwork 0IIv1d Fox, Ph.D..Presi<kinIlCeo. Nestor. 1nc..l'>rovl- forms will be consolidated, journal articles years. dence,RI. that mention (but don't stress) non-approved Lewfs T. Kontnlk, J.D., Director, Colorado BIo-Ven- uses can be distributed, and the FDA will no The Alternative Agricultural Research and tura Center.: Denve[. CO. Esther DysOn, Puijlisher,!'ieleas9 . 1.0, New Y(j~. NY. . longer review promotional labeling. . . Still, Commercialization (AARC) Center, an over 90% of 1,311 biotech fIrms surveyed by independent agency of the U.S. Dept. of JeremyM. Davis, M.B.A., President. Sales Technolo. gIes, Inc.. Atlanta, GA. the Biotechnology Industry Organization have Agriculture, has invested $50,000 in Hie" ReImenI, President. Intellect Partners. director no products on the market. . . Bioenergy, Inc., of St. Paul, MN. (ret.)Officept Tedjno!ogyUcenslng. Stanford Univer- ACCESS:, http://www. sity. Paf<!.AIo.CAt [' Bioenergy was formed to commercialize Richard Landau, M.B.A;, President, Bear Steams! Dr. John Foker's ribose research at the Uni- Mortgage Capital Corp.. New York, NY. versity of Minnesota. Ribose, a sugar that How did tiny Fonar win a $110 million MRI occurs naturally in the body, can be derived Note: The ideas and opinions expiessed in this from com and beets. It is a building block of !)ewsletterdoYIQt ~ecessaroy reptesentthosehrldby patent infringement verdict from mighty any Advisory Boilrd mdkber. The editor/publishei; General Electric recently? Our legal corre- adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and has been assumes fun responsibility for the newsletter and its shown to play a part in shortening recovery contents. spondent Linda Hopkins asked Fonar attor- It is the policy of TechllOlogy Access Report to ney Ronald Schutz of Robins, Kaplan, Miller time from heart attacks and open heart sur- correct all errors 6f fact< and to publish appropriate and Ciresi. One factor: Schutz trained him- gery. The university licensed the technology additions. corrections (If expressions of opinion~,! self thorougWy on all the computer and pro- to Bioenergy in 1988. Congress formed subject t()reasoImble linrlmtions of space. Letters to"; the editor are welcomed. jection systems used in the courtroom, and AARC in 1990 to invest capital in rums that outperformed the GE attorneys, who some- are developing industrial products based on Michael Odza times fumbled. Being able to bring up docu- agricultural, forestry and animal by-products Publisher ments, higWight important pictures or sen- and to attract and leverage private capital in Jill A. MacNelce tences and move from one machine to an- . SeniorEdltor. Washington. D.C. those rums. The investment in Bioenergy 202I244-4t91;~2021364-3094; macne/ other smootWy, convinced the jury, at a sub- was AARC's rust biomedical investment. Michael KIoess conscious level, Schutz says, that Fonar was Bioenergy has attracted research funding Associate EdItor the more sophisticated of the two companies, from the Minnesota Com Research and Pro- .. Jeff Normai1 motion Council and the Minnesota Agricul- l{8$ign & P,odiictIorI and therefore more likely to have invented Laureri Andersen the disputed technology. tural Utilization Research Inst. (MAURI). In Matk9llng and CIrculation Director By the way, do you know how Fonar a joint research project with the Hormel Inst. uncovered the potential infringement in the of Austin, MN, the company is developing Teqhnology Acq!1sS Report is PUbJisb,ed 12 times a production methods for ribose. (See Tech yearby Yniven,;ity R&D OpPortunities. Inc., 16 rust place? Staff noticed performance claims Digiw Dr., ~uite 250, Novate, CA 94949. identical to Fonar's in GE sales literature and Express News, 8-14-95.) 800/73311556. Fax: 4151883-6421. . trade show displays. ACCESS: Toby Kimball, Bioenergy, Internet: 612/647-9370; Ron Buckh~t, AARC Anpuals4'bscri~on 97;for~9Years.$897. Center, 202/690-1624. OUtsideO.S. and add $90[pcr y~ (air- Promega is trying to get the support of uni- mail). Single issue , $55. Bulk pri~ upon versities in its lawsuit with Roche over request. ISSN: 1050-043X PCR. A letter from the president of the com- TheSemiconductor Research Corporation @ 1995 by Uni~~rsity R&D OpJJOflt!nities. Repro- pany to the presidents of universities includes (SRC), a consortium of 60 semiconductor ducti9qjIl anyJqpn Pf9hibite!l willKiut PCrInission. a Roche document released in court that companiesandgovernmentagencies,has an- Postmaster:Send address changes to: Technology names researchers from 40 universities that nouncedan increase in membership fees to At;cess, 16 Digi~ Dr., Ste. 25(), Novate, CA 9494!}; "directly infringe" the Roche PCR patents. continuedtopof nextpage
  3. 3. TECHNOLOGY ACCESS REPORT. December 1995 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NEWS & INTELLIGENCE continuedfrom page 2 ing prototype and updated it overnight during California Inst. of Technology, for work in the recent annual meeting. The site will have astrophysics; Isabella Karle, U.S. Dept. of help its university research programs grow a public portion open to all, which will help the Navy, Naval Research Lab, for work on by 30 percent over the next three years. The North Carolina-based consortium's publicize the Society (the third purpose in its crystal structures; Louis Nirenberg, New new strategic plan), and a private, password- York Univ., for achievements in mathemat- action was in response to a study conducted protected area for members only. ics; Roger N. Shephard, Stanford Univ., for by the Semiconductor Industry Association Assuming LES and KEDS succeed in work on perception in humans; Hermann (SIA) that showed a research need of ap- negotiating terms, access will be free for the Haus, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, proximately $770 million. The study calcu- approximately 3,900 members (just 44% law- for research on quantum electronics and for lated government and industry ~pending at yers), and KEDS will even provide free cop- teaching; Alexander Rich, Massachusetts about $270 million-a research gap of$500 million that threatens the U.S. semiconduc- ies of a World Wide Web browser, if needed. Inst. of Technology, for work in genetics. Online Committee co-chair Brian 0 'Riordan The recipients of the National Medal of tor industry's global competitiveness. The writes that the current dial-up access will Science and Technology are: The team of goal to increase university semiconductor continue only until "the advantages of the Praveen Chaudhari, IBM's Thomas J. research funding, based on the SIA study, Web Site become clear." The site includes Watson Research Ctr., Jerome J. Cuomo, was put at $150 million, to be reached over archives of the journal of the Society (LES formerly with ffiM, and Richard Gambino, the next several years. Nouvelles), technology needs of member for their work on optical storage technology; SRC currently funds precompetitive re- search at 50 institutions across North America. companies, and an enhanced directory of Edward McCracken, Chairman and Chief members, listing their interests. The proto- Executive Officer, Silicon Graphics, for work Many universities, however, are unhappy type is open, but under construction. in 3-D computing and supercomputing; John with highly restrictive, and apparently non- ACCESS: Pepper, Chairman and CEO, Procter & negotiable, intellectual property rights terms in SRC' s standard contract. The SRC embeds Gamble, for applying advanced technologies to consumer products; Livio D. DeSimone, royalty-free, world-wide, non-exclusive rights President Clinton awarded national medals on everything, with the right to sublicense Chairman and CEO, 3M, for