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5G Automotive, V2X Opportunity and Challenges

This presentation is focused on Automotive and 5G, the drivers, the current status and the challenges including network slicing and management and orchestration

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5G Automotive, V2X Opportunity and Challenges

  1. 1. Is the Automotive Industry Truly a Driver for 5G? 5G Automotive Forum October 2019 1 Marie-Paule Odini, HPE Distinguished Technologist
  2. 2. A bit of History …
  3. 3. 1908 More cars than horses in NYC The mechanical horse source Few 1908 - Ford T – mass production 875$ -> 260$ in 1927 ! The luxury Lozier car - $3500 1900 ~ 100,000 horse in NYC In 1900, 4% of the roads are paved 1916 Federal Aid Act Road 193090% population < 10 miles from a paved road => 23M cars
  4. 4. 4Pictures – source Wikimedia ITS Intelligent Transport System 5.9GHz With CEN/CENELEC  1st Release ITS – 2014  802.11p … DSRC 50,000 fatal injuries in 2000 eCALL Mandatory on all cars by 2018 – using SIM Card 2009 2015
  5. 5. 6Pictures – source Wikimedia 25,000 fatal injuries in 2018 in Europe Still no DSRC / 802.11p … => 2018 = 5% cars … 100% = 2035
  6. 6. 7Pictures – source Wikimedia Monitor Traffic AI Route optimization Traffic Light Mgt V2I – V2N Monitor sensors AI Reroute cars Traffic alternance V2N More bandwidth Edge Computing Slicing V2N Cooperative Driving Low latency V2V V2I Anti collision Help
  7. 7. Today’s data-driven world is reshaping the automotive industry Increasing high bandwidth streaming Emergence of low latency applications Everything becoming connected
  8. 8. Today’s data-driven world is reshaping the telecommunications landscape Increasing high bandwidth consumption Emergence of low latency applications Everything becoming connected
  9. 9. Digital transformation is driving the need for a new network 11 20% of the expected network traffic in 2023 can be carried on today’s networks1 75% of enterprise-generated data expected to be created outside of traditional data centers or clouds by 20223 $45.6B increase in spend on AI and ML technologies from 2017 to 20212 1B Enhanced mobile broadband devices are expected to be connected worldwide by 20231 Billions of new devices Millions of new Use cases & Applications
  10. 10. Is Automotive a big driver for 5G ? 12 300MConnected cars by 2025 Self Driving Cars 100M+ connected cars WW ( 1 Billion Cars total in 2018) 10s V2X specs V2X slices V2X towards 5G Incl MEC EU CAM – Connected & Automated Connectivity Slice Template NEST
  11. 11. Cellular V2X Roadmap 14Source: 5GAA
  12. 12. C-V2X – LTE vs 5G NR Source: Juan Nogueira Nine – Flex (World 5G Summit 2019) 15
  13. 13. 5G Automotive Requirements & Specifications Updates (1) 16 V2V – Forward Collision warning (FCW) - Control Loss warning (CLW) - Emergency stop - emergency vehicle warning - Queue warning => Others for V2I, V2N, V2P Source: 3GPP TR 22.885 Rel 14 Contrib MP Odini PC5 = 5.9GHz Uu = LTE (2.6GHz etc) … future 5G (3.5GHz, 26GHz, etc)
  14. 14. 5G Automotive Requirements & Specifications Updates (2) 17 Source: 3GPP TS 23.501 Rel 16 draft Provisioning V2X Parameters Via NEF Source: 3GPP TS 23.287 Rel 16 draft
  15. 15. Evolving the next generation core Unlock a more agile, automated, and scalable 5G-ready infrastructure 19 Service-based architecture Scale and reallocate resources quickly with open, composable infrastructure platforms and shared data environments Network virtualization With NFV and SDN, speed and simplify add, remove and modify network functions and create new services Network slicing Enable individualized partitioning of services and end to end resource allocation
