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Presentation 
by 
Maj. Gen. Nilendra Kumar, 
Director, 
Amity Law School, Noida
I am delighted to be given this opportunity to 
participate at this workshop on value based 
character in the armed forces...
The art of directing men’s actions to the 
production of the greatest possible quantity of 
happiness, on the part of thos...
1. Principles concerning right and wrong or good 
and bad behaviour. 
2. The degree to which something is right or 
wrong,...
The safety, honour and welfare of our country 
comes first always and everytime. 
The honour, welfare and comfort of the m...
Beg, borrow, steal or manufacture 
Everything is fair in love and war
Many people believe that the 
violent and disruptive nature 
of war makes a military ethic 
impossible.
Pacifists claim that the 
horrible and ungovernable 
nature of war makes it morally 
wrong.
1. WAR 
2. PEACETIME 
3. COUNTER TERRORISM
Ethics in situations of war are 
enforced by international 
humanitarian law.
1. Policy/practice that the ends justifies the 
means. 
2. Changing values and attitude 
3. Consumerism 
4. Indifference o...
1. Rat race 
2. Adoption of five star culture 
3. Lack of role models 
4. No training 
5. No monitoring
Erosion in value system 
Living beyond means
1. Corruption 
2. Espionage 
3. Sexual exploitation 
4. Sexual deviant behaviour 
5. Human Rights violations (fake killing...
A FEW LIVE 
ILLUSTRATIONS
At Hajiganj, Bangladesh on 11th December 1971, committed robbery 
in respect of the undermentioned articles, the property ...
1st Charge: When on active service, at field between 10 and 
15 September 2003, while officer commanding ‘A’ Company, 
X B...
1st Charge: New Delhi, on 16th December 2000, while 
holding the appointment of Addtl Dir Gen Weapons/Eqpt 
AHQ, accepted ...
3rd Charge: At New Delhi, between 16th 
December 2000 and 07th January 2001, 
omitted to comply with the provisions of 
ch...
Military ethics must be an ethics for peace time 
as well as an ethics for war. 
Need for a practical approach and utilita...
PROFESSION BEGINNER 
Civil servant 
Medic 
Engineer 
Military 
Probationer 
House Surgeon 
Resident 
Apprentice 
Gentleman...
Practice what you preach. 
Set an example. 
Example has to be set from the top. 
Not mere lip service. 
Undertake ethics a...
Conducts and ethics of HRD Officials MS 
Branch, Record Offices, Discipline and Vigilance 
Staff and officers of the Judge...
Probity and high standards of ethics and morality 
in professional career, particularly of an 
advocate, must be maintaine...
1. Discourage ostentatious lifestyle. 
2. Utilise unorthodox methods to gain information about 
officers living beyond the...
Ethics and Morality
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Ethics and Morality

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Ethics and morality attributes in public sector and more particularly, for the armed forces are prime requisites. The exercise of command and leadership need to be carried out in a fair and ethical manner. This presentation discusses the complexities and a suggestive proactive approach in this regard.

