THE ANCIENT
MAYAN CIVILITATION
Where was the Mayan
civilitation located?
The Ancient Mayan
lived in the Yucatán
around 2600 B.C.
Today, this area is
sout...
Can you find
Mexico on the
map?
Can you point at
Yucatán’s
mainland?
MAYAN PEOPLEThe Ancient Maya
had a class society.
At the top were the
nobles and priests.
Their middle class
was made up o...
The Mayan people were also
farmers. They had to clear huge
sections of tropical rainforest.
Groundwater was scarce in thes...
The mayan skills
• The Ancient Maya
developed :the science of
astronomy, calendar
systems and the
hieroglyphic writing.
• ...
MAYAN
CALENDARS• The time keeping system of the
Mayans was a combination of
cycles, mixing the movements of
the Sun, Moon,...
MAYAN RELIGION
• The Maya believed in a large number of nature gods. Some gods were considered more
important and powerful...
Can you identify the following gods?
MAYAN MASKS
• The masks were used in
religious and cultural
dances, as well as during
war.
• The antique masks were
used i...
LET’S CREATE A MAYAN MASK
1. Have a look to the following
website:https://www.google.es/se
arch?q=image&client=firefox-
a&...
MAYAN ARCHITECTURE
• The Maya civilization is
famous for its
architecture. Many
cities built large
palaces, pyramids, and
...
MAYAN BUILDINGS
Pyramids
The Maya are known
for their pyramids:
They had steep steps
up the side that allow
people to clim...
PALACES
• Each Maya city had a
large palace for their
king and the royal
family.
• One of the most famous
palace is the pa...
BALL
COURTS
• The Maya also built
giant ball courts
where they played
their game with a
rubber ball.
• The courts had two
...
MAYAN WEAVERS
• In most Mayan villages,
women weave cloth for:
their families, ceremonies
and also for artistic
commercial...
A MAYAN TAPESTRY
1. Have a look to the differents
patterns:
https://www.google.es/search?q
=image&client=firefox-
a&hs=M9o...
MINI MAYAN CITY
• In groups of five
search information
about mayan cities.
• In group will make a
model of one
important b...
QUIZ
• 1.- Where did the ancient
Mayan live?
• 2.- In what continent is the
Yucatan mainland?
• 3.- Can you name the
diffe...
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The ancient mayan cilivitation for kids

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The ancient mayan cilivitation for kids

