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The Ramani Huria experience: Participatory Community Mapping of Urban Neighborhoods


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The Ramani Huria experience: Participatory Community Mapping of Urban Neighborhoods

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Experiences from Ramani Huria in order to select better methodology to conduct pilot community mapping project in Mozambique.

Experiences from Ramani Huria in order to select better methodology to conduct pilot community mapping project in Mozambique.


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The Ramani Huria experience: Participatory Community Mapping of Urban Neighborhoods

  1. 1. The Ramani Huria Experience: Participatory Community Mapping of Urban Neighborhoods: Msilikale Msilanga @msilikale05
  2. 2. Outline • Objective • History • Tandale • Ramani Huria • Background • Methodology • Lesson learned and recommendations 2
  3. 3. • Objective of this presentation: • Share the Ramani Huria experience of Dar es salaam • Compare mapping methodologies • Work towards optimising approaches for Mozambique Introduction 3
  4. 4. Challenges Facing Dar es Salaam • Rapid urbanization and unplanned growth • Fastest growing city in Africa • Informal settlements (~80% of the city) • Lack of access to basic services • Traffic congestion • Increased risk to hazards, such as flooding 4
  5. 5. Factors Contributing to Neighborhood Vulnerability • Waterways constricted • Severe seasonal flooding• Improper solid waste disposal 5
  6. 6. Why map urban neighborhoods? Identify the issues available – Flooding Capture information (data) using simple tools and easy ways Better decision making due to availability of information. 6
  7. 7. A Short History of Community Mapping 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 MAP KIBERA HAITI RAMANI TANDAL E JAKARTA MONGOLIA MALAWI 7
  8. 8. The Beginning: Tandale Mapping (Ramani Tandale) 2011
  9. 9. Tandale Mapping • The most socially excluded neighbourhood in Dar es Salaam • 71,250 population in only 90 hectares • They share the toilets and corridors • It is overcrowded, 70,000 people live in 3 square kilometres 9
  10. 10. Tandale Mapping - Multiple Objectives • Understand the location of critical challenges and critical infrastructure within the neighborhood - solid waste dumping sites, drainage, school, water points etc. • Provide local university students with experience of field surveying to augment their scholarly training • Facilitate community discussion and participation for members to express their problems using maps and blogs • Pioneer new methods of data collection - understand the impact of new participatory/crowdsourced approaches 10
  11. 11. Tandale Mapping - Stakeholders • World Bank who provided funds for the pilot project • Ardhi University students who helped to train and to help the community to conduct the mapping • Centre for Community Initiatives (CCI) – Contributed to the participation of community organizations in Tandale including: o Tandale Community who were trained by the students to map their areas. These are the people who knows most about their neighborhoods. o Ground Truth Initiative – Coordinated all the activities of the project o Twaweza – Donated the mapping equipment for the mapping to be successful (GPS, Laptops and Cameras) 11
  12. 12. Tandale Mapping - Using OpenStreetMap 1 GATHER DATA 2 UPLOAD DATA 3 EDIT MAPS 4 EDIT DATA 5 RENDER MAPS 12
  13. 13. Tandale Mapping - Using a GPS and Field Papers 13
  14. 14. Tandale Mapping - Outputs August 2011 Septembe r 2011 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Tandale Mapping Results – Locating Issues Identified by the Community • Poor Sanitation • No solid waste collection points • Lack of drainage systems • Poor solid waste • Inaccessibility • Insufficient sanitary facilities 17
  18. 18. Pivoting to Ramani Huria – Community Mapping Across Dar es Salaam Learning from the Ramani Tandale experience enabled stakeholders to assess how new methodologies can be leveraged to quickly map and survey communities. Following severe flooding in Dar es Salaam, the Tanzanian Commission for Science and Technology requested an at-scale community mapping project to support flood resilience activities in Dar es Salaam. 19
  19. 19. Ramani Huria – Core Focus • Mapping of Flooding Risks for Resilience Planning and Drainage 20
  20. 20. Ramani Huria - The use of Drones • It has more accuracy (1.5 m accuracy) • Is more light • No flying skills required • It map more (45 minutes for 12 km²)
