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Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina MateenIndeed Allah does not mind using the example of a mosquito or an even moreinsignificant creatureThose who believe know that it is the truth from their Rabb. And as forThose who disbelieve, they say what does Allah mean by such an example?By such an example Allah confirms many, and He enlightens many, and Heconfounds none exceptThe transgressors. Those who break Allah covenant after 1
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina MateenAccepting it, and who cut aside what Allah has ordered to be united andCause mischief in the Earth, it is they who are the losers. HowCan you deny Allah? Did He not give you life when you were lifeless? And willHe not call you to die? And againBring you to life? And will you not ultimately return to Him? It is He who hascreated for you all that there isIn the Earth, and has directed Himself towards the sky and fashioned it Into seven heavens, and He has perfect knowledge of everything 2
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina MateenSummary: Indeed Allah does not feel shy. He is not ashamed, about what? That he cites what? Any example of anything whether it is of a mosquito or above it. What happens due tothese examples? Why are examples cited? So that people will understand things. Therefore soas for those who believe, when they hear the example so they get to know, their knowledgeincreases, they find out that indeed this is the truth, it is a fact, whether the example given was of asmall thing or of a big thing. But whatever has been said is a fact from their Rabb. So they do nothesitate to accept it, because it has been said by their Rabb. Their faith makes it easier for them to acceptwhat has been said. However this may not be the case with everyone. There are people who those whodisbelieve. Who is a ?كافرOne who is stubborn and arrogant and because of this he denies. What does hedeny? Allah’s existence, Allah’s orders, Allah’s word, His messenger Muhammad (SAW) and the Quran. Whenthese people read the Quran or read the examples in the Quran, what do they do? So they say what does Allah intend by such an example? This means that they do not understandanything. These are those people to whom Allah gave the ability to understand but these people refuse tounderstand out of utter stubbornness. These are the people who do not understand the examples cited byAllah. , what is the result? Then Allah with it (meaning with the same example) leads astray some people. And heguides with these many people. So why does this happen, that some get guided and some go astray, thereality is all are not let astray, through such examples only those people go astray who are .فا سقThis means to go outside or to stray beyond limits. In Islamic law, it means going beyond the circle ofobedience to Allah or transgressing the commandments of Allah. Who is a ?فا سقHe who follows his owndesires. Such a man does not understand any example because does not want to accept. Then Allah furthergives us the recognition of a .فا سقWho are they? 1. - Those that break the covenant of Allah. What is ? It is the promise made with Allah. What is this promise about? a. Oh Allah, we will obey you b. We will accept You as our Rabb - After its binding; meaning that they made a solemn promise and then later they break it. 3
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina Mateen2. - They cut. Cut what? What Allah ordered with it that it be joined, meaning what Allah commanded to join, they cut. What did Allah command to join? The relations between people and the relatives, they are to be joined. Why does this happen that they break relations? Because that, too, harms their desires. It asks their soul for a sacrifice which they do not want to give. This is why the break the relations.3. - They cause mischief. What will be their outcome? They will be the losers. They will be the ones who face loss. Where? In the world as well as in the hereafter. For someone who breaks promises with Allah, who breaks relationships and who creates mischief willnever himself rest in peace. In the hereafter such a man will face a loss in every case. The Allah says how can you disbelieve in Allah? He created you! How did he create you? , you were dead, you were nothing then He gave you life. Then what will he do? Then he will give you death. Then what will happen? Then again He will give you life.Then what will happen? Then again you will be returned to Him. Where? On the day ofstanding. You will be presented to stand before him. Then Allah is that being who He whocreated for you that which is in the Earth. How much? All of it. Then he attended,he turned, to what? To the skies and then what did he do? Then he fashioned it, leveled it how? By making it into seven heavens. How did he do all this?Because He has full knowledge of everything. There is nothing that is difficult for Him.Tafsir: Okay so relating it from what was learned earlier, first Allah gave His recognition, “Oh people worshipme”. Why are we reading this book? We are reading this book solely so that we can worship Allah in thebest way. So it makes sense that we can only worship him if we recognize Him. In order for us to recognizeAllah he showed us some signs in the universe and then he said , there is no doubt inthis book. And then He challenged , and if you have a doubt, even if it’s a little bit, removeit. What is being doubted? , what We revealed on a slave. Why must this doubt be removed? So before reading the Quran, we hold onto it with completesatisfaction. So we read it and understand it with full dedication and so that we concentrate on it with full 4
