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This slide are about the international relations theory which is Marxism.

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  1. 1. Baylis, Smith & Owens: The Globalization of World Politics 5e Chapter 8 Marxist theories of international relations
  2. 2. Introduction • Retains relevance despite collapse of Communist rule in former Soviet Union • Focuses on global capitalism • Not an explicit theory of IR • Varying interpretations of his writings --> competing schools of Marxism
  3. 3. World system theory • Antecedents: – Lenin’s work on imperialism – Latin American dependency school • Contemporary mainstay: Immanuel Wallerstein
  4. 4. Gramsci & ‘Italian school’ • Shifts focus towards superstructural phenomena • Explores processes by which hegemony produces social-political system --> disperses ideas/ideologies of ruling stratum • Cox, etc. ‘internationalize’ Gramsci by transferring key concepts to global context
  5. 5. Critical theory • Varying conceptions of emancipation • First-generation Frankfurt School: emancipation = reconciliation with nature • Habermas: emancipatory potential lies in the realm of communication – Radical democracy can unlock it • Linklater: favours expansion of political community’s moral boundaries (ex: EU)
  6. 6. New Marxism • Characterized by direct (re)appropriation Marx’s concepts/categories • Warren: deploys Marx to criticize central ideas of dependency & world-system theory • Rosenberg: uses Marx to criticize globalization and realist theories of IR • Seeks to develop an alternative approach: historical change as reflection of transformations in relations of production
  7. 7. Marxist theories of IR • Sceptical of current emphasis on globalization • See globalization as another step in development of capitalism • Suspicious of globalization as ideological tool to justify reductions in workers’ rights and welfare provision
  8. 8. Case Study The politics of neo-liberalism