Future Energy Development StrategyFuture Energy Development Strategy::
The Global Energy NetworkThe Global Energy Network
...
International Development:International Development:
Statement of NeedStatement of Need
• UN World Food Program
Report (Fe...
Worldwide Hunger:Worldwide Hunger:
18,000 Children Die Every Day18,000 Children Die Every Day
• Undergraduate Students: 6,...
Concept of Global Energy NetworkConcept of Global Energy Network
• Connect regional electricity grids into worldwide energ...
Concept of Global Energy NetworkConcept of Global Energy Network
• Connect regional electricity grids into worldwide energ...
The Global Energy NetworkThe Global Energy Network
• Connect regional electricity grids
into worldwide energy network
• Co...
The Global Energy NetworkThe Global Energy Network
•Proposed by Dr. R.
Buckminster Fuller,
inventor of Geodesic
Dome
• Fir...
Dr. R. Buckminster FullerDr. R. Buckminster Fuller
Special Collections, Stanford University LibrarySpecial Collections, St...
World GameWorld Game
Simulation WorkshopsSimulation Workshops
• Conducted at colleges and corporations in 1970’s
• Simulat...
The Global Energy Network:The Global Energy Network:
Potential BenefitsPotential Benefits
• Turn back the clock on global
...
Unique Properties of ElectricityUnique Properties of Electricity
• Basis of civilization – access to
electricity sets stan...
Electricity: Basis of CivilizationElectricity: Basis of Civilization
• Developed world: 2,000+ kWh per capita
• Developing...
Electricity: Basis of CivilizationElectricity: Basis of Civilization
• Current world population
6.5 Billion people
• Peopl...
Electricity: Basis of CivilizationElectricity: Basis of Civilization
• Clean drinking water and adequate water
treatment s...
Electricity: Supply vs. DemandElectricity: Supply vs. Demand
Fastest Way to Balance Earth Energy AccountsFastest Way to Ba...
Electricity: Supply vs. DemandElectricity: Supply vs. Demand
Fastest Way to Balance Earth Energy AccountsFastest Way to Ba...
Electricity: Time-Sensitive DemandElectricity: Time-Sensitive Demand
• Electricity needs change
throughout the day
• Peak ...
Option 1: Power Plants Respond to Peak DemandOption 1: Power Plants Respond to Peak Demand
• Power plants produce:
• 59% o...
Option 2: Electricity Energy TransfersOption 2: Electricity Energy Transfers
• Bulk power
transfer more
efficient than
tra...
24 Time Zones Worldwide24 Time Zones Worldwide
Electricity Meets Changing Global NeedsElectricity Meets Changing Global Needs
Electricity Meets Changing Global NeedsElectricity Meets Changing Global Needs
Electricity Meets Changing Global NeedsElectricity Meets Changing Global Needs
Energy Transmission Limits?Energy Transmission Limits?
• Up until 1930’s,
transmission limit was
350 miles
Electricity Transmission LimitsElectricity Transmission Limits
Energy Transmission Limits?Energy Transmission Limits?
• Up until 1930’s,
transmission limit was
350 miles
• New technolog...
Electricity Transmission LimitsElectricity Transmission Limits
Energy Transmission Limits?Energy Transmission Limits?
• Up until 1930’s,
transmission limit was
350 miles
• New technolog...
Electricity Transmission LimitsElectricity Transmission Limits
Pacific-Southwest IntertiePacific-Southwest Intertie
• High Voltage (500kV) DC
Line
• Enough power to serve 2-3
million LA...
Electric Utility Industry BarriersElectric Utility Industry Barriers
• Highly regulated for past
100+ years
• Fragmented, ...
Global Energy Grid: Largely BuiltGlobal Energy Grid: Largely Built
Asia Pacific Rim ElectricityAsia Pacific Rim Electricity
CooperationCooperation
• Proposed by Hitachi
Research Institute i...
East-West Energy BridgeEast-West Energy Bridge
• Symbolic connection
across International Date
Line
East-West Energy BridgeEast-West Energy Bridge
• Symbolic connection
across International Date
Line
• Would connect North
...
East-West Energy BridgeEast-West Energy Bridge
• Symbolic connection
across International Date
Line
• Would connect North
...
East-West Energy BridgeEast-West Energy Bridge
• Symbolic connection
across International Date
Line
• Would connect North
...
