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5G and V2X Automotive Slicing

With 5G comes slicing that will greatly benefit to the Automotive Industry to have virtual dedicated networks for different traffic, from Safety highly reliable to entertainment or less critical sensor data collection

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5G and V2X Automotive Slicing

  1. 1. 5G and Automotive Network Slicing Marie-Paule Odini, HPE Distinguished Technologist
  2. 2. Agenda 2 01 02 03 04 The need for slicing in V2X Introduction to 5G, Network Slicing and V2X Compose, deploy and Manage Slices Deployment models and Use Cases
  3. 3. 3 100 Mbps Data Rate20 Gbps Peak Data Rate 10 Mbps/m2 Area Traffic Capacity 100 Times Network Energy Efficiency 106 Gbps Connection Density 1 ms Latency 3 Times Spectrum Efficiency 500 Km/h Mobility xxx KPI V2V Vehicle to Vehicle V2P Vehicle to Pedestrian V2I Vehicle to Infrastructure V2N Vehicle to Network 01
  4. 4. V2X evolution Basic V2X 802.11p, DSRC, ETSI ITS Enhanced V2X C-V2X 3GPP Rel 14 Advanced V2X C-V2X 3GPP Rel 15 and future Rel 16,etc V2V, V2P, V2I Safety EV V2N Network coverage Long range Multimedia services Longer Range Higher Density Very High Throughput Very High Reliability Wideband ranging and positioning Very low latency 01
  5. 5. 5G – A common Core for heterogeneous Access 5 5G NR PCF UDM* AF AUSF* N2 SMF NG RG 5G AGF UPF AMF/SEAF DN 5G CoreAccess Network N2’ N3 N3’ N4 N4’ N13 N12 N8 N11 N10 N7 N15 N5 NWDA N23 PNt OCS PSy PGw Wireline Cellular Source: BBF & 3GPP release 15 specs NFVI (incl containers) M A N O N2 UE N1 Y1 Untrusted non 3GPP access Y2 UDSF* NSSF Slice Management AUSF: Authentication Server Function AMF: Core Access and Mobility Management Function DN: Data network , e.g. operator services, Internet access or 3rd party services SDSF: Structured Data Storage network function UDSF: Unstructured Data Storage network function NEF: Network Exposure Function N3IWF: Non-3GPP InterWorking Function NRF: NF Repository Function NSSF: Network Slice Selection Function NWDA Network Data Analytics Function: PCF: Policy Control function SMF: Session Management Function UDM: Unified Data Management UDR: Unified Data Repository UPF: User plane Function AF: Application Function UE: User Equipment (Radio) Access Network ((R)AN) 5G AGF: Access Gateway Function N22 UDR* N19 NRF SMSFN20 N21 MME N26 4G UE SP-GW DN HSS N?? * Shared Data Layer 5G EIR NEF N3IWF N6 01
  6. 6. Network Slice = a 5G concept to meet service needs 7 Access Subnetwork (ex RAN) Core Subnetwork Other Subnetworks - Ex: IMS Subnetwork A Slice can be composed of a combination of ‘subnetworks’: Access/RAN, Core, Transport, Service Layer etc. These could come from one or multiple operators. A SubNetwork can be shared across multiple slices Transport Subnetwork Device Subnetwork Device A Device A Device A Device A Device A RAN SubNetwork #1 Core Network SubNetwork #1 Core Network SubNetwork #2 Core Network SubNetwork #3 Core Network SubNetwork #4 Core Network SubNetwork #5 Core Network SubNetwork #6 RAN SubNetwork #2 RAN SubNetwork #3 RAN SubNetwork #4 RAN SubNetwork #5 RAN SubNetwork #6 IMS SubNetwork #1 IMS SubNetwork #2 IMS SubNetwork #3 Video Optimization SubNetwork #4 DN SubNetwork #5 Transport Subnetwork Internet Source: 5G Americas, HPE Network Slice#1 Network Slice#2 Network Slice#3 Network Slice#4 Network Slice#5 Network Slice#6 A Network Slice Instance is a set of network functions, and resources to run these network functions, format a complete instantiated logical network to meet certain network characteristics required by the Service Instance(s). 01
  7. 7. Enable new Use Cases … for the Automotive 8 Massive IoT - mMTC Autonomous Car sensors Radar, Linar, Video cameras GPS, humidity sensor, tire pressure sensor, etc eMBB - Enhanced Mobile Broadband Entertainment / e-Driving 8K Video, 360, HD, 3D gaming Augmented/Virtual Reality 3D Map Update Ultra Reliable Low Latency uRLLC Remote Driving – Self Driving Remote control Emergency, Safety Autonomous Driving 02