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina Mateenattention. Then the result of those who do not believe in it is mentioned and the result of those who thosewho accepted and implement it. These will be the garden of paradise. When this challenge then came of bringing a book, a surah, a verse like the Quran came, everyone wassilenced. So the ones who denied it were now restless. Their stubbornness and arrogance came in the way,that they won’t ever accept. So what did they do? They tried to find some defect in this book, somethingthat will reduce the importance of this book in people’s heart so they won’t concentrate upon it.They did not want to believe in it despite knowing its truth and greatness. An example: You go to the market to buy something and you really like something and you want to buyit. But you don’t have enough money to buy it. So now there is a struggle between the heart and the mind.You cannot buy but you don’t want to leave. So you lie to yourself, you give yourself an alibi so that youcan give yourself a fake satisfaction. Similarly, when we don’t want to believe in something, then to satisfy ourselves we find someweakness or a defect in it. So that we can neglect it. Those people who did not accept the Quran, who didn’t want to recognize its greatness and its truth sothey tried to look for some weaknesses inside it. The people were made to feel that the book that you arerunning after is nothing special just tales of flies and mosquitoes. If it was the book of Allah, if it was trulygreat, why would it talk about such things? This is what the arrogant people would say. So in reply to this,Allah said: , Indeed Allah does not feel ashamed. Ashamed of what? , what he relates anyexample whether it is of a mosquito or of a greater thing. This is when Allah relates something tosomething else so that the person reading the Quran can understand it more easily. So here it is said thatAllah does not feel ashamed about what He is giving an example about, whether it be a small thing or a bigthing. This is because for Allah all the things are the same. Why? Because He was the one who createdboth of them. You may notice it sometimes that comparing a small thing to a big thing is sometimesdifficult, however, for Allah be it small or big it is the same. So when Allah states , فوقliterally means to be above. So one meaning of it could be what isabove the mosquito which could be its arms or its wings. When a mosquito flies you must have noticedthat it has 2 wings on it, these two wings are far smaller than the mosquito, so this means that Allah doesnot feel shy to even to mention something smaller than a mosquito. فوقcould also mean the small insectthat lives on the mosquito as a parasite. Like lice in humans. So Allah does not feel shy of talking of thatparasite. 5
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina Mateen The mosquito appears to be a very small thing and we can kill it with one strike of a hand, but if yousee its entire mechanism, it is awesome. It is our narrow mindedness that we go only for the physicalappearance, not the depth of anything. So this objection was invalidated, it was of no use. It doesn’t make a difference to Allah and nor does itharm His book. Nor does it affect the greatness of this book. As Makkans did not know much about the mosquito, they were not familiar of its reality. So we thinkthat a mosquito is a very inferior thing, although now research shows that all over the world almost 2million deaths are caused every year due to mosquitoes. This death is not in any war or any other way. Sothis creation of Allah that seems to be so inferior has a lot of strength. In the darkness of night or during the day, it can fly to its destination, it is said to have four very lightbut strong wings. It also has a whole web of veins spread all over its wings which help it in contracting andexpanding its wings. Because of its wings it can fly backward at the same speed as it can fly forward. Allahhas granted it two things in front of its mouth which contain the chemical matter and release it in our bodyand then from the carbon dioxide that is exhaled from our body, they smell it and they reach the prey.During the darkness, they find out the veins of our body and they select the veins to suck the blood. The male mosquito does not drink blood, only the female mosquito does. So that she can acquireproteins from the human blood. And due to this protein the eggs in its stomach are able to mature. Amosquito has thousands of lenses with 6 sides in its eyes. This informs the mosquito of numerous anglesand colors of a thing. The upper jaw of a mosquito is very sharp and it has teeth turned backward. It movesits jaw back and forth like a saw and due to the upper skin it cuts the skin. The mosquito mixes a chemicalmatter from its body with the blood; this increases the blood flow and disconnects the defensive system ofour body. The female mosquito then drinks the blood till it’s full and by the time you feel its bite, it hasalready accomplished its work.So is Allah’s creation inferior?Is its example in the Quran useless?NOWAY!!It is you, who has no knowledge, no intellect. That’s why you say such Those who believe, they know that it is the truth from their Lord. When the ones of Imaan, ones ofknowledge, read any verse or ayah, it increases them in faith. And these people call out loud that it is thetruth. They don’t get into the small irrelevant things. They see what is being said, not how it is being said.For the ones of faith, the smallest example could become a source of guiding them. However on the other 6
