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Citizen Science: Researcher,
Participants, and Institutional
Perspectives
Muki Haklay, Extreme Citizen Science group
Depar...
• Researcher experience in participatory mapping
and citizen science
• Participants journeys and motivation
• Institutiona...
Chauffeurs, facilitators & technology
Aurigi, A., Batty, S., Bloomfield, D., Boott, R., Clark, J., Haklay, M., Harrison, C...
2006
2007
2008
Noise Mapping
2009
Participatory Software design
Data collection
Towards Intelligent Maps
Monitoring poaching
Mapping for Change
▪ Social enterprise based at UCL; founded in 2008; built on over a
decade worth of experience from its ...
• Perceived as public
engagement and not
part of research –
limited funding
• Submission in
Institutional “Impact”
cases –...
PARTICIPANTS EXPERIENCE
64M UK population
8.5M BBC Attenborough & the Giant Dinosaur
520,000 in RSPB Big Garden Birdwatch
40,000 in British Trust ...
Everyone
Consumption of science (passive/active)
Opportunistic or highly limited participation
Data collection and analysi...
Citizen
Science
Awareness to
environmental
or scientific
issue
Producing
scientific
outputs
Achieving
temporal and
geograp...
1. Task/game mechanics
2. Pattern recognition
3. On topic learning
5. Off topic knowledge
and skills
4. Scientific process...
Regalado. (2017) Unwrapping DIY enquiry: The study of ‘enquiry’ in DIY practice at individual, community & place levels, P...
General interest in popular science
Science blog reader + Galaxy Zoo classifier
Galaxy Zoo forum moderator
Community manag...
Source: Mapping for ChangeEveryAware website at http://www.everyaware.eu
Participatory Sensing
Widely distributed press release
targeted at politicians and media
Follow-up with Wandsworth Council,
TfL and Mayor’s Offi...
Participants aspects
• Multiple goals for participation
• Participation inequality and the type of
transformation is chall...
INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS
• Participants are well educated &
contribution to science is known
motivator
• They provide free labour and/or
resources,...
• Open Science and Citizen Science should be jointly
considered in research and innovation.
• Pay attention to synergies, ...
LERU recommendations (2016)
• For Universities: Recognise the field,
create a single point of contact, provide
ethical and...
• Science Shops or
institutional citizen
science focal points –
providing access for
the wider community
to ask for suppor...
• Citizen science is growing rapidly
• Multifaceted aspects, which require mix methods
to evaluate & monitor
• Challenges ...
Follow us:
– http://www.ucl.ac.uk/excites
– Twitter: @UCL_ExCiteS
– Blog:
http://uclexcites.wordpress.com
The work of ExCi...
Open Science and Citizen Science - researcher, participants, and institutional aspects
Open Science and Citizen Science - researcher, participants, and institutional aspects
Open Science and Citizen Science - researcher, participants, and institutional aspects
Open Science and Citizen Science - researcher, participants, and institutional aspects
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Open Science and Citizen Science - researcher, participants, and institutional aspects

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Presentation from the OECD workshop on 9th April 2018, GSF-NESTI Workshop on "Reconciling Scientific Excellence and Open Science" asked the question "What do we want out of science and how can we incentivise and monitor these outputs?". The talk covers the personal experience as a researcher, the experience of participants in citizen science projects, and the institutional aspects.

Publicado en: Ciencias
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Open Science and Citizen Science - researcher, participants, and institutional aspects

