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Poetry PowerPoint

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Poetry PowerPoint

  1. 1. The Language of Literature <ul><li>POETRY </li></ul>
  2. 2. Poets on Poetry <ul><li>“ Poetry is emotion put into measure. The emotion must come by nature, but the measure can be acquired by art.” ~Thomas Hardy </li></ul><ul><li>“ Immature poets imitate; mature poets steal.” ~ T S Eliot </li></ul><ul><li>“ Perhaps no person can be a poet, or can even enjoy poetry, without a certain unsoundness of mind.” ~ Thomas Babington Macaulay </li></ul>
  3. 3. Misconceptions About Poetry <ul><li>Poetry is just for girls. </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry always rhymes. </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry is about weird and stupid things. </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry doesn’t make any sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry is something we HAVE to do. </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of poetry is about love and death. </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry uses weird language. </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry isn’t about anything I like. </li></ul><ul><li>I can NOT write poetry! </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Poetry? <ul><li>Poetry – an imaginative response to an experience reflecting a keen awareness of language. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many elements used in writing effective poetry. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Language in Poetry <ul><li>Two Types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Figurative – language used to create a special effect in feeling; characterized by figures of speech or language that compares, exaggerates, or words that mean something other than its literal meaning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literal – The exact primary meaning of a word or words. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. SPEAKER <ul><li>Speaker – the person who speaks in or narrates a poem. </li></ul><ul><li>The speaker and writer are NOT necessarily the same person. </li></ul>
  7. 7. THEME <ul><li>Theme – a statement about life that a particular work is trying to get across to the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>Theme = Main Idea </li></ul>
  8. 8. DICTION <ul><li>Diction – an author’s choice of words based on their correctness, clarity (clear), or effectiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>Some words are purposely chosen to represent ideas, not to come right out and say them. </li></ul>
  9. 9. IMAGERY <ul><li>Imagery – words or phrases a writer selects to create a certain picture in the mind; based on sensory detail. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery uses descriptive words to evoke the five senses. </li></ul>
  10. 10. METER AND RHYTHM <ul><li>Meter and rhythm describe patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. </li></ul><ul><li>The meter and rhythm of a poem creates a beat. </li></ul>
  11. 11. VERSE AND REFRAIN <ul><li>Verse – metric line of poetry names according to the kind and number of feet composing it. </li></ul><ul><li>Refrain – repetition of a line or phrase of a poem at regular intervals, especially at the end of a stanza (chorus). </li></ul>
  12. 12. STANZA <ul><li>Stanza – a division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains. </li></ul><ul><li>When you see a space between lines in a poem, that means a new stanza is beginning. </li></ul>
  13. 13. RHYME <ul><li>Rhyme – similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T op = Top </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>St op = Stop </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. END RHYME <ul><li>End Rhyme – rhyming words that appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I do not like green eggs and ham. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I do not like them Sam I am. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. INTERNAL RHYME <ul><li>Internal Rhyme – occurs when rhyming words appear in the same line of poetry. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. RHYME SCHEME <ul><li>Rhyme Scheme – the pattern or sequence in which rhyme sounds occur in a stanza or poem. </li></ul><ul><li>To label a rhyme scheme, a similar letter is assigned to each pair of rhyming sounds in a stanza. </li></ul>