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Ethics and Morality

  1. 1. Presentation by Maj. Gen. Nilendra Kumar, Director, Amity Law School, Noida
  2. 2. I am delighted to be given this opportunity to participate at this workshop on value based character in the armed forces. The workshop is to focus on problems and solutions. Nani Palkhivala had once remarked that it is important that citizens obey the law. It is even more important that citizens obey the high standards of decency which are not enforced by law but are the hallmarks of a truly civilized and mature democracy. We could substitute the word soldier for citizen in our context.
  3. 3. The art of directing men’s actions to the production of the greatest possible quantity of happiness, on the part of those whose interest is in view. - Jeremy Bentham
  4. 4. 1. Principles concerning right and wrong or good and bad behaviour. 2. The degree to which something is right or wrong, good or bad. 3. A system f moral principles followed by a particular group of people.
  5. 5. The safety, honour and welfare of our country comes first always and everytime. The honour, welfare and comfort of the men you command come next. Your own ease of comfort and safety come last always and everytime.
  6. 6. Beg, borrow, steal or manufacture Everything is fair in love and war
  7. 7. Many people believe that the violent and disruptive nature of war makes a military ethic impossible.
  8. 8. Pacifists claim that the horrible and ungovernable nature of war makes it morally wrong.
  9. 9. 1. WAR 2. PEACETIME 3. COUNTER TERRORISM
  10. 10. Ethics in situations of war are enforced by international humanitarian law.
  11. 11. 1. Policy/practice that the ends justifies the means. 2. Changing values and attitude 3. Consumerism 4. Indifference of peers and subordinates 5. Poor convictions rates
  12. 12. 1. Rat race 2. Adoption of five star culture 3. Lack of role models 4. No training 5. No monitoring
  13. 13. Erosion in value system Living beyond means
  14. 14. 1. Corruption 2. Espionage 3. Sexual exploitation 4. Sexual deviant behaviour 5. Human Rights violations (fake killings) 6. Communal favouritism
  15. 15. A FEW LIVE ILLUSTRATIONS
  16. 16. At Hajiganj, Bangladesh on 11th December 1971, committed robbery in respect of the undermentioned articles, the property belonging to the persons indicated as follows: a) Properties of the United Bank Ltd, Comilla District i. cash in Pakistan currency – Rs. 11,222.91 ii. SB-12 bore guns (registered No. 027873 and No. 342) iii. Wall Clock – one iv. Telephone – one v. Pens (Eagle) – one vi. Locks with four keys – two vii. Winter uniforms of peons and guards – two pairs. b) Personal items of Shri MA Kalam, Manager United Bank Ltd, Hajiganj branch.
  17. 17. 1st Charge: When on active service, at field between 10 and 15 September 2003, while officer commanding ‘A’ Company, X Battalion – Regt by falsely reporting to his Battalion Headquarters of construction of an Air Defense Gun by the enemy from the said Air Defense Gun bunker at Old Bhutali Post, caused unnecessary alarm thereby causing his Commanding Officer to plan missile assault to destroy the said Air Defense Gun and Air Defense Bunker on 21 September 2003. 2nd Charge: On 21 September 2003, caused to be reported to the Battalion Headquarters about killing of two enemy soldiers and partial destruction of one enemy bunker, well knowing the reports to be false.
  18. 18. 1st Charge: New Delhi, on 16th December 2000, while holding the appointment of Addtl Dir Gen Weapons/Eqpt AHQ, accepted for himself a gold chain valued at Rs. 9000/- from Shri Samuel Mathew, a gratification other than legal remunerations as a motive, to promote the interest of the said firm in the army. 2nd Charge: At New Delhi, on 24th December 2000, accepter for himself a sum of rupees one lakh only from Shri Samuel Mathew, representative of M/S West End International, a gratification other than legal remunerations as a motive, to promote the interest of the said firm in the army.
  19. 19. 3rd Charge: At New Delhi, between 16th December 2000 and 07th January 2001, omitted to comply with the provisions of chapter XV of the “Instructions on contact with foreign nationals – 1987” with regard to his meeting with Maj Gen (Retd.) SP Murgai and aforesaid Shri Samuel Mathew.
  20. 20. Military ethics must be an ethics for peace time as well as an ethics for war. Need for a practical approach and utilitarian approach, drawing on real military experiences.
  21. 21. PROFESSION BEGINNER Civil servant Medic Engineer Military Probationer House Surgeon Resident Apprentice Gentleman Cadet
  22. 22. Practice what you preach. Set an example. Example has to be set from the top. Not mere lip service. Undertake ethics and moral audit of the units and formations.
  23. 23. Conducts and ethics of HRD Officials MS Branch, Record Offices, Discipline and Vigilance Staff and officers of the Judge Advocate General’s Department
  24. 24. Probity and high standards of ethics and morality in professional career, particularly of an advocate, must be maintained and cases of proved professional misconduct severely dealt with. -Rajendra V Pai v/s A Fernandes (2002) 4 SCC 216
  25. 25. 1. Discourage ostentatious lifestyle. 2. Utilise unorthodox methods to gain information about officers living beyond their means. 3. Publish results of CM in Army Order. 4. Social boycott. 5. Design and organise courses and workshops on ethics and morality. 6. Set up an Organisation Inspector of the Army.

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