  1. 1. Citizen Science: Researcher, Participants, and Institutional Perspectives Muki Haklay, Extreme Citizen Science group Department of Geography, UCL Twitter: @mhaklay / @ucl_excites
  2. 2. • Researcher experience in participatory mapping and citizen science • Participants journeys and motivation • Institutional experience Outline
  3. 3. Chauffeurs, facilitators & technology Aurigi, A., Batty, S., Bloomfield, D., Boott, R., Clark, J., Haklay, M., Harrison, C., Heppell, K., Moreley, J. and Thornton, C. (1999), UCL Brownfield Research Network, University College London, London, UK, 42 pp 1998
  4. 4. 2006
  5. 5. 2007
  6. 6. 2008 Noise Mapping
  7. 7. 2009
  8. 8. Participatory Software design
  9. 9. Data collection
  10. 10. Towards Intelligent Maps
  11. 11. Monitoring poaching
  12. 12. Mapping for Change ▪ Social enterprise based at UCL; founded in 2008; built on over a decade worth of experience from its founding organisations. ▪ Promotes and supports community-based initiatives towards building more sustainable communities, by using of participatory mapping, geospatial technologies and citizen science. ▪ Setting up took an effort to secure support from sympathetic senior management (e.g. by securing social enterprise funding for research)
  13. 13. • Perceived as public engagement and not part of research – limited funding • Submission in Institutional “Impact” cases – additional load Reporting impact
  14. 14. PARTICIPANTS EXPERIENCE
  15. 15. 64M UK population 8.5M BBC Attenborough & the Giant Dinosaur 520,000 in RSPB Big Garden Birdwatch 40,000 in British Trust of Ornithology surveys 500 in BioHacking & DIY Science 60,000 in Oxford ClimatePrediction.net UK Engagement Escalator
  16. 16. Everyone Consumption of science (passive/active) Opportunistic or highly limited participation Data collection and analysis High engagement in DIY science Joining volunteer computing or thinking 7 Levels of Engagement
  17. 17. Citizen Science Awareness to environmental or scientific issue Producing scientific outputs Achieving temporal and geographical coverage Achieving inclusiveness Increasing scientific literacy Accessing resources Creating enjoyable & engaging experiences Balancing Citizen Science goals • Each citizen science project is a balancing act between the scientific goals, scale and depth of engagement, benefits to different stakeholders (scientists, participants, project funders)
  18. 18. 1. Task/game mechanics 2. Pattern recognition 3. On topic learning 5. Off topic knowledge and skills 4. Scientific process 6. Personal development Participation as volunteer Source: Laure Kloetzer, University of Geneva
  19. 19. Regalado. (2017) Unwrapping DIY enquiry: The study of ‘enquiry’ in DIY practice at individual, community & place levels, PhD Thesis UCL
  20. 20. General interest in popular science Science blog reader + Galaxy Zoo classifier Galaxy Zoo forum moderator Community manager ExCiteS Citizen science research Galaxy Zoo / citizen science ambassador ...as well as Alice’s journey
  21. 21. Source: Mapping for ChangeEveryAware website at http://www.everyaware.eu Participatory Sensing
  22. 22. Widely distributed press release targeted at politicians and media Follow-up with Wandsworth Council, TfL and Mayor’s Office Key achievement: persuading TfL to introduce hybrid and retrofitted buses Putney: Air Quality Monitoring outcome
  23. 23. Participants aspects • Multiple goals for participation • Participation inequality and the type of transformation is challenging (not unicorns, both also not mass change) • Funding and issue for participants too
  24. 24. INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS
  25. 25. • Participants are well educated & contribution to science is known motivator • They provide free labour and/or resources, and many want to see outputs used openly • Open access publications are necessary • Participants can also analyse the data and might have their own analysis, visualisations and conclusions. Citizen Science & Open Science
  26. 26. • Open Science and Citizen Science should be jointly considered in research and innovation. • Pay attention to synergies, international aspects. Ensure support for existing community-driven initiatives. • Targeted actions are required. Existing systems (funding, rewards, impact assessment and evaluation) need to be assessed and adapted to become fit for CS and OS. • Education and training is essential. Foster more research, critical reflection and exchange between researchers and practitioners. • Tools and infrastructures, in particular shared ones for OS and CS, require dedicated support. DITOs Policy brief
  27. 27. LERU recommendations (2016) • For Universities: Recognise the field, create a single point of contact, provide ethical and logistical support, ensure long term commitment to participants. • For Funders: Address range of success criteria, ensure community “pay back”, and open science.
  28. 28. • Science Shops or institutional citizen science focal points – providing access for the wider community to ask for support Role of science shop/focal points
  29. 29. • Citizen science is growing rapidly • Multifaceted aspects, which require mix methods to evaluate & monitor • Challenges of recognition as valid excellent research, institutional support, and the most critical indicator - funding Summary
  30. 30. Follow us: – http://www.ucl.ac.uk/excites – Twitter: @UCL_ExCiteS – Blog: http://uclexcites.wordpress.com The work of ExCiteS is supported by EPSRC, ERC, EU FP7, EU H2020, RGS, Esri, Forest People Program, Forests Monitor, WRI and all the people in communities that we’ve worked with over the years

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