Más contenido relacionado



  2. QUESTIONS ANALYSIS - RESIDENCY Number of previous years questions : Year : questions 2021 13 Year Number of questions Year Numbers of questions 2021 13 2016 20 2020 36 2015 24 2019 19 2014 22 2018 26 2013 21 2017 22 2012 21
  3. Numbers of questions in Diploma: Average : 15-20 BOOKS TO BE FOLLOWED: 1.Synapse sheet 2.Matary’s surgical anatomy+Reda anatomy ( for clinical understanding) 3.Dutta/BD chaurasia/last’s anatomy if possible 4. 10 years questions solve book 5.Any atlas
  4. THORAX MUST READ TOPICS ****** Sternal angle Thoracic outlet syndrome/cervical rib Diaphram(opening-details*****,development****,CDH***,Origin,action) Heart – Blood supply****** coronary sinus**** Rt atrium*** development ** Lung- Histology****** mediastinal surface**** root of lungs*** Thoracic duct- extention***,length*,situation***,formation***,course**** Thymus- details Oesophagus (only constrictios) Mediastinum ( sup+post must) Fetal circulation- changes after birth
  5. OTHERS, Azygos vein Descending aorta- details Subclavian artery- only branches First rib – Features, relation at neck BREAST Situation,type of gland Blood supply*** Lymphatic drainage**** Nerve injury during OT*** Histology*
  6. RESIDENCY-2021 QUESTIONS Q.Part of bronchial tree which supported by cartilages are- a)Alveolar ducts b)Bronchioles c)Secondary bronchi d)Segmental bronchi e)Primary bronchi F(CARTILAGE ABSENT), F(CARTILAGE ABSENT),T,T,T ANOTHER QUESTIONS FROM- coronary sinus Total questions from thorax- 2
  7. EMBRYOLOGY MUST READ TOPICS****** Germ layers derivatives- neural crest,mesoderm,endoderm must, glands develop from different layers. Pharangeal (arch+pouch+cleft derivatives) Placenta,fetal circulation,results of fertilization Umbilical cord Urinary system + face development Neural tube defect (2021)
  8. Others, Urogenital sinus Events of 1st 2nd and 3rd week Mesonehric and para mesonehric duct
  9. RESIDENCY QUESTIONS - 2021 Q.Neural tube defect a)Usually involves the part of PNS b)Starts during third months of pregnancy c)Dx by invasive prenatal testing d)May occur due to environmental causes e)Prevented by folic acid F(CNS),F(3RD -4TH WEEK),F,T,T
  10. ABDOMEN MUST READ TOPICS****** Rectus sheath Inginal ligament and canal Stomach bed, blood supply of stomach ,factors preventing GER Duodenum – relation, jejunum vs ileum Meckel’s diverticulum -details Liver- support, histology GB- DETAILS( Specially calots triangle) Pancreas- head , neck, body relation, development Spleen- ligaments content, histology Rectum and Anal canal- details Adrenal gland- details Ureter and kidney – relation,constrictions Urethra- details Testis- blood supply, lymph drainage, ectopic and undescended testis Prostate- histology Epiploic foramen- details Lesser omentum Deep perineal pouch, ischiorectal fossa
  11. *****Branches of Abdominal aorta,sup and inf mesenteric artery LGA, SA, CHA Internal and external iliac artery PORTAL VEIN and IVC- details
  12. RESIDENCY QUESTIONS -2021 Q.Ureter is related to a)Ant sup iliac spine b)Ischial spine c)SI joint d)Tip of lumber transverse process e)Ischial tuberosity FTTTF
  13. EXTREMITY MUST READ TOPICS***** Brachial plexus (must) Erb palsy, Horners syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome Axilla- boundary and content Nerve injury- Median,ulnar,radial,siatic,common peroneal,deep peroneal (all must) Rotator cuff Femoral triangle, canal, sheath- details(all must) Inversion and eversion Great saphenous vein Knee joint- clinical anatomy( menisci and cruciate ligament injury) Superficial and deep inguinal lymph node Cauda equina syndrome
  14. others Popliteal fossa,adductor canal*** Branches of axillary artery Anatomical snuff box*** Greater and lesser sciatic foramen*** retinaculum Arches of foot** Muscles of lower limb and their blood supply*** Hand muscles** Avascular necrosis*** Dual nerve supply** Dermatome joint
  15. RESIDENCY QUESTIONS-2021 Q.Erb’s palsy a)Injury to c5-c6 b)Medial rotator paralysis c)Elbow supinated d)Arms medially rotated e)Loss of sensation on medial site of arm forearm T,F(LATERAL),F(PRONATED),T,F(LATERAL SITE) OTHER QUESTIONS – MUSCLES PRODUCING DORSI FLEXION, DPN INJURY FEATURES
  16. NEUROANATOMY MUST READ TOPICS****** Cortical lobar function Parts of brain,grey and white matter-composition Mid brain section CSF-details with lumber puncture (2021) Internal capsule-genu** Basal ganglia,limbic system Cavernous sinus-details Hypothalamous – function and thalamous- neucleus + function Third ventricle Cerebral blood supply(medulla+pons+midbrain),circle of wills Cranial nerve-neuclei,opening,component Tracts (2021) and fibers Brain stem death Cerebellar sign
  17. RESIDENCY 2021 Q. Lumber puncture in paediatric age group a)T12 and L1 b)L1 and l2 c)L2 and L3 d)L3 and l4 e)L4 and L5 FFFTT Q.CONTRAINDICATION OF LUMBER PUNCTURE Q.IN OCCLUSION OF ANT SPINAL ARTERY,AFFECTED TRACT IN SPINAL COPRD
  18. HEAD AND NECK MUST TO READS***** Parotid + thyroid + pituitary gland (must)- read fisrt Foramen ovale + rotundum + magnum Orbital fissure (superior+inf) Internal auditory meatus +jogular foramen+ hypoglossal canal Facian nerve(must) Carotid sheath and sinus (must) Parathyroid and submandibular ( read above gland first then these glands) Ant+middle+post cranial fossa injury Layrngeal inlet+air sinus (2020) Frontonasal prominence Labyrinth Larynx Middle + inner ear Tongue
  19. RESIDENCY 2021 Q.RIMA GLOTTIDIS CLOSED BY a)Arytenoid b)Cricothyroid c)Lateral cricoarytenoid d)Post cricoaryrenoid e)Thyroarytenoid TFTFF
  20. HISTOLOGY Cartilage all example + cell organalles + cell division read frst Then muscle tissue+joint+epithelial tissue Gland-types Capillary system+spleen+lymphnode (must)-VVVI Others, Brown fat,basement membrane,receptors,myoepithelial cell,cell junction*** Goblet cells,connective tissue fibers,neuroglial cell- origin+location+function
  21. RESIDENCY 2021 Q.Articular cartilage a)Avascular b)Has no capacity of regeneration c)Has rich nerve supply d)Covered by perichondrium e)Gets nutrition from synovial fluid TTFFT OTHER QUESTION- MITOTIC CELL DIVISION