East-West Energy BridgeEast-West Energy Bridge
• Symbolic connection
across International Date
Line
• Would connect North
...
Former Soviet Union Time ZonesFormer Soviet Union Time Zones
Global Energy Network EndorsementsGlobal Energy Network Endorsements
• Walter Cronkite
• Al Gore
• Boutros Boutros-Ghali
•...
Grid-Building in 2006Grid-Building in 2006
• Russia and China agree to interconnect
• China also sign deals with Vietnam a...
Grid-Building in 2006Grid-Building in 2006
• Lebanon to be linked to regional grid that
includes Egypt, Jordan, Syria and ...
Trends Supporting Grid GrowthTrends Supporting Grid Growth
Technical
• UHV and HVDC technology
• Superconducting transmiss...
Trends Supporting Grid GrowthTrends Supporting Grid Growth
Economical
• High risk, cost of plant construction
• M/A activi...
Micro-Generation: Home SolarMicro-Generation: Home Solar
• California Solar Initiative adding
thousands of small to medium...
Long-Range ConsequencesLong-Range Consequences
• Growth in renewable energy “pro-sumers”
• Aggregators seeking contracts o...
The Energy ChallengeThe Energy Challenge
“Where there is no vision,
the people perish.”
Proverbs 29:18
The Future Energy VisionThe Future Energy Vision
• A homeowner in San Jose will capture
kilowatts for sale to a homeowner ...
Thank You.Thank You.
For more information…For more information…
www.geni.org
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Global Energy Network: The Next World Wide Web (at Stanford University)

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New "Internet of Energy” Key to Fighting Climate Change
The key to fighting climate change is for the U.S. to take a leadership role in promoting a “new world wide web of electricity,” according to Michael Powers, board member and spokesman for Global Energy Network Institute, a non-profit research and education group based in San Diego.
Powers made the comments at Stanford University’s recent conference, “Energy in the Developing World: Working toward a Sustainable Future.” The conference was organized by the Stanford Association for International Development (SAID) and the Graduate School of Business.

“By connecting regional electricity grids around the world into a global network, it will be possible to tap new renewable resources and phase out our worst polluting coal-fired power plants,” Powers said.

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Global Energy Network: The Next World Wide Web (at Stanford University)

  1. 1. Future Energy Development StrategyFuture Energy Development Strategy:: The Global Energy NetworkThe Global Energy Network Emergence of the NextEmergence of the Next ““World Wide Web”World Wide Web”
  2. 2. International Development:International Development: Statement of NeedStatement of Need • UN World Food Program Report (Feb. 17, 2007) • 850 million people are “hungry or malnourished” • Half of this number are children • 18,000 children die of starvation every single day
  3. 3. Worldwide Hunger:Worldwide Hunger: 18,000 Children Die Every Day18,000 Children Die Every Day • Undergraduate Students: 6,422 • Graduate Students: 11,325 • Total Enrollment, Stanford 17,747 Compared to Stanford University Student Enrollment
  4. 4. Concept of Global Energy NetworkConcept of Global Energy Network • Connect regional electricity grids into worldwide energy network
  5. 5. Concept of Global Energy NetworkConcept of Global Energy Network • Connect regional electricity grids into worldwide energy network
  6. 6. The Global Energy NetworkThe Global Energy Network • Connect regional electricity grids into worldwide energy network • Connect renewable energy resources (hydro, solar, wind) • Phase out energy generating plants causing greatest pollution •Provide universal access to electricity •2,000 kWh per capita/year
  7. 7. The Global Energy NetworkThe Global Energy Network •Proposed by Dr. R. Buckminster Fuller, inventor of Geodesic Dome • First suggested at World Game simulation workshops in 1970’s
  8. 8. Dr. R. Buckminster FullerDr. R. Buckminster Fuller Special Collections, Stanford University LibrarySpecial Collections, Stanford University Library
  9. 9. World GameWorld Game Simulation WorkshopsSimulation Workshops • Conducted at colleges and corporations in 1970’s • Simulation exercises - opposite of “war games” • War games prepare for war; world games prepare for peace • World Game Objective: • “How can we make the world work… for 100% of humanity… in the shortest possible time… through spontaneous cooperation… without ecological damage or… disadvantage to anyone?” • Highest priority strategy: Global Energy Grid