  17. 17. LABELING RHYME SCHEME <ul><li>Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? A </li></ul><ul><li>Though are more lovely and temperate: B </li></ul><ul><li>Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, A </li></ul><ul><li>And summer’s lease hath all to short a date. B </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines C </li></ul><ul><li>And often is his gold complexion dimmed; D </li></ul><ul><li>And every fair from fair sometimes declines C </li></ul><ul><li>By chance or nature's changing course untrimmed. D </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The rhyme scheme is ABAB CDCD </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. ALLITERATION <ul><li>Alliteration – repetition of initial consonant sounds in words. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She sells sea shells down by the seashore. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. ASSONANCE <ul><li>Assonance – repetition of vowel sounds without the repetition of consonant sounds. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How now brown cow. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. SIMILE <ul><li>Simile – comparison of two unlike things using the words “like” or “as.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He acts like an animal when he eats! </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. METAPHOR <ul><li>Metaphor – comparison of two unlike things NOT using “like” or “as.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He is an animal when he eats! </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. PERSONIFICATION <ul><li>Personification – giving human qualities to non-human objects. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The wind whispered through the trees. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sun smiled down on the earth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The flag waved at us. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The statue stared at us. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. ONOMATOPOEIA <ul><li>Onomatopoeia – the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning. </li></ul>
  24. 24. HYPERBOLE <ul><li>Hyperbole – The use of exaggeration for a heightened effect. </li></ul>
  25. 25. ALLUSION <ul><li>Allusion – an indirect reference to art, literature, history, etc. that the author expects the reader to recognize. </li></ul>
  26. 26. SYMBOLISM/SYMBOL <ul><li>Symbolism – the use of a person, place, or thing or an event used to represent something else. Symbol – the use of a concrete object to represent something abstract. </li></ul>
  27. 27. PARADOX <ul><li>Paradox – an apparent contradiction which is somehow true. </li></ul>
  28. 28. OXYMORON <ul><li>Oxymoron – a paradox where two successive words (side by side) seemingly contradict each other. </li></ul>
  29. 29. METONYMY <ul><li>Metonymy – the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself. </li></ul>
  30. 30. LIMERICK <ul><li>Limerick – a short funny poem that follows certain rules: AABBA rhyme scheme. Lines 1, 2, 5 have 8-10 syllables. Lines 3, 4 have 5 syllables. Common limericks use the name of a place at the end of the first line. </li></ul>
  31. 31. SAMPLE LIMERICK <ul><li>There once was a lady from France. Who went to an old fashioned dance. She dances really quick. And did a neat trick. But she left with a hole in her pants. </li></ul>
  32. 32. SAMPLE CINQUAIN <ul><li>CINQUAIN Cinquain (“sin-kane) – five line poem with definite requirements for each line. Line 1: One word – what the poem is about (noun). Line 2: Two words – words that describe the word in line 1 (adjectives). Line 3: Three words – actions associated with the word in line 1; what it does (verbs in the same form) Line 4: Four Words – Words that express thought or feeling about the word in line 1; words that make a statement about the word in line 1 (NOT A COMPLETE SENTENCE) Line 5: One word – Another word for the word in line 1; or a word that tells how you feel about the word in line 1 (noun) </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Mice Little, quiet Running, crawling, jumping Eat holes in furniture Demons </li></ul>
  34. 34. DIAMANTE (DIAMOND) <ul><li>Diamante – seven-line poem with definite requirements. Line 1: One word (noun that has an opposite) Line 2: Two words (two adjectives describing the noun) Line 3: Three words (three participles – words ending in –ing or –ed) Line 4: Four words (two nouns related to the word in line 1 and two nouns that are opposite of the first two) Line 5: Three words (three participles indicating change or development of the subject ending in –ing or –ed) Line 6: Two words (two adjectives carrying on the idea of change or development) Line 7: One word (noun that is opposite of line 1) </li></ul>
  35. 35. SAMPLE DIAMANTE <ul><li>Fire Red, hot Burning, scalding, blistering Heat, flames – frost, freezer Cooling, soothing, refreshing Cold, chilly Ice Notice the diamond shape of the poem. </li></ul>
  36. 36. BALLAD <ul><li>Simple narrative poem. Presents a single dramatic episode. Very little characterization, description, or motivation. Story told through action and dialogue. Deals with subjects such as adventure, love, jealousy, heroism, disaster, or revenge. Four-line stanzas. Usually meant to be sung. Usually ABCB rhyme scheme. Often 8 syllables in lines 1 and 3 and 6 syllables in lines 2 and 4. Usually has a refrain – ending of a stanza or separate stanza that is repeated. </li></ul>
  37. 37. HAIKU <ul><li>Haiku – traditional form of Japanese poetry composed of three lines. Haiku is used to capture a moment, express a feeling, and/or celebrate some phase or element of nature. 1 Line – 5 syllables 1 Line – 7 syllables 1 Line – 5 syllables These lines can be in any order. </li></ul>
  38. 38. SAMPLE HAIKU <ul><li>Whoppers sitting on a plate, Aroma so sweet, The thrill of eating. </li></ul>