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Apache CouchDB Presentation @ Sept. 2104 GTALUG Meeting

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This is a short talk I gave on Apache CouchDB at GTALUG's September 2014 meeting http://gtalug.org/meeting/2014-09/

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Apache CouchDB Presentation @ Sept. 2104 GTALUG Meeting

  1. 1. Apache CouchDB Myles Braithwaite me@mylesb.ca | http://mylesb.ca | @mylesb
  2. 2. What is CouchDB?
  3. 3. Apache CouchDB is a database that uses JSON for documents, JavaScript for MapReduce indexes, and regular HTTP for its API.
  4. 4. Django may be built for the Web, but CouchDB is built of the Web. — Jacob Kaplan-Moss, Django Developer
  5. 5. Document Based Key/Value Store Unlike a relational database (i.e. Postgres & MySQL), CouchDB doesn’t store it’s data and relationships in tables. Instead, each database is a collection of independent JSON documents.
  6. 6. Data Types — "string": "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz" — "number": 123 — "float": 123.45 — "dict": {} — "list": [] — "bool": true
  7. 7. { "_id": "30b0ed91384411e4af34c42c03094720", "_rev": "1-3573aeb5384411e4b121c42c03094720", "name": { "given_name": "Myles", "family_name": "Braithwaite" }, "emails": [ { "type": "personal", "email": "me@mylesb.ca" }, { "type": "work", "email": "myles@monkeyinyoursoul.com" } ] }
  8. 8. HTTP Based API for Interacting with your Data — Create = INSERT = PUT — Retrieve = SELECT = GET — Update = UPDATE = POST — Delete = DELETE = DELETE
  9. 9. Examples — Written in Python using the Kenneth Reitz's requests library. from myles_custom_urllib_parse import urljoin from requests import get, post, put, delete, request COUCHDB_URL = "http://127.0.0.1:5984/" DB_NAME = "contacts"
  10. 10. r = requests.get(COUCHDB_URL) print r.json() { "couchdb": "Welcome", "uuid": "f9d2966e384711e499cfc42c03094720", "vendor": { "name": "The Apache Software Foundation", "version": "1.4.0" }, "version": "1.4.0" }
  11. 11. Create a Database r = put(urljoin(COUCHDB_URL, DB_NAME)) if not r.status_code == 201: print ERROR_RESPONSE[r.status_code] print r.json() {"ok": true}
  12. 12. Create data = {"name": {"first_name": "Myles", "last_name": "Braithwaite"}} r = post(urljoin(COUCHDB_URL, DB_NAME), data) if not r.status_code == 201: print ERROR_RESPONSE[r.status_code] print r.json() {"ok": true, "id": "30b0ed91384411e4af34c42c03094720", "rev": "1-3573aeb5384411e4b121c42c03094720"}
  13. 13. Create (with a non-automatic ID) data = {"name": {"first_name": "Myles", "last_name": "Braithwaite"}} DOC_ID = "9999-myles-braithwaite" r = put(urljoin(COUCHDB_URL, DB_NAME, DOC_ID), data) if not r.status_code == 201: print ERROR_RESPONSE[r.status_code] print r.json() {"ok": true, "id": "30b0ed91384411e4af34c42c03094720", "rev": "1-3573aeb5384411e4b121c42c03094720"}
  14. 14. Retrieve DOC_ID = "30b0ed91384411e4af34c42c03094720" r = get(urljoin(COUCHDB_URL, DB_NAME, DOC_ID)) if not r.ok: print ERROR_RESPONSE[r.status_code] r.json()
  15. 15. Update DOC_ID = "30b0ed91384411e4af34c42c03094720" r = get(urljoin(COUCHDB_URL, DB_NAME, DOC_ID)) data = r.json() data['emails']: [ { "type": "Personal", "email": "me@mylesb.ca", "type": "Work", "email": "myles@miys.net" } ] r = post(urljoin(COUCHDB_URL, DB_NAME, DOC_ID), data) if r.ok: print ERROR_RESPONSE[r.status_code] r.json() {"ok": true, "id": "30b0ed91384411e4af34c42c03094720", "rev": "2-f57cf4d1384a11e4a3edc42c03094720"}
  16. 16. Delete DOC_ID = "myles-braithwaite" r = delete( urljoin(COUCHDB_URL, DB_NAME, DOC_ID) + "?rev=%s" % DOC_REV) )
  17. 17. Attachment curl -vX PUT $COUCHDB_URL/$DB_NAME/$DOC_ID/headshot.jpg?rev=$REV --data-binary @avatar.jpg -H "Content-Type: image/jpg"
  18. 18. Copy r = request( 'COPY', urljoin(COUCHDB_URL, DB_NAME, DOC_ID), {'destination': 'new-document'} )
  19. 19. Other Features — Replication — Document Revisions — Futon (similar to PHPMyAdmin) — Auth (Basic, Cookie, Database) — JavaScript based Map/Reduce
  20. 20. PouchDB
  21. 21. JavaScript clone of CouchDB that can run well within a web browser.
  22. 22. var db = new PouchDB('contacts'); db.put({ _id: 'myles-braithwaite', first_name: 'Myles', last_name: 'Braithwaite' }) db.replicate.to('http://127.0.0.1:5984/contacts/)
  23. 23. Questions

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