  10. 10. The Global Energy Network:The Global Energy Network: Potential BenefitsPotential Benefits • Turn back the clock on global warming • Universal increase in living standards • Reduction in hunger and poverty • Stabilize population growth • Increase in trade, cooperation and peace between nations
  11. 11. Unique Properties of ElectricityUnique Properties of Electricity • Basis of civilization – access to electricity sets standard of living • Fastest way to balance earth’s “energy accounts” – travels at the speed of light • Can’t be easily stored • Used on a time-sensitive basis (peak vs. off-peak)
  12. 12. Electricity: Basis of CivilizationElectricity: Basis of Civilization • Developed world: 2,000+ kWh per capita • Developing world: 1,000 – 2,000 kWh per capita • Poverty: Less than 1,000 kWh per capita
  13. 13. Electricity: Basis of CivilizationElectricity: Basis of Civilization • Current world population 6.5 Billion people • People with no access to electricity: 2 Billion people Billions of People 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 World Population No electricity
  14. 14. Electricity: Basis of CivilizationElectricity: Basis of Civilization • Clean drinking water and adequate water treatment systems • Refrigeration: stable food supply and medicines • Reduction of disease and infant mortality • Improved standard of living: stable population growth • Correlates with high literacy rate • Stable economy with steady job growth
  15. 15. Electricity: Supply vs. DemandElectricity: Supply vs. Demand Fastest Way to Balance Earth Energy AccountsFastest Way to Balance Earth Energy Accounts • Earth’s Daily Energy Input: 174,000 Terawatts • Earth’s Daily Energy Needs: 13.4 Terawatts • Every day, Earth receives 12,000 times as much energy as civilization uses
  16. 16. Electricity: Supply vs. DemandElectricity: Supply vs. Demand Fastest Way to Balance Earth Energy AccountsFastest Way to Balance Earth Energy Accounts • Energy Not Always… • the right kind of energy • at the right place • at the right time… • Not a supply problem, but a distribution problem • Electricity travels at speed of light • Only commodity that can be traded, delivered and used immediately
  17. 17. Electricity: Time-Sensitive DemandElectricity: Time-Sensitive Demand • Electricity needs change throughout the day • Peak needs only occur briefly during day • Avg needs usually ½ what peak needs are • Baseload needs usually ½ again as small • Large amounts of energy wasted as generating facilities are started and stopped during the day
  18. 18. Option 1: Power Plants Respond to Peak DemandOption 1: Power Plants Respond to Peak Demand • Power plants produce: • 59% of sulfur dioxide • 18% of nitrogen oxide • 40% of carbon dioxide • Over half use coal
  19. 19. Option 2: Electricity Energy TransfersOption 2: Electricity Energy Transfers • Bulk power transfer more efficient than transient generation • Over 35% of all energy sold now bulk power transfer
  20. 20. 24 Time Zones Worldwide24 Time Zones Worldwide
  21. 21. Electricity Meets Changing Global NeedsElectricity Meets Changing Global Needs
  22. 22. Electricity Meets Changing Global NeedsElectricity Meets Changing Global Needs
  23. 23. Electricity Meets Changing Global NeedsElectricity Meets Changing Global Needs
  24. 24. Energy Transmission Limits?Energy Transmission Limits? • Up until 1930’s, transmission limit was 350 miles
  25. 25. Electricity Transmission LimitsElectricity Transmission Limits
  26. 26. Energy Transmission Limits?Energy Transmission Limits? • Up until 1930’s, transmission limit was 350 miles • New technology in 1960’s increased this limit to 1,500 miles
  27. 27. Electricity Transmission LimitsElectricity Transmission Limits
  28. 28. Energy Transmission Limits?Energy Transmission Limits? • Up until 1930’s, transmission limit was 350 miles • New technology in 1960’s increased this limit to 1,500 miles • UHV and HVDC technology now allow bulk power transfers of more than 4,300 miles
  29. 29. Electricity Transmission LimitsElectricity Transmission Limits
  30. 30. Pacific-Southwest IntertiePacific-Southwest Intertie • High Voltage (500kV) DC Line • Enough power to serve 2-3 million LA households • Completed in 1972, upgraded in 1984 and 2004 • Connects Bonneville hydro power in NW to Southern California • Line extends about 900 miles
  31. 31. Electric Utility Industry BarriersElectric Utility Industry Barriers • Highly regulated for past 100+ years • Fragmented, regional utility service areas • Little or no incentive to invest in new transmission infrastructure • No over-arching global strategy