  16. 16. Transforming the network edge Achieve higher network capacity to meet the anticipated demand 20 Heterogeneous Access Support Wifi, cellular 4G or 5G, broadband, fixed, satellite all connected to a common 5G core Spectrum expansion Secure additional spectrum through heterogeneous network deployments and multi-access technologies at the edge New radio deployments Increase capacity with dense radio deployments on the ground, closer to the end user Edge Compute & Services Enhanced compute at the edge to deliver latency sensitive, industrial IoT, and location sensitive services
  17. 17. From Silos to ONE Network for ALL Cars Seamless mobility, Service continuity and resource optimization WIFI Network Car To Car Cellular Network Satellite Network IoT Network
  18. 18. Enabling 5G Automotive
  19. 19. 5G: enabling new Use Cases – Augmented reality – Gaming and low latency applications – RAN-aware & Application-aware Content Optimization – Active Device Location Tracking – Vehicle to infrastructure communication – Augmented Reality Content Delivery – Security, Safety, Data analytics – Enterprise deployment – Video streaming analytics – Mobile video delivery optimization – Local content caching at the mobile edge – IoT Gateway – Radio access bearer monitoring
  20. 20. 5G enabling Future Use Case – Ex Car racing Ultra fast Data Download / Upload Analytics / big data AI training Transport TrackingCar Preparation Real Time Communication Before Grand Prix During Grand Prix Quick Stop at the Docks Broadcast & Entertainment Promotion, Selling
  21. 21. Example: Grand Prix … some metrics 27 parameter value comment Max attendance 360,000 spectators Canadian GP 2019 Max Car speed 360 km/h Straight Line Mexico GP Nber spectators / year 4,000,000 2018 Nber Grand Prix / year 21 2018 Nber cars 20 Testing Data Volume 45TB per week Telemetry during race 250GB per day per car Data per race week end 3.5TB per car telemetry, race strategy simulations, video and team radio Transport Tracking data kB per day HD Video streaming 25Mbps per user VR streaming Low resolution 25Mbps High resolution 80-100Mbps F1 eSport participants 100,000 F1 esport tournament 15-20 concurrent users Require Bandwidth + low latency
  22. 22. 5G Automotive … interesting use case for E2E Network Slicing Safety/autonomous driving service URLLC (Ultra Reliable Low Latency) Infotainment/video streaming eMBB (Mobile Broadband) Maintenance/statistics mIoT, low throughput AMF1 SMF1 AMF1 SMF2UPF2 NSSF AMF1UPF3 NFVI for Edge NFVI for EPC SMF3 Ultra Reliable Low Latency (URLLC) Slice (user plane at Edge) Mobile Broadband eMBB Slice (user plane at Edge) mIoT Slice (user plane at Central) Glossary: AMF: Access and Mobility Function UDM: Unified Data Management (HSS) NSSF: Network Slice Selection Function NRF: Network Function Repository Function UDM NRF AUSF V2X App Caching UPF1 DN Common CP FunctionsUDR AMFRegistration PDU Establishment Infrastructure 6 Source: Marie-Paule Odini uRRLC eMBB mMTC SMF: Session Management Function UPF: User Plane Function AUSF: Authentication Server Function DN: Data Network V2X: Vehicle-to-everything 5.9GHz Road side unit V2X V2V
  23. 23. Automotive & V2X Slicing Updates 29 Source: 3GPP TS 23.501 Rel 16 – v16.2 (09-19) draft GSMA NEST Source: ATIS Different V2X use cases + eMBB for connected cars
  24. 24. 30 Use Cases: Gaming (done) V2X (draft) etc
  25. 25. E2E services for different applications With slices spanning across RAN – Transport Network – Edge - Core 31 End to end management Millions of instancesMillions of Cars
