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Test Automation Strategies For Agile

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What are the Key drivers for automation? What are the Challenges in Agile automation and How to deal with them? How to automate? Who will automate? Which tool to select? Commercial or open source? What to automate? Which features? Here is what our experience says

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Test Automation Strategies For Agile

  1. 1. Test Automation Strategies Sunil Deshmukh & Mukesh M Agile India 2010
  2. 2. Test Automation Strategies <ul><li>- Important Automation Strategies- Part 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to Open Source Automation tool- Sahi </li></ul><ul><li>Sahi tool Walkthrough- How to use it. </li></ul><ul><li>Important Automation Strategies- Part 2 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Test Automation process? <ul><li>What is your test automation approach? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ten Questions: Six Choices and Four Trends Six Choices <ul><li>To automate or not to automate at all? </li></ul><ul><li>The do or don’t choice </li></ul><ul><li>To automate now or automate later? </li></ul><ul><li>The time choice </li></ul><ul><li>To automate through this or that? </li></ul><ul><li>The tool choice </li></ul><ul><li>To automate this or that? </li></ul><ul><li>The test case choice </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical Automation or Horizontal Automation? </li></ul><ul><li>The flow choice </li></ul><ul><li>Test data hard coded or Test data kept reusable? </li></ul><ul><li>The data design choice </li></ul>Four Trends <ul><li>Keyword or functional </li></ul><ul><li>decomposition? </li></ul><ul><li>The combined trend </li></ul><ul><li>Whether to automate and </li></ul><ul><li>execute early? </li></ul><ul><li>The agile trend </li></ul><ul><li>Whether to run in a </li></ul><ul><li>sequence or concurrently? </li></ul><ul><li>The concurrent user trend </li></ul><ul><li>4. Whether to offer scripts to </li></ul><ul><li>clients? </li></ul><ul><li>The selling trend </li></ul>
  5. 5. Q #1 To automate or not to automate? The do or don’t choice <ul><ul><li>The do or don’t choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing the key drivers behind test automation is important </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different objectives would require different test automation strategies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear understanding of “Why to automate” helps in reducing the expectation gap between management and test automation team </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Q #1 : To automate or not to automate Common objectives of test automation <ul><ul><ul><li>Saves Time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 hour regression suite </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time to market increases </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increases accuracy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced person dependency </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces Cost </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better ROI </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improves coverage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Localization </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reusability </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Q #2 : To automate now or automate later? The time choice <ul><ul><li>The time choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Key to successful test automation is knowing when to automate. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often overlooked and sometimes undervalued. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Even the best of automation approaches could fail to give ROI if the timing of automation is wrong. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This question is critical since test automation is </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pointless if it is at the fag end of a product lifecycle </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Painful if the product is unstable </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Possible even if the product is not ready (future trend) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Q #2 : To automate now or later? F actors to be considered before starting automation <ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of manual testing process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed test conditions and pre conditions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accurate test data and expected results </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stability of module/application </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Core functionality and navigation flow is approved and accepted by end client </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No bug fix should impact major functionality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No planned major enhancements in the functionality for minimum next 3 regression rounds </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Q #3 : To automate through this or that? The tool choice <ul><ul><li>The tool choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Functionality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintainability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Affordability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compatibility </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Q #3 : To automate through this or that F actors to be considered for choosing a tool <ul><ul><ul><li>Compatibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is the tool compatible with the application? Does it identify all the objects in your application? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identify different classes of object in the application. (Standard controls & customized) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identify different possible events for each object (mouse over, mouse down, type, drag, etc) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Record and Playback for above </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Functionality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rate the application against the features list required for automation team (Evaluation Criterion) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Q #3 : To automate through this or that F actors to be considered for choosing a tool <ul><ul><ul><li>Usability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How easy it is to learn and adapt? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of trainings. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintainability (Support) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How good is support by the company. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online user community? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Licensing policy of the company (This points is here thanks to the rigid licensing policies of some companies </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Affordability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>€ O $ £ : After all. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Q #4 : To automate this or that The test case choice <ul><ul><li>The test case choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>After knowing when to automate, its critical to know what to automate and what not to automate. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remember: Its not feasible to automate all the test cases. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decide a test selection criterion for automation to improve automation effectiveness. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Q #4 : To Automate this or that Test case selection criterion <ul><ul><ul><li>Is the test case repeatable? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Does this test case require manual intervention? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has the test case passed manual verification? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Are all the preconditions for the test case taken care-of? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Are the execution steps very clear? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do we have test data for this test case? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is the expected result clear enough to decide the test case status (PASS & FAIL)? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Will the test case survive the functional changes around it? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is the test case straightforward for automation? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can I trust this script to really test this part of the feature? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Q #5 : Vertical or Horizontal Automation? The flow choice <ul><ul><li>The flow choice </li></ul></ul>Automating End to End Flow where each test cases is independent of each other such as Horizontal Automation Vertical Automation Vertical automation is executing test cases feature wise to save execution time. e.g. Create payment2 Create payment1 Reject payment2 Approve payment1 TC1&2: Login(user1) Logout->Login(user2) Create payment1 Approve payment1 Logout->Login(user2) TC1: Login(user1) Create payment2 Reject payment1 Logout->Login(user2) TC2: Login(user1)
  15. 15. Q #5 : Vertical or Horizontal Test Automation Advantages of each <ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages of Horizontal Automation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility in running any test case any where as each test case is independent of other. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to organize and automate. Less administration is required </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test Execution progress can be ascertained at any point since every completed test case gets immediately logged </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages of Vertical Automation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faster test execution as navigation is minimized, (such as login -logout) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Effective when same functional flow is tested with different data sets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Q #5 : Vertical or Horizontal Test Automation How to automate whether vertically or otherwise <ul><li>Prioritize functionality  Test cases.( Functionality with maximum depth usually gives higher ROI.) </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Test cases, identify different business processes ( PIPE ) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Identify Pass and Fail criteria </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Identify Input criteria (Test Data) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Identify Exceptions / user flows. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Identify Precondition </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Identify the GUI objects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Identify the global and local parameters. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Automate the Business Processes into User Defined Functions (UDFs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Compile UDFs to create test case using Driver script. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7. Test the script. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Q #6 : Test data hard coded or kept reusable The data design choice <ul><ul><li>The data design choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A good automation architect ensures that scripts are reusable. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A great automation architect ensures that scripts and test data, both, are reusable. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Q #6 : Test data hard coded or kept reusable Reusing test data <ul><ul><ul><li>Generally , there is more emphasis on reusing test script than reusing test data. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generally one test set is used per test case. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For e.g. approve payment test case and reject payment test case may use same user (i.e. user1) but the test data sheet is stored within the test case and gets repeated again and again for each test case. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On the other hand to keep the test data reusable: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Store data screen wise and not test case wise </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assign reference id to each test data. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pass reference id to each test case for accessing the test data. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Q#7 : Whether to automate early The early trend <ul><ul><ul><li>Agile Test Automation Principles by James Bach </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consider thinking of test automation as …Any use of tools to support testing (James Bach) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test automation means tool support for all aspects of a test project, not just test execution. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test automation progresses when supported by dedicated programmers (toolsmiths). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toolsmiths are directed by testers. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test toolsmiths gather and apply a wide variety of tools to support testing. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test toolsmiths advocate for testability features and produce tools that exploit those features. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test automation is organized to fulfill short term goals. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long term test automation tasks are avoided in the absence of specific approval based on a compelling business case. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Q#7 : Whether to automate early The early trend <ul><ul><ul><li>The early trend </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ideally automation should start once the application is stable but with good technical QA engineers one can start much before the application is even ready for manual testing. This can be achieved by </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using abstract automation approach for building the automation flow and important components. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manually scripting application objects and user actions. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There is high dependence on good requirements and screen layout. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional automation is mainly used by QA engineers for regression testing, but latest trends show that the automation suite can yield more returns when developers can use it for their unit testing. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Q#8: Keyword driven or functional decomposition The combined trend Keyword driven In the Keyword driven approach, each business process is mapped into actions and further each operation is mapped as a keyword. It is easy for non technical users to create test scenarios without knowing much of the testing tool. Scripts are not modular and major advantages of functional decomposition are lost. Functional decomposition <ul><li>In the functional </li></ul><ul><li>decomposition approach, business processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>are created first and while </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>creating the test scenarios and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>test scripts, each business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>process is called in a sequence. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This approach is modular but for every test scenario, a test script is required. In this approach scripts are maintainable to the extent that implementation of the business process is not changed. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Q#8: Keyword driven or functional decomposition The combined trend Keyword driven Keyword calling EnterText- username , mukesh EnterText- password, hello Click OK ClickLink create payment EnterText account_name, 1209892 EnterText amount 122$ EnterText date 04-Aug-2007 . . . so on Functional decomposition Library Login() { Enter username Enter password Click ok } ------------------------------------------ Test Script for approval login () create_payment () logout () login () approve_payment()
  23. 23. Q#8: Keyword driven or functional decomposition The combined trend <ul><ul><ul><li>The combined trend </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moving beyond FD and KD, the trend shall be to combine both </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keywords as a set of business processes, which are packaged as user defined functions. These keywords/user defined functions can be called in a sequence in excel or a database to test the business rules. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This gives users the modularity of functional decomposition and the usability of keyword driven </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ZenTEST Labs’ ZenFRAME is one such framework that combines both </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Q #8 : Keyword driven or functional decomposition The basic theme to build an extensible framework <ul><ul><ul><li>“ Keep everything, that changes or has chances of changing, separate from the script.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Object properties change. So keep that separate. This is a default feature in most of the tools. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test data changes. So keep test data separate from the script </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sequence/ flow of application changes. So separate that into an excel sheet or a database </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>(Most automation engineers follow the first 2 points as more or less they are default feature in the automation tools, now lets take advantage of the third approach) </li></ul>
  25. 26. Q #9: Whether to run in a sequence or concurrently? The concurrent users trend for functional automation <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What if, you have a time frame and you have to finish test execution within that time frame. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Option 1: Reduce the number of testing cases by sampling and execute only the selective ones </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Option 2: Execute 100 test cases on one machine, another 100 on second machine and so on. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How about this idea of automating functional test cases using load testing tool ? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This will help in executing multiple test cases at the same time. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You can even execute thousand different test cases on an high end server and finish complete test suite execution in just few hours. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Same set of functional test cases can be further used when doing actual performance testing. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Q #10 : Whether to offer scripts to your end client The selling trend <ul><ul><ul><li>The selling trend </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recent Trends indicate that soon test scripts will also be shipped along with the application. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Every patch release will have the modified test scripts with it. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clients have started demanding automation scripts for doing their UAT and testing application during bug fixes. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It has also become a new source of income for product companies, wherein additional cost can be billed for automation scripts which are anyways available with QA team. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This also brings in additional budget for future automation effort and automation gets buy-in from senior management. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 28. Ten Questions: Six Choices and Four Trends Six Choices <ul><li>To automate or not to automate at all? </li></ul><ul><li>The do or don’t choice </li></ul><ul><li>To automate now or automate later? </li></ul><ul><li>The time choice </li></ul><ul><li>To automate through this or that? </li></ul><ul><li>The tool choice </li></ul><ul><li>To automate this or that? </li></ul><ul><li>The test case choice </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical Automation or Horizontal Automation? </li></ul><ul><li>The flow choice </li></ul><ul><li>Test data hard coded or Test data kept reusable? </li></ul><ul><li>The data design choice </li></ul>Four Trends <ul><li>Keyword or functional </li></ul><ul><li>decomposition? </li></ul><ul><li>The combined trend </li></ul><ul><li>Whether to automate and </li></ul><ul><li>execute early? </li></ul><ul><li>The agile trend </li></ul><ul><li>Whether to run in a </li></ul><ul><li>sequence or concurrently? </li></ul><ul><li>The concurrent user trend </li></ul><ul><li>4. Whether to offer scripts to </li></ul><ul><li>clients? </li></ul><ul><li>The selling trend </li></ul>