  21. 21. Drone output 1.5 cm imagery 50 cm resolutions imagery
  22. 22. 3D models visualizations Hydrological models Good tool for flood resilience
  23. 23. Coverage of Drone Mapping Dar es salaam
  24. 24. Other Drone Mapping projects in Dar es salaam ●Dar-es-Salaam Ramani Huria Used as the powerful tool for flood modeling and availability Geotiff for digitization on Openstreetmap ●Ng’ambo tuitakayo in Zanzibar Used to produce Geotiff for digitization and making of field paper for data collection ●Kibele land Fills In Zanzibar Used as determinant of waste product volume used to fill the Kibele quarrying area ●Makunduchi In zanzibar Provide Aerial photography used as baseline to show the existing situation to comparing the village development along the sea shore (beach)
  25. 25. Ramani Huria - Mapping Objectives • Support risk awareness activities related to urban flooding. • Enable hazard and risk analysis of communities to flooding and understand exposure ( -> enabled by InaSAFE) • Improve understanding of urban infrastructure to inform maintenance and planning • Build local skills and capacity. Engage communities, train next generation of town planners, encourage local leadership 26
  26. 26. Ramani Huria - Methodology 1.Opening community forum 2.Mapping training 3.Go mapping! 4.Participatory mapping to identify historical flood extents 5.Closing community forum 27
  27. 27. 1. Opening community forum Engage community members, local officials 28
  28. 28. 29 2. Mapping training On the mapping process, including field exercises Data collection tools
  29. 29. 3. Go mapping! Data collection, digitization, and data review 30
  30. 30. Identifying hazards together with communities through participatory mapping 4. Participatory Mapping 31
  31. 31. 5. Closing community forum 32 Community and Ward Executive Officers celebrate their maps!
  32. 32. Maps now in ward offices 33
  33. 33. Community Mapping at Scale 29wards fully mapped, drainage in 36 home to 3.5 million people (estimated, 3.01 million in 2012 census) 1000+ km of waterways 3000+ km of roads 400,000 buildings 1,700 school buildings (quadrupling size of Tanzania’s OSM dataset) 34
  34. 34. Ramani Huria - Current Status • Continue mapping • Continue involving stakeholders to better help the community during the flooding • Involve the Government to help on the process • Work out to stabilize the training to WEOs to know how to do the mapping for changes 35
  35. 35. Raising awareness on activities related to urban flooding 36
  36. 36. Holding workshops and lectures on use of open data, open tools; OSM, QGIS etc Mapping party at KinuVation Hub Lecture at University of Dar es Salaam 37
  37. 37. 38
  38. 38. Ramani Huria – Key Actors • Universities – Provide Students to support mapping • Municipalities – Cooperate to provide information to ward level • Humanitarian Open Street Maps (Hot) – Contracted to scale up community mapping to a large number of neighborhoods – Using the same methodology • Buni Hub – Working space where they train more tech people • Costech – Monitoring of the community mapping project • Red Cross – Provide help during flooding 39
  39. 39. Ramani Huria - Stakeholders 40
  40. 40. Lessons Learned and Recommendation
  41. 41. Community Mapping Produces Useful Information • Identify flood prone and other high risk locations • Identify locations for evacuation and disaster response • Inexpensive way to collect baseline and diagnostic data for informal settlements • Provide updated information in rapidly changing bairros • Data freely available to government, projects, civil society and academics
  42. 42. Community Mapping Builds Capacity • Communities can understand and use data about their own neighborhoods • Strengthens relationships between communities, municipalities and other partners • Enables learning about local reality by government, researchers, NGOs/CSOs • Municipalities use bairro data to make better decisions • Local students and activists develop technical skills • Builds open data infrastructure and culture.
  43. 43. Practical Organization is Key to Success • Involve all stakeholder at all stages in the process • Bairro secretaries are key to linking participation with results • Municipal leaders and staff should specify data needs • Students and activists should train community members by doing with them not for them • Accessible tools and technologies like smartphones, handheld GPS, open source software make the process sustainable • Prepare logistics well to keep mapping teams happy and productive.
  44. 44. Asante sana Muito Obrigado @msilikale05