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina Mateen side, as for those who disbelieved, harsh hearted people, they don’t understand. Those whose heart has become stone, despite the fact that if something great or very beneficial is said to them they will not be able to understand. And they say/object what Allah intended with such an example. They say why has this example been cited? By such an example Allah confirms many and enlightens many. Humans are divided into 2 categories. 1- Listen to Allah and gain guidance 2- Listen to Allah and go astrayWhy this difference?Allah has given each of us an equal intellect, limbs and faculty. The real difference exits in man himself. Whatdoes HE want?Allah has said in the Quran that he guides him who turns to Him.Allah has said in Surah Tawbah Ayah 124-125Those who believe, their Imaan increases and they rejoice. But those who have a disease in their heart, theyhave hypocrisy, so it increases their sin upon sin. And they will die as disbelievers. The Quran guides the one has the urge, who wants it, who believes in it, who doesn’t doubt it. Allahhas mentioned them saying, those who want guidance, Allah increases in their guidance, and grants themTaqwa. So what is required? An urge. The more truthful you are in gaining it, the more you will gain it. If you have the urge to learn, Oh Allah I have to learn it at any cost, then Allah will keep opening thedoors for you. However if you are confused, like when difficulty came, you stopped. And then when there wasease, you started walking again. To gain the ilm of this book you must be truthful. You MUST have an urge inyou, wanting it.Who are deprived of guidance?فا سقThis is someone who transgresses the set limits of Allah. It doesn’t mean only being disobedient in youractions it may also be outright denial and disbelief. - Those who reject this book, Allah strays them. - Those who deny it and don’t give preference to it, then why would Allah guide them?Allah says in Surah Fussilat, Ayah 17, we guided Samud, we showed them the path, but they preferredblindness over guidance. They chose to be ignorant instead of gaining knowledge. They give priority to theworld. 7
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina MateenFor guidance 4 things are important: 1. Have strong relation with the Quran and Sunnah because the Prophet said “I am leaving two things among you, you will never be strayed till you hold on to them firmly”. 2. Ponder- reflect in the signs of the universe. This is a form of Ibadah. 3. Excessively do dua. 4. Gatherings of pious peopleWho are ?فا سق 1. - Those that break the covenant made with Allah. They don’t have any bond or any relation with Allah. When we were all born at that time Allah took a promise from all of us. What was it? It was “Am I not your Rabb?” Surah Al-Araf, Ayah 172,” When your Rabb took out Bani Adam from their backs and made them a witness for their souls and asked them Am I not your Rabb? Then they all proclaimed that yes we all witness” Why was this done? So that on the Day of Judgment you don’t say that you were unaware of the fact that we have a Rabb. فا سقmakes their decisions based on their own desires, not according to Allah’s command. 2. They cut that which Allah has commanded to join. This includes all kinds of relationships, one between Allah and His servant, one between a man and his parents and relatives, between him and his neighbors, between one Muslim and another, between one man and another. They don’t care about the rights of people; the duties, the responsibilities; what do فا سقdo? They break it. They cut relations with people. 3. , they cause mischief in the world. فا سقis such a person in which you see both the characteristics of كافرand of a .منافقWhat are the characteristics of a hypocrite (?)منافق a. They created mischief; and a فا سقalso creates mischiefWhat are the characteristics of a ?كافر a. They don’t believe in Allah’s words; and a فا سقalso doesn’t believe in Allah’s word. A فا سقtakes out excuses in the Quran because he has no intention to accept the advice. He also stopsothers from doing good deeds. So Allah says , they are the real losers. Such people hamthemselves.Then think if these people do the 3 things mentioned above, who will they gain guidance?They will have an evil abode in the Akhira. 8
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina MateenThey have an outer cover of a Muslim, but along with it, they mock their deen. They cause mischief in deenswork. 1. They cut relations with Allah 2. They cut relations with people; no Dhikr, no Salaah, and no relation with Allah’s slaves as well. “If one is not kind to his parents, even if he is a very pious person, he reads Tahajud, never consider him pious”Hazrat Abu Hurairah narrates a person said the Prophet (PBUH) that I have some relatives, I keep terms withthem, they cut it with me, they do evil with me, then I do good with them, they act towards me with ignoranceand I am patient and forbearing to them. The Prophet replied by saying, if you do as you say it is like you areputting hot ashes in their mouth and there will always be a helper from Allah with you against them. They willnot be able to harm you. Allah will grant you a helper who will guard you until you stay like this. A breaker of blood relationships will not enter paradise. The first ones deserving of your kindness are your relatives. And the first among them come yourparents. Then after them your siblings. And then come the rest of your blood relations.The Quran mentions about fulfilling rights of the relatives in 11 different places. Surah Ar-Room, Verse 38: give the rights to your relatives, needy and travelers, this way is better for thosewho seek the pleasure of Allah and they are the ones successful. So what do we have to do? Visit yourrelatives; call them even if they don’t talk to you. This goes especially for mothers. She is the one who teaches good moral values to children. It is amothers job to give their child recognition of their relatives but, to