many innova- for achievement in science and technology tions that were successfully commercialized any and all rights to members, and requires to individuals and companies in recognition separate signatures from every investigator and for aggressive international expansion of of significant contributions to the nation's the company; Sam Williams, Chairman and involved. science and technology base. At the cer- CEO, Williams International Corp., for in- Even worse, it also includes language that emony, members of the administration railed says the university will not assert any back- ventions, innovations, and entrepreneurship against plans in the Congress to cut R&D in small gas turbine technology; Alejandro ground rights against any of the members funding. which would prevent use of the technology Zaffaroni, ALZA Corp., for pioneering work "This [science and technology] is a key developed from the contract. The language is in drug discovery and the pharmaceutical feature of the President's economic strategy industry. such that any IP, licensed ornot, which would as we plan for a red-hot economy in the 21st ACCESS: OSTP, Rick Borchelt, 202/456- be needed, is fair game. It is not even re- century," said presidential spokesman Mike 6018. stricted to the principal investigator's group. McCurry. ' .... The universities that have signed these agree- Economic advisor Laura Tyson said, "We ments are apparently hoping nothing sub- are concerned that the actions in the congres- Armstrong World Industries' Building stantive emerges from the research. But sional budget resolutions threaten a 50-year, Products Operation in Lancaster, PA, and doesn't that make SRC's policies counter- bi-partisan consensus on supporting federal Corning Telecommunications Products productive? investment in science and technology. Under Division in Corning, NY are the 1995 ACCESS: Larry W. Sumney, president & the guise of balancing the budget, the Repub- winners of the Malcolm Baldrige National CEO, SRC, 919/541-9400. lican proposals would have us cut-cut by a .... third in real terms, federal support on tech- Quality Award. .... A Cincinnati Enquirer reporter is citing the nology. We really think it is exactly the wrong time to cut investment in R&D. Our "A comprehensive science and technol- authority of the Indiana Freedom ofInforma- tion Act as he asks universities for detailed major competitors around the world are in- ogy agreement by 1997" is one of the information on the status of inventions vesting more in R&D, not less." commitments made by President Clinton Said science advisor John Gibbons: "What and European Commission President funded by the NIH, and if the university is involved in any lawsuits. . . we know is wrong is the allegation that if the Jacques Santer attheir recent summit meet- government goes down, the private sector ing in Madrid. I don't know what it means, will go up. There is absolutely no evidence of either. The Licensing Executives Society (U.S. & that anywhere in the world." ACCESS: Ella Krucoff, European Union, Canada) Board of Trustees, trying valiantly The individual recipients of the National 202/862-9540. . to drag their members into the nineties (the Medal of Science are: Thomas Cech, Univ. 1990s), voted to establish a web site through of Colorado, for genetics discoveries; Hans a contract with Knowledge Express Data Dehelmt, Univ. of Washington, for work Systems, after KEDS demonstrated a work- with subatomic particles; Peter Goldreich,
  4. 4. 4 TECHNOLOGYACCESS REPORT. December 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. WASHINGTON DIGEST By Jill A. MacNeice also includes $39 million for Sematech, the government-private semiconductor consortium which had earlier announced that this was to be the last year it would ask for federal funding, a $50 million cut from the administration's request. I t is well known that members of Congress, while proffering each other the gentlemanly courtesies of parliamentary proce- Clinton signed the defense legislation reluctantly because it increases defense spending by $7 billion over his request. Other bills have gotten the President's signature, including dure, are rude to witnesses and other outsiders. Take, for example, Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, R-Calif., Chairman of the House En- a DOE funding measure with major cuts. President Clinton ergy and Environment Committee, who became peeved at criti- signed the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act of cism from Vice President Albert Gore on a hearing he held to 1996, a measure which reverses a trend towards equalizing the examine the validity of the science behind federal policies and ratio of defense and non-defense R&D. mandates. The congressman shot off apolite letter to Gore inviting In signing the legislation, President Clinton said: "While the him to testify at a hearing on global climate change, along with a bill does not fully fund my budget requests in a number of testy press release to the media entitled: "Making His Own Words programs, the bill provides important funding for many major Ring True?" The press release highlighted some of Gore's "con- programs in these agencies." troversial pronouncements on global warming and ozone, includ- This measure, HR 1905, provides funding for energy supply, ing a prediction of a future in which children would have to hide research and development programs at $2.7 billion, $600 million from the sun when out at play. Thankfully, Gore's ozone emer- less than the previo'usyear. It also provides $6.1 billion for cleanup gency never materialized," the press release said. The Vice Presi- of DOE facilities, funding for nuclear weapon stockpile steward- dent did not testify. ship, and money for upgrading DOE science facilities. However, it also cuts funding for non-defense research at the DOE while W bile Congress hammers away at technology funding, the Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards increasing money available for weapons programs. Also part of the measure was a directive to shut down the DOE's Office of Technology Partnerships, which had a budget and Technology has added 17 projects to the list of grantees. The cost-shared funding goes to programs aimed at helping small request of $3.1 million. (For more information, see the articles on ~ manufacturers adopt technologies that will reduce or elimi- pages I and 24.) nate pollution. The awards were given in conjunction with the Among the hardest hit were solar and renewable energy pro- agency's Manufacturing Extension Partnership and the Environ- grams, which were funded at $275 million, $113 million less than mental Protection agency. Funding from NIST and EPA for the FY 95 and $148 million below the administration's request. Also projects total $6.1 million. hit were fusion research, funded at $244 mjllion-a $129 million Eleven of the awards went to projects that integrate environ- cut over the FY 95 amount-and nuclear energy R&D, funded at mental services into Manufacturing Extension Centers, five went $231 million-a $62 million cut. to projects that help develop environmentally related technical Funding for weapons R&D, on the other ~and, got a $230 assistance tools and techniques, and one went to a pilot for a million boost over FY 95 to $3.4 billion, including $150 million national industry-specific pollution prevention and environmen- for defense programs technology transfer and the $6.1 billion for tal compliance information center. cleanup of the hazardous by-products of weapons production at ACCESS:NIST, Jan Kosko, 301/975-2767 DOE facilities. Also signed by Clinton is Sl1l1, a bill to provide enhanced P resident Clinton has vowed to veto legislation that would abolish the Department of Commerce. So far, however, he protection for biotechnology process patents. The bill updates current patent law to provide protection that will help U.S. biotech hasn't gotten the chance, since the Congress chose not to include companies as they develop new products. Process patents protect Commerce dismantling language in its budget resolution bill, the discoveries used to produce commercial quantities of new as it had planned. Congressional advocates of scrapping the products and enhance new processes. By extending patent protec- agency-the most vocal of whom is Sen. Spencer Abraham, R- tion to these areas, breakthroughs by U.S. companies are protected Mich.