  1. 1. THE ANCIENT MAYAN CIVILITATION
  2. 2. Where was the Mayan civilitation located? The Ancient Mayan lived in the Yucatán around 2600 B.C. Today, this area is southernMexico,Gua temala, northern Belize and western Honduras.
  3. 3. Can you find Mexico on the map? Can you point at Yucatán’s mainland?
  4. 4. MAYAN PEOPLEThe Ancient Maya had a class society. At the top were the nobles and priests. Their middle class was made up of warriors, craftsmen and traders. The farmers, workers and slaves were at the bottom.
  5. 5. The Mayan people were also farmers. They had to clear huge sections of tropical rainforest. Groundwater was scarce in these areas, so they had to build large underground reservoirs to store the rainwater. The Maya were good weavers and potters. They created trade routes. This allowed them to sell their own products and buy new ones.
  6. 6. The mayan skills • The Ancient Maya developed :the science of astronomy, calendar systems and the hieroglyphic writing. • They were popular for creating : pyramids,temples,palaces and observatories.
  7. 7. MAYAN CALENDARS• The time keeping system of the Mayans was a combination of cycles, mixing the movements of the Sun, Moon, and Venus. • Their sacred calendar called the Tzolkin was composed of 260 days: It contained 13 months. • The second calendar was the civil calendar and consisted of 365 days.It was called the Haab. This calendar consisted of 18 months.
  8. 8. MAYAN RELIGION • The Maya believed in a large number of nature gods. Some gods were considered more important and powerful than others. • Itzamna - The most important Maya god was Itzamna..He was the god of fire who created the Earth. The Mayan believed that itzama gave them the calendar and writing. • Kukulcan - Kukulkan was a powerful snake god whose name means "feathered serpent". He is often drawn to look like a dragon. • Bolon Tzacab - Also known by the name Huracan . Bolon Tzacab was the god of storms, wind, and fire. • Chaac - Chaac was the god of rain and lightning. He had a lighting axe that he used to strike the clouds and produce rain and storms. • The kings of the Maya served as intermediaries between the people and the god.The priests were responsible for performing rituals to keep the people in the favor of the gods. They were very powerful . One of the rituals was animal and human sacrifices.
  9. 9. Can you identify the following gods?
  10. 10. MAYAN MASKS • The masks were used in religious and cultural dances, as well as during war. • The antique masks were used in wedding ceremonies,and also to commemorate births and deaths. • The Mayan's also used masks for entertainment.
  11. 11. LET’S CREATE A MAYAN MASK 1. Have a look to the following website:https://www.google.es/se arch?q=image&client=firefox- a&hs=M9o&rls=org.mozilla:ca:offici al&channel=sb&source=lnms&tbm =isch&sa=X&ei=cPAGVLLXE8TE0QXt l4GQCw&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAQ&biw =1024&bih=657#channel=sb&q=m ayan+masks&rls=org.mozilla:ca:offi cial&tbm=isch&imgdii=_ 2. Choose one of the mask that you like best and draw it. 3. Colour the mask with felt tips. 4. Modelate and carve the mask with clay.
  12. 12. MAYAN ARCHITECTURE • The Maya civilization is famous for its architecture. Many cities built large palaces, pyramids, and other public buildings that are still standing today. The buildings were covered with statues to honor their gods and their kings.
  13. 13. MAYAN BUILDINGS Pyramids The Maya are known for their pyramids: They had steep steps up the side that allow people to climb to the top. They were built for religious purposes and for the gods.
  14. 14. PALACES • Each Maya city had a large palace for their king and the royal family. • One of the most famous palace is the palace at Palenque built by King Pakal. • It was covered with colourful hieroglyphics and carvings of the king and his family.
  15. 15. BALL COURTS • The Maya also built giant ball courts where they played their game with a rubber ball. • The courts had two long stone walls, sometimes built with sloped sides.
  16. 16. MAYAN WEAVERS • In most Mayan villages, women weave cloth for: their families, ceremonies and also for artistic commercial purposes. • Their designs are colourful with different patterns.
  17. 17. A MAYAN TAPESTRY 1. Have a look to the differents patterns: https://www.google.es/search?q =image&client=firefox- a&hs=M9o&rls=org.mozilla:ca:off icial&channel=sb&source=lnms&t bm=isch&sa=X&ei=cPAGVLLXE8T E0QXtl4GQCw&ved=0CAgQ_AUo AQ&biw=1024&bih=657#channel =sb&q=mayan+fabrics&rls=org.m ozilla:ca:official&tbm=isch&imgdii =ufZrf0eogiwWDM%3A%3BqlySw Fam3kixcM%3BufZrf0eogiwWDM %3A 2. Draw your own design and colour it . 3. Redecorate your design using small pieces of wool .
  18. 18. MINI MAYAN CITY • In groups of five search information about mayan cities. • In group will make a model of one important building.
  19. 19. QUIZ • 1.- Where did the ancient Mayan live? • 2.- In what continent is the Yucatan mainland? • 3.- Can you name the different ancient mayan class societies? • 4.- What were good the mayan people at? • 5.- Where did the ancient mayan civilitation develop? • 6.- Can you name some of the most important mayan’s gods? • 7.- When did the mayan people use their masks? • 8.- Tha mayan cilivitation is famous for: • A) its pottery B) its architecture C) its gods. • 9.- What are the most important buildings in a mayan city? • 10.- Which was the most famous game that mayan people played?

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