  32. 32. Global Energy Grid: Largely BuiltGlobal Energy Grid: Largely Built
  33. 33. Asia Pacific Rim ElectricityAsia Pacific Rim Electricity CooperationCooperation • Proposed by Hitachi Research Institute in 1998 • Interconnect Pacific Rim nations with UHV and HVDC lines • Flatten demand curve across multiple time zones • Flatten out seasonal demands between tropical and high-latitude climates
  34. 34. East-West Energy BridgeEast-West Energy Bridge • Symbolic connection across International Date Line
  35. 35. East-West Energy BridgeEast-West Energy Bridge • Symbolic connection across International Date Line • Would connect North America with Siberia across the Bering Straits
  36. 36. East-West Energy BridgeEast-West Energy Bridge • Symbolic connection across International Date Line • Would connect North America with Siberia across the Bering Straits
  37. 37. East-West Energy BridgeEast-West Energy Bridge • Symbolic connection across International Date Line • Would connect North America with Siberia across the Bering Straits • Connection to Diomede Island midpoint is 26 miles
  38. 38. East-West Energy BridgeEast-West Energy Bridge • Symbolic connection across International Date Line • Would connect North America with Siberia across the Bering Straits • Connection to Diomede Island midpoint is 26 miles • Leg to Siberian mainland is just 22 miles
  39. 39. Former Soviet Union Time ZonesFormer Soviet Union Time Zones
  40. 40. Global Energy Network EndorsementsGlobal Energy Network Endorsements • Walter Cronkite • Al Gore • Boutros Boutros-Ghali • His Holiness Dalai Lama • Rev. Desmond Tutu • Vincente Fox • Jonas Salk • Senator Tim Wirth • Senator Jim Jeffords • Senator Alan Cranston • Dr. Oscar Arias
  41. 41. Grid-Building in 2006Grid-Building in 2006 • Russia and China agree to interconnect • China also sign deals with Vietnam and Tajikistan • South Korea offers to extend grid into North Korea • Kenya and Ethiopia agree to supply power to each other • Modeled after 12-nation South Africa Power Pool, 14 west Africa nations plan to link their energy grids
  42. 42. Grid-Building in 2006Grid-Building in 2006 • Lebanon to be linked to regional grid that includes Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Turkey • Same project will join Libya and Iraq • Former enemies Iran and Iraq agreed to build four cross-border power lines • Mexico’s Mesoamerica Initiative plans to integrate energy grids of all of the Central American nations
  43. 43. Trends Supporting Grid GrowthTrends Supporting Grid Growth Technical • UHV and HVDC technology • Superconducting transmission lines • Zero resistance, zero power loss • “Smart Grid” strategies: • Interactive energy management • Robust data transmission • Real time pricing and communications between producers and consumers • Improved reliability • National Grid Week: April 23-26
  44. 44. Trends Supporting Grid GrowthTrends Supporting Grid Growth Economical • High risk, cost of plant construction • M/A activity among utility firms • Growth of Distributed Generation • Growth in Renewable Energy
  45. 45. Micro-Generation: Home SolarMicro-Generation: Home Solar • California Solar Initiative adding thousands of small to medium-size solar energy systems • “Net Metering” Program: • During day, homes spin meter backwards, selling power back to grid •At night, homes “buy back” power sold during the day • Each of these solar homes are new nodes on the energy grid • Electricity connection into house is now a 2-way pipe
  46. 46. Long-Range ConsequencesLong-Range Consequences • Growth in renewable energy “pro-sumers” • Aggregators seeking contracts on blocks of solar, wind and fuel cell-generated “premium power” • New industry: Hardware and software for energy management and energy transactions • “Peer-to-Peer” energy trading over longer distances • Direct, individual participation in the global economy
  47. 47. The Energy ChallengeThe Energy Challenge “Where there is no vision, the people perish.” Proverbs 29:18
  48. 48. The Future Energy VisionThe Future Energy Vision • A homeowner in San Jose will capture kilowatts for sale to a homeowner in Shanghai • Instead of running all of the world’s generators half the time… we will run half the world’s generators all the time. • Successful phase out of fossil fuels • Reversal of climate change • Universal access to electricity… and a reasonable standard of living, world-wide
  49. 49. Thank You.Thank You. For more information…For more information… www.geni.org

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