-have indicated that they hope to attach language to other from imitation by foreign competitors, especially the Japanese. legislation, or even pursue it as a separate bill. In the meantime, however, the Senate agreed to fund the controversial Ad- vanced Technology Program at $25.3 million while the House T he controversial effort to harmonize the U.S. patent system with those of other countries seemed to die down after did not fund the program at all. attentionturned away from issues related to the recent GAIT Also headed for a veto was the Defense Department FY 96 treaty, but a recent hearing in the House Judiciary Committee's "-'" funding bill, which, ironically, includes $195 million in fund- subcommittee on Courts and Intellectual Property shows that the ing for another administration favorite, the Technology Rein- issue is still very much alive. vestment Program. The House had zeroed out this program, but Two bills were discussed that addressed the issue. One, DR the Senate had approved it at $238 million. The defense legislation continuedtop of nextpage
  5. 5. TECHNOLOGYACCESS REPORT . December 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 WASHINGTON DIGEST continued from previous page Society, the North American Die Casting Association and the Steel Founders' Society of America. 359, introduced by Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, R-CA, would set a DOE also signed a five-year memorandum of understand- patent term of 17 years from the date of grant or 20 years from ing with the Agriculture Department to collaborate on agricul- the date of filing, whichever is longer. The other is HR 1733, tural research, with the goal of improving the competitiveness and introduced by Rep. Carlos Moorhead, R-CA, who is chainnan energy efficiency of the nation's agricultural industries. Scientists of the subcommittee with jurisdiction over the issue. HR 1733 from both agencies will be participating in the effort. requires publication of patent applications after 18 months ACCESS: DOE, 202/586-5575. and would maintain the term of a patent at 20 years from the filing date, but would allow for extension if the application experienced delays that were the fault of the Patent Office. The publishing of patent applications after 18 months is sup- posed to head off the problem of "submarine" patents, which surface sometimes after decades of delay and threaten to destroy the companies using a technology. The argument against publish- ing, however, is that it tips competitors (especially foreign) to A report by the Congressional Research Service that looks at technology policy options for the Republican-dominated congress, has offered a distinctly conservative list of choices for technology and invites opposition. (Of course, U.S. entrepreneurs lawmakers. The report is entitled "Exploring Alternative Models and companies would have the same opportunity.) of Federal Support for Research and Development." Given the ACCESS: Rep. Carlos Moorhead, 202/225-4176; Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, R-CA, 202/225-2415. current trend of moving civilian R&D dollars moving towards basic research and keeping all federally funded projects in line with agency missions, the report offered four approaches to R&D L egislation introduced by Rep. Connie Morella, R-MD, chair- man of the Science Committee's subcommittee on Technol- the government could take. These include: 1) Funding defense R&D with federal money and using tax and trade initiatives to ogy, would strengthen and encourage the culture of tech transfer stimulate private R&D; 2) Funding only those areas considered by making it easier for companies to take advantage of govern- essential to national security, such as defense, space, and public ment resources. The bill, HR 2196, The National Technology health; 3) Cut current R&D by 50 percent and sell off government Transfer and Advancement Act, was recently marked up by R&D assets; and 4) Support non-defense basic research. the House Science Committee. The bill would allow companies While these options reflect the range of priorities among the to choose between exclusive or non-exclusive licenses to tech- congressional leadership, none of them reflects the perspective of nologies invented by lab personnel. The bill also would encour- the Clinton Administration, which maintains that investments in age lab employees to get involved in trying to commercialize the R&D are crucial to the country's overall-economic well-being. technologies they develop by granting them the first $2,000 in ACCESS: Congressional Research Service reports are available royalties each year, and up to 15percent of additional royalties in only~ request from members of Congress. Contact your local by any year. The companion to this legislation is S 1164, introduced member of Congress for more infonnation. by Sen. John Rockefeller, D-WVA. ACCESS: Rep. Connie Morella, 202/225-5341. E ven though it may be falling on deaf ears, the President's Council of Economic Advisors released a report to Congress E ven as Congress is directing the Department of Energy to tone down its technology development and civilian R&D activi- that details the way in which investments in research and develop- ment help the nation's economy. "Investments in research and ties, the agency has continued to pursue programs and partner- development are key to increasing productivity, accounting for ships. Most recently, the DOE announced an Industries of the half or more of the growth in output per person," the report said. Future initiative in conjunction with the Cast Metals Coali- It was released at a meeting with Presidential Science Advisor tion, to help the industry improve energy efficiency and cut John Gibbons, Assistant to the President for Economic Policy pollution. The coalition consists of the American Foundrymens' Laura Tyson, Senate Minority Leader Thomas Daschle, D-SD, and other key senators. The report was accompanied by a personal letter from Presi- dent Clinton to several Democratic Congressional leaders, placing R&D under the umbrella of national needs specified for protection in the temporary budget resolution: "We cannot let standCongres- sional budget proposals that cut federal spending on non-defense research and development, including both basic and applied research, by a third over the next seven years (as calculated by the American Association for the Advancement of Science)and gut or eliminate critical technology programs that are enhancing continuedtopof nextpage