  26. 26. E2E Orchestration and Service Assurance 32 Quality of Service
  27. 27. Enabling E2E V2X Slices accross muliple operators 33 Operator #1 Operator #2 V2X Slicing Profile Wifi-Cellular RAN Slicing 4G-5G slice continuity, etc
  28. 28. HPE 5G complete solution Focus on service based architecture with a modern, agile OSS 34 Control Plane Functions User Plane Functions 5G UE AF Naf SEPP N32 Namf Nsmf UPF gNodeB (NG-RAN) Data Network N3IWF N3 N2N1 N4 N6 Nw u SMSF Nsmsf NEF Nnef NSSF Nnssf NRF Nnrf UDM Nudm AUSF Nausf PCF Npcf BSF Nbsf CHF Nchf 5G-EIR N5g-eir AMF SMF NudrNudsf UDSF 5G-UDR 3G/4G UDR Nxx Element Management Slice Management Service Exposure Service Analytics MANO / ONAP Enablement Virtualization Orchestration Automation Security Identity Entitlement Microservices Containers API / SBI Feedback Rules Scripts HPE Service Director Methods Intentions Policies Discovery PredictionsBehavior Service Marketplace SaaS/XaaS PaaS IaaS DCN / SDN aaS Service Design, Development and Deployment Environment OSS CI-CD Agile Bimodal DevOps Service CI-CD HPE Shared Data Environment UdLDAP/ SOAP HSS HLR AAA MNP 2G/3G 4G LBS IMS IoT WiFi / LPWAN C/D/Gr S6a S6b SWx/SWm/S6bSLh Cx/Sh S6d S6t • Authentication Server Function (AUSF) • Access and Mobility Management Function (AMF) • Network Exposure Function (NEF) • NF Repository Function (NRF) • Network Slice Selection Function (NSSF) • Non-3GPP Interworking Function (N3IWF) • Policy Control function (PCF) • Session Management Function (SMF) • Unified Data Management (UDM) • User plane Function (UPF) • User Data Repository (UDR) • Unstructured Data Storage Function (UDSF) • Network Data Analytics Function (NWDA) • Equipment Identity Register (EIR) • SMS Function (SMSF) • Binding Support Function (BSF) • Security Edge Protection Proxy (SEPP) + MEC
  29. 29. HPE 5G transformation portfolio Multi-vendor ecosystem delivers best of breed choice for 5G including V2X 35 5G infrastructure platforms from core to edge Edge, Wi-Fi & vRAN for 5G network access Cloud native network functions and orchestration Digital and consumption-based IT services for your 5G transformation A broad partner ecosystem
  30. 30. Enabling many new 5G opportunities 36 Consumer Services Enterprise AR / VR Enterprise Analytics IoT Subscriber Services eMBB use cases • High def audio / video • AR/VR game / event • Context aware services eMBB use cases • Overlay identification • Overlay navigation • Maintenance apps uRLCC / eMBB • Real time apps • Detection • Monitoring • Productivity tracking • Experience AI eMBB use cases • Enterprise pinning • Sponsored service • RAT selection mMTC / eMBB / uRLCC • Smart City • Drones • Autonomous driving • Manufacturing • Healthcare • Agriculture
  31. 31. More resources – Cellular V2X towards 5G - 5G Americas White Paper – MP Odini co-author –V2X and Network Slicing - IEEE Paper – Realize the 5G promise with intelligent and agile service assurance – White Paper – 5G Network Slice configuration and service slice lifecycle management – White Paper – Intent based modeling key to 5G ZSM – IEEE Paper – Network Slicing business paper – Business Paper on slicing monetization – Blog HPE Telecom IQ – 5G Network Slicing : – Blog #1 - 5G Network Slicing: the most promising 5G use case for digital infrastructure – Blog #2 - 5G Network Slice Management and Orchestration – Blog #3 - 5G: How many Slices? Few or many … that is the question – 5G Service Assurance and Orchestration – new paradigms – 5G World Summit presentation - TIP E2E Network Slicing – MP Odini Vice Chair 37
  32. 32. Technology People Economics Let’s accelerate your transformation V2X