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English 2,verb be

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English 2,verb be

  1. 1. Affirmative and negative statements; Contractions Yes/No Questions and short answers
  2. 2. Examples Notes Use am with the Affirmative I am from Japan. pronoun I. Use are with plural The students are late. nouns and these pronouns: You are twins! we,you,they,these,or those. The teacher is over Use is with singular there pronouns : he,she,it,this,or that. Negative I am not late. Use not after the verb be in negative She is not in this sentences. class.
  3. 3. Contractions: are short forms. They are used in conversation and informal writing. Full form are used in more formal writing. Full Forms Contractions Affirmative I am Mexican. I’m He is a new student. He’s She is a student. She’s It is Tuesday. It’s We are cousins. We’re You are very smart. You’re They are at home. They’re
  4. 4. Full Forms Contractions Negative I am not interested I’m not He is not in the office. He’s not/He isn’t She is not happy. She’s not/ She isn’t It is not here. It’s not/It isn’t We are not students. We’re not/We aren’t You are not married. You’re not/ You aren’t They are not friendly. They’re not/ They aren’t
  5. 5. Yes/No Questions and short answers Examples Notes Affirmative Am I late? In a yes/no Questions questions, the verb Are you from comes before the Japan? subject. Is it cold? Negative Aren’t you early? Negative questions Questions are used to express Isn’t that woman a the speaker’s belief professor? or expectation. Aren’t they twins?
  6. 6. Yes/No Questions and short answers Questions Affirmative Answers Negative Answers Am I early? Yes, you are. No, you’re not/you aren’t. Is she Japanese? Yes, he is. No, He's not/ he isn’t Isn’t she a scientist? Yes, she is No, She's not/she isn’t Is it late? Yes, it is. No, It's not/it isn’t Are you students? Yes, we are. No, we're not/we aren’t Aren’t those boys Yes, they are. No, they're not/they twins? aren’t
  7. 7. There are many ways to answer yes/no questions without using the words yes and no. Here are some examples of other affirmative and negative questions Formal Informal Certainly. Sure Affirmative Of course. Yeah. I think so. Uh-uh. Indeed. Right. Certainly not. Nope. Negative Of course not. No way. I don’t think so. Uh-uh. I’m afraid not. Nah.
  8. 8. Use the word provided to make present statements about the person. When an A appears in parentheses after the words, make an affirmative. When N appears in parentheses, make a negative statement.  Example: Professor Winters Tall(A) Professor Winters is tall An old man(N) Professor Winters is not an old man. Professor Winters 1. A good teacher(A)________________________________ 2. A boring speaker(N)________________________________ 3. Very funny(N)______________________________________ 4. In the English department(A)_______________________ 5. Married(A)_________________________________________
  9. 9.  These Students 1. In the chairs(A)________________________________ 2. Tired(A)________________________________________ 3. Serious students(N)_____________________________ 4. Interested in the lesson(N)______________________________________ 5. Prepared for the next exam(N)_______________________________________
  10. 10. Exercises Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb be. Use the contractions when possible.  Kami: The instructor isn’t(not)here yet. She_________ late.  Paul:No,she________(not).It__________(not)even 9:45.A lot of students___________(not)here yet either.  Kami: Well then, let's get a cup of coffee. The snack bar _________ open.  Paul:No,thanks.I _____________(not)ready for class yet. I have to do the homework.  Kami: The homework___________ difficult! The exercises__________ complicated and confusing. Fifteen minutes__________(not)enough time to do it.  Paul:Ssshhh! You______________ making me nervous.  Kami: I_________ sorry. But it really__________ too late to do the homework.  Paul: You____________ probably right.

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