  8. 8. Safety/autonomous driving service URLLC (Ultra Reliable Low Latency) Infotainment/video streaming eMBB (Mobile Broadband) Maintenance/statistics mIoT, low throughput AMF1 SMF1 AMF1 SMF2UPF2 NSSF AMF1 UPF3 NFVI NFVI VIM VNFM NFVO Slice Orchestration and Management SMF3 NFV MANO Edge Core URLLC Slice eMBB Slice mIoT Slice 3GPP Glossary: AMF: Access and Mobility Function UDM: Unified Data Management NSSF: Network Slice Selection Function NRF: Network Function Repository Function SMF: Session Management Function UPF: User Plane Function PCF: Policy Control Function ETSI NFV Glossary: NFV: Network Function Virtualization MANO: Management and Orchestration NFVO: NFV Orchestrator VNFM: Virtual Network Function Manager VIM: Virtual Infrastructure Manager NFVI: NFV Infrastructure 3 slices: Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice UDM NRF PCF V2X App Caching UPF1 DN V2X Control Function V2X Network Slicing AUSF 02
  9. 9. Design, Deploy and Manage Slices 11 Design End to End Architecture Instantiate Configure UPDATE / SCALE / TERMINATE Slice blueprint compute storage Network underlay overlay tenant VNF NS VL Policies Scripts Supervision Reporting Analytics OPERATE 03
  10. 10. Network Slicing Intent based modeling* A Network Slice crosses several Network Services Customer’s Service or 5G Application Network Slice Operator Network Service xNF NSL Function SF QoS NSL Subnetwork NSLSN Link SF Resource Configuration FG NSLSN QoS NSL QoS NSL Service Chain NS Service Chain (FP) Segment NSLC QoS Network Slice NSL Subnetwork 1 NSL Subnetwork 2 NS 1 NS 2 NSL Chain PNF1 VNF3 VNF4VNF2 Operator Service Customer Service NSL F1 NSL F2 NSL F3 NSL F4 Seg2 Seg3 Seg1 03 * HPE Service Director Closed Loop Automation
  11. 11. UE RAN AMF UDM NSSF NRF SMF 1 SMF 2 SMF 3 UPF3 UPF2 UPF1 1 2 3 AMF 1 4 5 6 7 8 DN Caching V2X App CP UP Deployment model 3 slices: Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice AUSF 04 5G NR
  12. 12. Use Cases 16 04 5G in Factories 5G for Test Drive 5G for Live Vehicle Sensors, massive IoT Low latency, analytics Privacy, Security Edge/MEC, Private 5G Sensors, mIoT, eMBB Low latency, Analytics Mobility public network Hybrid Public-Private 5G Public Cellular-Satellite 5G mIoT, eMBB, uRLLC Cross domain,cross operator, mobility, handover, roaming 5G NR5G NR
  13. 13. Business Opportunity … few slices or many 17 Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices total Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices total Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Model Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Manufacturer Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Manufacturer Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Manufacturer Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices with Subscriber & Mgt control Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Manufacturer Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Manufacturer Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Manufacturer with Opt Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Manufacturer Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Manufacturer with Opt Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Model with Opt Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Model with Opt Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Model with Opt Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice Mobile Broadband (eMBB) Slice mMTC Slice 3 slices per Car Model with Opt 04
  14. 14. USE Case – CAR RACING 18 TODAY Simulation, Machine learning In the Cloud Trackside Analytics to win the race At the Edge TOMORROW Live Analytics Real time Isolated traffic Shared infrastructure With 5G slicing 5G NR 5G NR Edge Telco 5G Core Cloud 04
  15. 15. Road to 5G … Vision 19 NFV Phase VNF NFVI Orchestration NOW Operational Efficiency Devops Micro- Services 2018-2019 Stateless VNF Shared Data Environment Prototype Trial 4G 4G + MEC + 5G-RAN 4G + 5G-RAN + 5GC 2020-2022 Slicing eMBB Commercial Deployment URRLC Zero Touch PaaS / Slice aaS Partner Ecosystem & Verticals (ie Automotive)
  16. 16. 24 The MACHINE
  17. 17. Marie-Paule Odini – HPE Distinguished Technologist In charge of HPE CMS innovation and strategy evolution to 5G in CMS CT Office Industry Expert: Co-Chair of TIP End to End Network Slicing Project Co-founder of ETSI NFV and Vice Chair until mid 2017 Ex Chair of ETSI NFV TST Group (Testing and Opensource) Chief Editor of IEEE Newsletter and special edition on network slicing Co-author of 5G Americas paper on Network Slicing Co-author of 5G Americas upcoming paper on V2X and 5G Co-founder of ETSI ISG LTN , Low Throughput Network (LPWAN) European Commission Telecom Expert (SDN, NFV, IoT, 5G) Member of 5G Labs Advisory Board Marie-paule.odini@hpe.com

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