  6. 6. 6 . TECHNOLOGYACCESS REPORT . December 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . WASHINGTON DIGEST continued from previouspage to calculate more accurately its funding for science and technol- America's ability to compete and win in the global marketplace." ogy. Federal R&D expenditures currently are reported as being Entitled "Supporting Research and Development to Promote more than $70 billion annually. However, the committee says Economy Growth: The Federal Government's Role," the report almost half is spent on activities-such as establishing production says that every federal dollar spent on R&D adds more than a lines and developing operational systems for new aircraft and dollar of R&D into the economy and brings social rates of return weapons systems'-that do not involve the creation of new knowl- near 50 percent. edge or technologies. Leaving them out provides the true FS&T Trying to counter congressional efforts to cut R&D and tech- budget of $35 billion to $40 billion. nology development programs, the report noted that federal in- Preference should be given to funding projects and people vestments stimulate private R&D expenditures, and that cuts in rather than institutions, thereby promoting the quality and flexibil- federal research will mean declines in private sector R&D. And it ity of research. noted that one of the US's greatest competitors, Japan, expects to Competitive merit review should be the basis for allocating double its R&D spending by the year 2000. funds, wherever possible, since it has been largely responsible for ACCESS:Council cifEconomic Advisors, 202/395-5084. the remarkable quality, productivity, and originality of U.S. sci- ence and technology to date. R&D capacity should remain associated with the agencies F or those who continue to be interested in the collected wisdom of bi-partisan scholarship on technology policy issues, there whose missions require it. The resulting pluralism of agencies and research institutions fosters creativity, cross-fertilization, and are three ways to get back issues of Office of Technology Assess- ment reports: 1) Write the Superintendent of Documents, PO Box flexibility. The committee noted that its integrated process with 371594, Pittsburgh, PA 15250 or call at 202/512-1800 fax 202/ diverse, competitive funding would outperform the proposed 512-2250; 2) Contact the National Technical Information Service, Department of Science. which sells government documel)ts and information at 703/487- Academic research generally should receive priority for fund- 4650; 3) Contact the OTA web site at ing. Although the committee stopped short of presuming that university-based research is always of higher quality than that conducted elsewhere, it has three distinctive advantages that argue T he president should present to Congress a comprehensive, integrated annual federal science and technology budget that for giving it preference. First, it allows agencies the flexibility to easily shift funding when priorities change. Second, it provides discusses areas of increased and reduced emphasis, says a new report by an all-star committee from the National Academy quality control through grant competition and rigorous peer re- complex. This FS&T budget should be considered as a whole at view. Finally, by linking research to education, funding R&D the beginning of the congressional budget process before it is projects at colleges and universities reaps the added benefit of divided among the appropriations subcommittees. "This can be simultaneously supporting the training of !he nation's succeeding done without new legislation or reorganization of the congres- generations of scientists and engineers. sional committee structure," noted committee chairman Frank The federal government should encourage, but not directly Press of the Carnegie Institute. Requested by the (then-Demo- fund, private-sector technology development, with two (gaping) cratic) Senate Appropriations Committee in October 1994, the exceptions: in pursuit of the government's own missions-such as report says such a process would allow trade-offs to be made weapons development or space flight---or where government across agencies,programs, and research institutions, freeing funds participation is essential for the development of new enabling, or for new initiatives by reducing or ending projects that have broadly applicable, technologies. become a lower priority or for which there are better alternatives. Existing federal laboratories, which now account for the larg- Expert panels should make international comparisons and est share-nearly 40 percent---of the FS&T budget, should un- recommend new directions, restructuring, or reduction of excess dergo renewed scrutiny, with the possibility of redirecting or capacity, all with an eye to maintaining U.S. pre-eminence in eliminating resources when mission requirements have dimin- ished or if external reviewers deem them less effective than other critical technologies. For fields in which the nation is not pre- alternatives. eminent, the United States should stay even with world's best so that it is "poised to pounce" if scientific developments suddenly ACCESS:"Allocating Federal Funds For Science And Technol- increase a field's importance. ogy" is available from the National Academy Press, tel. 202/334- The first step, the committee said, isfor the federal government 3313 or 1-800/624-6242, for $27.00 (prepaid) plus shipping charges of $4.00 for the first copy and $.50 each additional; http:/ / Subscribers-Have Questions? For more information on any topic, call the Technology Access Hotline, 800/733.1516; Outside N. America, 415/883.7600; A survey by the Industrial Research Institute of 151 of its member companies shows a planned increase of 6% for t Fax: 415/883.6421; R&D, the highest increase since 1990. Increased competition, profits and cash flows fueled the plans for greater spending. The continuedtop of nextpage
  7. 7. TECHNOLOGYACCESS REPORT. December 1995 7 . .. . . .. . . . .. . .. .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. WASHINGTON DIGEST continued from previous page Globalization ofIndustrial Research and Development" examines the nature and scope of nearly $15 billion of foreign R&D report, "R&D Trends Forecast for 1996," also looked at the impact investment in the United States. Against a backdrop of the slow of the research and experimentation tax credit on corporate will- rise in domestic U.S. industrial R&D, the report details the more ingness to invest in R&D. It found that just 17 percent of respon- than doubling offoreign investment in U.S. R&D and the doubling dents said the tax credit had a moderate or strong influence on of U.S. investment in R&D abroad. (More than half the invest- investment, and 28 percent said it was somewhat influential, while ments by U.S. affiliates are in five countries-Germany, United 55 percent said the tax credit had no impact on their planning. Kingdom, Canada, France and Japan.) The report shows how ACCESS:Industrial Research Institute, Margaret Grucza, 202/ complex and sophisticated the current global R&D situation is and 776-0755. concludes that the U.S. can benefit from the current trends, if properly managed. A report recently released by the Department of Commerce's beleaguered Office of Technology Policy, entitled "The ACCESS: echnology Administration, Department of Commerce, T 202/482-3037. . .................................................................. Letter to the Editor Afterreading "Conference Report: Ven- should either leave the university and be- technologies from one or a group of insti- ture Creation At Research Universities - come part of a start-up company or venture tutions in a new start-up to provide the New Concepts" (November 1995) I have a group or create a separate venture entity on basis for more than one product in the start- few comments to offer. behalf of the university. up, giving the company a greater chance of I would agree that the top leadership in The technology transfer office does just succeeding should one product fail. the universitymust set adirection for entre- that, transfer