  28. 29. Sahi – Web automation tool <ul><li>-Open source web automation tool </li></ul><ul><li>-Created by Narayan Venkatraman </li></ul><ul><li>-Useful for automating functional testing and configuration testing. </li></ul><ul><li>-Official sahi website </li></ul><ul><li>-Commercial support available. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Sahi – Benefits <ul><li>- Install once and use anywhere: Once Sahi server is running, tester can access Sahi Controller (aka IDE) from any supported browsers. </li></ul><ul><li>- The browser accessible controller is an all in one utility including a script recorder, object inspector, log browser, debugger, utility to test code without recording etc. </li></ul><ul><li>- Easy to learn, simple, powerful APIs. </li></ul><ul><li>- Javascript as the scripting language </li></ul><ul><li>- Built-in color coded HTML logs , accessible over browser </li></ul><ul><li>- Extensible Javascript APIs (Does not need a rebuild) </li></ul><ul><li>- Extensible on the server with Java </li></ul><ul><li>- Parallel execution of tests (Does not require additional tools). </li></ul>
  30. 31. Sahi – Architecture <ul><li>-Sahi server – runs as a proxy </li></ul><ul><li>-Recording and Playback both is managed by sahi server. </li></ul><ul><li>-Uses Rhino </li></ul><ul><li>-DB connectivity managed by the proxy server </li></ul>
  31. 32. Sahi – Demo <ul><li>-Configure the proxy. </li></ul><ul><li>-Open IDE (Alt + Ctrl+ Double click) </li></ul><ul><li>-Record </li></ul><ul><li>-Playback </li></ul><ul><li>-Functional decomposition (Fill-Click) </li></ul><ul><li>-Test data management strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>-Business process using keywords </li></ul>
  32. 33. Uses in Agile <ul><li>-Good integration with build tools via ant tasks and command line </li></ul><ul><li>-Can be used for continuous integration. </li></ul><ul><li>-Can create highly reusable scripts </li></ul><ul><li>-Easy to modify scripts. </li></ul>
  33. 34. About ZenTEST Labs… Purpose Focus Sample List of clients <ul><li>Offshore Testing Centre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Located at Pune, India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>55 People Company </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Domain Expertise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance and banking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eLearning and education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Document and Project Mgmt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology Expertise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certified Mercury Product consultants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary Test Automation Framework, viz. ZenFRAME </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialized testing services </li></ul></ul>Highlights <ul><li>An independent testing company focusing on functionality testing and quality consulting. </li></ul><ul><li>World’s number 1 automation provider </li></ul><ul><li>World’s largest eLearning solutions provider </li></ul><ul><li>Europe’s largest bank </li></ul><ul><li>World’s number 2 computer manufacturer </li></ul><ul><li>One of the world’s leading cash management solutions provider </li></ul><ul><li>One of the world’s leading customer interaction software for payments </li></ul><ul><li>Europe’s leading Infrastructure Management software provider. </li></ul><ul><li>One of Middle East’s largest banking software providers </li></ul><ul><li>To enable client experience ‘Zen’ through our Testing and Quality services </li></ul>
  34. 35. About ZenTEST Labs. Testing Consulting Testing Projects Testing Training <ul><li>Outsourced Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Functionality Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Unit Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Test Automation Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Functional Automation </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Test Maintenance Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain Regression Suites </li></ul><ul><li>Specialized Testing </li></ul><ul><li>eLearning specific testing </li></ul><ul><li>Security Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Localization Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Usability Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Agile Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury WinRunner/ QTP </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury Load Runner </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury Quality Center </li></ul><ul><li>Rational Testing Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Test Project Management </li></ul><ul><li>Test Estimation </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Test Automation </li></ul><ul><li>How to write test cases </li></ul><ul><li>The mind of a software tester </li></ul><ul><li>Test Process Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Automation Consulting </li></ul><ul><li>Testing Project Management </li></ul>
  35. 36. Further Help <ul><li>As a practice from our past STAR conferences talk, we shall be pleased to conduct this presentation at no cost over the phone for your team. </li></ul><ul><li>Please email at [email_address] if you are interested in the same. </li></ul><ul><li>To view other ZenTEST whitepapers and presentations, please visit download page. </li></ul>
  36. 37. Bibliography <ul><li>When should a test be automated? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Article by Brian Marick, 1998. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When to automate testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>David Weiss blog </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agile Test Automation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>White paper by James Bach </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 38. website: email: [email_address] blog: Thank You Sunil D Mukesh M