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  Universitas	
  Indonesia	
  2013	
  
	
  
Phase of Recommendation
Public Private ...
 	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Universitas	
  Indonesia	
  2013	
  
	
  
PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN DISASTER ...
 	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Universitas	
  Indonesia	
  2013	
  
	
  
donations from the business sector whic...
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Summary of mapres paper 2013

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Summary of mapres paper 2013

  1. 1.                      Universitas  Indonesia  2013     Phase of Recommendation Public Private Partnership Model in Disaster Mitigation of Padang City. A winning scientific research of Most Outstanding Student Competition in Universitas Indonesia 2013. An attestation to analytical and strategic thinking in public policy. Program Impact Analysis
  2. 2.                      Universitas  Indonesia  2013     PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN DISASTER MITIGATION AS ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION OF EFFECTIVE DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN PADANG CITY   Summary The earthquake in Padang, West Sumatra in 2009 had greatly devastated the lives of many citizens. With magnitude of 7.9, the earthquake has brought losses up to 21.6 trillions rupiah and 1195 casualties. The Institute of Science and Research Indonesia (LIPI) revealed that the quake has actually made the subduction segments becoming even more prone to greater earthquakes within the next five years, which magnitude is predicted to be bigger than the one in 2009. Moreover, National Geographic magazine claimed Padang as the tsunami most-prone city in the world. Communities are the main victims when a disaster occurs. The impacts can be either a physical impact, health, economic, social to psychological effects. During the early days after the earthquake, various broadcast media aired the catastrophic damages and government`s slow response to the disaster. Evacuation of victims trapped in the rubble of the building until the second day was still done manually using a crowbar, hammer and a hoe. The other problems that afflicted society is unequal distribution of aid and some isolated areas were untouched. Post-disaster also brought deep trauma that caused not a few people who want to leave the city. These facts on the ground show that the government -as a major responsibility in the disaster management system- is not able to fully respond to disaster swiftly and create a sense of security to its people. Therefore, we need an alternative system that can support government performance. Government disaster mitigation policy is only intended to directly form community preparedness. The Problems of government capacity in creating effective response system and disaster recovery with the right solution is yet to be created. The main barriers to the government in recovery lies in the funding, lack of expert and Human Resources (HR) quality, and data collection of casualties and damage. Through the theory of disaster management by Nick Carter and Alexander, the concept of Public Private Partnership (PPP) in disaster mitigation, the paper analyzes the pattern of non-public actor`s involvement in government disaster mitigation policies. The study found that private sector involvement is limited to post-disaster
  3. 3.                      Universitas  Indonesia  2013     donations from the business sector which are reactive and, more often than not, poorly coordinated. Then, through an analysis of the success pattern of cooperation between the government and the private sector in Japan, the author underlines the importance of a paradigm change by Padang Government to transform their sole focus to community preparedness into a comprehensive policy involving private partnerships as a reciprocal collaboration. There is clear interdependence of interests between government and private. Government requires the private sector with particular expertise through collaboration and emergency response agreements. On the other hand, the private have invested interest to the government in terms of disaster preparedness knowledge transfer and coordination for a business swift recovery after the disaster. By this logic, the involvement of the private sector, a sector that has a great contribution in the economy of Padang, can create a more effective disaster management system of the government, resolving the issue of funding and slow disaster response and recovery. By considering this potential of private actors in supporting disaster management system and examining the pattern of government and private sector involvement in disaster management of Japan, the study in this paper produces a policy recommendation that will be given to the government of Padang and related stakeholders. The recommendation is a model of public private partnership with reciprocal advantage. Reciprocal advantage in this context refers to the government that benefits private parties and private parties that benefit the government. The government that benefits private sector means the government establishing an incentive program to attract private sector involvement (e.g. reduction of corporate tax, licensing) and accompanied by disaster preparedness knowledge to the private sector. While private parties that benefit government means the private sector (1) collaborating with the government (e.g. building shelter and emergency response agreement for construction equipment and logistics) and (2) conducting CSR programs for disaster mitigation or community empowerment. The partnership is expected to reduce the risk of disaster for the community, supports the performance of disaster management by the government and create a sense of security for the disaster.   Link  to  the  video  brief:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUR7CQuhk1M    

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