be honest, we don’t. Instead, we tell allthe bad relations to our children. And sometimes mothers create a bad assumption regarding the father inthe children’s heart as well, this is NOT right! Then Allah says , how can you disobey Allah? , although you were nothing, youwere dead. This refers to the state of man before he is born. Then what happened? , then he gave youlife. How did we get this life? Can you feel it? The breath that we are taking at this very moment is onlyhappening because of the will of Allah. He has given us this ability.Ask yourself… where were you a hundred years ago? Where was your house? What was your name? Who wereour relatives? Where were our parents? We don’t know ANYTHING!Allah is reminding us here, that we had no value!! We were nothing. But then he bestowed His grace uponyou. What did he do? He gave you life. , then again He will give you death. Then what will happen? , then again you would be brought to life. Then to Him you will be returned. 9
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina MateenWhat does this show?Death was created first. Then life. Then again death. Then again life. - The first death here refers to the beginning before man received life from Allah. - The second death comes from when a man completes the lifespan allotted to him. - The second life will be given on the day of resurrection.There is a proof for those people who do not believe in resurrection after death.Allah makes everything in pairs.You were nothing, and then he gave you life. This is one pair.Then you will die so how will it be possible that you won’t have life again?If death continues, then a life has to exist and this new life is what in reality? The life of the Hereafter.What will happen there?Then to Him you would be returned for accountability.Allah is the one who created for you whatever is in the Earth; water, animals, plants.You will deny THAT Rabb? × Will you be heedless of that Rabb? × Will you not give importance to that Rabb? × Will you forget Him?Count all the blessings. There are more than 1 million types of animals, numerous types of plants, the sun, themoon, the large quantity of water. You cannot count the blessings of Allah.The types of people: 1. متقيwhose end result is 2. منافقwhose end result is 3. كفرwhose end result is 4. فا سقwhose end result is Is the opposite of 10
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina MateenWhat is the order for the ?فا سقWill they gain guidance? No.Allah says . They are deprived of guidance.The فا سقdon’t like any restrictions and they don’t like any commands. The break the boundaries, thepromises, they cut relations and they spread mischief. They will not have any guidance. Their end result is thatthey will be losers. فا سقcan be a كفرOr a كفرcan be a فا سقHypocrite is a فا سقbecause he creates mischief فا سقis also used for a sinner Muslim.What are the set limits or commands of Allah that you break?What relations are you not maintaining? (Not only relatives) 1. First come our relatives 2. Then come our neighbors 3. Then come friends 4. Then people of our city 5. Then people of our country 6. Then the people of the whole worldWhy does he not care and why does he create mischief?Such a person is selfish. Self-conceited. They only question on such a persons mind is “what will I gain?”These people don’t gain guidance. The example of a متقيwas that he is one with a vast heart. He gives toothers. Relations join when one gives not only when one takes.We think “how will this person benefit us”? Where we know we will get something, we are good to that person. A place where we don’t get what we need, we show our reality.Basic reason for corruption: we do not want to give, we want to take. This is especially true for those peoplewho are near in a relation. For instance your siblings and your parents. The more one is near, the more webecome careless in fulfilling their rights. So Allah has especially told us to fulfill the rights of our relatives. 11
Al-Huda Juz 1: Al-Baqarah Ayah 26-29 Momina MateenThe Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said “A breaker of blood relationship shall not enter paradise.”A فا سقwho cuts relations is deprived of guidance because in order to gain guidance, what is necessary?To reform relations.Allah has made this Earth a bed and the sky a roof. So this earth is like our house. People living in this worldare like a big family. All of us are the offspring from Prophet Adam (AS). All of us have relations with eachother; some near and some far. We should honor all of them.From Allah guidance is for those who wish well for others.Those who realize that after death they will have to go to their Rabb for accountability; it is not possible thathe does not become a good human.And in the end Allah says that He has knowledge over everything.He has the keys of the unseen. And He knows what is in the land and in the sea. Even if one leaf falls, he knowsabout it. He will know which leaf of which tree has fallen. He will also know whether it is dry or wet.The lesson:If He knows all then what should we do?We can’t lie to Him. We can’t deceive Him?We started with ilm (knowledge) and the ayah ends with ilm (knowledge).Even in the gathering of Quran, Allah is watching. Who is sitting with what intention? And who is doing otherwork while the Quran is being read? Allah is watching. Nothing in the heaven or the earth that is equal to anatom is hidden away from Allah. Even a smaller thing than an atom cannot be hidden away from Allah.Allah knows what you don’t know. He knows what is hidden and what is more hidden. He knows thewhispering, all the secrets of the heart, what we disclose and what we keep secret.We cannot hide anything from Allah. “One who is sincere with Allah will also be sincere with people.” 12