technology. But it also does A similar opportunity exists in the Capi- preneurial activities. However, the key so in a manner that protects the university tal District of New York, to "bundle" tech- person at any university is the department and the inventor from liability, etc. Com- nologies from the University at Albany, chair. The chair controls the resources and, bining too many roles in one office can lead RPI, Albany Medical College and the NYS where I've worked, even approves or dis- to trouble. I believe technology transfer Department of Health. While' th~e is no approves outside activities. If the chair offices should negotiate licenses with start- contemplation of creating a "URI," there values these activities, encourages them ups while other offices or entities actually is opportunity for collaboration and coop- and rewards them, then the faculty will create the companies. There is a value in an eration in technology transfer tobenefit the respond. Those individual faculty mem- arm's-length relationship. economy of the Albany area. bers [at State University of New York, There is room for many'university en- Stony Brook] who were entrepreneurial trepreneurial models. The key I believe is Gene Schuler had a very difficult time if they were in a integration of all parts of the economic department that did not value such activity, development program and the avoidance ACCESS:Gene Schuler, Project Man- even if they were successful. The chair is of duplication of effort. The university- ager, Center for Environmental Sciences the key to changing the culture, which based technology transfer office, high tech & Technology Management, State changes over a prolonged period of time- incubator, tech park and research program University of New York, Albany in the past, often ten years, but today prob- all are pieces of a comprehensive eco- voice 518/442-3291, fax 518/442-5019, ably as low as five years. If you really want nomic development or entrepreneurial pro- e-mail: . the institution to go in a different direction, gram. then you have to be careful who you hire as One concept that I support is the bring- department chairs. (It's true that at my ing together of a group of research institu- institution the department did not receive a tions, not necessarily all universities, in a share of any royalties.) combined technology transfer effort. Technology transfer professionals can Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cold be rewarded through bonus or merit in- SpringHarborLaboratoryand SUNY Stony creases based upon their performance to- Brook formed the Long Island Research wards office goals. But giving them apiece Institute to create companies, organize fo- of the action, through either equity or com- cus groups, market technology, seek con- mission, opens them up to considerable tract research funds, assist in the manage- opportunity for conflict of interest. If they ment of a new venture fund. The unique truly wish to be part of the game they aspect of this is the notion of bundling like
  8. 8. 8 TECHNOLOGYACCESS REPORT.+ December 1995 .. . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . Economic Development New York Discovers High Tech: Will High Tech Firms Grow In New York? If They Do, Will They Stay? How to grow a high tech economy, in a tor," providing services to assist start-up Silicon Alley region traditionally focused onfinance and ftnns, but not a place to locate. Neverthe- The New York metropolitan region real estate as its engines of growth, was the less, many entrepreneurs feel that the op- would seem to have all the ingredients to topic of a recent conference on "Technol- portunity to interact with fellow ftnn become a leading site of high-tech ftnn ogy and Economic Development in the Tri- founders is one of the benefits of the incu- fonnation: major research universities, State Region" organized by the New York bator as a physical place. venture capital ftrms, intellectual property Academy of Sciences and the Federal Re- law ftnns, important corporate and govern- serve Bank of New York and held at the What is an Incubator? mentresearch labs, cultural attractions,etc., bank. The meeting augurs a shift in the A conference moderator asked this en- yet there's a relative lack. One hypothesis: thinking of business and government lead- try-level question, an indicator that knowl- the necessarycross-cuttingnetworksamong ers from New York, New Jersey and Con- edge-based regional development is itself ftnancial resources, scientiftc talent and necticut, concerned with economic devel- in the incubation stage in the area. Tradi- business expertise are weak. opment, toward a strategy of growing new tional strategies such as "improving the Mary Good, Undersecretary for Tech- firmsfrom the technical expertise residing business climate" by lowering or forgiving nology, U.S.Dept. of Commerce, described in the region. taxes or attempting to recruit ftrms from how, at newly emerging high tech clusters elsewhere still predominate in the tri-state she has visited, such as Bozeman, Mon- By Henry Etzkowitz region. The threat ofjob loss or prospect of tana, local university officials tookthe lead, gain is large and immediate; focusing on bringing together government and busi- The real estate industry has a pragmatic home-grown start-ups is long term and ness leaders (see also p. 9). interest in encouraging a regional strategy thus less salient. A typical example: a Long There is a variable rate of change in the to develop high-tech start-up ftnns. It is a Island start-up, having outgrown its exist- culture of universities with respect to in- strategy born of desperation as well as ing space, was not large enough to get the dustrial involvement. Mitch Gipson, Ex- hope, a realization that a reviving ftnancial ear of state officials and was easily wooed ecutive Director of Columbia Univ. Medi- industry will never again inhabit many of and won by Arizona. cal School's Audubon Industrial Park, re- the buildings in lower Manhattan that made Lorrence Green, President of Westbury ported that only senior faculty were in- Wall Street a synonym for ftnance capital Diagnostics, Inc. described his futile ef- clined to pursue the commercial implica- around the world. fort, a few years ago, to interest Nassau tions of their research at his facility. In Currently, one of these buildings, the County officials in a proposal to develop a contrast, Roland Schmitt, President Emeri- former headquarters of the defunct Drexel science oriented business incubator to as- tus ofRensselaerPolytechnicInstitute(RPI) Burnham Lambert brokerage ftrm, is being sist local scientist/entrepreneurs, who had pointed out that the RPI incubator attracted remodeled by the Rudin real estate ftnn left large corporations and were, ". . . at a students andjunior faculty as well. RPI has into the New York Infonnation Technol- point in their lives, where they would now a long and ongoing history of industrial ogy Center (lTC), offering extensive like to invest their money in their own connections. Columbia has only recently telecom facilities and, for qualifying com- small innovative R&D companies, if they revived a 19th century tradition that even- panies, tax abatements. The ITC is targeted could ftnd a low-keyed, low-cost struc- tually declined when a younger generation at software and multi-media ftnns that have turedenvironment that would help get them of chemists, oriented solely to basic re- outgrown their loftspace in SoHo or Brook- started." As a ftrm founder, who had taken search, displaced an older generation who 1yn' an analogue to other specialized build- his research group out of a downsizing also consulted. The current