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Overall GUT Tumors

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Overall GUT Tumors

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Overall GUT Tumors

  1. 1. Genito-Urinary Tumors Episode Finale
  2. 2. • Renal tumors. • Tumors of the ureter. • Bladder tumors. • Prostate tumors. • Testicular tumors. Genito-Urinary Tumors
  3. 3. Genito-Urinary Tumors Renal tumors Benign: • Angiomyolipoma. • Oncocytoma. • Multilocular Cystic Nephroma.
  4. 4. Genito-Urinary Tumors Renal tumors Malignant: • Renal Cell Carcinoma. • Wilms Tumour. • Urothelial Carcinoma. • Renal Lymphoma.
  5. 5. • Mesoblastic nephroma • Clear cell sarcoma • Rhabdoid tumor • Renal medullary carcinoma • Ossifying renal tumor of infancy • Metanephric adenoma Genito-Urinary Tumors Renal tumors
  6. 6. Solid Genito-Urinary Tumors Renal Mass Solid Cystic
  7. 7. Genito-Urinary Tumors Solid Renal Mass Adult Child Fetus/neoborn RCC TCC Wilms Mesoblastic Nephroma
  8. 8. Genito-Urinary Tumors Solid Renal Mass • Homogeneous + Stellate Scar → Oncocytoma. • Fat → AML. • Cystic + herniation into sinus → Multilocular Cystic Nephroma. • Infant + Central + Calcified → Ossifying Tumour.
  9. 9. Genito-Urinary Tumors Solid Renal Mass
  10. 10. Genito-Urinary Tumors Cystic Renal Mass Bosniak Classification
  11. 11. BOSNIAK CLASSIFICATION Category I • Benign cysts showing homogeneity, water content and a sharp interface with adjacent renal parenchyma. • No wall thickening, calcification, or enhancement.
  12. 12. BOSNIAK CLASSIFICATION One or two thin (<1 mm thick) septations. Thin, fine calcification in their walls or septa. Hyperdense benign cysts with all the features of category I cysts except for homogeneously high attenuation. Category II • Cystic lesions with:
  13. 13. BOSNIAK CLASSIFICATION Indeterminate cystic masses that show: • Uniform wall thickening. • Nodularity. • Thick or irregular peripheral calcification. • Multilocular nature with multiple enhancing septa. Category III
  14. 14. •Category III consists of true indeterminate cystic masses that need surgical evaluation, although many prove to be benign.
  15. 15. BOSNIAK CLASSIFICATION These are lesions with a non-uniform or enhancing thick wall, enhancing or large nodules in the wall, or clearly solid components in the cystic lesion. Enhancement was considered present when lesion components increased by at least 10 Hounsfield Units Category IV
  16. 16. Bosniak Classification
  17. 17. Bosniak Classification
  18. 18. Bosniak Classification
  19. 19. Bosniak Classification
  20. 20. Bosniak Classification
  21. 21. Bosniak Classification
  22. 22. Bosniak Classification
  23. 23. Bosniak Classification

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