age differences ings in New York that provide a hub for corporation, and an activist in local civic in industrially involved academics at the traditional industries such as garment and affairs, Green felt he was treated courte- two schools likely reflects these different interior design. ously but not seriously by city officials. academic cultures: one actively encour- Should this experiment suceed, there is WDI has grown past the incubator stage, ages and rewards entrepreneurship; the an estimated 35 million square feet of of- but there are many more "latent entrepre- other does not credit it toward degrees and ftce space available for redevelopment in neurs" with similar backgrounds toGreen's promotion. At Columbia, it is only safe to lower Manhattan. Certainly incubator fa- who, given a small measure of encourage- become entrepreneurial after tenure. cilities do not have to be newly constructed, ment, would come forth to start companies. Growing knowledge-based companies but can incubators be operated in buildings The experience of other regions such as as an economic development strategy has expected to generate much higher rentals Novo Fribourgo, Brazil (See TAR August, gone through several stages of gestation, than a typical start-up can afford? In Brazil, 1995)suggests that availabliity oflow-cost such as recognition of the economic value municipalities have recently taken to sub- incubator space encourages individuals to of research, followed by government sup- sidizing incubator facilities. Of course, the fonn ftnns who might otherwise not have port of research in areas of national and lowest rent concept is the "virtual incuba- taken the step. continuedtopof nextpage
  9. 9. TECHNOLOGY ACCESS REPORT. December 1995 9 . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . . New York Discovers High Tech continuedfrompreviouspage J local interest. Finally, and most recently, it includes the translation of govemment- action among these institutional spheres is the defining hallmark of the new era of ACCESS:Rodney Nichols, Director, New York Academy of Sciences, 212/ supported research into economic uses, innovation. In recognition of this reality, 838-0230, ext. 348, email: transcending the traditional role of indus- the conference recommended that its co- try as having the presumptive sole respon- organizers, the New York Academy of ACCESS:William Rudin, President, sibility for this task. Increasingly, eco- Sciences and the Federal Reserve Bank of Rudin Management Inc., 212/404-2400, nomic development is a joint academic- New York, take the lead in forming a tri- email: www: government-industry responsibility. Inter- state organization to realize these goals. . .................................................................. RECENT READING ~ "Benchmarking Best Practices for Now that we have the finished book in ties abound. Acompany withhigh negative 'fL..J University-Industry Technology hand, we like it even more. cash flow may need immediate help find- Transfer: Working with Start-Up Compa- Authors Jana Matthews and Mark Rice ing a competent chief financial officer- nies" is the latest study from the Southern bring their own credentials to the task, and the capital to pay the appropriate sal- Technology Council. Continuing to focus Matthews as Senior Fellow at the Center ary. However, a company with marginal on benchmarking, but departing tempo- for Entrepreneurial Leadership at the but positive cash flow might have the time rarily from the statistical approach used in Kauffman Foundation, and Rice as direc- for the entrepreneur to learn the financial their earlier report on university tech trans- tor of the Center for Entrepreneurship of side himself, with assistance.Differentpro- fer, authorsLouTomatsky,PaulWaugaman New Technological Ventures atRensselaer grams and services are needed for each and Linda Casson interviewed officials at Polytechnic Institute. But they also inter- company. twenty-one schoolsin the South and around viewed many successful incubator leaders, While this book won't prevent every the country for more subjective recom- and gave credit as contributing authors to wrong-headed attempt ("Let's see, what mendations. The aim, as before, is to help five in particular, looking not just for com- can we do with this vacant building. . . I schools in the region focus on what they mon practices, but best practices. The con- know, let's put in an incubator!"), it goes a can do to maximize the economic benefit tributing authors are Laura Kilcrease, who long way towards explaining the differ- of their research to their locale, state, or at was the founding director of the Austin ence between the good ones and the rest. least, the South. Technology Incubator, and now has a se- ACCESS:ISBN 1-56720-033-8, $29.95, Some points that"made adifference" at nior position at the IC2 Institute; Susan 154 pp., Quorum Books, an imprint of successful schools:good technology match Matlock, head of the Birmingham Busi- Greenwood Publishing, Westport, CT, or (through history or luck) with start-up com- ness Assistance Network; Robert Meeder, order from NBIA Publications, voice pany and regional needs;explicit economic president, SPEDD; Julius Morgan, presi- 614/593-4331, fax 614/593-1996. development mission statement and goals; dent, Milwaukee Enterprise Center; Rob- flexible personnel policies; business sup- ert Sherwood, president, Center for Busi- Montana State University, with port systems, such as incubators, venture ness Innovation, Kansas City. 11,000 students and $36 million in forums and the like (but not business They start with three principles: 1) Fo- grant funding, is the anchor of a new cluster schools); proof-of-concept funding; fac- cus the energy and resources of the incuba- of high-tech companies in Gallatin County, ulty culture; conflict of interest manage- tor on developing companies (job creation, where a "mixture of beauty, charm, and ment, as opposed to prohibitions; and au- urban renewal, etc. will follow); 2) Man- scientific competence is proving potent," tonomous tech transfer office operations. age the incubator as a business-minimize according to a piece by Goldie Blumenstyk ACCESS:Southern Technology Council, overhead, and aim for self-sustainability; in the Chronicle ofHigher Education (Dec. 5001 South Miami Blvd., P.O. Box 3) Develop a sophisticated array of ser- 1, 1995, A42). The latest count is 45, em- 12293, Research Triangle Park, NC vices appropriate to companies of different ploying many recent graduates, and com- 27709, voice 919/941-5145, fax 919/941- types, at different stages of development. mercializing several MSU technologies. 5594, e-mail: From these the specific practices flow, Other hooks: MSU has received more than illustrated with specific "dollars and sense" $13 million in NSFEPSCoR funds over the ~ We flagged "Growing New Ven- examples. For example, an incubatorpresi- years, and at least $10 million in acknowl- 'fL..J tures,CreatingNewJobs:Principles dent (the term is deliberate, chosen to em- edged federal "pork" to pay for expanding & Practices of Successful Business Incu- phasize the business nature of the enter- its Plant Growth Center. Several compa- bation" for you before it was published, prise) should understand the common defi- nies also sponsor research at the university. when it was previewed and used to orga- ciencies of growing companies, such as the One said, "If we went to MIT with our nize discussions at the National Business focus on perfecting the invention to the $50,000, they would swallow it without a Incubation Association Meeting in June. exclusion of cash flow or sales. But subtle- hiccup. Here it creates quite a stir." .
  10. 10. 10 TECHNOLOGYACCESS REPORT. December 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INNOVATORS ~ D. Guy Burns, retired economic ACCESS: Cornell University News Lotus and founding chairmanship of -#" development specialist at Cornell Service, 840 Hanshaw Road Ithaca, NY Compaq became the source of potential University, won a Lifetime Achievement 14850, voice 607/255-4206, fax 607/257- conflicts of interest. Award from Cornell's Community and 6397, e-mail:, The San Jose Mercury News Sunday Rural Development Institute (CaRDI). He Magazine has recognized her as one of the was honored for his role in pioneering Cornell's industrial extension program (modeled after the agricultural prototype) linkingthe engineering college with manu- ., Esther Dyson (member of the Advi- sory Board of Technology Access) is the "1995 Netizen of the Year," accord- Silicon Valley's 100 most influential people. At the same time, Russia's Softmarket newspaper notes her as one of the 100most influential people in Russia's facturing finns, and for helping to create ing to GNN, the pioneering magazine of computer industry. It's also probably of Cornell's Center for Manufacturing Enter- the World Wide Web. interest that her mother is a distinguished prise. Dyson is publisher of Release 1.0, a mathematician and her father is the astro- CaRDI was established five years ago monthly softwareindustrynewsletterwhich physicist Freeman Dyson, long resident at to build Cornell's capacity and visibility in has been advancing netconsciousness for the Institute for Advanced Studies in the communityandruraldevelopmentfield. severalyears,president ofEDventure Hold- Princeton. Directed by Paul Eberts, Cornell professor ings, and impresario of the exclusive an- of rural sociology, it works to increase nual industry conference, PC Forum. She ~ Dr. Alvin H. Sacks retired October attention to the needs of rural people and is a limited partner of the Mayfield Soft- -#" 1 from his position as Director of communities in New York and the nation wareFund,chainnan of theElectronic Fron- Technology Transfer at the Department of by promoting research and policy analysis tier Foundation and a member of the U.S. Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Palo on high priority issues. National Infonnation Infrastructure Advi- Alto, Calif. "There is a lot of talk these days of the sory Council (NIIAC). She is a member of Maurice LeBlanc assumes his func- lack of relevance of academic research to the board of the Global Business Network, tion, as Head of the Design and Develop- real life problems," said Mildred Warner, the advisory board of Perot Systems, and ment Program, a new program which will CaROl associatedirector. "The awards this sits on the boards and executive commit- incorporate technology transfer as one part year reflect a set of research and extension tees of the Santa Fe Institute and the Insti- of the process of the development and programs which bridge the gaps between tute of East West Studies, the advisory commercialization of products for veter- research, policy and practice-these pro- boards for the Software Entrepreneurs Fo- ans with disabilities. grams andpeople work to improve all three rum (Silicon Valley) and the Poynter Insti- ACCESS: Dr. Alvin H. Sacks, 415/948- aspects. They have found ways to expand tute for Media Studies. 0941. collaborative relationships among scien- Dyson is also a founding member of the ACCESS: Maurice-LeBlanc, Head, tific disciplines, while enhancing univer- Russian Software Market Association and Design and Development Program, VA sity and community partnerships." a member of the (U.S.) Software Publish- Palo Alto Healthcare System, Rehab An annual Innovator Award went to the ers Association. R&D Center/153, 3801 Miranda Ave., Participatory Action Research Network Dyson's recent publications include two Palo Alto, CA 94304-1290, 415/493- (PAR), sponsored by The Mario Einaudi articles in WIRED (an essay on intellectual 5000 ext. 65313. Center for International Studies, which property in cyberspace and an interview positions the researcher as a collaborator with Newt Gingrich), an essay on censor- ~ Eugene K. Schuler Jr. left the State with communities. The result: research ship in the New York Times Sunday Maga- -#" University of New York at Stony which is much more likely to be translated zine, and an article on Eastern European Brook in August, after three years as Asso- into action if the community is part of the computer entrepreneurs in the Harvard ciate Vice President Research and Tech- design and implementation-not merely a Business Review. nology Transfer, to create a high technol- recipient of the results. Dyson is a graduate of Harvard Univer- ogy business incubator as part of the Center sity with a B.A. in economics. She spent for Environmental Sciences and Technol- five years learning the dynamics of the ogy Management (CESTM) at the State Subscribers: To find out more computer and software business as a secu- University of New York at Albany. rities analyst for New Court Securities and Construction of the 7,500 sq. ft. re- on any topic, call the Technology Oppenheimer & Co. For three years Dyson search facility is underway, with 1,200 sq. Access Hotline, 800/733-1516; ft. devoted to the incubator, which is ex- was a reporter for Forbes Magazine, where Outside N. America, 415/883-7600; she says she gained most of her business pected to open March 1997.They are in the Fax: 415/883-6421; education. She was hired away by venture process of recruiting companies in tele- hotl capitalist Ben Rosen of Sevin Rosen to communications, computers, analytical become the editor of Release 1.0 and even- instrumentation, air quality monitoring, tually acquired it from him, as his spec- semiconductors, new materials, and thin tacularly successful early investment in continuedtop of nextpage
  11. 11. TECHNOLOGY ACCESS REPORT. December 1995 11 . . .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. INNOVATORS continuedfrom previous page the Ben Franklin Technology Center of SoutheastemPennsylvania, wasnominated films and coatings as tenants. by President Clinton to be Assistant Secre- Schuler will also be responsible for the tary of Commerce for Economic Develop- planning and implementation of a second ment. The position oversees the 30-year- incubator for the University, focused pre- old Economic Development Administra- dominantly on biotechnologyandbiomedi- tion (EDA), which provides grants to state cal engineering-related companies. That and local governments for industrial parks, project is expected to be about three times defense conversion, disasterrelief, revolv- the size of the high-technology business ing loan funds and economic development incubator. planning, with a current annual budget of ACCESS:Eugene K. Schuler Jr., more than $440 million. Manager, CESTM, Alumni House, A confirmation hearing was held by the University at Albany, 1400 Washington Senate Environment and Public Works Ave., Albany, NY 12222,518/442-3291, Committee November 7. An official an- fax 518/442-5019, e-mail: nouncement on the confirmation is ex- pected later this month. The Ben Franklin Technology CenterJa ~ Jack Simon, who led GeneralMo- non-profit economic development corpo- "#" tors and the entire U.S. auto industry ration, promotes regional economic com- into collaborations with the federal labs, petitiveness through business innovation has now joined one, as vice president of and technology development. It is the larg- technology transfer for the Idaho National est formal source of seed capital for tech- Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Under its nology start-up companies in the Philadel- new contractwithLockheed Martin, Simon phia area. Singerman has directed the Cen- reports that "INEL will be unique in the ter since 1983. Energy Department lab system" in having Dr. Barry Stein, Senior Vice President the freedom to innovate. The Technology and ChiefOperatingOfficer,has been asked Exploitation Pilot Program will encourage to serve as Acting President during the startups through its joint venture with cor- transition. porate incubator Thermo Electron and ini- ACCESS: Ben Franklin Technology tiate other fresh approaches to solving the Center of Southeastern Pennsylvania, business needs of various industries that University City Science Center, 3624 haven't done much with the labs-yet. Market Street, Philadelphia~PA 19104, Simon took a leave of absence from " 215/382-0380, fax 215/382-0366. General Motors last year to take a position in the London branch of the Office of Naval Research, exploring European and former WiliiamT. Tucker, August and has Plant Technology in Ph.D left DNA Soviet state dual-use opportunities. His now accepted a position as a Licensing role at GM has been taken on by Nuno A. Manager at the Applied Biosystems Divi- Vaz, Ph.D., program manager for govern- sion of Perkin Elmer in Foster City. Bill ment partnerships at GM's R&D Center. explains: "Initially, my primary responsi- ACCESS:Jack Simon, voice 208/526- bility will be to develop and execute a 4430, fax 208/526-0876, e-mail: licensing program for laboratories which offer PCR-based forensic and agricultural ACCESS:Nuno A. Vaz, Ph.D., Program diagnostic services. Many challenges exist Manager, Government Partnerships, in structuring a licensing program for this Research and Development Center, rapidly growing field, and I am looking General Motors Corp., Bldg. 1-6, 30500 forward to utilizing all my scientific and Mound Rd., Box 9055, Warren, MI 48090- business skills in meeting them." 9055, voice 810/966-0618, fax 810/947- ACCESS: Perkin Elmer, Applied 0842,e-mail:NVAZ@CMSA.GMR.COM Biosystems Division, 850 Lincoln Center D., Foster City, CA 94404, voice 415/ ~ PhillipA.Singerman,Ph.D.,Presi- 570-6667 (main switch), fax 415/638- "#" dentandChiefExecutiveOfficerof 6071, e-mail: .
  12. 12. 12 TECHNOLOGYACCESS REPORT. December 1995 . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . CALENDAR Following is a wide-ranging list of impor- tant upcoming meetings. Please send your list- ings as far in advance as possible to Editor, Technology Access Report, 16Digital Dr., Ste. 250, Novato, CA 94949; 800/733-1516; fax, 415/883-6421;e-mail: II Recommended conferencescolumnde- scribed in Editor's Choice (most in prior orforthcoming issues) 1996 JANUARY _ ~ 03-06 The Triple Helix-University-Indus- try-Government Relations: A Laboratory for Knowledge-Based Economic Development (Dutch Academy of Engineering) Amsterdam, The Netherlands,HenryEtzkowitz,212/939-7028 or 914/251-6600, fax 212/666-0140 or 914/251- 6603, e-mail:; Loet Leydesdorff, +31 20-5256598, fax +31 20-525 6579, e-mail: 08-09 Negotiating Software License Agreements (Data-Tech Inst) Morristown, NJ 201/478-5400, fax 201/478-4418 08-09 Strategies for Identification of Novel Tar- gets for Drug Discovery (Cambridge Health Inst) San Diego, CA 617/630-1300, fax 617/630-1325, e-mail: World Wide Web: 11-12 Pharmaceutical & Biotech Licensing Sum- mit (Strategic Research Inst) Princeton, NJ 800/ 599-4950 (212/302-1800), fax 212/302-9850, e- 21-26 Arizona Economic Development Course 25-26 AntitrusVlnteliectual Property Claims in mail (Univ of AZ & others) Tucson, AZ, Julie Howard, High Technology Markets (American Law Inst & 520/621-7899,520/621-7901, f¥ 520/621-7834 American Bar Assn CCPE) San Francisco, CA ' 13-17 Natl Tooling & Machining Assn Annual 800/253-6397. fax 215/243-1664 Convention (NTMA) Orlando, FL, NTMA, 9300 22-23 Bio/Pharm Partnering: Enhancing Busi- Livingston Rd., Ft. Washington, MD 20744, fax ness Development Through Licensing & Strate- 25-26 Negotiating Software License Agreements 301/248-7104 gic Alliances (Barnett Inti Learning Grp) Arling- (Data-Tech Inst) San Jose, CA 201/478-5400, ton, VA 800/856-2556, fax 610/859-9031, 610/ fax 201/478-4418 15-16 Fast Cycle Time: How to Align Purpose, 859-0250,610/859-0373 Strategy & Structure for Faster Product Develop- 27-02 February OE/LASE '96: Lasers and Inte- ment (Caltech Industrial Relations Center) Pasa- 22-24 Commercializing Biopesticides: Applied grated Optoelectronics (SPIE) San Jose, CA dena, CA 818/395-4043, fax 818/795-7174 Products & Transgenic Plants (Inti Business 360/676-3290 Communications) Washington, DC 508/481- 15.18 BioEast '96 (BioConferences Inti, Inc) 6400, fax 508/481-7911 27-02 February BiOS '96: Inti Symp on Bio- Wash, DC 301/652-3072, fax 3011652-4951 medical Optics (SPIE) San Jose, CA 360/676- _ ~ 17.18 Innovation Now Conf (AEA, IEEE, Oregon, Mentor, etc.) Portland, OR, 503/ 24-26 Identifying Partnership Opportunities for Euro-Biotech Deals (Global Business Rsrch and Ernst & Young LLP) San Francisco, CA800/868- 3290 28-02 February Electronic Imaging: Science & 244-9198, fax 503/362-6363, e-mail: 7188,212/645-4226, fax 212/645-4490 Technology (SPIE & IS&T) San Jose, CA 360/ jennifer_o', URL: http// _ ~ 24-26 McMaster Business Conf: Manag- ing Intellectual Capital & Innovation (Inno- 676-3290 _ 30-31 Business & Technology Conf: Gal- 17-19 Successfully Managing & Prioritizing R&D vation Research Ctr & the Students of the Michael ~ vanizing Your BusinesslTechnology Con- Projects (Manufacturing Inst, IIR) Sarasota, FL G. DeGroote School of Business, McMaster Univ) nection (The Conference Board & US Dept. of 800/999-3123, fax 800/959-9644, e-mail: Hamilton, ON, Canada, National Business Conf, DeGroote School of Business, McMaster Univ, Commerce, Technology Administration) New York, NY, The Conference Board, PO Box 4026, ~ 1280 Main St West, Hamilton, Ontario. L8S 4M4, Church St. Station, New York, NY 10261-4026, 18-19 Developments in Equity Finance & Alter- 905/525-9140, ext. 23962, fax 905/521-8995, e- 212/339-0345, fax 212/980-7014, e-mail: native Investments (Professional Education Sys- mail: tems,lnc) New York, NY,800/843-7763, fax 715/ continued top of next page 833-5216